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Voice disorder

D Lyu, M J Huang, Y Chen, J Ren, Y T Zheng, J J Hu, H Yang
Objective: To access the influence of voice disorders on children's voice-related quality of life through the parental version of pediatric voice handicap index (pVHI). Methods: From April 2017 to March 2018, a total of 192 children with voice disorders (dysphonic group) and 111 children without voice disorders (control group) were enrolled in this work. Parents of children in both groups were asked for fill out the questionnaire containing the parental version of pVHI and the data of non-normal distribution were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test...
February 7, 2019: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Gonzalo Pin Arboledas
Adequate sleep is of critical need for a typical synaptic development and brain maturation, a poor quality sleep can have detrimental effects on children's' cognitive attention, memory, mood regulation, and behavior functions. Great concern has been voiced out regarding the high prevalence of poor sleep in children worldwide, the effects of poor sleep may be even more pronounced in children with neurodevelopmental disorders; these children often have difficulties with falling and staying asleep and with night awakenings, this has a strong association with daytime behavior problems...
2019: Medicina
Maedeh Moghtader, Majid Soltani, Mohammad Mehravar, Mohammad JafarShaterzadehYazdi, Maryam Dastoorpoor, Negin Moradi
INTRODUCTION: University professors, just like teachers, are considered as professional voice users, who are subject to voice disorders and complaints due to their field of work. The present study aims to investigate the relationship between vocal fatigue index and voice handicap index in university professors with and without voice complaint. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional descriptive-analytic study that was conducted on 84 university professors with an average age of 38...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Batoul Jaber, Reina Remman, Nayla Matar
INTRODUCTION: A patient's voice can vary from one moment to another, and these variations cannot be captured by a one-time assessment. Multiple assessments may give a more holistic idea of the severity of the patient's dysphonia and by asking the patient to do the recordings he becomes involved in his therapeutic plan from the beginning. AIM: This study aims to evaluate the added value of a repetitive assessment outside the speech therapist's (SLP) clinic, to have a broader vision of the voice disorder and identify parameters that change after working hours to be able to explain this disorder and find solutions for it...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Joanna Jackowska, Waldemar Wojnowski, Anna Hashimoto, Bogna Małaczyńska, Krzysztof Piersiala, Piotr Świdziński, Bożena Wiskirska-Woźnica, Małgorzata Wierzbicka
Mechanical debulking of laryngeal papillomas is associated with voice disorders due to impairment of the vocal fold's mucosa. Intraepithelial injection of cidofovir reduces damage to the laryngeal structures and thus improves vocal parameters. The aim of our study was to compare vocal quality before and after cidofovir and CO2 laser treatment by means of objective phoniatric parameters and to obtain evidence concerning voice outcomes. The vocal parameters of 42 patients with RRP were assessed before and after intralesional cidofovir and CO2 laser debulking treatment (Lumenis AcuPulse 40 CO2 laser, wavelength 10...
February 14, 2019: Lasers in Medical Science
Erin C Smith, Frederick M Burkle
IntroductionIn the years following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in New York City (New York USA), otherwise known as 9/11, first responders began experiencing a range of health and psychosocial impacts. Publications documenting these largely focus on firefighters. This research explores paramedic and emergency medical technician (EMT) reflections on the long-term impact of responding to the 9/11 terrorist attacks. METHODS: Qualitative methods were used to conduct interviews with 54 paramedics and EMTs on the 15-year anniversary of 9/11...
February 2019: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Ying-Ta Lai, Yuan-Hung Wang, Yu-Chun Yen, Tzu-Yun Yu, Pin-Zhir Chao, Fei-Peng Lee, Seth Dailey
OBJECTIVE: Because there are few population-based studies regarding the epidemiology of benign voice diseases, the present study used a nationwide population-based claims database (the National Health Insurance Research Database) to investigate the epidemiology of benign voice diseases among the general adult population in Taiwan. METHODS: Study participants were retrieved for those patients who were 20 to 90 years old with a diagnosis of benign voice diseases that were defined by International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes from 2006 to 2014...
February 8, 2019: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Balázs Sztanó, Ádám Bach, Vera Matievics, Eszter Erdélyi, Ilona Szegesdi, Christopher T Wootten, László Rovó
OBJECTIVES: Bilateral vocal cord paralysis often causes severe dyspnea requiring an early airway intervention in neonates. Endoscopic arytenoid abduction lateropexy (EAAL) with suture is a quick, reversible, minimally-invasive vocal cord lateralizing technique to enlarge the glottis. The arytenoid cartilage is directly lateralized to a normal abducted position. It can be performed even in early childhood with the recently-introduced pediatric endoscopic thread guide instrument. The long-term results and the stability of the lateralization were evaluated...
January 22, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Tanaya Walimbe, Sarah Calve, Alyssa Panitch, M Preeti Sivasankar
Vocal fold scarring is the fibrotic manifestation of a variety of voice disorders, and is difficult to treat. Tissue engineering therapies provide a potential strategy to regenerate the native tissue microenvironment in order to restore vocal fold functionality. However, major challenges remain in capturing the complexity of the native tissue and sustaining regeneration. We hypothesized that hydrogels with tunable viscoelastic properties that present relevant biological cues to cells might be better suited as therapeutics...
January 29, 2019: Acta Biomaterialia
Mai Naytah, Iman Ibrahim, Sabrina da Silva
BACKGROUND: Voice changes are frequently reported after thyroidectomy due to injury to the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (EBSLN) and paralysis of the cricothyroid muscle, The objective is to evaluate the advantage of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) in identifying EBSLN during thyroid surgery. METHODS: Data sources were MEDLINE, PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library from January 1, 1995, through July 1, 2018. Published studies of adult patients who had thyroid surgery and an attempt to identify EBSLN done by conventional methods and/or IONM were selected...
February 1, 2019: Head & Neck
Noelle Frey, Jun Ho Jang, Jeff Szer, Árpád Illés, Hee-Je Kim, Ron Ram, Beng H Chong, Jacob M Rowe, Elena Borisenkova, Jane Liesveld, Eric S Winer, Azzeddine Cherfi, Vassilios Aslanis, Farhat Ghaznawi, Stephen Strickland
BACKGROUND: Patients with acute myeloid leukaemia frequently have thrombocytopenia during induction chemotherapy. Eltrombopag, an oral thrombopoietin receptor agonist, stimulates platelet production by a similar mechanism to endogenous thrombopoietin. This study investigated safety and efficacy of eltrombopag versus placebo during anthracycline-based induction treatment of patients with acute myeloid leukaemia. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, phase 2 study, treatment-naive patients were recruited from clinical centres across 10 countries (Australia, Belgium, Canada, Greece, Hungary, Israel, South Korea, Poland, Russia, and the USA)...
January 28, 2019: Lancet Haematology
Stephen G Reich
Essential tremor is one of the most common movement disorders. It is characterized by a bilateral action tremor of the upper limbs. It may be accompanied by tremor of the head, voice, or lower limbs. Essential tremor is often present for years or decades before presentation and it progresses insidiously. It is often familial and transiently responsive to alcohol. For patients requiring treatment, the two first-line medications are propranolol and primidone, which are synergistic. Patients with disabling essential tremor that cannot be managed medically are candidates for either deep brain stimulation or focused ultrasound...
March 2019: Medical Clinics of North America
J Tyler Bertroche, Megan Radder, Dorina Kallogjeri, Randal C Paniello, Joseph P Bradley
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Injection laryngoplasty has become valuable in treating laryngologic disorders including vocal cord atrophy, paralysis, and paresis. Although materials such as carboxymethylcellulose and calcium hydroxylapatite are Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved, they are not without limitations. Juvederm (hyaluronic acid) is an alternative treatment that is not FDA approved. Although studies have examined Juvederm's longevity in cutaneous injections, there are limited data examining durability of Juvederm used in laryngoplasty...
January 30, 2019: Laryngoscope
R J Howell, H Webster, E Kissela, R Gustin, F Kaval, B Klaben, S Khosla
While voice-related disorders in Parkinson's disease (PD) are commonly discussed in the literature, dysphagia in PD is less widely published. Vocal fold augmentation, including injection laryngoplasty (IL), is a well-established treatment for glottal insufficiency (Cates et al. in Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 155(3):454-457, 2016). This study aimed to observe the effects of IL in PD patients with vocal bowing, with or without therapy, on glottic closure and patient-reported dysphagia outcomes. The study design was based on retrospectively collected database and cohort-case series...
January 29, 2019: Dysphagia
Rebecca Black, Patricia McCabe, Allan Glanville, Hans Bogaardt, Peter MacDonald, Catherine Madill
PURPOSE: Oropharyngeal dysphagia and laryngeal dysfunction are known to impact on health outcomes of patients with critical illness. The incidence in patients after heart and/or lung transplantation is unknown. This paper investigates the frequency, characteristics and risk factors for these complications following such transplantation. METHOD: Eight databases were systematically searched. Inclusion criteria were (a) adults who underwent heart and/or lung transplantation as their primary surgery, (b) new onset of oropharyngeal dysphagia and/or laryngeal dysfunction and dysphonia identified in the acute hospital phase (c) original studies (d) in English...
January 29, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation
Shweta Prasad, Ketaki Swapnil Bhalsing, Ketan Jhunjhunwala, Abhishek Lenka, V S Binu, Pramod Kumar Pal
BACKGROUND: Essential tremor (ET) is reported to have a bimodal distribution of age at onset (AAO) with phenotypic variability based on the AAO. This study aims to explore the distribution of AAO based on mathematical modeling and ascertain the differences, if any, in the clinical features of groups. METHODS: A chart review was conducted for 252 patients with ET diagnosed based on the Consensus statement of the Movement Disorder Society on Tremor. Finite mixture modeling was performed to identify groups of the cohort based on the AAO...
January 28, 2019: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
D Sebastian-Lazaro, C Brun-Gasca, A Fornieles
INTRODUCTION: The 22q11 deletion syndrome (S22q11) is a genetic disorder caused by the loss of a fragment of the chromosome 22. The clinical manifestations associated with the syndrome are diverse, including learning difficulties and alterations in voice, speech and language. However, to date we have not found any study that evaluates these aspects in the Spanish population with S22q11. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluate the voice and speech of a sample of 10 boys and 7 girls, aged 3 years and 3 months to 13 years and 9 months old (mean age: 9,4 ± 3,5 years old) with S22q11, with voice recordings and a phonological and phonetic evaluation...
February 1, 2019: Revista de Neurologia
Felix Vogel, Angelika Gensthaler, Julia Stahl, Christina Schwenck
Selective mutism (SM) is classified under the category of anxiety disorders in DSM-5 [1], although concrete fears that underlie the condition are not specified contrary to all other anxiety disorders. Given the lack of studies systematically investigating fears in SM, content and frequency of concrete fears as well as related cognitions have remained unclear so far. One hundred and twenty-four participants [M = 13.25 years (SD = 3.24), range 8-18 years] with SM (n = 65), social phobia (SP n = 18) or with typical development (TD n = 51) took part in an online survey...
January 25, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
María Lado-Codesido, Cristina Méndez Pérez, Raimundo Mateos, José Manuel Olivares, Alejandro García Caballero
INTRODUCTION: Emotion recognition (ER) deficits have been extensively demonstrated in schizophrenia. These deficiencies are not only restricted to facial emotion recognition but also include emotional prosody (tone of the voice) recognition deficits. They have been significantly associated with symptom severity and poor social functioning. The aim of this study was to test the efficacy, in real clinical conditions, of an online self-training prosodic game included in the Social Cognition rehabilitation program e-Motional Training...
2019: PloS One
Christopher K Payne, Jasmine Abdulcadir, Charlemagne Ouedraogo, Sebastien Madzou, Fasnéwindé Aristide Kabore, Elise Jb De
Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C)-also known as Female Genital Cutting or Mutilation-is defined as the partial or total removal of the female external genitalia for non-therapeutic reasons. This White Paper, prepared under the auspices of the International Continence Society (ICS), is intended by the ICS as a statement promoting the abandonment of this practice. The ICS also supports the respectful and evidence-based care or treatment of women and girls already affected by FGM/C, in keeping with the World Health Organization (WHO) Guidelines on the Management of Health Complications from Female Genital Mutilation...
January 25, 2019: Neurourology and Urodynamics
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