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organic food health

David M Mosen, Matthew P Banegas, Nicole Friedman, Elizabeth Shuster, Neon Brooks
More than 3 million older US adults injure themselves by falling each year. Falls are a major cause of morbidity and mortality for this population, and account for nearly $30 billion in Medicare expenditures annually. Falls have been linked to frailty and vitamin D deficiency, both of which are linked to low nutrient intake and food insecurity. This retrospective, observational study is the first the authors know of to directly assess the relationship between food insecurity and falls. The study sample consisted of 26,525 Medicare Advantage members at Kaiser Permanente Northwest, a group model health maintenance organization, who had completed a quality of care survey between April 2013 and March 2017 and who maintained continuous enrollment in the 12 months prior to the survey date...
March 21, 2019: Population Health Management
Thanh-Tam Ho, Hosakatte Niranjana Murthy, Dayanand Dalawai, Medha A Bhat, Kee-Yoeup Paek, So-Young Park
A vast array of plant-based compounds has enriched red biotechnology to serve the human health and food. A peculiar medicinal plant which was an element of traditional Chinese medicine for centuries as a liver and kidney tonic, for life longevity and hair blackening, is Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. (PM) which is popularly known as "He shou wu" or "Fo-ti" and is rich in chemical components like stilbenes, quinones, and flavonoids which have been used as anti-aging, anti-alopecia, anti-cancer, anti-oxidative, anti-bacterial, anti-hyperlipidemia, anti-atherosclerosis, and immunomodulating and hepatoprotective agents in the modern medicine...
March 20, 2019: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Helio S Sader, Paul R Rhomberg, Andrew S Fuhrmeister, Rodrigo E Mendes, Robert K Flamm, Ronald N Jones
Surveillance represents an important informational tool for planning actions to monitor emerging antimicrobial resistance. Antimicrobial resistance surveillance (ARS) programs may have many different designs and can be grouped in 2 major categories based on their main objectives: (1) public health ARS programs and (2) industry-sponsored/product-oriented ARS programs. In general, public health ARS programs predominantly focus on health care and infection control, whereas industry ARS programs focus on an investigational or recently approved molecule(s)...
March 2019: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Marina Cano-Lamadrid, Igor Piotr Turkiewicz, Karolina Tkacz, Lucía Sánchez-Rodríguez, David López-Lluch, Aneta Wojdyło, Esther Sendra, Angel A Carbonell-Barrachina
Punicalagin is responsible for over 50% of the antioxidant activity of pomegranate, but ellagic acid (EA) and total polyphenol content (TPC) are also key parameters regarding pomegranate bioactivity. Many juices and other drinks based on pomegranate take advantage from the widespread healthy image of this fruit, whereas their real content of bioactive phytochemicals is low. For that reason, the objective of this study was to compare the labelling information with the real phytochemical contents (TPC, punicalagin [Pn] [isomers α, β], and EA)...
March 18, 2019: Journal of Food Science
Vicki Johnson-Lawrence, Sarah Bailey, Patrick E Sanders, Rodlescia Sneed, Ariel Angel-Vincent, Allysoon Brewer, Kent Key, E Yvonne Lewis, Jennifer E Johnson
Chronic disease carries high morbidity and mortality in the United States, with large racial and ethnic disparities observed in chronic disease. Physical activity and healthy food are vital for chronic disease prevention yet challenging to access in economically distressed areas. Public health prevention efforts have become particularly prominent within faith-based organizations over the last three decades. This manuscript describes the protocol of the Church Challenge, a multilevel cluster-randomized controlled nutrition and physical activity trial across 24 churches to reduce blood pressure by 6 mmHg among 576 residents in Flint, MI...
June 2019: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
Gomaa N Abdel-Rahman, Mohamed B M Ahmed, Bassem A Sabry, Safaa S M Ali
Heavy metals are elements present in trace quantities in the environment and, in small concentrations, they play important roles for the living organisms yet it can cause toxicity if exceeded the recommended levels. Toxic metals contamination is an important environmental problem that was mainly manifested in the growing industrial cities where the levels in toxic metals exceeded the recommended levels leading to the increase of several health problems (that vary from memory disorder to carcinogenic diseases)...
2019: Toxicology Reports
Siphelele Vincent Wekeza, Melusi Sibanda
In the last few years, the market of organically grown products (OGPs) has continued to grow due to speculated concerns for the environment, food safety and health issues. The market for OGPs in South Africa appears to be under threat; with their demand outstripping their supply. In light of this background, there are relatively few studies on the consumer purchase intentions of OGPs in South Africa, and thus, less understanding about its demand market drivers. The purpose of this paper is to identify the factors influencing the purchase intentions of OGPs (fruits and vegetables) in Shelly Centre in Port Shepstone in Kwa-Zulu Natal Province of South Africa...
March 17, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Anurag Bhargava, Madhavi Bhargava, Tripti Pande, Raghuram Rao, Malik Parmar
Undernutrition is the most prevalent comorbidity in patients with tuberculosis (TB) in India. Undernutrition is often severe and results in higher risk of death, drug toxicity during treatment, poor functional status at end of treatment and a higher risk of relapse after successful treatment. A World Health Organization guideline has recommended nutritional assessment, counseling, and care as integral parts of TB care. The Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme has recognized undernutrition as a significant comorbidity, released a guidance document for improving nutritional care and support, and launched a scheme for direct bank transfer of monthly cash benefit to TB patients...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Sylwester Smoleń, Iwona Kowalska, Peter Kováčik, Mariya Halka, Włodzimierz Sady
The agrotechnical methods of biofortification of plants, i.e., enriching them in iodine (I) and selenium (Se) could be effective methods to enrich food products in these elements. The advantage of agrotechnical methods of biofortification is the incorporation of elements in organic compounds in plants; therefore, they have better health-promoting properties than pure technical salts. Two-year studies were conducted in a greenhouse with hydroponic cultivation of three botanical varieties of lettuce in an NFT (nutrient film technique) system: two cultivars butterhead lettuces (abb...
2019: Frontiers in Plant Science
Melodi A Bowman, Lynette C Daws
Depression is a serious public health concern. Many patients are not effectively treated, but in children and adolescents this problem is compounded by limited pharmaceutical options. Currently, the Food and Drug Administration approves only two antidepressants for use in these young populations. Both are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Compounding matters further, they are therapeutically less efficacious in children and adolescents than in adults. Here, we review clinical and preclinical literature describing the antidepressant efficacy of SSRIs in juveniles and adolescents...
2019: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Jo Hunter-Adams, Jane Battersby, Tolu Oni
In urban informal areas of South Africa, obesity and hunger represent two sides of food insecurity. Despite this, public health and clinical obesity interventions focus on nutrition education, implying dietary choice and thereby overlooking food insecurity. The objective of this paper is to explore peri-urban residents' perspectives of changing food environments, framed by the Food Aid Organization (FAO) definition of food security and demonstrating the interconnectedness of dimensions of food security. We conducted three-part in-depth interviews with 21 participants and nine focus group discussions with a total of 57 participants, consisting primarily of women aged 20-84, in a peri-urban township and informal settlement outside of Cape Town, South Africa...
March 11, 2019: Appetite
Gang Liang, Wenwen Gong, Bingru Li, Jimin Zuo, Ligang Pan, Xinhui Liu
Consumption of foodstuffs is the most likely route for human exposure to heavy metals. This study was designed to investigate the toxic metals (cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), chromium (Cr), arsenic (As), and mercury (Hg)) concentrations in different foodstuffs (cereals, vegetables, fruits, fish, and meat) and then estimate the potential health risks of toxic metals via consumption to the local residents in Beijing, China. Most of the selected toxic metal levels in the foodstuffs were lower than the maximum allowable concentrations of Pb, Cr, Cd, As, and Hg for Chinese foodstuffs recommended in the China National Food Safety Standard...
March 13, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Joachim Denner
Hepatitis (HEV) is widely distributed in pigs and is transmitted with increasing numbers to humans by contact with pigs, contaminated food and blood transfusion. The virus is mostly apathogenic in pigs but may enhance the pathogenicity of other pig viruses. In humans, infection can lead to acute and chronic hepatitis and extrahepatic manifestations. In order to stop the emerging infection, effective counter-measures are required. First of all, transmission by blood products can be prevented by screening all blood donations...
March 13, 2019: Viruses
Satya Parida, M Selvaraj, S Gubbins, R Pope, A Banyard, Mana Mahapatra
Following the successful eradication of rinderpest, the World Organization of Animal Health (OIE) and the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) have set a goal to globally eradicate Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) by 2030. To support the eradication programme we have quantified the levels of PPR virus (PPRV) nucleic acid excreted in body fluids (blood, feces, saliva, nasal and eye swabs) of PPRV-infected goats to ascertain which days post-infection animals are potentially infectious, and hence direct quarantine activities...
March 12, 2019: Viruses
Juan A Rivera Dommarco, Teresita González de Cosío, C Gabriela García-Chávez, M Arantxa Colchero
Malnutrition and poor diet are the largest risk factors responsible for the global burden of disease. Therefore, ending all forms of malnutrition by 2030 is a global priority. To achieve this goal, a key element is to design and implement nutrition policies based on the best available scientific evidence. The demand for evidence-based nutrition policies may originate directly from policymakers or through social actors. In both cases, the role of research institutions is to generate relevant evidence for public policy...
March 12, 2019: Nutrients
Gokila Thangavel, S Thiruvengadam
BACKGROUND: World Health Organization has estimated that 1 in 10 people fall ill and 4, 20, 000 die every year from eating contaminated food. Food pathogen like Escherichia, Salmonella, Staphylococcus and Listeria poses a serious threat to human health. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to isolate microbes from meat stored at refrigerated conditions and evaluate the antimicrobial activity of the cell-free supernatant against food pathogens. METHOD: Chicken and Pork samples were procured and stored at refrigerated conditions (4 - 7 º C) for 2 weeks...
March 14, 2019: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Hamid Ur Rahman, Xiaofeng Yue, Qiuyu Yu, Huali Xie, Wen Zhang, Qi Zhang, Peiwu Li
Mycotoxins are secondary fungal metabolites produced by certain types of filamentous fungi or molds, such as Aspergillus, Fusarium, Penicillium, Alternaria spp. Mycotoxins are natural contaminants of agricultural commodities and their prevalence may increase due to global warming. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), approximately 25% of the World's food crops are annually contaminated with mycotoxins. Mycotoxin-contaminated food and feed pose a high risk to both humans and animals health...
March 13, 2019: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
J William Allwood, Yun Xu, Pilar Martinez-Martin, Raphaёlle Palau, Alexander Cowan, Royston Goodacre, Athole Marshall, Derek Stewart, Catherine Howarth
INTRODUCTION: Oats (Avena sativa L.) are a whole grain cereal recognised for their health benefits and which are cultivated largely in temperate regions providing both a source of food for humans and animals, as well as being used in cosmetics and as a potential treatment for a number of diseases. Oats are known as being a cereal source high in dietary fibre (e.g. β-glucans), as well as being high in antioxidants, minerals and vitamins. Recently, oats have been gaining increased global attention due to their large number of beneficial health effects...
March 12, 2019: Metabolomics: Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society
Mohamed A Farag, Ahmed F Tawfike, Marwa S Donia, Anja Ehrlich, Ludger A Wessjohann
Brine, the historically known food additive salt solution, has been widely used as a pickling media to preserve flavor or enhance food aroma, appearance, or other qualities. The influence of pickling, using brine, on the aroma compounds and the primary and secondary metabolite profile in onion bulb Allium cepa red cv. and lemon fruit Citrus limon was evaluated using multiplex metabolomics technologies. In lemon, pickling negatively affected its key odor compound "citral", whereas monoterpene hydrocarbons limonene and γ-terpinene increased in the pickled product...
March 7, 2019: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Alexey V Revtovich, Ryan Lee, Natalia V Kirienko
Diet is a crucial determinant of organismal biology; interactions between the host, its diet, and its microbiota are critical to determining the health of an organism. A variety of genetic and biochemical means were used to assay stress sensitivity in C. elegans reared on two standard laboratory diets: E. coli OP50, the most commonly used food for C. elegans, or E. coli HT115, which is typically used for RNAi-mediated gene knockdown. We demonstrated that the relatively subtle shift to a diet of E. coli HT115 had a dramatic impact on C...
March 2019: PLoS Genetics
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