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Eva Van Ginderdeuren, Jean Bassett, Colleen Hanrahan, Lillian Mutunga, Annelies Van Rie
BACKGROUND: Isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) is a key component of TB/HIV control, but few countries achieve high IPT coverage. METHODS: Using a behavioural COM-B design approach, the intervention consisted of a training on IPT guidelines and tuberculin skin testing (TST), identification of the optimal IPT implementation strategy by the health care workers (HCWs) of 3 primary care clinics, and a 2-month mentoring period. Using routine register data, TST and IPT uptake was determined 3 months before and 5 months after the intervention...
2019: PloS One
Lora Walter, Meigan Robb
Preparing parents for discharge readiness starts by arming the neonatal intensive care unit registered nurses with the knowledge and understanding of family-centered care principles. Implementation of a 30-minute educational session followed by 4 weeks of mentoring increased neonatal intensive care unit registered nurses knowledge and supported a sustainable change in professional practice. Approaches used in this quality improvement project can serve as a framework for nursing professional development specialists...
February 11, 2019: Journal for Nurses in Professional Development
Mary Jo Kupst, Joanna Breyer
Presents an obituary for Andrea Farkas Patenaude (1946-2018). Patenaude was a pioneer in pediatric and adult psycho-oncology. Researcher, clinician, administrator, educator, mentor, and ardent patient advocate, she was a brilliant scientist-practitioner. She combined the highest academic standards with compassionate care for patients and families, demonstrating the important role psychologists can have in cutting-edge medical care. She was a founding member of the Pediatric Oncology Group Psychology Committee (later, COG Behavioral Science)...
February 2019: American Psychologist
Alice Towler, Richard I Kemp, A Mike Burton, James D Dunn, Tanya Wayne, Reuben Moreton, David White
Facial image comparison practitioners compare images of unfamiliar faces and decide whether or not they show the same person. Given the importance of these decisions for national security and criminal investigations, practitioners attend training courses to improve their face identification ability. However, these courses have not been empirically validated so it is unknown if they improve accuracy. Here, we review the content of eleven professional training courses offered to staff at national security, police, intelligence, passport issuance, immigration and border control agencies around the world...
2019: PloS One
Alexander Porto, Lara Anderson, Tyler Kalinich, Kyle C Deane, Lawrence C Vogel, Kathy Zebracki
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to understand facilitators of and barriers to achieving positive transition results among youth with spinal cord injury (SCI), and to identify areas for intervention to improve transition outcomes. DESIGN: This study utilized qualitative methods and analysis was completed using Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included adolescents (n = 9, range = 13-18 years old), young adults (n = 14, range = 22-30 years old) with an SCI, and their respective caregivers (n = 17)...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Ryan Bradley, Cathryn Booth-LaForce, Doug Hanes, Craig Scott, Karen J Sherman, Yvonne S Lin, Heather Zwickey
Despite wide use by the public, limited evidence is available for many complementary and integrative health (CIH) practices. Thus, clinical researchers knowledgeable about CIH disciplines are necessary to study the efficacy and effectiveness of CIH practices to benefit the public health. To partially address the need for clinical researchers versed in CIH, the authors of this study report the design of an interprofessional clinical research training program focused on CIH, the Building Research across Interdisciplinary Gaps (BRIDG) program, supported by a 5-year T90/R90 grant from the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Derek Kwun-Hong Ho
BACKGROUND: Many surgical specialties are increasingly looking towards robot-assisted surgeries to improve patient outcome. Surgeons conducting robot-assisted operations require real-time surgical view. Ophthalmic robots can lead to novel vitreoretinal treatments, such as cannulating retinal vessels or even gene delivery to targeted retinal cells. This study investigates the feasibility of smartphone-delivered stereoscopic vision for microsurgical use. METHODS: A stereo-camera, connected to a laptop, was used to capture the 3D view from a binocular surgical microscope...
February 12, 2019: Eye
Wolfgang Langhans
I was flattered and felt tremendously honored to receive the 2018 Distinguished Career Award (DCA) from SSIB, the society that I always considered my scientific home, my family. Preparing the award lecture, I reflected about defining features of my career. This paper summarizes this very personal retrospective. As you will read, serendipity and more or less spontaneous decisions; i.e., some luck to be in the right place at the right time, and spontaneity to grab an opportunity when it presented itself, played a major role, and not necessarily a thorough analysis of my life situation at various junctions of my career path...
February 9, 2019: Physiology & Behavior
Alexander W Pastuszak, Amin S Herati, Michael L Eisenberg, Cenk Cengiz, Peter H Langlois, Taylor P Kohn, Dolores J Lamb, Larry I Lipshultz
STUDY QUESTION: What is the relationship between semen parameters and birth defect (BD) rates in offspring of men evaluated for infertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: Among men undergoing infertility evaluation, there is no significant relationship between semen parameters and defect rates in live or still births, even when considering mode of conception. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Approximately 15% of couples have fertility difficulties, with up to a 50% male factor contribution...
February 12, 2019: Human Reproduction
Stephanie E Spottswood, Lucy B Spalluto, Eleby R Washington, Edwin F Donnelly, Andrea A Birch, Marques L Bradshaw, Reed A Omary
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Diagnostic radiology training programs are less diverse than graduating US medical school classes and the patient populations they serve. Inclusion of physicians who are underrepresented minorities in medicine (URMM) can strengthen the profession and help to meet the needs of an increasingly diverse population. Our Department of Radiology developed and implemented a plan to increase the number of URMMs in our residency applicant pool and residency training program...
February 7, 2019: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Amanda Kost, Ashley Bentley, Julie Phillips, Christina Kelly, Jacob Prunuske, Christopher P Morley
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fewer than 10% of US medical school graduates enter family medicine residencies each year. Little is known about the perceptions and attitudes of senior medical students as they make final decisions about specialty choice, especially those that support a decision to pursue family medicine. The American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) administered a national survey to US seniors in 2015 to explore these factors. METHODS: US seniors who were AAFP members (N=11,998) were invited to complete a survey exploring attitudes toward family medicine and experiences that influenced interest and choice of family medicine (FM) or other specialties...
February 2019: Family Medicine
D Joshua Marino, Randy Williams, Alicia Koontz, Rory A Cooper
BACKGROUND: American Student Placements and Internships in Rehabilitation Engineering is founded on the principal of sparking the interest in a new generation of rehabilitation engineering scientists to transform the lives of older adults and people with disabilities. Each year a minimum of 10 students were enrolled. METHODS: The internship runs for 10 weeks and activities center on developing excitement about technology and engineering and understanding the principles and processes of conducting rehabilitation engineering research...
February 11, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation
Nadia Mantovani, Steve Gillard, Gill Mezey, Fiona Clare
The aim of this study was to explore how a 1-year peer-mentoring relationship contributed to change in young women "in care." Twenty semistructured, one-to-one interviews were conducted with mentors (n = 11) and mentees (n = 9) recruited from two different London local authorities. Participants' accounts were interpreted through a developmental lens to uncover developmental aspects and locus mechanisms through which transformative change took place. Resilience as a healthy outcome was the result of the dual function the mentoring relationship performed...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
Sevinç Mersin, Meral Demiralp, Emine Öksüz
PURPOSE: To evaluate the ability of nursing students to determine the psychosocial needs of patients and identify the needs and problems encountered by nursing students. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study is a mixed method research. The nursing care plans of 40 nursing students that provided care to 129 patients with chronic medical diseases were examined retrospectively. Individual interviews were also conducted with five nursing students and six academicians. FINDINGS: It was determined that nursing students defined an average of 15...
February 11, 2019: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Pauline Calleja, Barbara Adonteng-Kissi, Bernadine Romero
BACKGROUND: New graduate nurses undertaking transition to practice encounter enormous challenges in their first year, and this is expounded in rural and remote locations. In rural and remote settings where geographical isolation and inadequate resources impact health care delivery, there is a perceived shortage of support systems to assist new graduate nurses to transition smoothly, with reported negative effects for all staff and on recruitment and retention. OBJECTIVES: To investigate what transition support was reported for new graduate nurses to function effectively in rural and remote settings...
February 5, 2019: Nurse Education Today
Christina Kelly, Anastasia J Coutinho, Natasha Bhuyan, Alexandra Gits, Mustafa Alavi, Tiffany Ho, Jean Shiraki, Kristina Dakis, Cecilia Jojola, Chandler Stisher
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Trainees-medical students and residents-are an important constituency of family medicine. The Family Medicine for America's Health (FMAHealth) Workforce Education and Development (WED) Tactic Team attempted to engage trainees in FMAHealth objectives via a nationally accessible leadership development program. We discuss a how-to mechanism to develop similar models, while highlighting areas for improvement. METHODS: The Student and Resident Collaborative recruited a diverse group of trainees to comprise five teams: student choice of family medicine, health policy and advocacy, burnout prevention, medical student education, and workforce diversity...
February 2019: Family Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2019: British Dental Journal
Akio Wanaka, Andrew J Lawrence, Yukio Yoneda, Bernard Zalc, Alfreda Stadlin, Juana Maria Pasquini, Philip M Beart
Kazuhiro Ikenaka, affectionately known as Kaz to friends and colleagues, an internationally renowned neuroscientist and substantial contributor to professional societies, died on October 27th , 2018. Kaz was at this time the President of the International Society for Neurochemistry (ISN) and he passed away after a long fight against cancer. He was posthumously awarded the Order of the Sacred Treasure, Golden Rays, for his dedicated service to Japanese Society. Kaz was an outstanding leader, mentor and friend, and our deepest sympathies are extended to his wife Yumiko, his sons Yoshinori and Kensuke, and family...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Neurochemistry
Romuladus E Azuine, Gopal K Singh
BACKGROUND: Ensuring the optimum development of all children and their attainment of age-appropriate educational outcomes is of great interest to public health researchers and professionals. Bullying and mentoring have opposite effects on child development and educational attainment. Mentoring exerts protective effects on youths against risky behaviors; however, the protective effects of community-oriented natural or informal mentoring on educational outcomes and bullying are largely underexplored...
February 7, 2019: Journal of School Health
Jessica B Robbins, Katherine A Klein, Priscilla J Slanetz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2019: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
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