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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30680399/-investigation-of-teeth-defect-and-repair-status-of-elderly-people-in-jiading-district-shanghai
#1
Shu-Yu Zhang, Hua Dong
PURPOSE: To investigate teeth defect, loss and repair needs of the elderly people in Jiading district, Shanghai, and provide basis for government's policy of oral health care. METHODS: Three thousand two hundred and sixty 65-74 years old people were selected by cluster sampling in Jiading, Anting, Nanxiang, Jiading district, Shanghai. They were investigated for oral heath situation. 824 people with teeth defect and loss were randomly chosen to investigate the needs of repair, knowledge of oral health...
October 2018: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30644522/assessing-competency-in-family-medicine-residents-using-the-osteopathic-manipulative-medicine-mini-clinical-evaluation-exercise
#2
Lawrence LeBeau, Christine Morgan, Deborah Heath, Vanessa K Pazdernik
Context: The Mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (Mini-CEX) is one example of a direct observation tool used for workplace-based skills assessment. The Mini-CEX has been validated as a useful formative evaluation tool in graduate medical education. However, no Mini-CEX has been reported in the literature that specifically assesses the osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM) skills of family medicine residents. Therefore, the authors created and studied an OMM Mini-CEX to fill this skills assessment gap...
January 15, 2019: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30613760/schools-as-moderators-of-genetic-associations-with-life-course-attainments-evidence-from-the-wls-and-add-heath
#3
Sam Trejo, Daniel W Belsky, Jason D Boardman, Jeremy Freese, Kathleen Mullan Harris, Pam Herd, Kamil Sicinski, Benjamin W Domingue
Genetic variants identified in genome-wide association studies of educational attainment have been linked with a range of positive life course development outcomes. However, it remains unclear whether school environments may moderate these genetic associations. We analyze data from two biosocial surveys that contain both genetic data and follow students from secondary school through mid- to late life. We test if the magnitudes of the associations with educational and occupational attainments varied across the secondary schools that participants attended or with characteristics of those schools...
August 2018: Sociological Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30569823/social-workers-in-integrated-health-care-improving-care-throughout-the-life-course
#4
Lisa de Saxe Zerden, Brianna M Lombardi, Anne Jones
Great strides have been made in highlighting the strengths of the social work profession as a workforce vital to improving the health and well-being of individuals, families, and communities. Nevertheless, substantially more work is needed to advance education, practice, and research involving social workers' potential and their contributions to improved care throughout the life course. This special issue offers exemplars of the power of social work in integrated settings with the capacity to address the scope of behavioral health, psychosocial, and physical health care needs...
December 20, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30539283/gynecologic-radiation-oncology-patients-report-unmet-needs-regarding-sexual-health-communication-with-providers
#5
Christina Hunter Chapman, Gerard Heath, Pamela Fairchild, Mitchell B Berger, Daniela Wittmann, Shitanshu Uppal, Anagha Tolpadi, Katherine Maturen, Shruti Jolly
PURPOSE: Following radiation therapy (RT), women with gynecologic malignancies report high rates of sexual dysfunction, but little is known regarding sexual health communication between these patients and health-care providers. This study assessed these patients' beliefs/attitudes toward providers' sexual history taking. METHODS: Surveys were administered to women who presented for follow-up care for gynecologic cancers in an academic radiation oncology department...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30530960/the-physical-features-suitable-for-classical-ballet-training
#6
Ayşe Gül Kabakci, Sema Polat, Seda Ayvazoğlu, Ahmet Hilmi Yücel
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prerequisite physical features of classical ballet education. METHODS: Students who enrolled and were rejected for the applications of State Conservatory Ballet Main Art Branch in the academic year 2013-2014 and 2014-2015 were compared with their exam results. This study involves defining the physical ability and determining physical fitness by using Eurofit tests including the Flamingo Balance test (FB), Plate Tapping (PT), Sit and Reach (SITR), Standing Broad Jump (SBJ), Handgrip test (HG), Sit Up in 30 Seconds (SU) and Shuttle Run 10 × 5 meter (SR), Heath-Carter somatotyping method and anthropometric measurements which determine ballet students' body type and physical abilities...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30458412/the-heips-framework-scaffolding-interprofessional-education-starts-with-health-professional-educators
#7
Karen Stanley, David Stanley
The link between interprofessional collaboration and interprofessional education has been at the centre of discourse for some time. To understand some of the challenges of interprofessional collaboration, a research study was undertaken. The study investigated the interprofessional socialisation experiences of health professional educators, across five higher education faculties in Perth, Western Australia (WA). An interpretive phenomenological framework was utilised to explore the phenomena of interprofessional socialisation...
November 12, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30451039/preventing-suicidal-behavior-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-scoping-review
#8
Angelina Mellentin, Elsebeth Nylev Stenager, Egon Stenager
Suicidal behavior is a relatively rare occurrence among patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Nonetheless, it is important to identify and be aware of the constituting risk factors to prevent suicidal behavior among vulnerable patients. Areas covered: This scoped review will shortly outline well-known biological and psychosocial risk factors for suicidal behavior among MS patients and suggest preventive initiatives. The preventive strategies should include a close monitoring of MS pharmacotherapy to prevent progression, and awareness and early identification of psychosocial risk factors across a variety of heathcare and social instances the patient may encounter during their life with the disease...
December 2018: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30418358/determinants-of-influenza-and-pertussis-vaccination-uptake-in-pregnancy-a-multi-centre-questionnaire-study-of-pregnant-women-and-healthcare-professionals
#9
Christopher R Wilcox, Anna Calvert, Jane Metz, Eliz Kilich, Rachael MacLeod, Kirsten Beadon, Paul T Heath, Asma Khalil, Adam Finn, Matthew D Snape, Tushna Vandrevala, Tom Nadarzynski, Matthew A Coleman, Christine E Jones
INTRODUCTION: Uptake rates of antenatal vaccination remain suboptimal. Our aims were to determine: (1) the acceptability of routine vaccination among pregnant women, (2) the confidence of maternity healthcare professionals (HCPs) discussing vaccination and (3) HCP opinion regarding the optimum healthcare site for vaccine administration. METHODS: Separate questionnaires for pregnant women and HCPs were distributed within four NHS trusts in South England (July 2017-January 2018)...
November 9, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30270432/preference-for-realistic-art-predicts-support-for-brexit-1
#10
Noah Carl, Lindsay Richards, Anthony Heath
Following the UK's EU referendum in June 2016, there has been considerable interest from scholars in understanding the characteristics that differentiate Leave supporters from Remain supporters. Since Leave supporters score higher on conscientiousness but lower on neuroticism and openness, and given their general proclivity toward conservatism, we hypothesized that preference for realistic art would predict support for Brexit. Data on a large nationally representative sample of the British population were obtained, and preference for realistic art was measured using a four-item binary choice test...
September 30, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30268806/efficacy-of-internet-delivered-mindfulness-for-improving-depression-in-caregivers-of-people-with-spinal-cord-injuries-and-chronic-neuropathic-pain-a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial
#11
Jasmine Heath Hearn, Imogen Cotter, Katherine Anne Finlay
OBJECTIVES: To explore the feasibility and efficacy of web-based mindfulness training for carers of people with spinal cord injury (SCI) DESIGN: Randomized controlled feasibility study with three-month follow-up. SETTING: Community setting. PARTICIPANTS: Spouses/family caregivers of people with SCI and chronic neuropathic pain were recruited via the direct care team and advertisements. Participants were aged over 18 years (no upper age limit), with internet access for the duration of the study...
September 27, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30241320/interventions-to-improve-vaccination-uptake-and-cost-effectiveness-of-vaccination-strategies-in-newly-arrived-migrants-in-the-eu-eea-a-systematic-review
#12
Charles Hui, Jessica Dunn, Rachael Morton, Lukas P Staub, Anh Tran, Sally Hargreaves, Christina Greenaway, Beverly Ann Biggs, Robin Christensen, Kevin Pottie
Newly arrived migrants to the EU/EEA (arrival within the past five years), as well as other migrant groups in the region, might be under-immunised and lack documentation of previous vaccinations, putting them at increased risk of vaccine-preventable diseases circulating in Europe. We therefore performed a systematic review conforming to PRISMA guidelines (PROSPERO CRD42016045798) to explore: (i) interventions that improve vaccine uptake among migrants; and (ii) cost-effectiveness of vaccination strategies among this population...
September 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30214705/prevalence-and-psychological-impact-of-acne-vulgaris-among-female-secondary-school-students-in-arar-city-saudi-arabia-in-2018
#13
Manal Saeed Alanazi, Sabry Mohamed Hammad, Amal Elwan Mohamed
Background: Acne vulgaris is a common heath problem affecting adolescents with considerable impact on their quality of life. Objective: To determine the prevalence of Acne vulgaris and its psychological impact among female secondary school students. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted during the period from January to March 2018, among all female secondary school students in 3 randomly selected schools, in Arar city (Saudi Arabia)...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30175414/family-health-strategy-associated-with-increased-dental-visitation-among-preschool-children-in-brazil
#14
Carlos Alberto Feldens, Mixianni Justo Fortuna, Paulo Floriani Kramer, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Márcia Regina Vítolo, Benjamin W Chaffee
BACKGROUND: Early-life dental service utilization could improve child dental health. AIM: Identify contextual, socioeconomic, and child characteristics associated with dental visitation by age 3 years. DESIGN: Within a Brazilian birth cohort (N = 435), multivariable regression models were fitted to identify independent predictors of having made a dental visit at age 3 years. Contextual variables considered included health center type (Traditional vs...
November 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30172675/alcohol-prescription-drug-misuse-sexual-violence-and-dating-violence-among-high-school-youth
#15
Dorothy L Espelage, Jordan P Davis, Kathleen C Basile, Whitney L Rostad, Ruth W Leemis
PURPOSE: Sexual violence (SV), teen dating violence (TDV), and substance use are significant public health concerns among U.S. adolescents. This study examined whether latent classes of baseline alcohol and prescription drug misuse longitudinally predict SV and TDV victimization and perpetration (i.e., verbal,relational, physical/threatening, and sexual) 1 year later. METHODS: Students from six Midwestern high schools (n = 1,875; grades 9-11) completed surveys across two consecutive spring semesters...
November 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30165504/cognitive-reserve-attenuates-the-effect-of-disability-on-depression-in-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Margaret H Cadden, Erin T Guty, Peter A Arnett
Objective: The current study explored the moderating role of cognitive reserve on the relationship between disability and depression in a sample of individuals in which brain pathology is thought to contribute to depression (multiple sclerosis; MS). Method: Fifty-four individuals with MS were examined. Depression was measured using the Beck Depression Inventory-Fast Screen (BDI-FS). In addition to collecting demographic (education) and disease burden (Expanded Disability Status Scale; EDSS) related variables, participants completed a neuropsychological test battery and psychosocial questionnaires...
August 28, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30111722/impact-of-a-modified-version-of-baby-led-weaning-on-dietary-variety-and-food-preferences-in-infants
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Brittany J Morison, Anne-Louise M Heath, Jillian J Haszard, Karen Hein, Elizabeth A Fleming, Lisa Daniels, Elizabeth W Erickson, Louise J Fangupo, Benjamin J Wheeler, Barry J Taylor, Rachael W Taylor
The aim of this study was to determine whether food variety and perceived food preferences differ in infants following baby-led instead of traditional spoon-feeding approaches to introducing solids. A total of 206 women (41.3% primiparous) were recruited in late pregnancy from a single maternity hospital (response rate 23.4%) and randomized to Control (n = 101) or BLISS (n = 105) groups. All participants received government-funded Well Child care. BLISS participants also received support to exclusively breastfeed to 6 months and three educational sessions on BLISS (Baby-Led Weaning, modified to reduce the risk of iron deficiency, growth faltering, and choking) at 5...
August 15, 2018: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30073338/teaching-medical-students-about-health-systems-science-and-osteopathic-principles-and-practice-using-a-virtual-world-the-envision-community-health-center
#18
Lise McCoy, Joy H Lewis, Thomas Bennett, Monica Fernandez, Deborah M Heath, Frederic N Schwartz
Medical education technology initiatives can be used to prepare osteopathic medical students for modern primary care practice and to provide students with training to serve vulnerable populations. Over academic years 2014 through 2017, the authors designed and implemented 26 case studies using patient simulations through a virtual community health center (CHC). First-year students, who were preparing for clinical training in CHCs, and second-year students, who were training in CHCs, completed the simulation case studies, gaining practice in clinical reasoning, Health Systems Science, and applied osteopathic principles and practice...
August 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29996823/predictors-of-consent-to-cell-line-creation-and-immortalisation-in-a-south-african-schizophrenia-genomics-study
#19
Megan M Campbell, Jantina de Vries, Sibonile G Mqulwana, Michael M Mndini, Odwa A Ntola, Deborah Jonker, Megan Malan, Adele Pretorius, Zukiswa Zingela, Stephanus Van Wyk, Dan J Stein, Ezra Susser
BACKGROUND: Cell line immortalisation is a growing component of African genomics research and biobanking. However, little is known about the factors influencing consent to cell line creation and immortalisation in African research settings. We contribute to addressing this gap by exploring three questions in a sample of Xhosa participants recruited for a South African psychiatric genomics study: First, what proportion of participants consented to cell line storage? Second, what were predictors of this consent? Third, what questions were raised by participants during this consent process? METHODS: 760 Xhose people with schizophrenia and 760 controls were matched to sex, age, level of education and recruitment region...
July 11, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29950456/impact-of-a-modified-version-of-baby-led-weaning-on-iron-intake-and-status-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Lisa Daniels, Rachael W Taylor, Sheila M Williams, Rosalind S Gibson, Elizabeth A Fleming, Benjamin J Wheeler, Barry J Taylor, Jillian J Haszard, Anne-Louise M Heath
OBJECTIVE: To determine the iron intake and status of infants following a version of baby-led weaning (BLW) modified to prevent iron deficiency (Baby-Led Introduction to SolidS; BLISS) compared with those of infants following traditional spoon-feeding. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION: This randomised controlled trial included 206 participants assigned to control (n=101) or BLISS (n=105) groups. Both groups received standard midwifery and 'Well Child' care...
June 27, 2018: BMJ Open
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