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pediatrics orthopedics

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30770023/national-patterns-in-surgical-management-of-syndactyly-a-review-of-956-cases
#1
Fouad Chouairi, Michael R Mercier, J Scott Persing, Kyle S Gabrick, James Clune, Michael Alperovich
PURPOSE: Being one of the most common congenital hand malformations, syndactyly is repaired by orthopedic, plastic, and fellowship-trained general surgeons. Limited multi-institutional outcomes analyses regarding incidence, timing, and type of repair exist. METHODS: All syndactyly cases performed over a 5-year period from 2012-2016 were isolated from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatric database. Patient demographics, surgical factors, perioperative outcomes, and risk factors were analyzed using χ2 , Fisher exact, and t-test analysis...
February 15, 2019: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763449/trends-and-risk-factors-in-orthopedic-lawsuits-analysis-of-a-national-legal-database
#2
Kyle H Cichos, Michael A Ewing, Evan D Sheppard, Christoph Fuchs, Gerald McGwin, James T McMurtrie, Shawna L Watson, Shin Xu, Charles Fryberger, Dustin K Baker, Reaves M Crabtree, Austin B Murphy, Loy O Vaughan, Jorge L Perez, Brandon A Sherrod, Brad W Edmonds, Brent A Ponce
Orthopedic surgeons frequently encounter medical malpractice claims. The purpose of this study was to assess trends and risk factors in lawsuits brought against orthopedic surgeons using a national legal database. A legal research service was used to search publicly available settlement and verdict reports between 1988 and 2013 by terms "orthopaedic or orthopedic" and "malpractice." Temporal trends were evaluated, and logistic regression was used to identify independent risk factors for case outcomes...
February 14, 2019: Orthopedics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758537/surgical-treatment-strategies-in-pediatric-trauma-patients-etc-vs-dco-an-analysis-of-316-pediatric-trauma-patients-from-the-traumaregister-dgu-%C3%A2
#3
Klemens Horst, Hagen Andruszkow, Christian David Weber, Miguel Pishnamaz, Matthias Knobe, Felix Marius Bläsius, Philipp Lichte, Rolf Lefering, Frank Hildebrand
PURPOSE: External fixation within the damage control concept in unstable multiple trauma patients is widely accepted. Literature about its usage in the pediatric trauma population, however, is rare. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the factors associated with the application of external fixation in the severely injured child. METHODS: Patients with severe trauma aged 0-54 years documented in the TraumaRegister DGU® were included in this study. Demographic data, pattern of injury, injury severity, use of the damage control orthopedics (DCO) or early total care (ETC) concept, duration of mechanical ventilation, intensive care stay, and total hospital stay as well as the occurrence of complications and mortality were evaluated...
February 13, 2019: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30733139/don-t-get-stuck-a-quality-improvement-project-to-reduce-perioperative-blood-borne-pathogen-exposure
#4
Juan P Gurria, Heather Nolan, Stephanie Polites, Melody Threlkeld, Katherine Arata, Lisa Phipps, Alison Muth, Richard A Falcone
BACKGROUND: Blood-borne pathogen exposure (BBPE) represents a significant safety and resource burden, with more than 380,000 events reported annually across hospitals in the United States. The perioperative environment is a high-risk area for BBPE, and efforts to reduce exposures are not well defined. A multidisciplinary group of nurses, surgical technologists, surgeons, and employee health specialists created a BBPE prevention bundle to reduce Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) recordable cases...
February 4, 2019: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30725158/perspective-from-a-pediatric-orthopedic-deformity-surgeon
#5
EDITORIAL
Brian E Grottkau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2019: Skeletal Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30717627/what-makes-a-high-quality-electronic-consultation-econsult-a-nominal-group-study
#6
Christopher Tran, Douglas Archibald, Susan Humphrey-Murto, Clare Liddy, Erin Keely
INTRODUCTION: Poor communication between health professionals can compromise patient safety, yet specialists rarely receive feedback on their written communication. Although worldwide implementation of electronic consultation (eConsult) services is rising rapidly, little is known about the features of effective communication when specialists provide online advice to primary care providers (PCP). To inform efforts to ensure and maintain high-quality communication via eConsult, we aim to identify features of high-quality eConsult advice to incorporate into an assessment tool that can provide specialists with feedback on their correspondence...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30702642/success-rates-for-reduction-of-pediatric-distal-radius-and-ulna-fractures-by-emergency-physicians
#7
Kristy Putnam, Bryan Kaye, Zebulon Timmons, M Wade Shrader, Blake Bulloch
BACKGROUND: Emergency physicians are trained in urgent fracture reduction. Many hospitals lack readily available in-house orthopedic coverage. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine success rates for reduction of pediatric distal radius or ulna fractures by emergency department (ED) physicians. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of children younger than 18 years presenting to a large, urban, freestanding children's hospital from January 1, 2009, to December 31, 2010, with forearm fracture...
January 29, 2019: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30702592/identification-of-risk-factors-affecting-bone-formation-in-gradual-ulnar-lengthening-in-children-with-hereditary-multiple-exostoses-a-retrospective-study
#8
Yuchan Li, Bingqiang Han, Jingyan Tang, Mu Chen, Zhigang Wang
The forearm deformity classified by Masada is a characteristic trait of patients with hereditary multiple exostoses (HME). Ulnar gradual lengthening, which was considered to be a safe and reliable procedure, was popular in treating these difficult deformities, however, delayed consolidation of the callus is uncommon but not rare in literature review. The purpose of this study was to try to identify the risk factors influencing bone healing in gradual ulnar lengthening in HME.We retrospectively reviewed patients with HME-induced forearm deformity who underwent gradual ulnar lengthening at our hospital from 2010 to 2016...
February 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30700693/association-of-appendicitis-helicobacter-pylori-positive-gastritis-and-thrombotic-thrombocytopenic-purpura-in-an-adolescent
#9
Adela Arapović, Sandra Prgomet, Marijan Saraga, Tanja Kovačević, Zoltán Prohászka, Ranka Despot, Eugenija Marušić, Josipa Radić
BACKGROUND Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) in children is a rare life-threatening syndrome, characterized by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia with renal dysfunction, neurologic symptoms, and fever. TTP is usually caused by deficient activity of von Willebrand factor cleaving protease (ADAMTS13), due to either gene mutations or acquired via anti-ADAMTS13 autoantibodies. It can be triggered by bone marrow or solid organ transplantation, cardiothoracic-, abdominal-, and orthopedic surgeries, infections including very rarely Helicobacter pylori infection...
January 31, 2019: American Journal of Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30685281/upper-extremity-conversion-disorder-in-children
#10
Rajan R Murgai, Curtis VandenBerg, Milan Stevanovic, Nina Lightdale-Miric
BACKGROUND: Conversion disorder in children presents a challenge to orthopedic surgeons. The condition is frequently associated with unnecessary diagnostic tests, treatments, and cost. The purpose of this study was to report a series of children with upper extremity conversion disorder to raise awareness for this uncommon condition and to assist with its diagnosis and management. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of 4 pediatric patients with upper extremity conversion disorder at a tertiary pediatric hospital from 2015 to 2017...
January 23, 2019: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30676248/analysis-of-risk-factors-for-multiantibiotic-resistant-infections-among-surgical-patients-at-a-children-s-hospital
#11
Lixin Sun, Suzhe Liu, Jingming Wang, Liqun Wang
BACKGROUND: To identify the potential risk factors for multiantibiotic-resistant infections and provide sufficient evidence for multiantibiotic resistance prevention and control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of all patients in pediatric orthopedics, pediatric heart surgery, and pediatric general surgery at a level 3, grade A children's hospital from January to December 2016. The clinical laboratory information monitoring system and the medical record system were used to collect patient information regarding age, surgery type, preoperative length of stay, admission season, incision type, preoperative infection, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative use of invasive equipment, duration of catheter drainage, and timepoint of intraoperative prophylactic antibiotics administration...
January 24, 2019: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30672899/a-frosty-challenge
#12
Camille Bréhin, Caroline Cortey, Isabelle Claudet
BACKGROUND: We report a case of geometrical skin lesions in a teenage patient. CASE: A previously healthy 14-year-old boy presented in our pediatric emergency department with unusual skin lesions on his left forearm. The patient said the lesions started 2 weeks earlier following a spider bite. His physical examination revealed an otherwise healthy child with no medical history with raised square lesions of the left forearm. The lesions were in different stages of healing and resembled second-degree burns...
January 21, 2019: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30672898/pediatric-handlebar-injuries-more-than-meets-the-abdomen
#13
Robert J Vandewalle, Shawn J Barker, Jodi L Raymond, Brandon P Brown, Thomas M Rouse
OBJECTIVES: Injuries associated with bicycles can generally be categorized into 2 types: injuries from falling from/off bicycles and injuries from striking the bicycle. In the second mechanism category, most occur as a result of children striking their body against the bicycle handlebar. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the presentation, body location, injury severity, and need for intervention for pediatric handlebar injuries at a single level one pediatric trauma center and contrast these against other bicycle-related injuries in children...
January 21, 2019: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30666057/efficacy-of-the-use-of-the-mckenzie-and-vojta-methods-to-treat-discopathy-associated-syndromes-in-the-pediatric-population
#14
Arkadiusz Żurawski, Wojciech Kiebzak, Anna Zmyślna, Justyna Pogożelska, Ireneusz Kotela, Tomasz J Kowalski, Zbigniew Śliwiński, Grzegorz Śliwiński
OBJECTIVES: This paper evaluates the efficacy of using the McKenzie and Vojta methods for patients with low back pain and the use of the DIERS Formetric 4D system as an objective diagnostic tool. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study enrolled 28 patients aged 15-17 years old. The patients were hospitalized at the Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology of the Świętokrzyskie Center for Pediatrics in Kielce with a diagnosis of back pain associated with a discopathy...
January 21, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30664066/sliding-the-medial-pin-a-safer-approach-to-cross-pinning-humerus-supracondylar-fractures
#15
Kenneth Pak Leung Wong, Ee Ming Chew, Arjandas Mahadev
INTRODUCTION: Many methods have been described to minimize the risk of ulnar nerve injury during the insertion of a medial pin for the percutaneous pinning of pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures (SCHF). The most recent AAOS Clinical Practice Guidelines suggests that physicians might want to avoid the use of medial-entry pins due to considerations of potential injury to the ulnar nerve. However, there are circumstances whereby a cross pin configuration is required. These include cases where there is medial wall comminution or due to the obliquity of the fracture...
January 17, 2019: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30660222/surgical-treatment-of-developmental-spondylolisthesis-contemporary-series-with-a-two-surgeon-team
#16
David G Deckey, Leslie A Kalish, Daniel Hedequist, John Emans, Mark Proctor, Michael Glotzbecker, Lawrence Karlin, Brian Snyder, M Timothy Hresko
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. OBJECTIVES: To report operative outcomes of contemporary surgical treatment of spondylolisthesis in the pediatric population. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgical treatment of developmental spondylolisthesis is controversial, with limited data on complication and reoperation rates. METHODS: A retrospective study followed pediatric patients with either L5-S1 high-grade spondylolisthesis (HGS) or L5-S1 symptomatic low-grade spondylolisthesis (LGS) for a minimum of two years...
March 2019: Spine Deformity
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30649590/urologic-provider-experiences-in-transitioning-spina-bifida-patients-from-pediatric-to-adult-care
#17
Shree Agrawal, Kimberly Slocombe, Tracey Wilson, Stephanie Kielb, Hadley M Wood
PURPOSE: The lack of precedent in transitioning from pediatric to adult care poses a challenge to providers for patients with spina bifida (SB). The purpose of this study was to summarize perceptions about best practices for the care of adult spina bifida patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A national survey was electronically distributed to 174 urologists who are current members of the Spina Bifida Association Network and AUA Working Group on Urologic Congenitalism...
January 16, 2019: World Journal of Urology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30643594/intern-passport-orienting-new-travelers-to-the-emergency-department
#18
David A Masneri, Cedric W Lefebvre
The objective of the Intern Passport (IP) curriculum was to implement a structured orientation for incoming interns that effectively defined and distinguished various personnel and assets within the emergency department (ED). The method of training was an on-the-job orientation that required interns to obtain "stamps" (signatures) on their passports during visits to eight "countries" (specialists) within the ED. Topics covered during the visit included introductions, tasks and capabilities, expectations, and pearls and pitfalls...
January 2019: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30642692/maxillary-protraction-to-treat-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-maxillary-retrusion-a-preliminary-report
#19
Stacey Quo, Lauren F Lo, Christian Guilleminault
INTRODUCTION: Midface retrusion creates a size deficiency problem in the upper airway that has been improved in children using surgical midface advancement and orthopedic protraction of the maxilla. The results of these treatments have been mostly promising at enlarging the pharyngeal airway. Recently introduced bone anchored maxillary protraction (BAMP) uses implant inserted devices in the jaws to pull the maxilla forward against a backward pressure to the lower jaw. This is a pilot study that examines the use of BAMP as a strategy to treat maxillary retrusion, malocclusion and children with obstructive sleep apnea...
December 26, 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30628827/the-h19-let-7-feedback-loop-contributes-to-developmental-dysplasia-and-dislocation-of-the-hip
#20
Bo Ning, Rui Jin, Dahui Wang, Jun Sun
Developmental dysplasia and dislocation of the hip (DDH) is the most common type of lower limb deformity in pediatric orthopedics. The mechanism of the signaling pathway has been studied in depth. However, the role of epigenetic regulation, such as lncRNA, is still far from clear. In this study, we successfully established a rat model of DDH and demonstrated that H19 was down-regulated in the development of DDH. Further, we constructed H19 knockdown (KD) and overexpression chondrocytes. H19 KD suppressed the proliferation of normal chondrocytes, while overexpression of H19 promoted cell proliferation of DDH chondrocytes...
January 10, 2019: Physiological Research
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