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"smoking cessation"

Michael Chaiton, Robert Schwartz, Jennifer Shuldiner, Gabrielle Tremblay, Robert Nugent
BACKGROUND: Menthol in cigarettes has been shown to increase regular cigarette smoking and nicotine dependence, and decrease success in smoking cessation. Due to these reasons, in May 2015, the Province of Ontario introduced a menthol ban on tobacco products that came into effect in January 2017 prior to a Federal Canadian Ban in October 2017. The objective of this paper is to assess the effect of a provincial menthol ban on cigarette wholesale sales in Ontario. METHODS: Wholesale data submitted by tobacco manufacturers to Health Canada pursuant to the federal Tobacco Reporting Regulations from October 2012- September 2017 was analyzed using interrupted time series analysis...
March 19, 2019: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Eduardo L Bunge, Lesley A Taylor, Melissa Bond, Taylor N Stephens, Kara Nishimuta, Alinne Z Barrera, Robert Wickham, Ricardo F Muñoz
Background: Recruitment for research is usually expensive and time consuming. Facebook (FB) recruitment has become widely utilized in recent years. The main aim of this study was to assess FB as a recruitment tool in a study for Spanish- and English-speaking smokers. Additionally, the study set out to compare performance of ads by language (Spanish vs. English), location (U.S. vs. San Francisco) and content (self-efficacy ad vs. fear appeal ad). Methods: Participants of a one-condition smoking cessation webapp study were recruited utilizing FB ads and posts through two phases: a recruitment-focused phase and an experimental phase comparing language, location and content...
September 2019: Internet Interventions
Sherilyn K D Houle, Caitlin A Carter, Ross T Tsuyuki, Kelly A Grindrod
Objectives: Recognizing pharmacists' increasing roles as primary care providers, programs offering remuneration for patient care services and the administration of injections by pharmacists continue to be implemented. The objective of this article is to provide an update on remuneration programs available to pharmacists internationally for nondispensing services. Data sources: Systematic searches for relevant articles published from January 2013 to February 2018 across PubMed (MEDLINE), Embase, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, Cochrane Library, Econlit, Scopus and Web of Science...
March 2019: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ
Susanne Karch, Marco Paolini, Sarah Gschwendtner, Hannah Jeanty, Arne Reckenfelderbäumer, Omar Yaseen, Maximilian Maywald, Christina Fuchs, Boris-Stephan Rauchmann, Agnieszka Chrobok, Andrea Rabenstein, Birgit Ertl-Wagner, Oliver Pogarell, Daniel Keeser, Tobias Rüther
One of the most prominent symptoms in addiction disorders is the strong desire to consume a particular substance or to show a certain behavior (craving). The strong association between craving and the probability of relapse emphasizes the importance of craving in the therapeutic process. Former studies have demonstrated that neuromodulation using real-time fMRI (rtfMRI) neurofeedback (NF) can be used as a treatment modality in patients with tobacco use disorder. The aim of the present project was to determine whether it is possible to predict the outcome of NF training plus group psychotherapy at the beginning of the treatment...
2019: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Sérgio Ferreira Alves Júnior, Gláucia Zanetti, Alessandro Severo Alves de Melo, Arthur Soares Souza, Luciana Soares Souza, Gustavo de Souza Portes Meirelles, Klaus Loureiro Irion, Bruno Hochhegger, Edson Marchiori
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1), also known as von Recklinghausen's disease, is an autosomal dominant dysplasia of the ectoderm and mesoderm with a variable clinical expression, but near-complete penetrance before the age of 5 years. The estimated incidence is 1 in 3000 births. NF-1 is characterized by collections of neurofibromas, café-au-lait spots, axillary and inguinal freckling, and pigmented hamartomas in the iris (Lisch nodules). Pulmonary manifestations of NF-1, which usually include bilateral basal reticulations and apical bullae and cysts, are reported in 10-20% of adult patients...
March 2019: Respiratory Medicine
Lauren R Meltzer, Marina Unrod, Vani N Simmons, Karen O Brandon, Bárbara Piñeiro, Amanda M Palmer, Thomas H Brandon
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the current study was to develop and examine the feasibility and acceptability of a self-help smoking cessation intervention targeted to the teachable moment of smokers undergoing low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) lung cancer screening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a multi-phase qualitative approach, including focus groups (N = 15) and learner verification interviews (N = 16) to develop a targeted intervention for patients receiving a LDCT screening, by extending and modifying a previously validated, self-help intervention...
April 2019: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Alba González-Roz, Roberto Secades-Villa, Irene Pericot-Valverde, Sara Weidberg, Fernando Alonso-Pérez
Despite the substantial decrease in the prevalence of tobacco smoking and the availability of effective smoking cessation treatments, smoking relapse after formal treatments remains extremely high. Evidence regarding clinical predictors of relapse after quitting is essential to promote long-term abstinence among those who successfully quit. This study aimed to explore whether baseline delay discounting (DD) rates and other sociodemographic, psychological, and smoking-related variables predicted relapse to smoking at six-month follow-up...
March 19, 2019: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Siân Davies, Christopher R Burton, Lynne Williams, Angela Tinkler
This implementation study sought to determine what works to support brief smoking cessation (BSC) in acute hospital settings, through exploration of organizational delivery and the role of healthcare professionals (HCPs). We used a realist approach, with embedded stakeholder engagement, within a large health organization. We conducted interviews (n = 27), a survey (n = 279) and organization documentation review (n = 44). The final programme theory suggests HCPs implement BSC when they value it as part of their role in contributing to improved patient outcomes; this is due to personal and professional influences, such as knowledge or experience...
March 15, 2019: Health Promotion International
Irene Gómez-Gómez, Emma Motrico, Patricia Moreno-Peral, Alina Rigabert, Sonia Conejo-Cerón, Manuel Ortega-Calvo, José-Ignacio Recio, Juan A Bellón
INTRODUCTION: Many studies have explored the impact of lifestyle interventions on depression. However, little is known about the effectiveness of complex multiple-risk lifestyle interventions in reducing symptoms of depression. Our objective is to assess the effectiveness of complex multiple-risk lifestyle interventions in reducing depressive symptoms in the adult population by the acquisition of at least two healthy habits-healthy diet, physical activity and/or smoking cessation. For such purpose, a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials will be conducted...
March 15, 2019: BMJ Open
Belinda M Harris, Melissa L Harris, Kym Rae, Catherine Chojenta
OBJECTIVE: To synthesise primary research regarding the facilitators and barriers to smoking cessation amongst Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander women during pregnancy. DESIGN: An integrative review. REVIEW METHODS: A systematic search of peer-reviewed literature from five databases published from January 2008 to April 2018. Articles were reviewed using the approach outlined by Whittemore and Knafl, with the identified themes collated and synthesised according to study characteristics and barriers and facilitators of smoking cessation...
March 7, 2019: Midwifery
Adam C Alexander, Emily T Hébert, Michael S Businelle, Darla E Kendzor
BACKGROUND: Although studies have shown an association between discrimination and current smoking, the influence of discrimination on smoking cessation is an understudied area in tobacco research. The current study evaluated the influence of everyday discrimination on smoking cessation and examined self-efficacy as a potential mediator of this association. METHODS: Participants (N = 146), who were recruited from a safety-net hospital in Dallas County, Texas, from 2011 to 2013, completed a self-report measure of perceived discrimination one week before the scheduled quit attempt and self-efficacy for quitting was assessed one day after the scheduled quit date...
February 28, 2019: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Despo Ierodiakonou, Maria Kampouraki, Ioannis Poulonirakis, Polyvios Papadokostakis, Eleftheria Lintovoi, Dimitris Karanassos, Kyriakos Maltezis, Maria Chorti, Evangelos Petrovitsos, Sofia Dimopoulou, Sam Hamind, Ioannis Gialamas, Polyxeni Athanasiou, Vasiliki Bempi, Irene Lambraki, Ioanna Tsiligianni
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a state of increased vulnerability that has a significant risk of unfavorable outcomes such as increased dependency and/or death, but little is known about frailty in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHOD: We aimed to determine the prevalence of frailty in COPD patients and to identify the associated risk factors. Two hundred fifty-seven COPD patients enrolled from primary care in Greece between 2015 and 2016. Physicians used structured interviews to collect cross-sectional data including demographics, medical history, symptoms and COPD Assessment Tool (CAT) or modified Medical Research Council Dyspnea scale (mMRC) score...
March 15, 2019: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Lun-Hsien Chang, Baptiste Couvy-Duchesne, Mengzhen Liu, Sarah E Medland, Brad Verhulst, Eric G Benotsch, Ian B Hickie, Nicholas G Martin, Nathan A Gillespie
BACKGROUND: Co-morbid substance use is very common. Despite a historical focus using genetic epidemiology to investigate comorbid substance use and misuse, few studies have examined substance-substance associations using polygenic risk score (PRS) methods. METHODS: Using summary statistics from the largest substance use GWAS to date (258,797- 632,802 subjects), GWAS and Sequencing Consortium of Alcohol and Nicotine use (GSCAN), we constructed PRSs for smoking initiation (PRS-SI), age of initiation of regular smoking (PRS-AI), cigarettes per day (PRS-CPD), smoking cessation (PRS-SC), and drinks per week (PRS-DPW)...
February 16, 2019: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Erin A Vogel, Gary L Humfleet, Meredith Meacham, Judith J Prochaska, Danielle E Ramo
INTRODUCTION: Sexual and gender minority (SGM) young adults have higher smoking prevalence than their non-SGM peers. Less is known about differences in smoking characteristics within the SGM community. METHODS: Participants were SGM young adult smokers age 18-25 (N = 165, M age = 21.8) enrolled in a clinical trial of the Put It Out Project, a Facebook smoking cessation intervention for SGM young adults. Analyses tested differences between 1) sexual orientation groups, and 2) gender identity groups, on the following smoking characteristics: cigarettes/day, daily smoker (yes/no), social smoker (yes/no), years of smoking, number of close friends who smoke (out of 5), age of initiation, age began smoking regularly, time to first cigarette (30 min or less/>30 min), lifetime quit attempts, past-year quit attempts, and stage of change for quitting smoking (precontemplation, contemplation, preparation)...
March 5, 2019: Addictive Behaviors
Steve Kisely, Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Ryan Mills, Lane Strathearn, Alexandra Clavarino, Coral Gartner, Jake Moses Najman
OBJECTIVE: A prospective record-linkage analysis to examine whether notified and/or substantiated child maltreatment is associated with the prevalence and persistence of smoking in early adulthood. METHODS: The sample consisted of 3758 participants enrolled in a population-based birth cohort study in Brisbane, Australia who were followed up at both 14 and 21 years of age. Suspected experience of child maltreatment was measured by linkage with state child protection agency data...
March 15, 2019: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Jonathon M Firnhaber, C S Powell
Lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) affects 12% to 20% of Americans 60 years and older. The most significant risk factors for PAD are hyperlipidemia, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, and smoking; the presence of three or more factors confers a 10-fold increase in PAD risk. Intermittent claudication is the hallmark of atherosclerotic lower extremity PAD, but only about 10% of patients with PAD experience intermittent claudication. A variety of leg symptoms that differ from classic claudication affects 50% of patients, and 40% have no leg symptoms at all...
March 15, 2019: American Family Physician
Cristina Martínez, Yolanda Castellano, Ana Andrés, Marcela Fu, Ariadna Feliu, Laura Antón, Montse Ballbè, Paz Fernández, Sandra Cabrera, Ana Riccobene, Eva Gavilan, Antoni Baena, Mercè Margalef, Olena Tigova, Núria Quirós, Olga Guillen, Assumpta Company, Esteve Fernández
PURPOSE: To assess changes in the self-reported performance of smoking cessation interventions according to the 5A's model (Ask; Advise; Assess; Assist; and Arrange follow-up) among clinicians; and to identify the main barriers and facilitators in smoking cessation implementation before and after an online smoking cessation training program. DESIGN: Pre-post evaluation. METHODS: We assessed self-reported smoking cessation interventions in the implementation of the 5A's model among clinicians working in Catalan hospitals (Spain)...
March 15, 2019: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Ellen Herbst, Shannon E McCaslin, Shahrzad Hassanbeigi Daryani, Kelsey T Laird, Lindsey B Hopkins, David Pennington, Eric Kuhn
INTRODUCTION: Smoking is a lethal public health problem that is common in United States military veterans, particularly those with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Mobile applications (apps) to promote smoking cessation are a scalable and low-cost approach that may facilitate treatment engagement. METHODS: This qualitative study examined the acceptability, user experience, and perceptions of a smoking cessation app, Stay Quit Coach (SQC), when incorporated into evidence-based smoking cessation treatment...
March 15, 2019: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Peter Hajek, Sarrah Peerbux, Anna Phillips-Waller, Charlotte Smith, Kate Pittaccio, Dunja Przulj
OBJECTIVES: Smokers who use e-cigarettes (EC) do so mostly to stop smoking, but many continue to use both products. It is not known whether these 'dual users' are interested in stop-smoking medications and whether they can benefit from them. SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND MEASURES: Dual users were recruited over social media and posted study questionnaire and saliva kits at baseline, 3 and 6 months. Those interested in varenicline were posted the medication and received weekly calls over the first 6 weeks, followed by three calls at fortnightly intervals...
March 13, 2019: BMJ Open
Awa Bousso, Cécile Chenivesse, Cindy Barnig
Smoking cessation remains a major issue for asthmatic smokers. Respiratory rehabilitation and respiratory physiotherapy have shown a benefit in controlling symptoms, preventing exacerbations and improving the quality of life. The control of the environment is crucial and must be approached in a global way. Management of obesity and psychological disorders should be systematically proposed. Allergen immunotherapy may be discussed in allergic persistent asthma to house dust mites. Certain dietary interventions or alternative medicines have not proved their worth...
March 11, 2019: La Presse Médicale
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