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Pediatric dvt

Catarina Faria, Henedina Antunes, Teresa Pontes, Ana Antunes, Sofia Martins, Susana Carvalho
Background Venous thromboembolism (VTE) - which includes deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) - has been increasingly recognized in the pediatric population. The estimated incidence is 0.07-0.14 cases per 10,000 children. Most cases are associated with two or more risk factors. Medium and long-term complications include recurrence and post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS). Objective To characterize the adolescent population with the diagnosis of DVT of lower limbs in a tertiary hospital, regarding its clinical presentation, associated risk factors, treatment and outcome...
February 1, 2019: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Henry Bone Ellis, Meagan J Sabatino, Zachary Clarke, Garrett Dennis, Amanda L Fletcher, Charles W Wyatt, Ayesha Zia, Philip L Wilson
INTRODUCTION: Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism are major complications that can occur in common orthopaedic procedures such as knee arthroscopy. The purpose of this study is to determine the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) risk factors in adolescent patients undergoing elective lower extremity arthroscopy. A second objective is to determine whether a targeted, standardized screening tool is both cost- and clinically effective in the identification of VTE risk factors in adolescents...
January 7, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Junko Yamaguchi, Akihiro Noda, Akira Utagawa, Atsushi Sakurai, Kosaku Kinoshita
Herein, we report a pediatric case of acute paradoxical cerebral embolism complicated by serious acute pulmonary embolism that was caused by an extremely small patent foramen ovale (PFO). The patient had no medical history suggestive of any other reason. Paradoxical cerebral embolism may occur even with an extremely small PFO because of the increased right-side pressure of the heart and a resulting right-to-left shunt from the acute pulmonary embolism. Although pediatric cases of pulmonary embolism are rare, when diagnosed, clinicians should consider the risk of a concurrent paradoxical cerebral embolism resulting from a latent PFO...
2019: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
Iulia Armean, Lorena Elena Meliț, Iunius Simu, Carmen Duicu
Thrombophilia represents a tendency towards excessive blood clotting and the subsequent development of venous thromboembolism (VTE). VTE is a rare condition in children that comprises both deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). This paper reports the case of a 16-year-old girl, admitted to the Pediatrics Clinic No. 1, Tîrgu Mureș, Romania, for dyspnea, chest pain and loss of consciousness. Her personal history showed that she had had two orthopedic surgical interventions in infancy, two pregnancies, one spontaneous miscarriage and a recent caesarian section at 20 weeks of gestation for premature detachment of a normally positioned placenta associated with a deceased fetus...
July 2018: Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Paul Monagle, Carlos A Cuello, Caitlin Augustine, Mariana Bonduel, Leonardo R Brandão, Tammy Capman, Anthony K C Chan, Sheila Hanson, Christoph Male, Joerg Meerpohl, Fiona Newall, Sarah H O'Brien, Leslie Raffini, Heleen van Ommen, John Wiernikowski, Suzan Williams, Meha Bhatt, John J Riva, Yetiani Roldan, Nicole Schwab, Reem A Mustafa, Sara K Vesely
BACKGROUND: Despite an increasing incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in pediatric patients in tertiary care settings, relatively few pediatric physicians have experience with antithrombotic interventions. OBJECTIVE: These guidelines of the American Society of Hematology (ASH), based on the best available evidence, are intended to support patients, clinicians, and other health care professionals in their decisions about management of pediatric VTE. METHODS: ASH formed a multidisciplinary guideline panel that included 2 patient representatives and was balanced to minimize potential bias from conflicts of interest...
November 27, 2018: Blood Advances
Maria L Avila, Brian M Feldman, Suzan Williams, Leigh C Ward, Madeline I Montoya, Jennifer Stinson, Alex Kiss, Jennifer Vincelli, Celeste Lumia, Leonardo R Brandão
Background: Pediatric tools for diagnosis of post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) include the assessment of limb edema as a symptom (patient/proxy-reported) and as a sign. However, it is unclear whether these two approaches refer to the same clinical aspect of PTS. This could result in overestimation of disease severity. We sought to evaluate the correlation among different techniques to assess limb edema as a sign and as a symptom in children who sustained upper extremity (UE) or lower extremity (LE) deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and were, therefore, at risk of PTS...
July 2018: Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Maria L Avila, Jennifer Stinson, Celeste Lumia, Suzan Williams, Madeline I Montoya, Brian M Feldman, Leonardo R Brandão
Essentials: <AbstractText Label="Background" NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">Symptoms and function in pediatric post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) remain poorly characterized. Methods: The present cross-sectional study describes the characteristics of pain, other symptoms, and impaired function in pediatric PTS in a cohort of children with history of upper or lower limb deep vein thrombosis and PTS diagnosis. The frequency of clinical findings was compared between patients with and without pain, and between patients with upper and lower extremity PTS...
April 2018: Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Rachel M Landisch, Sheila J Hanson, Rowena C Punzalan, Kristin Braun, Laura D Cassidy, David M Gourlay
INTRODUCTION: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is increasingly prevalent in injured children admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). Few data exist to support VTE pharmacologic prophylaxis or ultrasound (US) surveillance in children with high bleeding risk. After implementation of screening US guidelines, we sought to describe our experience, hypothesizing that screening US of children at highest risk for VTE results in earlier detection and management. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis was conducted on prospectively collected data of injured children admitted to an American College of Surgeons Verified level 1 Pediatric Trauma Center from 2010 to 2015...
November 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Jonathan Bourget-Murray, Mathew A Clarke, Sydney Gorzitza, Lisa A Phillips
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism, specifically pulmonary embolism, is a rare complication following elective pediatric orthopedic surgery. Bilateral pulmonary embolism with associated pulmonary hemorrhage/infarct without concomitant deep vein thrombosis has never been reported following routine anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in an adolescent. CASE PRESENTATION: A 16-year-old white girl presented with acute onset shortness of breath and pleuritic chest pain 6 days following elective anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Edward Vincent S Faustino, Veronika Shabanova, Matthew G Pinto, Simon Li, Erin Trakas, Michael Miksa, Shira Gertz, Lee A Polikoff, Massimo Napolitano, Adele R Brudnicki, Joana A Tala, Cicero T Silva
OBJECTIVE: To determine the epidemiology of lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in critically ill adolescents, which currently is unclear. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a multicenter, prospective, cohort study. Adolescents aged 13-17 years who were admitted to 6 pediatric intensive care units and were anticipated to receive cardiopulmonary support for at least 48 hours were eligible, unless they were admitted with DVT or pulmonary embolism or were receiving or anticipated to receive therapeutic anticoagulation...
October 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Brian R Branchford, Shannon L Carpenter
Venous thromboembolism (VTE), comprising deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and pulmonary embolism (PE), is becoming increasingly recognized as a cause of morbidity and mortality in pediatrics, particularly among hospitalized children. Furthermore, evidence is accumulating that suggests the inflammatory response may be a cause, as well as consequence, of VTE, but current anticoagulation treatment regimens are not designed to inhibit inflammation. In fact, many established clinical VTE risk factors such as surgery, obesity, cystic fibrosis, sepsis, systemic infection, cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, and lupus likely modulate thrombosis through inflammatory mediators...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Mohammad M Jami, Vrinda Bhardwaj, Russell J Merritt
A central venous catheter is a risk factor for deep vein thrombosis. We compared the incidence of deep vein thrombosis in children with intestinal failure patients receiving soy oil lipid emulsion (n = 35) vs fish oil lipid emulsion (n = 35). Ten deep vein thrombosis occurred in the soy oil lipid emulsion group, and none in the fish oil lipid emulsion group (P < .001).
July 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Kimberly K Abood, Megan Rose Paul, Dennis John Kuo
Venous thromboembolism is becoming increasingly recognized as a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the hospitalized pediatric population. However, young healthy athletes can present with unique risk factors for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) that can be overlooked. Here we report a case of an adolescent male with no inherited risk factors or prior history of DVTs who developed a right femoral vein DVT in the context of playing catcher in baseball after recovering from a bout of streptococcal pharyngitis...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Flora Habas, Julien Baleine, Christophe Milési, Clémentine Combes, Marie-Noëlle Didelot, Sara Romano-Bertrand, Delphine Grau, Sylvie Parer, Catherine Baud, Gilles Cambonie
Placement of a central venous catheter (CVC) in the brachiocephalic vein (BCV) via the ultrasound (US)-guided supraclavicular approach was recently described in children. We aimed to determine the CVC maintenance-related complications at this site compared to the others (i.e., the femoral, the subclavian, and the jugular). We performed a retrospective data collection of prospectively registered data on CVC in young children hospitalized in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) during a 4-year period (May 2011 to May 2015)...
March 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Divyaswathi Citla Sridhar, Ossama M Maher, Nidra I Rodriguez
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) has been previously reported in children with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). This study reviews our institutional experience by evaluating characteristics and outcomes of children with DVT and staphylococcal infections. Retrospective clinical data from 16 pediatric patients with DVT and staphylococcal infections over a 5-year period was obtained via medical record abstraction. Sixteen patients with a median age at diagnosis of 8 years were included. The most common infection encountered was osteomyelitis (56%)...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Julie Jaffray, Guy Young
Due to advances in caring for critically ill children and those with chronic diseases, rates of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) are increasing in children. Risk factors consist of central venous catheters, chronic medical conditions, thrombophilia, and various medications. Compression Doppler ultrasonography is the method most commonly used to diagnose DVT, and patients will usually present with pain and swelling of the affected limb. Anticoagulation via subcutaneous injection is the most common treatment regime for children with DVT, and the new, direct oral anticoagulants are currently under investigation...
March 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
N Dong, X Y Dong
Objective: To explore clinical features of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome combined with pulmonary embolism. Method: A retrospective analysis of a patient with idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome and pulmonary embolism diagnosed and treated in the Respiratory Department of Shanghai Children's Hospital in September 2016 was performed. A literature search was performed with"Eosinophils increased, thrombosis"as the Chinese keywords in Wanfang database and"idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome, deep vein thrombosis"as the English key words in PubMed database...
October 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Brian C Lau, Jason Jagodzinski, Nirav K Pandya
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) after pediatric knee arthroscopy is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after knee arthroscopy in the pediatric and adolescent population in a high-volume center. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENTS: All patients who underwent arthroscopy of the knee for a sports-related injury by 2 surgeons were reviewed...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Inês Pereira, Sónia Marcelo, Luís Marques Loureiro, André Cruz, João Vasconcelos, Miguel Maia, José Carlos Vidoedo, João Almeida Pinto
Deep vein thrombosis, whose prevalence remains unknown in the pediatric population, is an increasingly common diag- nosis in this age group. This increased incidence makes the post-thrombotic syndrome a likely long-term complication, so there is a critical need to establish high quality evidence over its suitable approach in this population. We present two cases of deep vein thrombosis in children and their management in a hospital of the northern region of Portugal, reviewing the literature on this under researched subject...
January 2016: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
Cristina Tarango, Riten Kumar, Manish Patel, Anne Blackmore, Patrick Warren, Joseph S Palumbo
PURPOSE: Thrombosis in the healthy pediatric population is a rare occurrence. Little is known about the optimal treatment or outcomes of children with unprovoked acute lower extremity (LE) deep vein thrombosis (DVT) associated with atresia of the inferior vena cava (IVC). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the records of patients with acute LE DVT subsequently found to have IVC atresia who presented to two tertiary pediatric institutions between 2008 and 2016...
February 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
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