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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763873/positive-psychological-states-in-the-arc-from-mindfulness-to-self-transcendence-extensions-of-the-mindfulness-to-meaning-theory-and-applications-to-addiction-and-chronic-pain-treatment
#1
REVIEW
Eric L Garland, Barbara L Fredrickson
The Mindfulness-to-Meaning Theory (MMT) is a temporally dynamic process model of mindful positive emotion regulation that elucidates downstream cognitive-affective mechanisms by which mindfulness promotes health and resilience. Here we review and extend the MMT to explicate how mindfulness fosters self-transcendence by evoking upward spirals of decentering, attentional broadening, reappraisal, and savoring. Savoring is highlighted as a key, potential means of inducing absorptive experiences of oneness between subject and object, amplifying the salience of the object while imbuing the sensory-perceptual field with affective meaning...
January 14, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763630/school-based-health-services-and-educational-attainment-findings-from-a-national-longitudinal-study
#2
Mallie J Paschall, Melina Bersamin, Laura J Finan, Lei Zhang
This study examined whether availability and use of different types of school-based health services (SBHS) during adolescence were associated with educational attainment in adulthood. Data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) were analyzed in 2018 to assess relationships between different types of SBHS provided by schools and use of SBHS among adolescents in 1995, and educational attainment in young adulthood (2001-02) and later adulthood (2008). Multi-level linear regression models included SBHS such as providing immunizations, physical exams and emotional counseling at the school level, and receiving a school-based physical exam, emotional counseling or family planning counseling at the individual level, with other school and individual characteristics included as covariates...
February 11, 2019: Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763360/linking-childhood-emotional-abuse-and-depressive-symptoms-the-role-of-emotion-dysregulation-and-interpersonal-problems
#3
Carolien Christ, Marleen M de Waal, Jack J M Dekker, Iris van Kuijk, Digna J F van Schaik, Martijn J Kikkert, Anna E Goudriaan, Aartjan T F Beekman, Terri L Messman-Moore
Childhood abuse is a major public health problem that has been linked to depression in adulthood. Although different types of childhood abuse often co-occur, few studies have examined their unique impact on negative mental health outcomes. Most studies have focused solely on the consequences of childhood physical or sexual abuse; however, it has been suggested that childhood emotional abuse is more strongly related to depression. It remains unclear which underlying psychological processes mediate the effect of childhood emotional abuse on depressive symptoms...
2019: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30762491/gender-role-conflict-and-sexual-health-and-relationship-practices-amongst-young-men-living-in-urban-informal-settlements-in-south-africa
#4
Kalysha Closson, Abigail Hatcher, Yandisa Sikweyiya, Laura Washington, Smanga Mkhwanazi, Rachel Jewkes, Kristin Dunkle, Andrew Gibbs
Qualitative research suggests that men's inability to achieve dominant forms of masculinity may be related to HIV-risk behaviours and intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration. Using clustered cross-sectional data, we assessed how young men's gender role conflict was associated with HIV-risk behaviours in urban informal settlements in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Gender Role Conflict and Stress (GRC/S) was measured using a South African adaptation of the GRC/S scale comprising three sub-scales: subordination to women; restrictive emotionality; and success, power and competition...
February 14, 2019: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30762105/the-long-term-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-operated-for-choledochal-cyst
#5
Tokuro Baba, Motoi Mukai, Ryuta Masuya, Masato Kawano, Keisuke Yano, Masakazu Murakami, Shun Onishi, Koji Yamada, Waka Yamada, Takafumi Kawano, Seiro Machigashira, Kazuhiko Nakame, Tatsuru Kaji, Satoshi Ieiri
PURPOSE: Late postoperative complications in choledochal cyst (CC) patients are severe problems that affect the quality of life (QOL). We evaluated the postoperative complications and health-related QOL (HRQOL) of CC patients ≥ 18 years of age. METHODS: From April 1984 to January 2018, 114 CC patients underwent definitive surgery at our institution. Seventy-nine patients reached ≥ 18 years of age. The HRQOL was assessed using the Japanese version of the SF-36v2...
February 14, 2019: Pediatric Surgery International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30761947/the-experiences-and-needs-of-primary-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-a-qualitative-analysis
#6
Carmen Quiñoa-Salanova, Josep Porta-Sales, Cristina Monforte-Royo, Montserrat Edo-Gual
BACKGROUND: Family caregivers play a key role in the lives of patients with multiple myeloma. However, very little is known about the impact that the disease (its diagnosis, course and prognosis) has on the main family caregiver. AIM: To achieve a deeper understanding of the lived experience of individuals who are the primary caregiver of a relative with multiple myeloma and to shed light on their needs. DESIGN: Interpretative phenomenological study...
February 14, 2019: Palliative Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30761917/seeking-formula-for-misinformation-treatment-in-public-health-crises-the-effects-of-corrective-information-type-and-source
#7
Toni G L A van der Meer, Yan Jin
An increasing lack of information truthfulness has become a fundamental challenge to communications. Insights into how to debunk this type of misinformation can especially be crucial for public health crises. To identify corrective information strategies that increase awareness and trigger actions during infectious disease outbreaks, an online experiment (N = 700) was conducted, using a U.S. sample. After initial misinformation exposure, participants' exposure to corrective information type (simple rebuttal vs...
February 14, 2019: Health Communication
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30761037/health-outcomes-associated-with-internalizing-problems-in-early-childhood-and-adolescence
#8
Matthew R Jamnik, Lisabeth F DiLalla
Physical and mental health problems are becoming more common among the general population. Studies examining mental and physical health often indicate that mental illness early in life is associated with more detrimental health outcomes later. However, additional work is needed to better identity which psychological problems may contribute to poorer health outcomes. Given recent increases in childhood anxiety and depression specifically, it is beneficial to further investigate the relationship between internalizing problems, both early and later in life, and related health problems...
2019: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30760314/the-cerebral-mechanism-of-acupuncture-for-treating-knee-osteoarthritis-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Jing Guo, Yang Chen, Zhengjie Li, Shirui Cheng, Chenjian Tang, Xiaohui Dong, Wenhua He, Yong Huang, Bao Yin, Yu Sheng, Jun Zhou, Aijia Li, Fang Zeng, Lei Lan, Fanrong Liang
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture is safe and effective for reducing the symptoms of knee osteoarthritis (KOA), but the underlying mechanisms of acupuncture for treating KOA are not fully understood. METHODS/DESIGN: In total, 108 participants diagnosed with KOA will be recruited. They will be blinded to group assignment and randomized to either verum acupuncture, sham acupuncture or waiting-list groups with 36 patients in each group. Each patient in the acupuncture group will receive five treatments per week for 2 weeks...
February 13, 2019: Trials
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30760106/geopolitical-factors-foreign-aid-and-mental-health-ii-value-for-money
#10
Albert Persaud, Geraint Day, Antonio Ventriglio, Susham Gupta, Padmavati Ramachandran, Roxanna Ruiz, Egor Chumakov, Geetha Desai, Joao Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia, Julio Torales, Edgardo Juan Tolentino, Kamaldeep Bhui, Dinesh Bhugra
In the previous accompanying paper, we described geopolitical factors which affect mental health of individuals who suffer directly and indirectly. These disasters whether they are natural or man-made often attract significant amounts of aid and resources - financial and human. In addition, those who offer foreign aid need to be aware of where and how the aid is being spent. In this paper, we propose that aid giving agencies give due attention to the impact the aid should have on mental health of recipients...
December 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30759723/parental-psychological-control-and-emotional-and-behavioral-disorders-among-spanish-adolescents
#11
Benito León-Del-Barco, Santiago Mendo-Lázaro, María I Polo-Del-Río, Víctor M López-Ramos
There is no denying the fundamental role played by parents in the psychosocial development of their children-either as a liability or as protection against mental health disorders. This study seeks to ascertain, by means of odds ratio statistics (OR), the correlation between parental psychological control and emotional and behavioral disorders. A total of 762 students took part in this study, with an average age of 12.23 years-53.8% of whom were girls and 46.2% were boys. Children and adolescents reported their parental psychological control and their emotional and behavioral disorders (i...
February 12, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30759281/mental-health-of-adolescents-variations-by-borderline-intellectual-functioning-and-disability
#12
Tania L King, Allison Milner, Zoe Aitken, Amalia Karahalios, Eric Emerson, Anne M Kavanagh
Adolescence is a period of elevated stress for many young people, and it is possible that the challenges of adolescence are different for vulnerable groups. We aimed to document the depressive and anxiety symptoms, emotional-behavioural difficulties and suicidal/self-harming behaviours among adolescents with borderline intellectual functioning (BIF) or a disability, compared to those with neither disability nor BIF. Data were drawn from the nationally representative Longitudinal Study of Australian Children...
February 13, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30759152/effects-of-mother-offspring-and-father-offspring-dynamics-on-emerging-adults-adjustment-the-mediating-role-of-emotion-regulation
#13
Rebecca Y M Cheung, Man Chong Leung, Kevin K S Chan, Chun Bun Lam
The present study tested a theoretical model of emotion regulation between parent-offspring dynamics and emerging adults' adjustment. The mediating role of emotion regulation strategies, including cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression, were investigated for the effects of mother-offspring and father-offspring dynamics on emerging adults' adjustment. A sample of 352 Chinese emerging adults in Hong Kong (230 female, 121 male) participated in this study. Participants were asked to complete a set of self-reported questionnaires...
2019: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758295/evaluation-of-mothers-perceptions-of-a-technology-based-supportive-educational-parenting-program-part-2-qualitative-study
#14
Shefaly Shorey, Esperanza Debby Ng
BACKGROUND: Transitioning into parenthood can be stressful as parents struggle to cope with new parenting responsibilities. Although perinatal care in hospitals aims to improve parental outcomes, there is a general consensus that it is suboptimal and insufficient. Therefore, many studies have designed intervention methods to supplement support for parents during this stressful period. However, studies often focus on parental outcomes as indicators of their interventions' success and effectiveness...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758257/exploring-caregiving-related-experiences-among-chinese-american-and-european-american-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-mental-illness
#15
Meekyung Han, Sadhna Diwan, Karen Sun
Family caregivers (FCs) of people with mental illness (PMI) experience caregiving-related distress. These challenges tend to be greater for Asian American families due to acculturative stress and structural barriers to services. However, little is known about caregiving-related experiences among FCs of PMI within a cultural context. By using an exploratory approach, we examined the experience of caregiver distress and the influence of cultural values on caregiving in European American and Chinese American FCs...
February 13, 2019: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30757973/-sleep-and-psychological-functioning-of-children-and-adolescents-a-narrative-review
#16
Serge Brand, Sakari Lemola, Thorsten Mikoteit, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Nadeem Kalak, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Uwe Pühse, Sebastian Ludyga, Markus Gerber
Sleep and Psychological Functioning of Children and Adolescents - a Narrative Review Children and adolescents need sufficient and restoring sleep to improve their cognitive, emotional, social and behavioral performance. The present narrative review describes the associations between children's and adolescents' sleep patterns and a broad variety of topics; these topics were chosen at the authors' discretion and does not claim to be exhaustive. After a short introduction, we describe the associations between (adolescent) children's sleep in tight relation to the family functioning...
February 2019: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30757956/sociocultural-perceptions-and-enablers-to-seeking-mental-health-support-among-bhutanese-refugees-in-western-massachusetts
#17
Kalpana Poudel-Tandukar, Cynthia S Jacelon, Genevieve E Chandler, Bhuwan Gautam, Paula H Palmer
This qualitative study aimed to identify cultural influences on seeking mental health support among Bhutanese refugees resettled in Western Massachusetts. Bhutanese refugees aged 18 years or older were recruited for eight focus group discussions, organized by age and gender ( N = 67, 49.3% female, mean age = 38, SD = 15.9). The PEN-3 cultural model was used as the theoretical framework to examine the roles of cultural perceptions that influence mental health-seeking behaviors. Focus group discussions were audio taped to facilitate the thematic-analysis...
February 13, 2019: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30755049/a-pilot-evaluation-of-culture-camps-to-increase-alaska-native-youth-wellness
#18
Jodi D Barnett, Tara C Schmidt, Bridie Trainor, Lisa Wexler
Suicide is a significant health disparity among Alaska Native youth, which is linked to cultural disruptions brought about by colonialism and historical trauma. Many Indigenous suicide prevention efforts center on revitalizing and connecting youth to their culture to promote mental health and resilience. A common cultural approach to improve psychosocial outcomes is youth culture camps, but there has been little evaluation research to test this association. Here, we conduct a pilot evaluation of a 5-day culture camp developed in two remote regions of Alaska...
February 12, 2019: Health Promotion Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30755035/creating-automatic-subjects-corporate-wellness-and-self-tracking
#19
Christopher Till
The use of self-tracking devices has increased dramatically in recent years with enthusiasm from the public as well as public health officers, healthcare providers and workplaces seeking to instigate behaviour change in populations. Analysis of the ontological principles informing the design and implementation of the Apple Watch and corporate wellness programmes using self-tracking technologies shows that their primary focus is on the capture and control of attention rather than material health outcomes. Health, wellness and happiness have been conflated with productivity, which is now deemed to be dependent on the harnessing of libidinal as well as physical energy...
February 13, 2019: Health (London)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30754080/why-is-optimisation-of-antimicrobial-use-difficult-at-the-end-of-life
#20
Jennifer Broom, Alex Broom, Phillip Good, Zarnie Lwin
The antibiotic optimisation imperative is now ubiquitous, with national policy frameworks in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries incorporating the requirement for antimicrobial stewardship within healthcare services. Yet in practice, the optimisation agenda often raises complex ethical- and practice-based dilemmas. Antibiotic use at the end of life is multidimensional. It includes balancing complex issues, such as accuracy of prognostic estimates, benevolence to the individual versus the broader public health, personalised value judgement of time and quality of life and the right to treatment versus the right to die...
February 2019: Internal Medicine Journal
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