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Workplace Wellness

Eric A Lauer, Karla Armenti, Margaret Henning, Lissa Sirois
Variations in the barriers and contributors to breastfeeding across industries have not been well characterized for vulnerable populations such as mothers participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Our study used the Total Worker Health Framework to characterize workplace factors acting as barriers and/or contributors to breastfeeding among women participating in the New Hampshire WIC. Surveys were collected from WIC mothers ( n = 682), which asked about employment, industry, and workplace accommodation and supports related to breastfeeding in the workplace...
February 13, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Jaime R Strickland, Anna M Kinghorn, Bradley A Evanoff, Ann Marie Dale
Participatory methods used in Total Worker Health® programs have not been well studied, and little is known about what is needed to successfully implement these programs. We conducted a participatory health promotion program with grocery store workers using the Healthy Workplace Participatory Program (HWPP) from the Center for the Promotion of Health in the New England Workplace. We recruited a design team made up of six line-level workers and a steering committee with management and union representatives; a research team member facilitated the program...
February 18, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ashamsa Aryal, Megan Parish, Diane Rohlman
Young workers (under 25-years-old) are at risk of workplace injuries due to inexperience, high-risk health behaviors, and a lack of knowledge about workplace hazards. Training based on Total Worker Health® (TWH) principles can improve their knowledge of and ability to identify hazards associated with work organization and environment. In this study, we assessed changes to knowledge and behavior following an online safety and health training between two groups by collecting information on the demographic characteristics, knowledge, and self-reported behaviors of workplace health and safety at three different points in time...
February 16, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Sadhbh Joyce, Fiona Shand, Tara J Lal, Brendan Mott, Richard A Bryant, Samuel B Harvey
BACKGROUND: A growing body of research suggests that resilience training can play a pivotal role in creating mentally healthy workplaces, particularly with regard to protecting the long-term well-being of workers. Emerging research describes positive outcomes from various types of resilience training programs (RTPs) among different occupational groups. One specific group of workers that may benefit from this form of proactive resilience training is first responders. Given the nature of their work, first responders are frequently exposed to stressful circumstances and potentially traumatic events, which may impact their overall resilience and well-being over time...
February 19, 2019: Journal of Medical Internet Research
L E Gomez, Patrick Bernet
BACKGROUND: Research on the effects of increasing workplace diversity has grown substantially. Unfortunately, little is focused on the healthcare industry, leaving organizations to make decisions based on conflicting findings regarding the association of diversity with quality and financial outcomes. To help improve the evidence-based research, this umbrella review summarizes diversity research specific to healthcare. We also look at studies focused on professional skills relevant to healthcare...
February 11, 2019: Journal of the National Medical Association
Anass Arrogi, Astrid Schotte, An Bogaerts, Filip Boen, Jan Seghers
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the effects of a 3-month workplace physical activity (PA) intervention on employees' health-related fitness and well-being. Moreover, mediational pathways were examined. METHODS: A longitudinal, quasi-experimental trial was evaluated in Belgian employees. The intervention group (IG: n = 246) received 3-months individualized, tailored PA counseling, consisting of face-to-face counseling and follow-up e-mail and telephone contacts...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Lindsey M Greco, Jennifer A Whitson, Ernest H O'Boyle, Cynthia S Wang, Joongseo Kim
Most models of negative workplace behaviors (NWB) are individual in nature, focusing on individual attitudes (e.g., satisfaction) and general workplace perceptions (e.g., procedural justice) that motivate NWB. Less commonly considered are explorations of relationally based negative workplace behaviors-how NWB from Party A is related to reciprocation of NWB from Party B. Based on 2 competing conceptualizations in the literature, that behavior is reciprocated "in-kind" in an eye for an eye exchange or that behavior tends to escalate or spiral over time, we develop a framework for negative reciprocity that considers NWB in terms of severity, activity, and target...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Applied Psychology
Cara L Brown
Occupational therapists have an established and important role in helping people work while living with an illness or a disability. Although workplace accommodations and rehabilitation efforts can extend paid work for workers with progressive health conditions, the reality is that these populations often cease work earlier in the life trajectory than expected. Evidence suggests that transitioning out of paid work is difficult for people with disabilities. For example, factors such as poor health, low income, and involuntary retirement put people with multiple sclerosis at risk for poor adjustment...
November 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Josephine Y Chau, Lina Engelen, Tracy Kolbe-Alexander, Sarah Young, Heidi Olsen, Nicholas Gilson, Nicola W Burton, Adrian E Bauman, Wendy J Brown
Introduction : With two thirds of adults in paid employment and one third physically inactive, workplaces are an important setting for promoting more physical activity. We explored the attitudes and practices of employees and managers from different industries towards sitting and moving at work, to inform the development of acceptable solutions for encouraging businesses to adopt activity-promoting workplaces. Method : We conducted focus groups with employees and structured interviews with upper/middle managers from 12 organisations in a range of industries (e...
February 12, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Sylvia Rabstein, Katarzyna Burek, Martin Lehnert, Alexandra Beine, Céline Vetter, Volker Harth, Simone Putzke, Thomas Kantermann, Jörg Walther, Rui Wang-Sattler, Dirk Pallapies, Thomas Brüning, Thomas Behrens
Light is the strongest zeitgeber currently known for the synchronization of the human circadian timing system. Especially shift workers are exposed to altered daily light profiles. Our objective is the characterization of differences in blue-light exposures between day and night shift taking into consideration modifying factors such as chronotype. We describe 24-hour blue-light profiles as measured with ambient light data loggers (LightWatcher) during up to three consecutive days with either day or night shifts in 100 female hospital staff including 511 observations...
February 25, 2019: Science of the Total Environment
Jay Chittoor, Bart D Wilkison, Brandon W McNally
Bedbugs are a known household scourge that also have become an increasing problem in the corporate space. These pests have adapted to the office environment, finding new harborages in which to thrive and devising new ways to obtain blood meals during the day. Bedbugs pose a considerable public health problem, and managing the epidemic will require vigilance by health care professionals as well as patient education on prevention. We present the case of a 42-year-old man with treatment-refractory pruritic papules over the bilateral posterior arms that were attributed to a bedbug infestation at his workplace...
January 2019: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
Jasvinder K Sekhon, Jennifer Oates, Ian Kneebone, Miranda Rose
BACKGROUND: Speech-language therapists use counselling to address the psychological well-being of people affected by post-stroke aphasia. Speech-language therapists report low counselling knowledge, skill and confidence for working in post-stroke aphasia which may be related to a lack of counselling training specific to the needs of this client group. AIMS: To identify current training in counselling for speech-language therapists to address psychological well-being in people affected by post-stroke aphasia...
February 13, 2019: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
David Beck, Uwe Lenhardt
PURPOSE: Work-related psychosocial risks are an increasingly important issue in occupational safety and health (OSH) policy. In Germany, as in many other European countries, employers are legally required to carry out workplace risk assessments (WRAs) and to account for psychosocial factors when doing this. The aim of this study was to expand the still scarce and sketchy empirical evidence on the extent to which employers comply with these obligations, as well as on possible determinants of compliance behaviour...
February 13, 2019: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Kyle John Wilby, Marjan Govaerts, Zubin Austin, Diana Dolmans
Construct: Authors examined the use of narrative comments for evaluation of student communications skills in a standardized, summative assessment (Objective Structured Clinical Examinations [OSCE]). BACKGROUND: The use of narrative evaluations in workplace settings is gaining credibility as an assessment tool, but it is unknown how assessors convey judgments using narratives in high-stakes standardized assessments. The aim of this study was to explore constructs (i.e., performance dimensions), as well as linguistic strategies that assessors use to distinguish between poor and good students when writing narrative assessment comments of communication skills during an OSCE...
February 13, 2019: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Christopher Till
The use of self-tracking devices has increased dramatically in recent years with enthusiasm from the public as well as public health officers, healthcare providers and workplaces seeking to instigate behaviour change in populations. Analysis of the ontological principles informing the design and implementation of the Apple Watch and corporate wellness programmes using self-tracking technologies shows that their primary focus is on the capture and control of attention rather than material health outcomes. Health, wellness and happiness have been conflated with productivity, which is now deemed to be dependent on the harnessing of libidinal as well as physical energy...
February 13, 2019: Health (London)
Dušan Klos, Juraj Riško, Martin Stašek, Martin Loveček, Jan Hanuliak, Pavel Skalický, Radmila Lemstrová, Beatrice Duchoňová Mohelníková, Hana Študentová, Čestmír Neoral, Bohuslav Melichar
The tumors of the peritoneal surface, both primary and secondary, are associated with a very poor prognosis and rapid progression through conventional oncology treatment including systemic chemotherapy, targeted treatment, radiotherapy, surgery, and symptomatic treatment. Until recently, most of them were considered incurable. In the 1980s, the first cytoreductive surgery ("CRS") combined with intraperitoneal hyperthermic chemotherapy ("HIPEC") became the standard of treatment for selected tumor peritoneal tumor (pseudomyxoma peritonei and primary peritoneal malignant mesothelioma)...
2019: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
Jiří Vévoda, Šárka Vévodová, Marie Nakládalová
Medical and allied health professions are characteristic of an everyday intense contact with patients and clients. However, these interactions also bring about increased danger of psychosocial risks. Psychosocial risks involve job content, its organization and management, as well as its social context. As such they may pose serious consequences for health and well-being of the professionals. The European Agency for Safety and Health at Work counts among major psychosocial risks: stress at work, burnout syndrome, mobbing/bullying, violence at work, working hours and substance abuse...
2019: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
Marie-Louise El Bartelink, Yvette Baggen, Diede E Stevens, Martin Smalbrugge, Nynke Scherpbier, Roger Amj Damoiseaux, Esther de Groot
BACKGROUND: Clinician-scientists (CSs) are physicians who work in daily care and have an academic role in research or education. They may act as knowledge brokers and help to connect research and clinical practice. There is no data available on CSs' brokering activities and the perceived barriers and facilitators to optimising their role in general practice (GP) and elderly care medicine (EM). AIM: To identify the brokering activities of CSs in these fields and the barriers and facilitators they come across whilst sharing knowledge and connecting people in research and frontline health care...
February 12, 2019: Education for Primary Care
Laura Thompson, Helen L Ford, Amanda Stroud, Anna Madill
Interactionally, the workplace may be dilemmatic for a person with "invisible" chronic illness. Risks of stigmatization exist if they disclose their condition to colleagues. Meanwhile, not disclosing threatens well-being and entitlements. Using Bakhtin's dialogism as a theoretical framework, we explored these social aspects of illness: inductively analyzing narratives from 20 participants with multiple sclerosis (MS). Capitalizing on concepts from dialogical and conversation analysis, links between (in)visibility, knowledge, and belief were examined with respect to symptoms and co-worker judgment...
February 9, 2019: Qualitative Health Research
Angela K Shen, Amy V Groom, Diane L Leach, Carolyn B Bridges, Alice Y Tsai, Litjen Tan
Despite recommendations for vaccinating adults and widespread availability of immunization services (e.g., pharmacy venues, workplace wellness clinics), vaccination rates in the United States remain low. The U.S. National Adult Immunization Plan identified the development of quality measures as a priority and key strategy to address low adult vaccination coverage rates. The use of quality measures can provide incentives for increased utilization of preventive services. To address the lack of adult immunization measures, the National Adult and Influenza Immunization Summit, a coalition of adult immunization partners led by the Immunization Action Coalition, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and National Vaccine Program Office, spearheaded efforts to (1) identify gaps and priorities in adult immunization quality performance measurement; (2) explore feasibility of data collection on adult immunizations through pilot testing and engaging stakeholders; and (3) develop and test quality measure specifications...
February 6, 2019: Vaccine
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