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Injury Prevention OR Preventive Training Program

Liam A Toohey, Michael K Drew, Caroline F Finch, Jill L Cook, Lauren V Fortington
BACKGROUND: Injuries are common in rugby sevens, but studies to date have been limited to short, noncontinuous periods and reporting of match injuries only. PURPOSE: To report the injury incidence rate (IIR), severity, and burden of injuries sustained by men and women in the Australian rugby sevens program and to provide the first longitudinal investigation of subsequent injury occurrence in rugby sevens looking beyond tournament injuries only. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study...
February 19, 2019: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Amy X Yin, Ellen Geminiani, Bridget Quinn, Michael Owen, Susan Kinney, Tara McCrystal, Andrea Stracciolini
BACKGROUND: Adolescent ballet dancers have a higher incidence of injury than adult professional dancers. It is unclear which factors, including biomechanical changes related to intense dance training and/or the growth process itself, contribute to increased injury risk in this population. OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in strength, flexibility, and functional performance in adolescent ballet dancers during a summer intensive dance program. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study...
November 29, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Nicole D Rynecki, Brianna L Siracuse, Joseph A Ippolito, Kathleen S Beebe
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, interest in high intensity interval training (HIIT) has increased considerably. The objective of this study was to determine injury incidence coinciding with increased popularity of HIIT and identify ways physicians can advise patients prior to participation. METHODS: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) was queried from 2007 through 2016 to estimate injury incidence related to exercises such as burpees, push-ups, and lunges and exercise equipment such as barbells, kettle bells, and boxes, which are representative of HIIT exercise programs...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Bethany J Huebner, Phillip J Plisky, Kyle B Kiesel, Kate Schwartzkopf-Phifer
Background and Purpose: Researchers have used an injury risk algorithm utilizing demographic data, injury history, the Functional Movement Screen™ (FMS™) and Lower Quarter Y Balance Test™ (YBT™) scores to categorize individual injury risk. The purpose of this study was to identify if a group-based hybrid injury prevention program utilizing key factors from previous research with the addition of an individualized approach can modify the injury risk category of athletes. Study Design: Cohort Study...
February 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Lawrence Sonvico, Simon M Spencer, Louise Fawcett, Jonathan Bucke, Nicola R Heneghan, Alison Rushton
Background: Lumbar spine range of motion (ROM) is a key component of injury prevention and normative data has not currently been determined for an elite gymnastics population. In current clinical practice, it is commonplace to measure sagittal spinal alignment, during 'high-load, low-dynamic' control tasks, subjectively, while also only considering the lumbar spine as a single segment. Purpose: To develop normative data for total lumbar spine ROM and ROM during a simulated landing task (SLT) in an elite gymnastics population, evaluating findings in the context of the existing biomechanical literature...
February 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Michelle Barakat-Johnson, Michelle Lai, Timothy Wand, Kathryn White, Richard De Abreu Lourenco
Objectives The aims of this study were to determine the costs of hospital-acquired pressure injuries (HAPIs) in one local health district in Australia and compare the costs and consequences of an intervention-based program with current practice to reduce HAPI incidence and prevalence. Methods A retrospective cost-consequence analysis was conducted using HAPI incidence rate per occupied bed days, point prevalence rates, Australian Refined-Diagnosis Related Group (AR-DRG) costs and the costs of the program to reduce the HAPI rate...
February 11, 2019: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Marcos Chena, María Luisa Rodríguez, Antonio J Bores, Domingo J Ramos-Campo
BACKGROUND: The high injury rate in football has highlighted the need to research strategies that allow the modification of the dynamic risk factors. Most of the preventive proposals have focused on standardized protocols. However, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a multifactorial injuries prevention program (MC-7) in Spanish football players. METHODS: A total of 219 Spanish football male players aged 16-23 were studied. The study was conducted over two consecutive seasons (2012-2013, 2013-2014)...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Wei-Qiang Duan, Xue-Wen Xu, Ying Cen, Hai-Tao Xiao, Xiao-Xue Liu, Yong Liu
BACKGROUND We investigated the epidemiology of patients admitted to the Burn Center of West China Hospital during 2011-2016, to provide measures for burn prevention. MATERIAL AND METHODS We conducted a retrospective review of patients admitted to the Burn Center of West China Hospital during 2011-2016. We collected information on patient demographics, burn etiology, burn extent, place of injury, education level, and burn knowledge of patients. RESULTS A total of 1323 patients (1033 males and 290 females), mean age 35...
January 30, 2019: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Sayaka Nakao, Tome Ikezoe, Masatoshi Nakamura, Hiroki Umegaki, Kosuke Fujita, Jun Umehara, Takuya Kobayashi, Satoko Ibuki, Noriaki Ichihashi
Nakao, S, Ikezoe, T, Nakamura, M, Umegaki, H, Fujita, K, Umehara, J, Kobayashi, T, Ibuki, S, and Ichihashi, N. Chronic effects of a static stretching program on hamstring strength. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-This study investigated the effects of a 4-week static stretching (SS) program on isokinetic and isometric knee flexor peak torque and angle of peak torque. Thirty healthy men (age, 22.7 ± 2.2 years) were randomized to receive either of the following: (a) a 4-week stretch intervention for the hamstrings (SS intervention group; n = 15) or (b) no intervention (control group; n = 15)...
January 23, 2019: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Bryan Weichelt, Casper Bendixsen, Matthew Keifer
BACKGROUND: The cost of workplace injuries and illnesses significantly impacts the overall cost of health care and is a significant annual economic burden in the United States. Many dairy and pork farm owners in the Upper Midwest have expanded operations and taken on the role of manager and employer yet receive little training in injury prevention, farm safety, or workers' compensation programs and processes. Clinicians play a key role in the return to work of injured and ill farmers and farmworkers to their jobs, though little to no formal training is offered by medical schools...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Kerstin Austin, Haley Schoenberger, Mary Sesto, Eric Gaumnitz, Aimee Teo Broman, Sumona Saha
BACKGROUND: Endoscopy-related musculoskeletal injuries are increasingly recognized among gastroenterologists. While injury rates and risk factors have been studied among practicing gastroenterologists, little is known about rates among trainees during fellowship. AIMS: This study analyzes the prevalence of endoscopy-related overuse injuries and risk factors for injuries among a national sample of gastroenterology (GI) fellows. We also surveyed GI fellowship program directors and fellows about perceptions of overuse injuries during GI training...
January 25, 2019: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Jose Ignacio Priego Quesada, Zachary Y Kerr, William M Bertucci, Felipe P Carpes
Although cycling has been associated with overuse/fatigue and acute injuries, there is lack of information regarding associated risk factors and prevention factors. The objective of the study was to determine the factors associated with injury, and perceptions of discomfort and pain in cyclists. A total of 739 cyclists completed an online questionnaire between February and October 2016. The questionnaire acquired information on participant demographics, characteristics related to cycling profile and fitness training, bike components and cycling posture, self-reported perceptions of comfort and pain, and injuries sustained in the last 12 months...
2019: PloS One
Emre Sezgin, Simon Lin
BACKGROUND: Safe driving training for adolescents aims to prevent injury and promote their well-being. In that regard, information and communication technologies have been used to understand adolescent driving behavior and develop interventions. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to explore and discuss existing approaches to technology-based driving interventions, driving assessments, and solutions in the literature. METHODS: We searched the Web of Science and PubMed databases following a review protocol to collect relevant peer-reviewed journal articles...
January 24, 2019: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Tress Goodwin, Krista N Moore, Jason David Pasley, Ruben Troncoso, Matthew J Levy, Craig Goolsby
Throughout history, battlefield medicine has led to advancements in civilian trauma care. In the most recent conflicts of OEF/OIF, one of the most important advances is increasing use of point-of-injury hemorrhage control with tourniquets. Tourniquets are gradually gaining acceptance in the civilian medical world-in both the prehospital setting and trauma centers. An analysis of EMS data shows an increase of prehospital tourniquet utilization from 0 to nearly 4,000 between 2008 and 2016. Additionally, bystander educational campaigns such as the Stop the Bleed program is expanding, now with over 125,000 trained on tourniquet placement...
January 18, 2019: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Anne Benjaminse, Kate E Webster, Alexander Kimp, Michelle Meijer, Alli Gokeler
BACKGROUND: Causes of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are multifactorial. Anterior cruciate ligament injury prevention should thus be approached from a multifactorial perspective as well. Training to resist fatigue is an underestimated aspect of prevention programs given that the presence of fatigue may play a crucial role in sustaining an ACL injury. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this literature review was to summarize research findings relating to the kinematic and kinetic effects of fatigue on single-leg landing tasks through a systematic review and meta-analysis...
January 18, 2019: Sports Medicine
Thomas Muehlbauer, Gerrit Schwiertz, Dennis Brueckner, Rainer Kiss, Stefan Panzer
In soccer, the dominant leg is frequently used for passing and kicking while standing on the non-dominant leg. Consequently, postural control in the standing leg might be superior compared to the kicking leg and is further enhanced with increasing age (i.e., level of playing experience). Unfortunately, leg differences in postural control are associated with an increased risk of injuries. Thus, we examined differences between limbs in unipedal balance performance in young soccer players at different ages. Performance in the Lower Quarter Y Balance Test (YBT-LQ) of the dominant and non-dominant leg and anthropometry was assessed in 76 young male soccer players (under-13 years [U13]: n = 19, U15: n = 14, U17: n = 21, U19: n = 22)...
January 11, 2019: Sports
Anna K Melin, Ida A Heikura, Adam Tenforde, Margo Mountjoy
The reported prevalence of low energy availability (LEA) in female and male track and field athletes is between 18-58% with the highest prevalence among athletes in endurance and jump-events. In male athletes, LEA may result in reduced testosterone levels and libido along with impaired training capacity. In female track and field athletes, functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (FHA) as consequence of LEA has been reported among 60% of elite middle- and long-distance athletes and 23% among elite sprinters. Health concerns with FHA includes impaired bone health, elevated risk for bone stress injury, and cardiovascular disease...
January 11, 2019: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Malin Åman, Karin Larsén, Magnus Forssblad, Annica Näsmark, Markus Waldén, Martin Hägglund
Background: A cruciate ligament (CL) injury is a severe injury in soccer. Neuromuscular training programs have a well-documented preventive effect, but there are few studies on the effectiveness of such a program at a national level. The Swedish Knee Control Program (KCP) was found to be effective in preventing CL injuries in youth female soccer players. The KCP was implemented nationwide in Sweden in 2010. Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of the Swedish KCP in reducing acute knee injuries in soccer players at a nationwide level...
December 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Holly G Atkinson, Amaris Geisler
Female genital cutting (FGC), also called female genital mutilation, is defined as "all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs whether for cultural, religious, or other nontherapeutic reasons." FGC can have significant health consequences, including multiple physical and psychological complications, throughout the life course. Despite violating numerous human rights and existing legal prohibitions, the practice continues...
December 28, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Souheil Hallit, Aline Hajj, Patricia Shuhaiber, Katia Iskandar, Elsy Ramia, Hala Sacre, Pascale Salameh
BACKGROUND: Studies showed that pharmacists have little experience with adverse drug reactions (ADRs) reporting due to insufficient knowledge of the concept of ADR and pharmacovigilance (PV). There is an urge to assess hospital pharmacists' knowledge in medication safety practices. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practice, among hospital pharmacists in Lebanon concerning ADRs and PV concepts. METHODS: A cross-sectional study, conducted between March and July 2016, enrolled 187 hospital pharmacists in all Lebanese districts...
December 27, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
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