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Yen-Yun Wang, Yuk-Kwan Chen, Chu-Sung Hu, Ling-Yi Xiao, Wan-Ling Huang, Tsung-Chen Chi, Kuang-Hung Cheng, Yun-Ming Wang, Shyng-Shiou F Yuan
BACKGROUND: Oral cancer is a common cancer with a high mortality rate. While surgery is the most effective treatment for oral cancer, it frequently causes deformity and dysfunction in the orofacial region. In this study, methyl aminolevulinate photodynamic therapy (MAL-PDT) as a prevention tool against progression of precancerous lesion to oral cancer was explored. METHODS: For in vitro studies, we evaluated the effects of MAL-PDT on viability of DOK oral precancerous cells by XTT, cell morphology by TEM, and intracellular signaling pathways by flow cytometry, western blotting and immunofluorescence...
January 8, 2019: Oral Diseases
P Calzavara-Pinton, N Tanova, P Hamon
BACKGROUND: The cost of topical treatments for actinic keratosis (AK) has historically been evaluated in relation to the number of lesions requiring treatment or simply by the price of a single tube/sachet of the drug used. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a new method of costing topical treatments in AK, which takes into account the actual cancerization area treated. METHODS: In order to evaluate the actual cost of each treatment, the official approval status of the drug was used to estimate the amount of cream needed per one cm2 ...
October 4, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Alessandro Pileri, Paola Sgubbi, Claudio Agostinelli, Salvatore Domenico Infusino, Sabina Vaccari, Annalisa Patrizi
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a well-known and effective treatment for non-melanoma skin-cancer. Numerous studies have also shown its effectiveness in mycosis fungoides. The aim of the study was to analyse MF patients treated with PDT at the Dermatology Unit of Bologna University. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed MF patients treated with PDT over the last ten years. Each PDT protocol consisted of the appliance for 3h under an occlusive film dressing on each lesion of a one-mm-thick layer of 16% methyl aminolaevulinate (MAL) 160mg/g cream (Metvix® , Galderma, Paris, France)...
December 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Shiva Yazdanyar, Kian Zarchi, Gregor B E Jemec
BACKGROUND: Actinic keratoses are often treated by photodynamic therapy. However, the main side effect of this treatment is pain during and shortly after illumination. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate, in an intra-individual study, whether the pain response differ in treatment of actinic keratoses in scalp and forhead, using branded methyl aminolevulinate (MAL) and aminolaevulinic acid (ALA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with mild to moderate actinic keratoses on forehead and scalp were treated with methyl aminolaevulinate (MAL)-PDT and aminolaevulinic acid (ALA)-PDT on two similar areas of forehead and scalp...
December 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Jae Min Sung, You Chan Kim
BACKGROUND: Bowen's disease is an intraepithelial tumor, also known as squamous cell carcinoma in situ. Among those alternative treatments, PDT usually produce better cosmetic outcomes compared with those of 5-fluorouracil and cryosurgery. METHODS: Before the applications of photosensitizer, epidermis of the lesions were totally ablated by fractional CO2 laser (eCO2®, Lutronic, Korea) with the following parameters: tip size 120 μm, peak power 30 W, pulse energy 50 mJ, 200 spots/cm2 ...
September 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Hanan Osman-Ponchet, Karine Sevin, Alexandre Gaborit, Magali Kouidhi, Johanna Hanaizi, Pierre Comby, Bernard Ruty, Guy Bouvier
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a successful treatment for non-melanoma skin cancers. Methyl-aminolevulinate (MAL) is metabolized to protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) which accumulates in the skin lesion and which generates a painful photochemical toxic reaction upon red light exposure. PDT using daylight (DL) exposure is now used to reduce pain and subjects are advised to protect the areas with sunscreen. This work investigated the effect of sunscreen on MAL penetration and PpIX photoactivation in ex vivo human skin...
March 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Olena Kulyk, Sally H Ibbotson, Harry Moseley, Ronan M Valentine, Ifor D W Samuel
BACKGROUND: Topical Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an effective treatment for superficial non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSC) and dysplasia. During PDT light activates the photosensitiser (PpIX), metabolised from a topical pro-drug. A combination of PpIX, light and molecular oxygen results in inflammation and cell death. However, the outcomes of the treatment could be better. Insufficient biosynthesis of PpIX may be one of the causes of incomplete response or recurrence. Measuring surface fluorescence is usually employed as a means of studying PpIX formation...
December 2015: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Pierre Collinet, Marie Delemer, Eva Jouve, Claudia Regis, Marie Odile Farine, Denis Vinatier, Michel Cosson, Serge Mordon
UNLABELLED: The potential of fluorescence diagnosis (FD) is still undeveloped in gynaecology. In order to diagnose and localize squamous intraepithelial lesion (SIL) of the cervix, a new method improving the low specificity of colposcopy, would be useful. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess the feasability and safety of colposcopic FD of SIL after topicaly application of methyl aminolevulinate (MAL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with histologic proved cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and planned for loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) under general anesthesia, were included in a prospective study...
June 2007: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Asta Juzeniene, Johan Moan
Generation of singlet oxygen and estimation of its lifetime, the oxygen effect, the subcellular localization of photosensitizers and their photodegradation during photodynamic therapy (PDT), the effects of PDT on DNA and chromosomes were described in the first part of our review. In this review we discuss PDT in combination with other treatments (hyperthermia, ionizing radiation, electrotherapy, chemotherapeutic drugs) or with other agents; cell interactions and bystander effects in PDT; the influence of PDT on the cytoskeleton; a novel technology, named photochemical internalisation (PCI), for light-induced delivery of macromolecules and 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) PDT...
June 2007: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
D M Rubel, L Spelman, D F Murrell, J-A See, D Hewitt, P Foley, C Bosc, D Kerob, N Kerrouche, H C Wulf, S Shumack
BACKGROUND: Daylight photodynamic therapy (DL-PDT) of actinic keratosis (AK) has shown preliminary efficacy and safety results comparable to conventional photodynamic therapy (c-PDT), using methyl aminolevulinate (MAL) cream. OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate the efficacy and safety of DL-PDT vs. c-PDT in treating mild facial/scalp AK. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This 24-week randomized, controlled, investigator-blinded, multicentre, intra-individual efficacy (non-inferiority) and safety (superiority regarding pain) study enrolled 100 subjects...
November 2014: British Journal of Dermatology
Irene Salas-García, Félix Fanjul-Vélez, José Luis Arce-Diego
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) dosimetric tools are crucial for treatment planning and noninvasive monitoring by means of fluorescence. Present approaches consider usually a 1D problem, a simple photochemical process, or a spatially homogeneous photosensitizer. In this work, a radially resolved superficial photosensitizer fluorescence and 3D photochemical time-dependent PDT model are presented. The model provides a time-dependent estimation of tissue fluorescence and the photosensitizer and singlet oxygen 3D concentrations...
April 1, 2014: Optics Letters
Yolanda Gilaberte, Carmen Aspiroz, M Carmen Alejandre, Elena Andres-Ciriano, Blanca Fortuño, Luis Charlez, Maria Jose Revillo, Michael R Hamblin, Antonio Rezusta
BACKGROUND: Sporotrichosis is a fungal infection caused by Sporothrix schenckii complex, usually restricted to the skin, subcutaneous cellular tissue, and adjacent lymphatic vessels. Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) could be a good alternative to manage localized, superficial infections. CASE REPORT: A 65-year-old African woman was diagnosed with a fixed cutaneous sporotrichosis on her left arm, treated with itraconazol and oral terbinafine with partial improvement...
January 2014: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Jérôme Barge, Thomas Glanzmann, Matthieu Zellweger, Denis Salomon, Hubert van den Bergh, Georges Wagnières
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) with precursors of photoactivable porphyrins is a well-established treatment modality for skin pathologies as well as hair removal. Pain is a major side effect thereof, and it affects the treatment compliance and acceptance. METHODS: Five male subjects underwent a PDT procedure on normal skin, either with a diode laser (635 nm) or a lamp (405 nm), 3 or 6h after application of various precursors of photoactivable porphyrins (ALA 1M; Metvix(®) 1M; ALA-DGME 1M; ALA-DGME 3...
December 2013: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Natasha Casie Chetty, Bridget Hemmant, Anne-Marie Skellett
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the response of Metvix photodynamic therapy (PDT) for the treatment of periocular Bowen's disease. METHODS: Four patients with biopsy-proven Bowen' disease were treated with Metvix PDT between November 2010 and January 2012. A detailed description of the technique used is described. RESULTS: All of the patients tolerated the PDT well. All had some clinical response to the treatment, although there was not complete, lasting resolution beyond one year in three out of the four cases...
December 2014: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
Filippo Piffaretti, Matthieu Zellweger, Behrooz Kasraee, Jérôme Barge, Denis Salomon, Hubert van den Bergh, Georges Wagnières
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) with Metvix® is a good therapeutic option to treat actinic keratosis, but it presents drawbacks (pain, lesion recurrences, heterogeneous outcome), emphasizing the possible need to individualize treatment. OBJECTIVE: We assessed whether PDT clinical outcome and pain during treatment were correlated with protoporphyrin IX fluorescence intensity and photobleaching. METHODS: 25 patients were treated by Metvix PDT...
2013: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
Andrea Kovacikova Curkova, Juraj Hegyi, Peter Kozub, Zoltan Szep, Angelo Massimiliano D'Erme, Maria Simaljakova
Linear porokeratosis (LP) is a rare clinical porokeratosis variant, which typically presents at birth, but can also develop in adulthood. Differential diagnosis includes linear lichen planus, lichen striatus, linear verrucous epidermal nevus, incontinentia pigmenti and linear Darier's disease. An LP lesion has an increased risk of transformation into a squamous cell carcinoma or basal cell carcinoma. The treatment of LP is contradictory and disappointing in general. We present a case of a 16-year-old girl with multiple reddish-brown macules and depressions on the medial aspect of her right arm, localized from the palmar joint up to shoulder region in a linear pattern...
May 2014: Dermatologic Therapy
Hanne Evenbratt, Charlotte Jonsson, Jan Faergemann, Sven Engström, Marica B Ericson
We demonstrate a rapidly formed cubic liquid crystalline phase, i.e. typically 1g cubic phase in less than 1 min confirmed by X-ray diffraction, consisting of an ether lipid, 1-glyceryl monooleyl ether (GME), an aprotic solvent (propylene glycol or pentane-1,5-diol) and water. The efficacy of the cubic formulation was tested in vivo by administrating formulations containing 3% (w/w) of the HCl salts of δ-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) or methylaminolevulinate (MAL) to hairless mice. The endogenous formation of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) was monitored spectrophotometrically as a marker for cellular uptake of active compound...
August 16, 2013: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Simone K Passos, Paulo En de Souza, Priscila Kp Soares, Danglades Rm Eid, Fernando L Primo, Antonio Cláudio Tedesco, Zulmira Gm Lacava, Paulo C Morais
BACKGROUND: This paper introduces a new nanoformulation of 5-aminolevulinic acid (nano-ALA) as well as a novel quantitative approach towards evaluating field cancerization for actinic keratosis and/or skin photodamage. In this pilot study, we evaluated field cancerization using nano-ALA and methyl aminolevulinate (MAL), the latter being commercialized as Metvix(®). METHODS AND RESULTS: Photodynamic therapy was used for the treatment of patients with selected skin lesions, whereas the fluorescence of the corresponding photosensitizer was used to evaluate the time evolution of field cancerization in a quantitative way...
2013: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
Kayvan Shokrollahi, Mohammed Javed, Karen Aeuyung, Amar Ghattaura, Iain S Whitaker, Barbara O'Leary, William James, Maxwell Murison
BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) are often seen by general practitioners, plastic surgeons, and dermatologists in the outpatient setting. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) and CO2 laser when used as monotherapy have been successfully used to treat small BCC, with greatest success in the superficial histological subtype but have limitations compared to surgical excision due to a limited depth of penetration of PDT (2 mm absorption) limiting efficacy. We describe our experience of dual-modality treatment improving efficacy, cosmetic outcomes, and minimizing recurrence...
November 2014: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Christina S Haak, William A Farinelli, Joshua Tam, Apostolos G Doukas, R Rox Anderson, Merete Haedersdal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pretreatment of skin with ablative fractional lasers (AFXL) enhances the uptake of topical photosensitizers used in photodynamic therapy (PDT). Distribution of photosensitizer into skin layers may depend on depth of laser channels and incubation time. This study evaluates whether depth of intradermal laser channels and incubation time may affect AFXL-assisted delivery of methyl aminolevulinate (MAL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Yorkshire swine were treated with CO2 AFXL at energy levels of 37, 190, and 380 mJ/laser channel and subsequent application of MAL cream (Metvix) for 30, 60, 120, and 180 minutes incubation time...
December 2012: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
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