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Cross Infection In Dentistry

F Pantanella, S Schippa, A Solimini, L Rosa, A Bettucci, F Berlutti
BACKGROUND: The quality and health safety of water used for refrigeration and flushing of the handpieces, water-syringes and other components of dental units is of considerable importance. Water crosses these devices by a system of intersected small plastic tubes (about 2 mm of diameter), named dental unit water lines (DUWLs). DUWLs may be heavily colonized by many bacterial species in a planktonic phase, adherent or in biofilm lifestyle, resulting in a potential risk of infection, not only for all professionals who routinely use these devices, but also for occasional-patients, especially immunocompromised patients...
March 2019: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
D Brad Rindal, Gregg Gilbert, Claudia Carcelén, Ellen Funkhouser, Emily Durand, David A Uppgaard, Jeff Fellows, Jana Ikeda, Alexander Ross Kerr, Branden Brar, Valeria V Gordan, Sudhir Agarwal, Peter Barnett, Robert K Pickard, Maura Gillison
BACKGROUND: Oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the principal underlying cause of a dramatic increase in oropharyngeal cancer. Dentistry can play an important role in developing clinical algorithms for secondary prevention. METHODS: The authors conducted this cross-sectional pilot study with practices of The National Dental Practice-Based Research Network. The authors evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of screening and testing procedures as judged by practitioners and patients...
February 2019: Journal of the American Dental Association
Ghada Alharbi, Noura Shono, Lamya Alballaa, Alaa Aloufi
BACKGROUND: Infection is one of the most crucial problems in health care services worldwide. It is considered one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality associated with clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate knowledge, attitude, and compliance with recommended infection control guidelines among dental faculty members and students at King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted to obtain information regarding knowledge, attitude, and compliance with recommended infection control guidelines...
January 9, 2019: BMC Oral Health
Pranav Parashar, Ankita Parashar, Nidhi Saraswat, Pooja Pani, Nishant Pani, Satyam Joshi
Aims and Objectives: The colonization of the respiratory pathogens has been found in the oral cavity. In the high-risk patients for lung infection; the risk factor is the high colonization of the respiratory pathogens in the oral cavity. The present study was performed with an aim to investigate the relationship between periodontal health and respiratory diseases. Material and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted in the individuals who were attending the outpatient department of dentistry and those who signed the informed consent to participate in the study...
November 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Ana Luísa Botta Martins de Oliveira, Danielle Wajngarten, Cristina Dupim Presoto, Hélida Gomes de Oliveira Barud, Rafael Romano Domeneguetti, Ana Carolina Botta, Patricia Petromilli Nordi Sasso Garcia
This study presented a biosafety device for the hygienic storage of composite resin during restorative procedures in teaching clinics, RESTAURASAFE, and to compare the color stability, surface hardness, and degree of conversion of the composite resin made with the proposed device to those of conventionally made resins. Esthet-X HD composite was manipulated directly from the syringe, fractionated doses, dappen dish or RESTAURASAFE. Disc-shaped specimens were immersed in artificial saliva and coffee for 60 days and the color stability and the Vickers surface hardness were evaluated during 60 days...
October 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
Oscar Salomó-Coll, Naroa Lozano-Carrascal, Aida Lázaro-Abdulkarim, Federico Hernández-Alfaro, Jordi Gargallo-Albiol, Marta Satorres-Nieto
PURPOSE: The aim of this clinical study was to determinate if patients allergic to penicillin present a higher incidence of dental implant failure compared with nonallergic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional clinical study analyzed patients rehabilitated with endosseous dental implants between September 2011 and July 2015, at the University Dental Clinic, School of Dentistry, International University of Catalonia (UIC). Prophylactic antibiotic therapy was prescribed for all patients: a single dose of 2 g of amoxicillin taken orally 1 hour before implant surgery for non-penicillin-allergic patients, and 600 mg of clindamycin taken orally 1 hour before the implant surgery for penicillin-allergic patients...
November 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Parajeeta Dikshit, Senchhema Limbu, Rosina Bhattarai
INTRODUCTION: Oral health, the mirror of general well being, is altered by many mediators like infection, chronic inflammation, and genetic predisposition. Apart from these mediators, nutrition has been postulated as an alternative mediator. The present dietary pattern among children is contributing to childhood overweight as well as increasing the risk for developing dental caries. The food habits contributing to dental caries as well as obesity are similar. Undernutrition has also shown to be associated with the dental caries...
March 2018: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
Nila Kasuma, Fadil Oenzil, Eryati Darwin, Yanwirasti Sofyan
Background: Periodontal disease, also generally called periodontitis or gum disease, is a chronic infection-induced inflammatory disease that causes tooth loss if not properly treated, and is considered as a modifying factor in systemic health. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) is an inflammatory marker found in periodontal pathologic conditions. Gingivitis, a nondestructive type of periodontal disease, can progress to periodontitis if left untreated. Therefore, assessing the level of MMP-8 with comfortable methods and no tissue intervention can determine the progression of the periodontal disease for a better treatment...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Omid Savabi, Farahnaz Nejatidanesh, Kamran Poshang Bagheri, Leila Karimi, Ghazal Savabi
Background: Disinfection of dental impression is mandatory for preventing the cross infection between dental staff and dental laboratory. Ozone as a disinfectant can be used in various ways in dentistry. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of ozonated water for disinfection of irreversible hydrocolloid impression materials and preventing cross-contamination. Methods: Thirty-two circular specimens (1 cm diameter and 2 mm thickness) of irreversible hydrocolloid impression material were made...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Prahalad Hunsigi, Vinod Kumar, M R Pradeep, B C Arun Kumar
Background: Ocular complications such as ophthalmia, defective vision, orbital cellulitis, and blindness (temporary or permanent) are rare complications due to dental infection. Currently, there is lack of guidelines in preventing and managing ocular problems. Hence, we assessed the dentist's knowledge and attitudes about ocular complications due to dental infection. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional prospective survey selecting practicing dentists or academicians was carried out through e-mail using a standardized self-administered questionnaire...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Abirami Mathivanan, D Saisadan, P Manimaran, C Dhinesh Kumar, K Sasikala, Ajmalkhan Kattack
Introduction: Infection control is very important in dentistry. Both dentist and patients are at risk of communicating diseases during treatment procedures. Dental burs have been identified as a source of cross-contamination between patient and dental personnel. Aim: The present study was done to quantitatively and qualitatively assess the pathogenic contamination of dental burs used for tooth preparation and to determine the effective method of sterilization(autoclave, glass bead sterilizer, hot air oven and surgical spirit immersion) of burs used for crown preparation...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Abdullah Khubrani, Meshal Albesher, Abdulah Alkahtani, Faisal Alamri, Majid Alshamrani, Emad Masuadi
BACKGROUND: Only one study has been conducted in Saudi Arabia to assess medical students' knowledge of standard precautions (SPs) and infection control (IC). In this study, we examined knowledge of SPs and IC among clinical students attending the King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we targeted clinical students from the following five colleges: Medicine (fifth and sixth years); Dentistry (second semester of the third, fourth, fifth, and sixth years); Applied Medical Sciences (third and fourth years); Nursing (third and fourth years); and Pharmacy (third, fourth, and fifth years)...
July 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Raed Almutairi, Muneer Almutairi, Ali Alsugair, Moayad Alseraikh, Huda Almutairi
OBJECTIVES: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are the most common causes of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Medical, applied medical science, and dental students constitute a high-risk group for HBV and HCV infections during their training or at the beginning of their careers. This study aimed to explore senior health science students' knowledge of and attitudes toward these infections. METHODS: Between December 2014 and December 2015, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among senior health science at the College of Medicine, the College of Dentistry, and the Laboratory Section of Applied Medical Sciences in Qassim University, Al-Qassim, Saudi Arabia...
September 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
Ming-Hui Liu, Tao-Hsin Tung, Fen-Fang Chung, Li-Chuan Chuang, Gwo-Hwa Wan
Bioaerosols produced by dental procedures may affect indoor air quality and cause infections in dental healthcare workers. To provide air quality data that can be used to protect dental healthcare workers, this study evaluated the air quality and its influencing factors in the dental department of the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital in Taiwan. The study was a cross-sectional study design. Indoor air quality (IAQ) evaluations were conducted in six locations: pediatric dentistry, craniofacial orthodontic dentistry, periodontal dentistry, and general practice dentistry, instrument washing room, and patient waiting area...
October 18, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Maria Rita Parisi, Simona Tecco, Giorgio Gastaldi, Elisabetta Polizzi, Teresa D'Amicantonio, Silvia Negri, Ivan Gardini, Karin Schlusnus, Enrico Gherlone, Paolo Capparè, Adriano Lazzarin
The Infectious Diseases Department and the Department of Dentistry of San Raffaele Scientific Institute in Milan conducted a screening and prevention program, the "EASY HCV-test Program," at a dental clinic to increase the identification of unrecognized infections. Using a cross-sectional community-based study design, hygienists in the dental clinic offered patients a hepatitis C virus (HCV) rapid salivary test (OraQuick ADVANCE® Rapid HCV Antibody Test) with pre- and post-test counseling prior to initiation of their oral hygiene routine...
October 2017: New Microbiologica
Jamila Haider, Ghosia Lufullah, Rubina Nazli, Tasleem Akhtar, Asma Shah
OBJECTIVE: To screen out adult patients for HBV and HCV infections visiting Khyber College of Dentistry Peshawar (KCD) for different dental treatments and to identify the associated risk factors. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Khyber College of Dentistry, Peshawar in the year 2013. A total of 1540 patients >15 years, visiting KCD for seeking different dental treatments were screened for hepatitis B & C. Informed consent was taken before blood collection and filling of a structured questionnaire...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Kamran Bokhari Syed, Fatima Saeed Alshahrani, Wejdan Saad Alabsi, Zainab Ali Alqahtani, Mohammad Shahul Hameed, Abdel Bagi Mustafa, Tanveer Alam
INTRODUCTION: A tooth is said to be impacted if it does not reach the occlusal plane even after two-thirds root formation. The aetiology of impacted teeth is varied and multi-factorial. Significant problems associated with impacted teeth include trismus, infection, cervical caries of second molars. AIM: This study was aimed to assess the prevalence of distal caries in second molar teeth due to impacted third molars and to compare with similar studies conducted elsewhere...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Yazan Aljohani, Mohammed Almutadares, Khalid Alfaifi, Mona El Madhoun, Maysoon H Albahiti, Nadia Al-Hazmi
BACKGROUND: Uniform-related infection control practices are sometimes overlooked and underemphasized. In Saudi Arabia, personal protective equipment must meet global standards for infection control, but the country's Islamic legislature also needs to be taken into account. AIM: To assess uniform-related infection control practices of a group of dental students in a dental school in Saudi Arabia and compare the results with existing literature related to cross-contamination through uniforms in the dental field...
2017: Infection and Drug Resistance
Ahila S Chidambaranathan, Muthukumar Balasubramanium
The goal of disinfection in the dental office is to prevent the spread of infection from one patient to another and maintain the safety of the dental care providers. Prevention of cross infection has significant effect on infection control. The standard procedure of rinsing impressions under tap water immediately after removal from the mouth eliminates microorganisms along with saliva and blood. A broad search on published literature was done using the keywords impression materials, disinfection method, and sterilization of dental impression from 1980 to 2016 in Medline, Google Scholar, the internet, and textbooks...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Fares S Al-Sehaibany
As of January 2016, 1,633 laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection and 587 MERS-related deaths have been reported by the World Health Organization globally. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus  may occur sporadically in communities or may be transmitted within families or hospitals. The number of confirmed MERS-CoV cases among healthcare workers has been increasing. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus may also spread through aerosols generated during various dental treatments, resulting in transmission between patients and dentists...
April 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
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