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Rex A Wright
Presents an obituary for Sharon Stephens Brehm (1945-2018). Brehm was president of the American Psychological Association in 2007. Her presidential address was titled "Looking Ahead: The Future of Psychology and APA" (see the July-August 2008 issue of American Psychologist , Vol. 63, pp. 337-344). In her presidential term, she worked to increase diversity, interdisciplinarity, and internationalization in psychology. Major initiatives included task forces on integrative health care, math and science education, and institutional review boards...
February 2019: American Psychologist
Miriam Luhnen, Barbara Prediger, Edmund A M Neugebauer, Tim Mathes
INTRODUCTION: The number of systematic reviews of health economic evaluations (SR-HEs) is increasing. We aimed at providing a detailed overview of the characteristics and applied methods in recently published SR-HEs. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE (03/2017) for SR-HEs published since 2015 using validated search filters. We included studies that performed a systematic review of full economic evaluations and searched at least one electronic database. We extracted data in a standardized, beforehand piloted form that was deduced from the items of the PRISMA and CHEERS checklists...
February 13, 2019: Research Synthesis Methods
Simina Toma, Lisa Fiksenbaum, Danielle Omrin, Benjamin I Goldstein
Background: Bipolar disorder (BD) is one of the most heritable medical conditions, and certain phenotypic characteristics are especially familial in BD. BD is also strongly associated with elevated and premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. Thus, far, little is known regarding the familiality of cardiovascular risk in BD. We therefore examined the extent of CVD-related conditions among relatives of: adolescents with BD with a family history of BD (familial BD), adolescents with BD without a family history of BD (non-familial BD) and healthy controls (HC)...
2019: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Paolo T Pianosi, Joshua R Smith
Purpose: Attribution of ventilatory limitation to exercise when the ratio of ventilation ( <mml:math xmlns:mml=""> <mml:mrow> <mml:msub> <mml:mover> <mml:mi>V</mml:mi> <mml:mo>˙</mml:mo> </mml:mover> <mml:mi>E</mml:mi> </mml:msub> </mml:mrow> </mml:math> ) at peak work to maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV) exceeds 0.80 is problematic in pediatrics. Instead, expiratory flow limitation (EFL) measured by tidal flow-volume loop (FVL) analysis - the method of choice - was compared with directly measured MVV or proxies to determine ventilatory limitation...
2019: Frontiers in Physiology
Takeshi Ogawa, Naoto Fujii, Yasuhiro Kurimoto, Takeshi Nishiyasu
During exposure to high altitude, hypoxia develops because of reductions in barometric pressure and partial pressure of O2 . Although several studies have examined the effects of hypoxia on exercise performance and physiological responses, such as maximal minute ventilation ( <mml:math xmlns:mml=""> <mml:mover> <mml:mi>V</mml:mi> <mml:mo>·</mml:mo> </mml:mover> </mml:math>Emax ) and maximal oxygen uptake ( <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www...
February 2019: Physiological Reports
Matthew J Higgins, Steven Beightol, Christine DeBarbidillo, Haydee De Clippeleir, Bipin Pathak, Ahmed Al-Omari, Sudhir N Murthy
The goal of this study was to evaluate using feed dilution/solids retention time (SRT) control to manage potential ammonia inhibition in highly loaded anaerobic digesters after thermal hydrolysis. The study compared three digesters operated at the same target volatile solids (VS) loading rate of 5.5 kg VS/d-m3 , but at different feed concentrations resulting in SRTs of 10, 15, and 18 days. Lowering the feed concentration decreased the digester total ammonia nitrogen concentrations which averaged 1,580, 2,610, and 3,080 mg <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www...
December 3, 2018: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
Leonardo A Rivera-Rivera, Kevin M Johnson, Patrick A Turski, Oliver Wieben, Tilman Schubert
PURPOSE: This feasibility study investigates the non-invasive measurement of microvascular cerebral blood volume (BV) changes over the cardiac cycle using cardiac-gated, ferumoxytol-enhanced <mml:math xmlns:mml=""> <mml:msubsup> <mml:mi>T</mml:mi> <mml:mrow> <mml:mn>2</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> <mml:mrow> <mml:mrow/> <mml:mo>∗</mml:mo> </mml:mrow> </mml:msubsup> </mml:math> MRI...
February 12, 2019: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Fatma Esen, Yücel Tasdemir, Yıldız Mine Bozkurt
Air samples were collected at a semi-rural area between February 2013 and February 2014 to determine the concentrations and gas/particle partitionings of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The sampling was done with a high volume air sampler to cover four seasons and 40 samples were taken. Each sample period was about 24 h. The gas-particle partition coefficients (Kp ) of PAHs were calculated and correlated with their subcooled liquid vapor pressures ( <mml:math xmlns:mml=""> <mml:mrow> <mml:msubsup> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi>P</mml:mi> </mml:mrow> <mml:mtext>L</mml:mtext> <mml:mn>0</mml:mn> </mml:msubsup> </mml:mrow> </mml:math> )...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
Georgia V Ionescu, Martin Fergie, Michael Berks, Elaine F Harkness, Johan Hulleman, Adam R Brentnall, Jack Cuzick, D Gareth Evans, Susan M Astley
Mammographic density is an important risk factor for breast cancer. In recent research, percentage density assessed visually using visual analogue scales (VAS) showed stronger risk prediction than existing automated density measures, suggesting readers may recognize relevant image features not yet captured by hand-crafted algorithms. With deep learning, it may be possible to encapsulate this knowledge in an automatic method. We have built convolutional neural networks (CNN) to predict density VAS scores from full-field digital mammograms...
July 2019: Journal of Medical Imaging
Travis W Sawyer, Photini F S Rice, David M Sawyer, Jennifer W Koevary, Jennifer K Barton
Ovarian cancer has the lowest survival rate among all gynecologic cancers predominantly due to late diagnosis. Early detection of ovarian cancer can increase 5-year survival rates from 40% up to 92%, yet no reliable early detection techniques exist. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an emerging technique that provides depth-resolved, high-resolution images of biological tissue in real-time and demonstrates great potential for imaging of ovarian tissue. Mouse models are crucial to quantitatively assess the diagnostic potential of OCT for ovarian cancer imaging; however, due to small organ size, the ovaries must first be separated from the image background using the process of segmentation...
January 2019: Journal of Medical Imaging
Ali S Tejani, Emily F Middleton, Mu Huang, Robert J Dimeff
Background: Interventional exercises have been developed to help athletes improve scores on the Functional Movement Screen™ (FMS™). However, there is a paucity of research on the effects of a similar program in female athletes, as well as the effects of a standardized corrective exercise regimen. The purpose of this study was to assess whether an in-season, standardized interventional exercise program improves FMS™ score asymmetry and the composite score of female collegiate athletes...
February 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Eesha Sharma, Suresh Bada Math
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is generally believed to follow a chronic waxing and waning course. The onset of illness has a bimodal peak - in early adolescence and in early adulthood. Consultation and initiation of treatment are often delayed for several years. Studies over the past 2-3 decades have found that the long-term outcomes in OCD are not necessarily bleak and that at least half the treatment-seeking patients with OCD show symptomatic remission over long term. A short duration illness, of low severity that is treated early and intensively, with continued maintenance treatment over long term possibly has a good outcome...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Paresh K Doshi, Shyam S Arumugham, Ajit Bhide, Sandeep Vaishya, Amit Desai, Om Prakash Singh, Suresh B Math, Shiv Gautam, T S Satyanarayana Rao, E Mohandas, Dwarkanath Srinivas, Ajit Avasthi, Sandeep Grover, Y C Janardhan Reddy
Neurosurgery for psychiatric disorders (NPD) has been practiced for >80 years. However, the interests have waxed and waned, from 1000s of surgeries in 1940-1950s to handful of surgery in 60-80s. This changed with the application of deep brain stimulation surgery, a surgery, considered to be "reversible" there has been a resurgence in interest. The Indian society for stereotactic and functional neurosurgery (ISSFN) and the world society for stereotactic and functional neurosurgery took the note of the past experiences and decided to form the guidelines for NPD...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Fernando Saldaña, Ignacio Barradas
In this paper, we study general recovery functions and treatment in the dynamics of an <mml:math xmlns:mml=""> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi>S</mml:mi> <mml:mi>I</mml:mi> <mml:mi>S</mml:mi> </mml:mrow> </mml:math> model for sexually transmitted infections with nonzero partnership length. It is shown how partnership dynamics influences the predicted prevalence at the steady state and the basic reproduction number. Sobol's indices are used to evaluate the contribution of model parameters to the overall variance of <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www...
2019: Infectious Disease Modelling
Sk Md Arif, Aindrila Bera, Manas Ghosh
In the present work we explore the role of noise-binding energy (BE) interplay on the diamagnetic susceptibility (DMS) of doped <mml:math xmlns:mml=""> <mml:mi>G</mml:mi> <mml:mi>a</mml:mi> <mml:mi>A</mml:mi> <mml:mi>s</mml:mi> </mml:math> quantum dot (QD). Gaussian white noise has been invoked for the above exploration. And Gaussian impurity acts as a dopant in the present study. The mode of inclusion of noise to the system significantly affects the above interplay and thus prominently modulates the DMS profile...
January 2019: Heliyon
Qiao Yang, Fengxiang Zhang, Jingjing Zhan, Chao Gao, Minhui Liu
Perchlorate removal was tested in the cathode chamber of microbial electrochemical systems (MESs). Dual-chambers MESs were constructed and operated in batch mode with four kinds of cathode materials including Fe/C particles (Fe/C), zero valent iron particles (ZVI), blank carbon felt (CF), and active carbon (AC). Without external energy supply or perchlorate-reducing microbial pre-enrichment, perchlorate ( <mml:math xmlns:mml=""> <mml:msubsup> <mml:mrow> <mml:mtext>ClO</mml:mtext> </mml:mrow> <mml:mrow> <mml:mn>4</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> <mml:mrow> <mml:mo>-</mml:mo> </mml:mrow> </mml:msubsup> </mml:math> ) removal could be achieved in the cathode chambers of MESs at different efficiencies...
2019: Frontiers in Chemistry
Gabriele Inghirami, Hendrik van Hees, Stephan Endres, Juan M Torres-Rincon, Marcus Bleicher
We present a study of the elliptic flow and <mml:math xmlns:mml=""> <mml:msub> <mml:mi>R</mml:mi> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi>AA</mml:mi> </mml:mrow> </mml:msub> </mml:math> of <mml:math xmlns:mml=""> <mml:mtext>D</mml:mtext> </mml:math> and <mml:math xmlns:mml=""> <mml:mover> <mml:mrow> <mml:mtext>D</mml:mtext> </mml:mrow> <mml:mrow> <mml:mo>¯</mml:mo> </mml:mrow> </mml:mover> </mml:math> mesons in Au+Au collisions at FAIR energies...
2019: European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields
Soraya Gavazzi, Cornelis A T van den Berg, Alessandro Sbrizzi, H Petra Kok, Lukas J A Stalpers, Jan J W Lagendijk, Hans Crezee, Astrid L H M W van Lier
PURPOSE: To investigate the sequence-specific impact of <mml:math xmlns:mml=""> <mml:msubsup> <mml:mi>B</mml:mi> <mml:mrow> <mml:mn>1</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> <mml:mo>+</mml:mo> </mml:msubsup> </mml:math> amplitude mapping on the accuracy and precision of permittivity reconstruction at 3T in the pelvic region. METHODS: <mml:math xmlns:mml=""> <mml:msubsup> <mml:mi>B</mml:mi> <mml:mrow> <mml:mn>1</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> <mml:mo>+</mml:mo> </mml:msubsup> </mml:math> maps obtained with actual flip angle imaging (AFI), Bloch-Siegert (BS), and dual refocusing echo acquisition mode (DREAM) sequences, set to a clinically feasible scan time of 5 minutes, were compared in terms of accuracy and precision with electromagnetic and Bloch simulations and MR measurements...
February 8, 2019: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Jenny Nelson, Lawrence Pacquette, Shuofei Dong, Michiko Yamanaka
Background: A fast and sensitive method for the simultaneous analysis of iodine and bromine species in infant formula was developed using HPLC-inductively coupled plasma-MS (HPLC-ICP-MS). Method: To determine the four halogen species [iodide (I- ), iodate <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mo>(</mml:mo><mml:mrow><mml:msubsup><mml:mrow><mml:mi mathvariant="normal">IO</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mn>3</mml:mn><mml:mo>-</mml:mo></mml:msubsup></mml:mrow><mml:mo>)</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula>, bromide (Br- ), and bromate <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mo>(</mml:mo><mml:mrow><mml:msubsup><mml:mrow><mml:mi mathvariant="normal">BrO</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mn>3</mml:mn><mml:mo>-</mml:mo></mml:msubsup></mml:mrow><mml:mo>)</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula>] in a milk-based Standard Reference Material and four commercially available infant formula products...
February 8, 2019: Journal of AOAC International
Soran Rajabi, Ali Pakize, NozhatAlzaman Moradi
Neurofeedback (NF) is referred to as a "possibly efficacious" treatment in the current evidence-based reviews; therefore, more research is needed to determine its effects especially in combination with other treatments. The present study examines the effect of NF and game-based cognitive training on children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Thirty-two male students with ADHD were assigned to NF (N = 16; Mage =10.20; SD = 1.03) and waiting list control (N = 16; Mage = 10...
February 8, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
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