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Health Policy, NCD

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30721116/context-led-capacity-building-in-time-of-crisis-fostering-non-communicable-diseases-ncd-research-skills-in-the-mediterranean-middle-east-and-north-africa
#1
Peter Phillimore, Abla M Sibai, Anthony Rizk, Wasim Maziak, Belgin Unal, Niveen Abu Rmeileh, Habiba Ben Romdhane, Fouad M Fouad, Yousef Khader, Kathleen Bennett, Shahaduz Zaman, Awad Mataria, Rula Ghandour, Bülent Kılıç, Nadia Ben Mansour, Ibtihal Fadhil, Martin O'Flaherty, Simon Capewell, Julia A Critchley
BACKGROUND: This paper examines one EC-funded multinational project (RESCAP-MED), with a focus on research capacity building (RCB) concerning non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in the Mediterranean Middle East and North Africa. By the project's end (2015), the entire region was engulfed in crisis. OBJECTIVE: Designed before this crisis developed in 2011, the primary purpose of RESCAP-MED was to foster methodological skills needed to conduct multi-disciplinary research on NCDs and their social determinants...
2019: Global Health Action
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30701757/prevalence-of-noncommunicable-diseases-risk-factors-in-the-kyrgyz-republic
#2
M T Kaliev, T S Meimanaliev, A S Djumagulova, J Habicht
AIM: To investigate the prevalence of noncommunicable diseases (NCD) risk factors in the Kyrgyz Republic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: By using WHO STEPS approach survey findings were estimated from 2623 Kyrgyz residents aged 25-64 years. It was determined the prevalence of behavioral risk factors for NCDs, the prevalence of hypercholesterolemia and hyperglycemia. STEPS survey has covered all regions of the Kyrgyz Republic. RESULTS: NCD-related death rates are the leading causes (76,8%) of mortality among the population of the Kyrgyz Republic...
February 14, 2018: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30682358/evidence-in-support-of-the-international-association-of-diabetes-in-pregnancy-study-groups-criteria-for-diagnosing-gestational-diabetes-worldwide-in-2019
#3
Moshe Hod, Anil Kapur, H David Mcintyre
Gestational diabetes mellitus is the most frequent medical complication of pregnancy, affecting 5-6% of women in the USA using the currently predominant Carpenter Coustan criteria, which still represent the preferred approach of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Alternative criteria proposed by the International Association of Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) would likely increase gestational diabetes (GDM) prevalence to 15 - 20%, due both to a one step testing policy and the requirement for only one elevated glucose value for diagnosis...
January 22, 2019: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30647463/noncommunicable-disease-risk-factors-among-older-adults-aged-60-69-years-in-nepal-findings-from-the-steps-survey-2013
#4
Saruna Ghimire, Shiva Raj Mishra, Binaya Kumar Baral, Meghnath Dhimal, Karen E Callahan, Bihungum Bista, Krishna Kumar Aryal
Both the noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) burden and the population of older adults are increasing in Nepal. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of behavioral and biological risk factors of common NCDs among Nepali older adults aged 60-69 years. A subsample analysis of data from the 2013 Nepal STEPwise approach to Surveillance (STEPS) survey was conducted with 526 older adults aged 60-69 years. STEPS sample weighting and domain analyses were used to include the entire sample for variance estimation and to obtain prevalence estimates and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) for our selected population of older adults...
January 15, 2019: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30646905/assessing-the-relationship-between-out-of-pocket-spending-on-blood-pressure-and-diabetes-medication-and-household-catastrophic-health-expenditure-evidence-from-pakistan
#5
Biplab Kumar Datta, Muhammad Jami Husain, Samira Asma
BACKGROUND: Treatment of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs) is costly and could expose households to financial hardship and vulnerability. This paper examines the association between medication costs of two major NCDs - hypertension (blood pressure) and diabetes, and household-level incidences of catastrophic health expenditure (CHE) in a South Asian LMIC, Pakistan. METHODS: The study analyzes self-reported blood pressure and diabetes (BPD) medication expenditure from the latest version (2015-16) of the Household Integrated Economic Survey (HIES) of Pakistan, a nationally representative survey of 24,238 households...
January 15, 2019: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30633713/earth-observation-investigating-noncommunicable-diseases-from-space
#6
Peng Jia, Alfred Stein, Peter James, Ross C Brownson, Tong Wu, Qian Xiao, Limin Wang, Clive E Sabel, Youfa Wang
The United Nations has called on all nations to take immediate actions to fight noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), which have become an increasingly significant burden to public health systems around the world. NCDs tend to be more common in developed countries but are also becoming of growing concern in low- and middle-income countries. Earth observation (EO) technologies have been used in many infectious disease studies but have been less commonly employed in NCD studies. This review discusses the roles that EO data and technologies can play in NCD research, including ( a) integrating natural and built environment factors into NCD research, ( b) explaining individual-environment interactions, ( c) scaling up local studies and interventions, ( d) providing repeated measurements for longitudinal studies including cohorts, and ( e) advancing methodologies in NCD research...
January 11, 2019: Annual Review of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30554161/impact-of-india-s-national-tobacco-control-programme-on-bidi-and-cigarette-consumption-a-difference-in-differences-analysis
#7
Gaurang P Nazar, Kiara C-M Chang, Swati Srivastava, Neil Pearce, Anup Karan, Christopher Millett
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of decreasing tobacco use to achieve mortality reduction targets of the Sustainable Development Goals in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), evaluations of tobacco control programmes in these settings are scarce. We assessed the impacts of India's National Tobacco Control Programme (NTCP), as implemented in 42 districts during 2007-2009, on household-reported consumption of bidis and cigarettes. METHODS: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data from nationally representative Household Consumer Expenditure Surveys (1999-2000; 2004-2005 and 2011-2012)...
December 15, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30496254/factors-associated-with-residents-contract-behavior-with-family-doctors-in-community-health-service-centers-a-longitudinal-survey-from-china
#8
Jiaoling Huang, Shanshan Liu, Rongrong He, Shuai Fang, Wei Lu, Jun Wu, Hong Liang, Yimin Zhang
BACKGROUND: China adopted family doctor (FD) to help achieve "Healthy China 2030" through providing continuous, comprehensive, and life-cycle contract services. However, there is a disparity between actual and targeted FD use, as residents continue to visit specialists in large hospitals. The government implemented initiatives to improve residents' willingness to sign up with and visit their FDs. Factors that influence contract behavior are therefore significant for frontier policy research...
2018: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30496107/measuring-progress-from-1990-to-2017-and-projecting-attainment-to-2030-of-the-health-related-sustainable-development-goals-for-195-countries-and-territories-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2017
#9
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Efforts to establish the 2015 baseline and monitor early implementation of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) highlight both great potential for and threats to improving health by 2030. To fully deliver on the SDG aim of "leaving no one behind", it is increasingly important to examine the health-related SDGs beyond national-level estimates. As part of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2017 (GBD 2017), we measured progress on 41 of 52 health-related SDG indicators and estimated the health-related SDG index for 195 countries and territories for the period 1990-2017, projected indicators to 2030, and analysed global attainment...
November 10, 2018: Lancet
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30488032/descriptive-analysis-of-physical-activity-initiatives-for-health-promotion-in-saudi-arabia
#10
REVIEW
Hazzaa M Al-Hazzaa, Mezna A AlMarzooqi
Background: Although the benefits of physical activity are well acknowledged, a high percentage of Saudi population, especially females, remain essentially physically inactive. Getting inactive people to start participating in physical activity and to keep exercising remains a great challenge. Physical activity initiatives in the country have not been previously documented. Therefore, the aim of this article was to provide a narrative review of the physical activity initiatives and discusses influencing factors...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30459826/what-influenced-provision-of-non-communicable-disease-healthcare-in-the-syrian-conflict-from-policy-to-implementation-a-qualitative-study
#11
Sylvia Garry, Francesco Checchi, Beniamino Cislaghi
Background: There has been increasing focus on tackling the growing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCD) in crisis settings. The complex and protracted crisis in Syria is unfolding against a background of increasing NCD burden. This study investigated factors influencing implementation of NCD healthcare in Syria. Methods: This is a qualitative study, whereby semi-structured interviews were conducted with fourteen humanitarian health staff working on NCD healthcare in Syria...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30408231/use-of-dna-sequencing-for-noncommunicable-diseases-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-primary-care-settings-a-narrative-synthesis
#12
Luz Maria González-Robledo, Edson Serván-Mori, Anaid Casas-López, Sergio Flores-Hernández, María Lilia Bravo, Gilberto Sánchez-González, Gustavo Nigenda
OBJECTIVE: To present a systematic narrative review, informed by international experience, on the use of genomic analysis technologies in the primary care of noncommunicable chronic diseases (NCDs) during the last 20 years. METHODS: We used the methodology for conducting systematic reviews proposed by the Center for Coordination and Information on Evidence for Policies and Practices. The selected articles were organized by time, place, study design, and type of DNA sequencing...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30386419/bibliometric-analysis-of-peer-reviewed-literature-on-syrian-refugees-and-displaced-people-2011-2017
#13
Waleed M Sweileh
Background: The Syrian conflict has created the worst humanitarian crisis of our time with approximately half of Syria's pre-war population killed or forced to flee their homes. The current study aimed to analyze peer-reviewed literature published on Syrian refugees and displaced people. Methods: A bibliometric methodology was implemented using Scopus database after retrieving documents relevant to Syrian refugees and displaced people. Findings: In total, 323 documents were retrieved...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30327400/study-protocol-for-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-depression-management-on-gylcaemic-control-in-non-communicable-diseases-clinics-in-malawi
#14
Michael Mphatso Udedi, Brian W Pence, Felix Kauye, Adamson S Muula
INTRODUCTION: Depression is associated with negative patient outcomes for chronic diseases and likely affects consistent physical non-communicable diseases (NCDs) care management in relation to clinic attendance and medication adherence. We found no published studies on the integration of depression management in physical NCD clinics in Malawi and assessing its effects on patient and service outcomes. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of integrating depression screening and management in physical NCD routine care on patient and service outcomes in Malawi...
October 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30321380/the-changing-face-of-risk-factors-for-non-communicable-disease-in-myanmar-findings-from-the-2009-and-2014-who-step-surveys
#15
Shekhar Grover, Dhirendra N Sinha, Sanjay Gupta, Prakash C Gupta, Ravi Mehrotra
Background: Myanmar is burdened with the dual problem of communicable and non-communicable diseases (NCD), and is constantly endeavoring to attain its health objectives with limited resources. This study compares the results for the 2009 and 2014 WHO STEPs surveys (the 'stepwise' approach to adult risk factor surveillance) in Myanmar to determine the change in NCD risk factors over time. Methodology: The proportion of individuals with major NCD risk factors such as current tobacco and alcohol consumption, <5 fruit/vegetable servings, physical activity, raised blood pressure (BP) and overweight and obesity from the year 2009 (n = 6414) and year 2014 (n = 8757) WHO STEP surveys were compared for the age group 25-64 and relative changes (RC) calculated...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30277610/systems-thinking-as-a-framework-for-analyzing-commercial-determinants-of-health
#16
Cécile Knai, Mark Petticrew, Nicholas Mays, Simon Capewell, Rebecca Cassidy, Steven Cummins, Elizabeth Eastmure, Patrick Fafard, Benjamin Hawkins, Jørgen Dejgård Jensen, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Modi Mwatsama, Jim Orford, Heide Weishaar
Policy Points: Worldwide, more than 70% of all deaths are attributable to noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), nearly half of which are premature and apply to individuals of working age. Although such deaths are largely preventable, effective solutions continue to elude the public health community. One reason is the considerable influence of the "commercial determinants of health": NCDs are the product of a system that includes powerful corporate actors, who are often involved in public health policymaking...
September 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30276767/-health-promotion-policies-for-all-in-taiwan
#17
Ying-Wei Wang
Health promotion was defined at the first International Conference on Health Promotion held by the World Health Organization in 1986 as a process that enables the public to improve their health. Moreover, the United Nations High-Level Meeting on the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases in 2011 highlighted that non-communicable diseases (NCDs) account for 63% of deaths worldwide, with major NCD-related risk behaviors including tobacco use, physical inactivity, the harmful use of alcohol, and unhealthy diet...
October 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30227859/-i-attend-at-vanguard-and-i-attend-here-as-well-barriers-to-accessing-healthcare-services-among-older-south-africans-with-hiv-and-non-communicable-diseases
#18
Lucia Knight, Enid Schatz, Ferdinand C Mukumbang
BACKGROUND: HIV and non-communicable disease (NCD) are syndemic within sub-Saharan Africa especially among older persons. The two epidemics interact with one another within a context of poverty, inequality and inequitable access to healthcare resulting in an increase in those aged 50 and older living with HIV and experiencing an NCD co-morbidity. We explore the challenges of navigating healthcare for older persons living with HIV and NCD co-morbidity. METHODS: In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with a small sample of older persons living with HIV (OPLWH)...
September 18, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30197544/stroke-prevention-in-europe-how-are-11-european-countries-progressing-toward-the-european-society-of-cardiology-esc-recommendations
#19
Aditi Karnad, Annie Pannelay, Anelia Boshnakova, Alan D Lovell, Robert G Cook
Purpose: Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability, although studies show that 90% of strokes can be prevented. The evidence base for stroke prevention is well established, and this study aimed to investigate how well European countries are adopting the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines, particularly toward implementation of the recommended best practice in stroke prevention. Materials and methods: We developed a stroke prevention scorecard - populated with World Health Organization (WHO) data, secondary research, time-series data, and a survey of 550 physicians - to benchmark 11 European countries in the context of the ESC guidelines...
2018: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30195512/role-of-prebiotics-in-regulation-of-microbiota-and-prevention-of-obesity
#20
REVIEW
Grethel Teresa Choque Delgado, Wirla Maria da Silva Cunha Tamashiro
There is an increasing incidence in non-communicable diseases (NCD) such as obesity, diabetes and metabolic syndrome all over the world, despite of the governmental investments in healthy policies. Some of these diseases represent a high economic burden to individuals and society, demanding urgency in the identification of risk factors and appropriate solutions. Inadequate nutrition habits are an important risk factor for developing these diseases, and the consumption of functional foods such as prebiotics, probiotics, and phenolic compounds may contribute to mitigate them...
November 2018: Food Research International
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