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Electronic AND nose

Danielle Laure Taneyo Saa, Lorenzo Nissen, Andrea Gianotti
Metabolomic approaches applied to fermented foods are at the state of the science and represent a robust and reliable approach to identify, quantify and characterise the biochemical profiles of raw materials and transformed products. The outcomes so far obtained are cornerstones to understand mainly nutritional and sensorial inherent features. Formulations of new bakery products with increased nutritional values is trending the market, but sensorial attributes still need to be improved to reach a wider audience...
May 2019: Food Research International
Yanan Sun, Min Zhang, Bhesh Bhandari, Peiqiang Yang
Low-field nuclear magnetic resonance (LF-NMR) and electronic nose combined with Gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) were used to collect the data of moisture state and volatile substances to predict the flavor change of ginger during drying. An back propagation artificial neural network (BP-ANN) model was established with the input values of LF-NMR parameters and the output values of sensors for different flavor substances obtained from electronic nose. The results showed that fresh ginger contained three water components: bound water (T21 ), immobilized water (T22 ) and free water (T23 ), with the corresponding peak areas of A21 , A22 and A23 , respectively...
May 2019: Food Research International
Cuiping Yi, Hong Zhu, Litao Tong, Sumei Zhou, Ronghua Yang, Meng Niu
The volatile profiles of fresh rice noodles (FRN) fermented with pure and five commercial mixed cultures were studied by using solid phase micro extraction/ gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, electronic nose, and sensory evaluations. The main volatile compounds of FRN by pure culture included aldehydes represented by nonanal, octanal, and 2,4-Pentadienal, and alcohols represented by hexanol and 1-nonanol. Its aroma profiles showed remarkable changes during the storage time from 0 to 30 h, indicating the reduction in aldehydes and the increase in alcohols and isoamyl alcohol...
May 2019: Food Research International
Murat Kar, Nuray Bayar Muluk, Sameer Ali Bafaqeeh, Cemal Cingi
OBJECTIVES: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a symptomatic disorder of the nose induced by allergen exposure, which triggers immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated inflammation of the nasal membranes. Allergic rhinitis is one of the most common health problems and has a major effect on the quality of life. METHODS: In this review, we aimed to provide a consensus for experimental studies on allergic rhinitis in terms of allergic rhinitis models. For this purpose, we searched for experimental studies in the PubMed, Proquest Central, and Google electronic databases over a 20-year period from the current time (1996-2016)...
March 9, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Cristina Bertoni, Pasquale Naclerio, Emanuele Viviani, Simone Dal Zilio, Sergio Carrato, Alessandro Fraleoni-Morgera
The dynamic response of gas sensors based on poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) nanofibers(NFs) to gaseous acetone was assessed using a setup based on flow-injection analysis, aimed atemulating actual breath exhalation. The setup was validated by using a commercially available sensor.The P3HT NFs sensors tested in dynamic flow conditions showed satisfactory reproducibility down toabout 3.5 ppm acetone concentration, a linear response over a clinically relevant concentration range(3.5-35 ppm), excellent baseline recovery and reversibility upon repeated exposures to the analyte,short pulse rise and fall times (less than 1 s and about 2 s, respectively) and low power consumption(few nW), with no relevant response to water...
March 14, 2019: Sensors
William D Robertson, Dorothy L Garda
We have established a monitoring record of phosphate (PO4 3- ) migration in the Long Point, ON campground septic system plume that now spans 26 years. Previously, at year 16 (2006), a P plume 16 m in length was documented and provided a good fit with an analytical advection dispersion model when a P migration velocity of 0.8 m/yr was used (retardation factor of 37) and when P behaved in an otherwise conservative manner (sorption only). However, between years 16 and 26 (2016), the P plume length expanded by only 2 m (0...
March 6, 2019: Ground Water
You Wang, Zhan Wang, Junwei Diao, Xiyang Sun, Zhiyuan Luo, Guang Li
A method using electronic nose to discriminate 10 different species of dendrobium, which is a kind of precious herb with medicinal application, was developed with high efficiency and low cost. A framework named aggregated conformal prediction was applied to make predictions with accuracy and reliability for E-nose detection. This method achieved a classification accuracy close to 80% with an average improvement of 6.2% when compared with the results obtained by using traditional inductive conformal prediction...
February 25, 2019: Sensors
Carlos Sánchez, J Pedro Santos, Jesús Lozano
The increased occurrence of chronic diseases related to lifestyle or environmental conditions may have a detrimental effect on long-term health if not diagnosed and controlled in time. For this reason, it is important to develop new noninvasive early diagnosis equipment that allows improvement of the current diagnostic methods. This, in turn, has led to an exponential development of technology applied to the medical sector, such as the electronic nose. In addition, the appearance of this type of technology has allowed the possibility of studying diseases from another point of view, such as through breath analysis...
February 28, 2019: Biosensors
Ming Li, Haibo Ruan, Yu Qi, Tiantian Guo, Ping Wang, Gang Pan
Electronic noses recognize odors using sensor arrays, and usually face difficulties for odor complicacy, while animals have their own biological sensory capabilities for various types of odors. By implanting electrodes into the olfactory bulb of mammalian animals, odors may be recognized by decoding the recorded neural signals, in order to construct a bioelectronic nose. This paper proposes a spiking neural network (SNN)-based odor recognition method from spike trains recorded by the implanted electrode array...
February 26, 2019: Sensors
Shang-Zhen Li, Su-Ling Zeng, Yan Wu, Guo-Dong Zheng, Chu Chu, Qiang Yin, Bai-Zhong Chen, Ping Li, Xu Lu, E-Hu Liu
The traditional Chinese medicine Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium (CRP) was mainly originated from the dried pericarp of Citrus reticulata 'Chachi' (Crc), Citrus reticulata 'Dahongpao' (Crd), Citrus reticulata 'Unshiu' (Cru) and Citrus reticulata 'Tangerina' (Crt) in China. Since these four cultivars have great similarities in morphology, reliable methods to differentiate CRP cultivars have rarely been reported. To discriminate the differences of these CRP cultivars, herein an efficient and reliable method by combining metabolomics, DNA barcoding and electronic nose was first established...
May 16, 2019: Analytica Chimica Acta
Wen Cao, Chunmei Liu, Pengfei Jia
Aroma plays a significant role in the quality of citrus fruits and processed products. The detection and analysis of citrus volatiles can be measured by an electronic nose (E-nose); in this paper, an E-nose is employed to classify the juice which is stored for different days. Feature extraction and classification are two important requirements for an E-nose. During the training process, a classifier can optimize its own parameters to achieve a better classification accuracy but cannot decide its input data which is treated by feature extraction methods, so the classification result is not always ideal...
February 21, 2019: Sensors
Édith Pajot-Augy
An odor sensor is a device for detecting target odors within a mixture, used in many fields including medical diagnosis. Electronic noses are networks of olfactory sensors, consisting of a surface whose properties are modified in the presence of odors, coupled with a measurement system. Their olfactory signature is analyzed in comparison with databases. Such portable devices can monitor body odors, e.g. in the breath, so as to reliably diagnose various pathologies at an early stage and non-invasively. It is tempting to use the naturally optimized molecular recognition of odorants and intrinsic sensitivity of the animal olfactory system to detect and discriminate minute amounts of odorants...
February 2019: Médecine Sciences: M/S
Isabel Sayago, Manuel Aleixandre, José Pedro Santos
Tin oxide nanofibres (NFs) are used as nanosensors in electronic noses. Their performance is compared to that of oxide commercial chemical sensors for pollutant detection. NFs were grown by electrospinning and deposited onto silicon substrates with integrated micro-hotplates. NF morphology was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The NFs presented high sensitivity to NO₂ at low temperature.
February 5, 2019: Biosensors
Heerasing Takooree, Muhammad Z Aumeeruddy, Kannan R R Rengasamy, Katharigatta N Venugopala, Rajesh Jeewon, Gokhan Zengin, Mohamad F Mahoomodally
Considered as the "King of spices", black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) is a widely used spice which adds flavor of its own to dishes, and also enhances the taste of other ingredients. Piper nigrum has also been extensively explored for its biological properties and its bioactive phyto-compounds. There is, however, no updated compilation of these available data to provide a complete profile of the medicinal aspects of P. nigrum. This study endeavors to systematically review scientific data on the traditional uses, phytochemical composition, and pharmacological properties of P...
February 11, 2019: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Han Fan, Victor Hernandez Bennetts, Erik Schaffernicht, Achim J Lilienthal
Emergency personnel, such as firefighters, bomb technicians, and urban search and rescue specialists, can be exposed to a variety of extreme hazards during the response to natural and human-made disasters. In many of these scenarios, a risk factor is the presence of hazardous airborne chemicals. The recent and rapid advances in robotics and sensor technologies allow emergency responders to deal with such hazards from relatively safe distances. Mobile robots with gas-sensing capabilities allow to convey useful information such as the possible source positions of different chemicals in the emergency area...
February 7, 2019: Sensors
N F Torres, B Chibi, L E Middleton, V P Solomon, T P Mashamba-Thompson
OBJECTIVES: Self-medication with antibiotics (SMA) is a practice of global concern with a higher incidence within the low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Despite worldwide efforts to control and promote the rational use of antibiotics, the continuing practice of SMA systematically exposes individuals and communities to the risk of antibiotic resistance and a host of other antibiotic side-effects. This systematic scoping review maps evidence on the factors influencing SMA in these settings...
February 1, 2019: Public Health
Jun Chen, Juanhong Gu, Rong Zhang, Yuezhong Mao, Shiyi Tian
The aim of this study was to use an electronic nose set up in our lab to detect and predict the freshness of pork, beef and mutton. Three kinds of freshness, including fresh, sub-fresh and putrid, was established by human sensory evaluation and was used as a reference for the electronic nose's discriminant factor analysis. The principal component analysis results showed the electronic nose could distinguish well pork, beef and mutton samples with different storage times. In the PCA figures, three kinds of meats samples all presented an approximate parabola trend during 7 days' storage time...
January 31, 2019: Sensors
Qin Long, Zhong Li, Bin Han, Hamid Gholam Hosseini, Huaying Zhou, Shumei Wang, Dehan Luo
Background : Alpinia officinarum Hance is both an herbal medicine and a condiment, and generally has different cultivars such as Zhutou galangal and Fengwo galangal. The appearance of these A. officinarum cultivars is similar, but their chemical composition and quality are different. It is therefore important to discriminate between different A. officinarum plants to ensure the consistency of the efficacy of the medicine. Therefore, we used an electronic nose (E-nose) to explore the differences in odor information between the two cultivars for fast and robust discrimination...
January 30, 2019: Sensors
Ali Farmanesh, Seyed Saeid Mohtasebi, Mahmoud Omid
The best available controlled technology for transforming the disposal of animal by-products and mortalities is rendering. Two aspects of rendering process are mentioned in this research; product quality and emissions. A model of batch cooker with temperature, pressure and agitator speed controllers was designed and developed in order to optimize the process and to investigate the effect of changes in rendering conditions on quality of poultry by-product meal and also on pollutant emissions. An electronic nose system was designed and built based on metal oxide semiconductor sensors to monitor the gases emitted from batch cooker model...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Environmental Management
Dongdong Du, Jun Wang, Bo Wang, Luyi Zhu, Xuezhen Hong
Postharvest kiwifruit continues to ripen for a period until it reaches the optimal "eating ripe" stage. Without damaging the fruit, it is very difficult to identify the ripeness of postharvest kiwifruit by conventional means. In this study, an electronic nose (E-nose) with 10 metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) gas sensors was used to predict the ripeness of postharvest kiwifruit. Three different feature extraction methods (the max/min values, the difference values and the 70th s values) were employed to discriminate kiwifruit at different ripening times by linear discriminant analysis (LDA), and results showed that the 70th s values method had the best performance in discriminating kiwifruit at different ripening stages, obtaining a 100% original accuracy rate and a 99...
January 21, 2019: Sensors
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