keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pneumonia complicated with pleural effusion in children

keyword
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30757903/metabolomics-reveals-anaerobic-bacterial-fermentation-and-hypoxanthine-accumulation-for-fibrinous-pleural-effusions-in-children-with-pneumonia
#1
Chih-Yung Chiu, Mei-Ling Cheng, Kin-Sun Wong, Shen-Hao Lai, Meng Han Chiang, Ming-Han Tsai, Gigin Lin
Fibrin formation in infectious parapneumonic effusion (IPE) characterizes complicated parapneumonic effusion and is important for providing guidelines for management of IPEs that require aggressive interventions. We aim to identify metabolic mechanisms associated with bacterial invasion, inflammatory cytokines, and biochemical markers in cases of fibrinous infectious pleural effusions in children with pneumonia. Pleural fluid metabolites were determined by 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Metabolites contributed for the separation between fibrinous and non-fibrinous IPEs were identified using supervised partial least squares-discriminant analysis (Q2/R2 = 0...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Proteome Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30618399/cytokines-profile-and-its-connection-with-disease-severity-in-community-acquired-pediatric-pneumonia
#2
N Kapanadze, I Pantsulaia, I Chkhaidze
Community-acquired pneumonia is (CAP) associated with serious complications and is the leading cause of death in children. Severity of CAP is depend on an impairment of host defenses. Persistent and toxic inflammation directs to an excessively pro-inflammatory cytokine production, neutrophil hyper-responsiveness, and dysregulation of lung neutrophil apoptosis, which results in lung injury and poor patient outcomes. However, the correlation between increased cytokine levels and clinical outcome in children remains unclear...
November 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30198175/predictive-risk-factors-for-complicated-pneumonia-in-malaysian-children
#3
Jian Min Ooi, Kah Peng Eg, Karuthan Chinna, Anna M Nathan, Jessie A de Bruyne, Surendran Thavagnanam
AIM: To investigate baseline characteristics associated with complicated community-acquired pneumonia (CAPc) in Malaysian children. CAPc, such as pleural effusion and/or empyema, is on the rise, especially in Southeast Asian children, and the reasons for this are unknown. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on all children aged 2-16 years who were admitted to the University Malaya Medical Centre with community-acquired pneumonia between 2012 and 2014...
September 9, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29912700/pediatric-complicated-pneumonia-caused-by-streptococcus-pneumoniae-serotype-3-in-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccinees-portugal-2010-2015
#4
Catarina Silva-Costa, Maria João Brito, Marcos D Pinho, Ana Friães, Sandra I Aguiar, M Ramirez, Jose Melo-Cristino
Despite use of 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, incidence of pleural effusion and empyema (pediatric complicated pneumococcal pneumonia [PCPP]) is reportedly increasing globally. We cultured and performed PCR on 152 pleural fluid samples recovered from pediatric patients in Portugal during 2010-2015 to identify and serotype Streptococcus pneumoniae. We identified only 17 cases by culture, but molecular methods identified S. pneumoniae in 68% (92/135) of culture-negative samples. The most frequent serotypes were 3, 1, and 19A, together accounting for 62% (68/109) of cases...
July 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29868142/evolutionary-particularities-in-a-case-of-severe-pneumonia-in-children-case-report
#5
Marcela Daniela Ionescu, Nicoleta Aurelia Popescu, Georgiana Balan, Veronica Marcu, Augustina Enculescu, Lorena Vatra, Marcel Oancea, Mihaela Balgradean
Necrotizing pneumonia remains an uncommon complication of pneumonia in children, but its incidence is increasing. Pneumococcal infection is the predominant cause of severe necrotizing pneumonia in children, but methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) staphylococcal infections are also important. We present the case of a four-year-old girl,with an unremarkable medical history, who was admitted in our hospital with a history of high fever, productive cough and tachypnea lasting for 10 days, progressive worsening despite empirical oral antibiotic...
March 2018: Mædica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29783820/-efficacy-of-bronchoalveolar-lavage-and-its-influence-factors-in-the-treatment-of-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-pneumonia-with-atelectasis
#6
M Yang, D H Yang, X Yang, Y S Wang, L Wu, Z M Chen
Objective: To investigate the efficacy of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and its influence factors in the treatment of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) with atelectasis. Methods: A retrospective case control study was performed on hospitalized MPP patients with atelectasis and received BAL in the Department of Pulmonology, Children's Hospital Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 1, 2015 to July 31, 2017. Fever relieved in 48 hours and chest imaging improved in one week after BAL were considered effective...
May 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29531001/reliability-of-pro-adrenomedullin-and-interleukin-1%C3%AE-in-predicting-severity-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-pediatric-patients
#7
Muhammet Furkan Korkmaz, Ahmet Güzel, Mehmet Açıkgöz, Ali Okuyucu, Hasan Alaçam
OBJECTIVES: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in children is one of the most important causes of mortality and morbidity in developing countries. Therefore, it is very important for clinicians to detect the presence and severity of pneumonia. Proadrenomedullin (Pro-ADM) and Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) are thought to have potential for CAP evaluation in children. We sought to investigate the value of Pro-ADM and IL-1β levels for severity assessment and outcome prediction in children with CAP...
January 2018: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29090876/evaluation-of-complicated-and-uncomplicated-parapneumonic-effusion-in-children
#8
Zeynep Gökçe Gayretli-Aydın, Gönül Tanır, Gülsüm İclal Bayhan, Türkan Aydın-Teke, Fatma Nur Öz, Özge Metin-Akcan, Ayşe Kaman
Parapneumonic effusion (PPE) and empyema are most often seen as a complication of bacterial pneumonia and occasionally associated with atypical bacteria or viruses. The aims of this study were to describe and compare demographic characteristics, clinical, laboratory, microbiological findings and treatment modalities of patients with PPE and empyema. We retrospectively reviewed 116 pediatric patients with PPE and empyema. Seventy (60.3%) had pleural empyema and 46 patients (39.6%) had PPE. The median age of patients with empyema [72...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28731666/pulmonary-complications-of-chemical-pneumonia-a-case-report
#9
Semiha Bahceci Erdem, Hikmet T Nacaroglu, Rana Isgüder, Canan S Unsal Karkiner, Hüdaver Alper, Demet Can
Hydrocarbon aspiration (HA) can cause significant lung disease by inducing an inflammatory response, hemorrhagic exudative alveolitis, and loss of surfactant function. The most serious side effect of HA is aspiration pneumonia. Pneumothorax, pneumatocele, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), pulmonary abscess, bronchopleural fistula, bilateral hemorrhagic pleural effusion and pyopneumothorax were previously reported. Hereby we report a patient hospitalized due to aspiration pneumonia who developed pleurisy and pneumothorax after drinking paint thinner...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28728264/-exploratory-research-on-diagnostic-essentials-of-pediatric-tuberculous-pleurisy
#10
H Xu, J R Liu, S Y Zhao
Objective: To summarize the clinical diagnostic essentials of pediatric tuberculous pleurisy so as to reduce the misdiagnosis rate. Method: A retrospective study was conducted on 113 cases of tuberculous pleurisy who were seen from August 2006 to September 2014 in the second Department of Respiratory Medicine, Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University. Meanwhile, another 113 cases of children over 5 years of age with mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia complicated with pleural effusion were randomly selected as control group...
July 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28626910/intravenous-and-intracavitary-use-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-in-the-evaluation-and-management-of-complicated-pediatric-pneumonia
#11
Annamaria Deganello, Vasileios Rafailidis, Maria E Sellars, Aikaterini Ntoulia, Kleanthi Kalogerakou, Gary Ruiz, David O Cosgrove, Paul S Sidhu
Pediatric pneumonia can be complicated by necrotizing pneumonia or a parapneumonic effusion either in the form of an empyema or a clear effusion. Ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography represent well-established modalities for evaluation of complicated pediatric pneumonia. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) was recently introduced and is gaining increasing acceptance in pediatric imaging. In this case series, we present our initial experience with both intravenous and intracavitary use of CEUS in children with complicated pneumonia...
September 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28474099/a-three-step-diagnosis-of-pediatric-pneumonia-at-the-emergency-department-using-clinical-predictors-c-reactive-protein-and-pneumococcal-pcr
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
Gabriel Alcoba, Kristina Keitel, Veronica Maspoli, Laurence Lacroix, Sergio Manzano, Mario Gehri, René Tabin, Alain Gervaix, Annick Galetto-Lacour
Recommendations for the management of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) advocate that, in the absence of the clinical and laboratory findings typical of bacterial CAP, antibiotics are not required. However, the true value of the clinical and laboratory predictors of pediatric CAP still needs to be assessed. This prospective cohort study in three emergency departments enrolled 142 children with radiological pneumonia. Pneumonia with lung consolidation was the primary endpoint; complicated pneumonia (bacteremia, empyema, or pleural effusion) was the secondary endpoint...
June 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28363363/dexamethasone-for-parapneumonic-pleural-effusion-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Alfredo Tagarro, Enrique Otheo, Fernando Baquero-Artigao, María-Luisa Navarro, Rosa Velasco, Marta Ruiz, María Penín, David Moreno, Pablo Rojo, Rosario Madero
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether dexamethasone (DXM) decreases the time to recovery in patients with parapneumonic pleural effusion. STUDY DESIGN: This was a multicenter, randomized, double blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled clinical trial of 60 children, ranging in age from 1 month to 14 years, with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and pleural effusion. Patients received either intravenous DXM (0.25?mg/kg/dose) or placebo every 6 hours over a period of 48 hours, along with antibiotics...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27709281/stratifying-fibrinolytic-dosing-in-pediatric-parapneumonic-effusion-based-on-ultrasound-grade-correlation
#14
Charles A James, Leah E Braswell, Amir H Pezeshkmehr, Paula K Roberson, James A Parks, Mary B Moore
BACKGROUND: Complicated pleural effusion prolongs the hospital course of pneumonia. Chest tube placement with instillation of fibrinolytic medication allows efficient drain output and decreases hospital stay. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate experience with lower fibrinolytic dose for parapneumonic effusions and to assess potential dose stratification based on a simple ultrasound grading system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical record to identify children and young adults who received fibrinolytic therapy for parapneumonic effusion and had chest tube placement by an interventional radiology service at a single children's hospital...
January 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27704513/community-acquired-pleuropneumonia-in-children-bacteriological-and-therapeutic-challenges
#15
Samia Hamouda, Karima Chraiet, Fatma Khalsi, Imen Bel Hadj, Ines Brini, Hanen Smaoui, Sihem Barsaoui, Azza Samoud, Saida Ben Becher, Najla Ben Jaballah, Amel Kechrid, Faten Tinsa, Khadija Boussetta
Background Community-acquired pleuropneumonia (CPP) is a common complication of pneumonia in children. It is serious given its high morbidity and significant mortality. Aim To study clinical and paraclinical features of CPP in children and to establish a common therapeutic strategy. Methods Our retrospective study included patients who were hospitalized for CPP between 2004 and 2012. All data were collected from patients' medical files. Statistical analysis was made by Epi-Info 6. Results One hundred and sixty four patients were registered...
April 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27401931/risk-factors-for-local-complications-in-children-with-community-acquired-pneumonia
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Katarzyna Krenke, Marta Krawiec, Grażyna Kraj, Joanna Peradzynska, Agnieszka Krauze, Marek Kulus
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the factors that could predict the development of local complications (parapneumonic effusion/pleural empyema, necrotizing pneumonia, and lung abscess) in children with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS: Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were prospectively collected and compared in children with noncomplicated and complicated CAP. RESULTS: Two-hundred and three patients aged from 2 months to 17 years were enrolled...
January 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27399025/pulmonary-complications-of-chemical-pneumon%C3%A3-a-a-case-report
#17
Semiha Bahceci Erdem, Hikmet T Nacaroglu, Rana Isgüder, Canan S Unsal Karkiner, Hüdaver Alper, Demet Can
Hydrocarbon aspiration (HA) can cause significant lung disease by inducing an inflammatory response, hemorrhagic exudative alveolitis, and loss of surfactant function. The most serious side effect of HA is aspiration pneumonia. Pneumothorax, pneumatocele, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), pulmonary abscess, bronchopleural fistula, bilateral hemorrhagic pleural effusion and pyopneumothorax were previously reported. Hereby we report a patient hospitalized due to aspiration pneumonia who developed pleurisy and pneumothorax after drinking paint thinner...
August 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27296817/etiology-of-parapneumonic-effusion-and-pleural-empyema-in-children-the-role-of-conventional-and-molecular-microbiological-tests
#18
Katarzyna Krenke, Ewa Sadowy, Edyta Podsiadły, Waleria Hryniewicz, Urszula Demkow, Marek Kulus
BACKGROUND: An increasing incidence of parapneumonic effusion and pleural empyema (PPE/PE) has been reported in recent studies. As only few data on etiology of PPE/PE in Central Europe have been reported, we undertook a study on the etiology of PPE/PE in children, using both standard culture and molecular techniques. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted between June 2011 and December 2013. Consecutive children with PPE/PE complicating community acquired pneumonia, who required diagnostic/therapeutic thoracentesis were included...
July 2016: Respiratory Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27152574/a-study-of-foreign-body-aspiration-in-children
#19
Ünal Bakal, Erol Keleş, Mehmet Saraç, Turgut Karlidağ, İrfan Kaygusuz, Ahmet Kazez
AIM: To analyze diagnostic and therapeutic methods used in the diagnosis and treatment of foreign body aspiration (FBA) and to determine the impact of technical infrastructure on mortality and morbidity. METHODS: Hospital records of patients diagnosed with FBA between the years 1987 and 2015 were retrospectively evaluated. The patients were grouped according to the length of time until their admission to the hospital as follows: Group I (0-24 h); Group II (1-7 days); Group III (>7 days)...
June 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27114818/is-there-any-relationship-between-extra-pulmonary-manifestations-of-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-infection-and-atopy-respiratory-allergy-in-children
#20
Dimitri Poddighe, Gian Luigi Marseglia
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a common cause of respiratory infections in children, but sometimes extra-pulmonary diseases can be observed. The immunological mechanisms involved in these extra-respiratory complications are unknown. Here, we report a small case series of Mycoplasma-related diseases including 5 children who developed: i) aseptic meningitis; ii) urticarial rash and pericardial effusion; iii) pleural effusion with severe eosinophilia; iv) Stevens-Johnson syndrome; v) multiform erythema. Interestingly, all children were moderately to highly atopic, as a common immunologic feature...
March 31, 2016: Pediatric Reports
keyword
keyword
168198
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"