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Kids Save Lives

Fitri Fausiah, Sherly Saragih Turnip, Edvard Hauff
INTRODUCTION: Studies have shown the adverse impact of exposure to community violence on adolescent health. However, most of the studies were conducted in high-income countries. This study aimed at assessing the community violence exposure and the determinants of mental health problems among adolescents in Ambon, a post-conflict area in Indonesia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, school-based study involving 511 of 10th-graders from six randomly selected high schools in Kotamadya Ambon...
February 1, 2019: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Manuela Malsy, Richard Leberle, Bernhard Graf
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death is one of the most frequent causes of death in Germany and the third leading cause of death in the industrialized world. Yet, the percentage of people providing first aid in the case of sudden cardiac arrest in Germany is alarmingly low by international comparison. Training Germans or reminding them of the simple but effective steps of resuscitation, so that everybody can save a live in an emergency. METHODS: For the campaign 'Resuscitation Week', physicians and paramedics trained passers-by in cardiovascular resuscitation free of charge...
February 17, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
Fludiona Naka, Bruce Strober, Mona Shahriari
Clinical trials are the backbone of modern evidence-based medicine. They are the vital bridge between research-based discovery and cutting edge patient care. Randomized, controlled clinical trials are the gold standard of medical research, providing a method for evaluation and discovery of novel therapies that improve and even save lives. Despite an increase in the number of pediatric and adult clinical trials over recent decades, this growth has not been equal among these populations. The volume of clinical trials involving children lags substantially behind their adult counterparts...
November 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
Nicolas Mpotos, Peter Iserbyt
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization's endorsement of the "Kids save lives" statement fosters the implementation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training for school children worldwide. However, not every child achieves and maintains the recommended chest compression depth of 5-6cm. PURPOSE: To investigate the variability in compression depth for three age groups (grade 1: 12-14; grade 2: 14-16; grade 3: 16-18 years) as a function of physical characteristics and to define minimal compression excellence levels for training...
December 2017: Resuscitation
Bernd W Böttiger, Federico Semeraro, Karl-Heinz Altemeyer, Jan Breckwoldt, Uwe Kreimeier, Gernot Rücker, Janusz Andres, Andrew Lockey, Freddy K Lippert, Marios Georgiou, Sabine Wingen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
D C Schroeder, H Ecker, S Wingen, F Semeraro, B W Böttiger
BACKGROUND: Even in western developed countries, the probability of survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is only 6-10%. In order to improve survival after OHCA, early initiation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by laypersons is essential. Introduction of CPR training in schoolchildren seems to be effective to increase lay-CPR rates. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present investigation was to elucidate educational aspects of teaching schoolchildren in CPR and to summarize campaigns related to a comprehensive establishment of lay-CPR worldwide...
August 2017: Der Anaesthesist
Federico Semeraro, Antonio Frisoli, Claudio Loconsole, Nicola Mastronicola, Fabio Stroppa, Giuseppe Ristagno, Andrea Scapigliati, Luca Marchetti, Erga Cerchiari
INTRODUCTION: Relive is a serious game focusing on increasing kids and young adults' awareness on CPR. We evaluated the use of Relive on schoolchildren. METHODS: A longitudinal, prospective study was carried out in two high schools in Italy over a 8-month period, divided in three phases: baseline, competition, and retention. Improvement in schoolchildren's CPR awareness, in terms of knowledge (MCQ results) and skills (chest compression (CC) rate and depth), was evaluated...
July 2017: Resuscitation
Bernd W Böttiger, Federico Semeraro, Sabine Wingen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
Hugo Van Aken, Michael Hessler, Peter Brinkrolf, Andreas Bohn, Bernd W Böttiger, Antje Gottschalk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Stephan M Feller, Marc Lewitzky
Non-protein coding RNAs in different flavors (miRNAs, piRNAs, snoRNAs, lncRNAs, SHOT-RNAs), exosomes, large oncosomes, exoDNA and now tumor-educated platelets (TEPs) have emerged as crucial signal transmitting, transporting and regulating devices of cells in the last two decades. They are also establishing themselves increasingly in the realm of tumor research. We are currently witnessing a mushrooming of candidate entities for diagnostic and prognostic cancer detection and characterization tests that could have a major impact on how this diverse group of diseases is initially spotted and subsequently treated in the near future...
September 27, 2016: Cell Communication and Signaling: CCS
Stefanie Beck, Vivian Meier-Klages, Maria Michaelis, Susanne Sehner, Sigrid Harendza, Christian Zöllner, Jens Christian Kubitz
BACKGROUND: The "kids save lives" joint-statement highlights the effectiveness of training all school children worldwide in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to improve survival after cardiac arrest. The personnel requirement to implement this statement is high. Until now, no randomised controlled trial investigated if medical students benefit from their engagement in the BLS-education of school children regarding their later roles as physicians. The objective of the present study is to evaluate if medical students improve their teaching behaviour and CPR-skills by teaching school children in basic life support...
November 2016: Resuscitation
B W Böttiger, L L Bossaert, M Castrén, D Cimpoesu, M Georgiou, R Greif, M Grünfeld, A Lockey, C Lott, I Maconochie, R Melieste, K G Monsieurs, J P Nolan, G D Perkins, V Raffay, J Schlieber, F Semeraro, J Soar, A Truhlář, P Van de Voorde, J Wyllie, S Wingen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Resuscitation
Roman-Patrik Lukas, Hugo Van Aken, Thomas Mölhoff, Thomas Weber, Monika Rammert, Elke Wild, Andreas Bohn
AIMS: This prospective longitudinal study over 6 years compared schoolteachers and emergency physicians as resuscitation trainers for schoolchildren. It also investigated whether pupils who were trained annually for 3 years retain their resuscitation skills after the end of this study. METHODS: A total of 261 pupils (fifth grade) at two German grammar schools received resuscitation training by trained teachers or by emergency physicians. The annual training events stopped after 3 years in one group and continued for 6 years in a second group...
April 2016: Resuscitation
Bernd W Böttiger, Hugo Van Aken
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Resuscitation
Andreas Bohn, Roman P Lukas, Jan Breckwoldt, Bernd W Böttiger, Hugo Van Aken
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Quick initiation of basic life support (BLS) by laypersons is one of the most successful strategies in the fight against sudden cardiac death. In developed countries, cardiac arrest is still a major contributor to avoidable death, and despite the fact that more than 50% of all cardiac arrests are witnessed, layperson BLS is performed in less than 20%. To improve this situation, BLS training in schools has been established. RECENT FINDINGS: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) instruction including the use of automatic external defibrillators (AEDs) has shown to be feasible even for young schoolchildren, and there is an indication that respective programmes are effective to enhance patient outcome on a population basis...
June 2015: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Melissa Farrell Swank, Laura K Brennan, Daniel Gentry, Allison L Kemner
BACKGROUND: To date, few tools assist policy makers and practitioners in understanding and conveying the implementation costs, potential impacts, and value of policy and environmental changes to address healthy eating, active living, and childhood obesity. For the Evaluation of Healthy Kids, Healthy Communities (HKHC), evaluators considered inputs (resources and investments) that generate costs and savings as well as benefits and harms related to social, economic, environmental, and health-related outcomes in their assessment of 49 HKHC community partnerships funded from 2009 to 2014...
May 2015: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Anwar Seid Hassen, Yayneshet Tesfaye
The study was conducted in Chifra district in Awsi-Resu zone of Afar Regional State to explore production objectives and strategies of sheep and goats in pastoral and agro-pastoral production systems. Cross-sectional survey with systematic random selection of 180 households (90 households from each production system was conducted. Descriptive statistics, t test, chi-square test, analysis of variance, and ranking method were employed in analyzing data using JMP-5 software. In pastoral production system, sheep and goat were primarily reared for household milk consumption, followed by live animal savings and income, while in agro-pastoral production system, sheep and goat are primarily reared for income, followed by household milk consumption and manure supply, as live animal savings...
December 2014: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Michela Luraschi, Riccardo Rezzonico, Giovanni Pellegri
He is grown-up, not young, often bald, strictly male, often a chemist, wearing odd clothes and working on mysterious things, conducting projects which sometimes help save the world, sometimes harm our natural environment. He lives and works - often into the small hours - in a grey laboratory, alone, no colleagues, utterly isolated from the outside world. His 'space' looks like a laboratory equipped with test tubes, with reactive substances but also magic portions; mostly a windowless space, and any windows there are have iron bars...
2012: Chimia
Judith W Vick
There are staggering and tragic statistics involving children, car seats, and motor vehicle accidents. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, motor vehicle injuries are the leading cause of death among children from 0 to 15 years of age, and in the United States during 2005, 1,335 children ages 14 years and younger died as occupants in motor vehicle accidents; approximately 184,000 were injured. That is an average of 4 deaths and 504 injuries each day. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) statistics show that nearly one-half of deaths and injuries in children occurred because they were not properly restrained...
January 2010: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
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