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Chronic Dental Diseases

Abrar Alanzi, Mariam Alkheder, Muawia Qudeimat
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the oral health status and dental manifestations of children with a history of chronic liver disease (CLD) compared to healthy children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty children (15 boys, 5 girls) with history of CLD were compared to twenty healthy controls, matched for age and gender. Clinical examination was carried out by the same dentist. Caries prevalence, using the decayed, missing and filled primary and permanent teeth indices (dmft/DMFT) was recorded...
March 15, 2019: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Molly A Martin, Geisel R Collazo, William A Frese, Anne Elizabeth Glassgow
Purpose: The Coordinated Healthcare for Complex Kids (CHECK) project targets publically insured children and young adults with chronic diseases. The CHECK oral health program intervenes at individual, family, and community levels. This paper describes the baseline oral health status of CHECK patients. Methods: CHECK patients older than 18 years of age and caretakers of younger patients were asked about their oral health. Medicaid claims data were used to determine diagnoses and level of risk. Attendance data from the Chicago Public Schools was obtained to assess absenteeism...
September 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
D Liu, J Zhang, T Li, C Li, X Liu, J Zheng, Z Su, X Wang
Chronic osteomyelitis with proliferative periostitis is a rare form of osteomyelitis that is characterised by new bone formation with periosteal reaction. It is also traditionally known as Garre's osteomyelitis. The common sources of infection of the jaw include dental caries associated with periapical periodontitis, periodontitis, fractures and nonodontogenic infections. Chronic osteomyelitis with proliferative periostitis mainly presents in younger patients. Here, we present a case of a 12-year-old patient with chronic osteomyelitis with proliferative periostitis with no definitive infection source such as pericoronitis, caries and periodontitis...
March 11, 2019: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Marwa M S Abbass, Sara Ahmed Mahmoud, Sara El Moshy, Dina Rady, Nermeen AbuBakr, Israa Ahmed Radwan, Attera Ahmed, Ahmed Abdou, Ayoub Al Jawaldeh
Background : Dental caries is a chronic, multifactorial disease, with limited data available for the Egyptian population. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of dental caries among Egyptian children and adolescents in correlation with age, gender, body mass index, socioeconomic status, parental education, biological risk factors and dietary habits. Methods : A total number of 369 Egyptian children and adolescents (age ranges from 3-18 years) were examined over the period from 15 th November 2017 to 13 th January 2018...
2019: F1000Research
M Suzuki, J D Bartlett
Chronic fluoride overexposure can cause dental fluorosis. Dental fluorosis is characterized by porous and soft enamel that is vulnerable to erosion and decay. Animal models often contribute to clinical applications by addressing pathogenic questions of disease. To study dental fluorosis, rodent models have been employed because rodent incisors erupt continuously and every stage of enamel development is present along the length of the rodent incisor. Here we present a protocol to induce dental fluorosis in mouse and rat and describe the procedure for extraction of stage specific enamel organ from rat mandibular incisors...
2019: Methods in Molecular Biology
Alex Ong, Junghyun Kim, Samuel Loo, Alessandro Quaranta, Julio C Rincon A
BACKGROUND: Antibiotics are a common systemic pharmaceutical therapy in periodontal conditions for dental practitioners as well as specialists. However, there is limited information about prescribing patterns amongst the periodontists within Australia. The objective of this study is to examine current patterns and perceptions in prescribing systemic antibiotics for the treatment of periodontal and peri-implant diseases. METHODS: An online questionnaire was disseminated to Australian practising members of the Australia and New Zealand Academy of Periodontists (ANZAP) in order to determine their antibiotic prescribing patterns for different periodontal conditions...
March 2, 2019: Journal of Periodontology
C-R-S-D Menezes, A-L-A Pereira, C-C-C Ribeiro, C-O Chaves, R-N-M Guerra, É-B-A-F Thomaz, V Monteiro-Neto, C-M-C Alves
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the association between chronic kidney diseases (CKD) and dental caries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 107 patients with CKD and 107 with no systemic alteration were randomly included. DMFT (decayed, missing, and filled teeth), plaque index, colony-forming units (CFU) of Streptococcus mutans and salivary composition (IgA total, IgA anti- Streptococcus mutans, calcium and urea) were evaluated. McNemar and Wilcoxon tests were used to compare test and control groups...
March 1, 2019: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Gabriela Rezende, Nathália Maria Lopes Dos Santos, Caroline Stein, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert, Daniel Demétrio Faustino-Silva
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic disease that involves several health care services that need attention in relation to its treatment and prevention. AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate caries, erosion and enamel defects in children with and without asthma. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study, with a sample of 228 children ages 6 to 12 years, stratified as asthmatic (n=112) and non-asthmatic (n=116), at two Primary Health Units of the Community Health Service, Brazil...
February 26, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Conor O'Boyle, Michael J Haley, Eloise Lemarchand, Craig J Smith, Stuart M Allan, Joanne E Konkel, Catherine B Lawrence
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major cause of disability and mortality. Poorer outcome after stroke is associated with concomitant inflammatory and infectious disease. Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the dental supporting structures and is a prominent risk factor for many systemic disorders, including cardiovascular disease and stroke. While epidemiological studies suggest that periodontitis increases the likelihood of stroke, its impact on stroke severity is poorly understood...
February 22, 2019: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Horacio Islas-Granillo, Socorro Aida Borges-Yañez, José de Jesús Navarrete-Hernández, Miriam Alejandra Veras-Hernández, Juan Fernando Casanova-Rosado, Mirna Minaya-Sánchez, Alejandro José Casanova-Rosado, Miguel Ángel Fernández-Barrera, Carlo Eduardo Medina-Solís
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine whether there are differences in the distribution of various indicators of oral health among elderly people with and without multimorbidity (ie, two or more chronic diseases). Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional, comparative study was conducted using a sample of Mexican elderly individuals aged ≥60 years. The average age of the cohort was 79.06±9.78 years, and 69.1% were women. The variables indicating oral health were as follows: functional dentition, edentulism, hyposalivation, xerostomia, root caries and periodontitis...
2019: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Kanika S Dhull, Brahmananda Dutta, Indira M Devraj, P V Samir
Background: Among all the oral diseases, dental caries is the most common chronic disease affecting the children. Early childhood caries is one of the most severe forms of dental caries affecting the children less than 3 years. Though dental caries is preventable, not much importance has been given to the preventive aspect of dental caries. This is because of the lack of oral health education. Vertical colonization occurs from caregiver usually mother to the child. Since mother play an important role in a child's life, their knowledge about child's oral health will have a significant impact on the child's oral health status...
September 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
En Luo, Hanghang Liu, Qiucheng Zhao, Bing Shi, Qianming Chen
Rare diseases are usually genetic, chronic and incurable disorders with a relatively low incidence. Developments in the diagnosis and management of rare diseases have been relatively slow due to a lack of sufficient profit motivation and market to attract research by companies. However, due to the attention of government and society as well as economic development, rare diseases have been gradually become an increasing concern. As several dental-craniofacial manifestations are associated with rare diseases, we summarize them in this study to help dentists and oral maxillofacial surgeons provide an early diagnosis and subsequent management for patients with these rare diseases...
February 20, 2019: International Journal of Oral Science
Ningxin Zhu, Xanthippi Chatzistavrou, Lihong Ge, Man Qin, Petros Papagerakis, Yuanyuan Wang
Dental caries is a bacteria-caused condition classified among the most common chronic diseases worldwide. Treatment of dental caries implies the use of materials having regenerative and anti-bacterial properties, and controlling inflammation is critical for successful endodontic regeneration. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to fabricate and characterize a novel composite incorporating sol-gel derived silver-doped bioactive glass (BG) in a chitosan (CS) hydrogel at a 1:1 weight ratio(Ag-BG/CS)...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Dentistry
Otília Pereira-Lopes, Liliana Simões-Silva, Ricardo Araujo, Joana Correia-Sousa, Ana C Braga, Isabel Soares-Silva, Benedita Sampaio-Maia
OBJECTIVES: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a public health problem worldwide. Currently, the link between oral health status, dialysis modality, and dialysis vintage is still not clear. The aim of this study was to evaluate periodontal disease, dental caries, and Candida colonization among patients under hemodialysis (HD) therapy, peritoneal dialysis (PD) therapy, and PD with previous history of HD (HD/PD). METHOD AND MATERIALS: The clinical history, smoking, and oral hygiene habits were recorded...
2019: Quintessence International
Mark F Skinner, Mykolas D Imbrasas, Chris Byra, Matthew M Skinner
OBJECTIVES: To compare relative response of enamel, dentin and bone to developmental stressors between attritional and catastrophic mortality assemblages of pigs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Heads from 70 Sus scrofa of known sex, weight and age comprising an attritional sample of 50 sick pen (SP) pigs that died prematurely versus 20 control pigs slaughtered at 6 months (Catastrophic assemblage). Hard tissue changes (alveolar bone thinning), abnormal bone formation (Harris lines) and re-modeling (auditory bullae) were recorded...
February 16, 2019: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Alexa A Pragman, Trevor J Gould, Katherine Knutson, Shane Hodgson, Richard E Isaacson, Cavan S Reilly, Chris H Wendt
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous disease. COPD frequent exacerbators (FEs) suffer increased morbidity and mortality compared with infrequent exacerbators (IEs). Exacerbations are associated with bacterial infection and lung inflammation. Our overall objective was to determine features that differentiate the oral and sputum microbiota of FEs versus IEs. A total of 11 FEs and 11 IEs provided oral wash and sputum samples. Each sample and control underwent DNA extraction, 16S V4 rRNA amplification, 16S V4 sequencing, and quantitative PCR of 16S rRNA...
December 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Ronald B Brown
An association between periodontal disease and cancer has been established in recent studies, but no common etiology has been identified in the hopes of reducing the global burden of these non-communicable diseases. This perspective article hypothesizes that the determinant mediating the association of periodontal disease with cancer is dysregulated phosphate metabolism. Phosphate, an essential dietary micronutrient, is dysregulated in chronic kidney disease, and both cancer and periodontal disease are associated with chronic kidney disease...
February 11, 2019: Dentistry journal
Dina G Moussa, Alex Fok, Conrado Aparicio
Dental caries, i.e., tooth decay mediated by bacterial activity, is the most widespread chronic disease worldwide. Carious lesions are commonly treated using dental resin composite restorations. However, resin composite restorations are prone to recurrent caries, i.e., reinfection of the surrounding dental hard tissues.Recurrent caries is mainly a consequence of waterborne and/or biofilm-mediated degradation of the tooth-restoration interface through hydrolytic, acidic and/or enzymatic challenges. Here we use amphipathic antimicrobial peptides to directly coat dentin to provide resin composite restorations with a 2-tier protective system, simultaneously exploiting the physicochemical and biological properties of these peptides...
February 9, 2019: Acta Biomaterialia
Vito Crincoli, Maria Grazia Anelli, Eleonora Quercia, Maria Grazia Piancino, Mariasevera Di Comite
Aims: Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) represent a heterogeneous group of inflammatory or degenerative diseases of the stomatognatic system, with algic and/or dysfunctional clinical features involving temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and related masticatory muscles. Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune polyarthritis characterized by the chronic inflammation of synovial joints and oral implications such as hyposalivation, difficulty in swallowing and phoning, feeling of burning mouth, increased thirst, loss of taste or unpleasant taste and smell, dental sensitivity...
2019: International Journal of Medical Sciences
Gunilla Pousette Lundgren, Tove Hasselblad, Anna Stigsdotter Johansson, Anna Johansson, Göran Dahllöf
Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a hereditary developmental disorder affecting the enamel of teeth. Affected patients present with tooth hypersensitivity, rapid tooth wear, or fractures of enamel as well as alterations in color and shape, all of which compromise esthetic appearance and masticatory function. Chronic conditions in childhood severely impact the whole family, affecting normal family routines and/or increasing the family's financial burden. The aim of this study was to explore experiences and the impact on daily life of being a parent to a child with severe forms of amelogenesis imperfecta...
February 9, 2019: Dentistry Journal
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