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Dvt prophylaxis cva

Wesley M Durand, Avi D Goodman, Joey P Johnson, Alan H Daniels
BACKGROUND: DVT is a common complication following lower extremity surgery, occurring in up to 60% of patients undergoing hip fracture surgery without postoperative anticoagulation. The risk of fatal PE continues well-beyond two weeks postoperatively, thus extended DVT prophylaxis beyond 14 days may be warranted. This investigation sought to examine the association between prescription of extended DVT prophylaxis and 30-day postoperative complications following hip fracture surgery...
June 2018: Injury
Bala Ramanan, Prateek K Gupta, Abhishek Sundaram, Thomas G Lynch, Jason N MacTaggart, B Timothy Baxter, Jason M Johanning, Iraklis I Pipinos
OBJECTIVE: Recent single-center reports demonstrate a high (up to 10%) incidence of postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) after major vascular surgery. Moreover, vascular patients rarely receive prolonged prophylaxis despite evidence that it reduces thromboembolic events after discharge. This study used a national, prospective, multicenter database to define the incidence of overall and postdischarge VTE after major vascular operations and assess risk factors associated with VTE development...
June 2013: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Blake P Gillette, Lori J DeSimone, Robert T Trousdale, Mark W Pagnano, Rafael J Sierra
BACKGROUND: The use of antifibrinolytic medications in hip and knee arthroplasty reduces intraoperative blood loss and decreases transfusion rates postoperatively. Tranexamic acid (TXA) specifically has not been associated with increased thromboembolic (TE) complications, but concerns remain about the risk of symptomatic TE events, particularly when less aggressive chemical prophylaxis methods such as aspirin alone are chosen. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We determined whether the rate of symptomatic TE events differed among patients given intraoperative TXA when three different postoperative prophylactic regimens were used after primary THA and TKA...
January 2013: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
A Jhingran, P J Eifel
PURPOSE: To evaluate perioperative and postoperative complications of low-dose-rate (LDR) intracavitary radiation therapy in patients with FIGO Stage I-III carcinoma of the uterine cervix. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical and radiotherapy records of all patients treated with radiation between 1960 and 1992 at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center for FIGO I-III carcinomas of the cervix. Patients who had had initial hysterectomy or whose treatment did not include intracavitary irradiation were excluded...
March 15, 2000: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
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