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MRSA Septic Thrombophlebitis

Deepthi Mani
A 49-year-old lady with history of polysubstance use disorder, recurrent cutaneous abscesses, spinal diskitis and septic thrombophlebitis presented to the emergency room with complaints of intermittent fevers, worsening right hip pain and bilateral lower extremity edema. A month before the presentation, she had left another hospital against medical advice after being diagnosed with Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia and right hip septic arthritis. Post discharge, she was off antibiotics, but continued heroin and methamphetamine use...
January 2019: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Edward Alabraba, Nichola Manu, Gemma Fairclough, Robert Sutton
We report a case of septic thrombophlebitis of the right internal jugular vein linked with right-sided acute parotitis caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in a patient who had recently undergone a pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy. Our case is unique because acute parotitis is a less-recognized cause of Lemierre's syndrome, never previously linked with MRSA infection in this context. We review the literature on diagnosis and management of Lemierre's syndrome caused by acute parotitis...
May 2018: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Lokesh Shahani
Staphylococcus aureus is the leading cause of bacteraemia and can lead to complicated infections that may be difficult to diagnose and hence lead to higher morbidity. Failure to identify such could lead to severe complications or relapsing bacteraemia due to inadequate treatment. The authors report a patient presenting with methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) bacteraemia and septic arthritis, who developed a complicated infection with multiple metastasis and persistent bacteraemia despite adequate treatment...
August 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Blake S Raggio, Maria C Grant, Kimsey Rodriguez, Patrick J Cripe
A previously healthy 5-week-old female was admitted for sepsis secondary to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia. After several days of hospitalization, she experienced acute decompensation in mental status despite having received targeted antibiotic therapy. Imaging revealed left peritonsillar/parapharyngeal space abscess, left venous thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein, and septic emboli of the lungs and brain consistent with Lemierre syndrome. Bedside needle aspiration of the parapharyngeal abscess confirmed MRSA involvement...
March 2018: Clinical Pediatrics
Yael Koton, Zafrir Or, Naiel Bisharat
Persistent methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia is associated with significant risk of mortality, especially when it occurs while on appropriate antimicrobial therapy. We herein describe an unusual case of a patient with prosthetic aortic tissue valve, who suffered from central venous catheter related MRSA bacteremia with septic thrombus formation in the superior vena cava. MRSA bacteremia persisted despite removal of the catheter and appropriate antimicrobial therapy including vancomycin, rifampin, and daptomycin...
May 31, 2017: Infectious Disease Reports
Eduardo Parino, Eric Mulinaris, Edgardo Saccomano, Juan Cruz Gallo, Gabriel Kohan
A 34-year-old female patient presented with fever and right flank pain ten days after uncomplicated vaginal delivery. CT examination revealed right ovarian vein thrombosis and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was isolated from blood cultures. No other source of bacteremia was found. Antibiotic therapy and anticoagulation with enoxaparin were instituted. Fourteen days after admission, she was discharged in good condition. Although a very uncommon complication after spontaneous vaginal delivery, septic ovarian vein thrombophlebitis should be suspected in cases of persistent puerperal fever when other diagnostic possibilities have been excluded...
2015: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Gloria Luz Paniagua-Contreras, Eric Monroy-Pérez, Felipe Vaca-Paniagua, José Raymundo Rodríguez-Moctezuma, Sergio Vaca
BACKGROUND: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) causes severe catheter-related infections in haemodialysis patients ranging from local-site infections and septic thrombophlebitis to bacteraemia but the associated virulence factors and exotoxins remain unclear. FINDINGS: We employed an in vitro infection model using reconstituted human epithelium (RHE) to analyse the expression profiles of 4 virulence genes and 12 exotoxin-coding virulence genes in 21 MRSA strains isolated from catheter-related infections in 21 Mexican patients undergoing haemodialysis...
2014: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
Farah C Thabet, Abdulrahman S Alhejaili, Abdulrahman N Alodayani, May S Chehab
We present the clinical course of an 11-year-old child with septic pulmonary embolism secondary to community acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) septic deep venous thrombosis. The aim is to emphasize the non-specific symptoms of septic pulmonary embolism in pediatrics, the frequent association with septic deep venous thrombosis and osteomyelitis, and to highlight that MRSA is the most frequently isolated organism. Pediatricians should consider septic pulmonary embolism in cases of septic deep venous thrombosis even in the absence of respiratory symptoms...
October 2013: Saudi Medical Journal
Agustina Sosa Beláustegui, Santiago Flagel, Eveling A Soraide, Glenda Guzmán, Beatriz Perazzi, Angela Famiglietti
Septic pulmonary embolism is a serious and rare illness characterized by pulmonary infiltrates associated with an extrapulmonary infectious focus. It is mainly related to right-sided endocarditis, pelvic thrombophlebitis, vascular access and less frequently to deep infections such as osteomyelitis, septic arthritis and pyomyositis. The community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an emerging pathogen with high virulence and rapid spread involving subjects without previous related diseases or known risk factors...
2012: Medicina
Enting Chang, Kuo-Hsien Lee, Kuang-Yao Yang, Yu-Chin Lee, Reury-Perng Perng
Septic pulmonary embolism is an uncommon disease in which septic thrombi are mobilised from an infectious nidus and transported in the vascular system of the lungs. It is usually associated with tricuspid valve vegetation, septic thrombophlebitis or infected venous catheters. We report an immunocompetent young man who presented with fever and pleuritic chest pain. Chest roentgenography and CT showed multiple ill-defined nodules, with central cavitation and feeding vessels. He was found to have a clinically infectious source of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) cultured from the peri-proctal abscess with the same bacteraemia...
2009: BMJ Case Reports
John G Bartlett
Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection is epidemic in the community, differs from nosocomial MRSA in virulence, mechanisms, and antibiotic susceptibility, and exhibits diverse and often unique pathologic characteristics. The community-acquired MRSA USA 300 strains are transmitted largely by person-to-person contact and cause characteristic soft-tissue abscesses and, less commonly, other sometimes unusual and serious infections including a necrotizing pneumonia, and other necrotic infections such as necrotizing fasciitis, pelvic thrombophlebitis, and septic phlebitis...
December 2008: Topics in HIV Medicine: a Publication of the International AIDS Society, USA
Paul G Stumpf, Marisol Flores, Jeremias Murillo
Infection with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has become a worldwide problem and is no longer acquired only in a hospital setting. Community-associated MRSA is an emerging pathogen of increasing interest to both obstetricians and neonatologists, reported in all three trimesters of pregnancy and postpartum, and in neonatal intensive care units, leading to severe outcomes, including neonatal death. This case report describes a serious and potentially life-threatening infection (including wound abscess, septicemia, septic thrombophlebitis, and septic pulmonary emboli) that developed in an otherwise healthy postpartum woman who had screened positive for MRSA in nares, vagina, and rectum at the time of her prior admission in labor as part of a research study...
August 2008: American Journal of Perinatology
Thomas P Bentley, Daniel F Brennan
Lemierre's syndrome is septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein, arising as a complication of an oropharyngeal infection. This thrombophlebitis frequently results in septic emboli to organs such as the lungs. The causative agent in most previously described cases is Fusobacterium necrophorum, an anaerobic Gram-negative organism. We present the case of an 8-year-old previously healthy girl who came to the Emergency Department with a 5-day history of left-sided neck pain and was subsequently diagnosed with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Lemierre's syndrome...
August 2009: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Yu-Tsung Huang, Cheng-Hsiang Hsiao, Chun-Hsing Liao, Chung-Wei Lee, Po-Ren Hsueh
We describe the development of nonsusceptibility to daptomycin and vancomycin during treatment for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia associated with infective endocarditis and probable septic thrombophlebitis in a uremic patient. MRSA bacteremia persisted during glycopeptide and subsequent daptomycin treatment but cleared after 5 days' treatment with linezolid and fusidic acid.
March 2008: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Eric T Castaldo, Edmund Y Yang
We observed a number of cases of sepsis from bacteremia in children from community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), which led us to study its patterns of infection and outcome. A retrospective review identifying children admitted to our institution with blood culture-proven community-associated MRSA sepsis over a 2-year period was performed. The inclusion criteria were younger than 19 years old, two or more blood cultures for MRSA within 48 hours of admission, evidence of systemic inflammatory response syndrome, and no prior hospital admissions within 6 months...
July 2007: American Surgeon
Christopher J Graber, Margaret K Wong, Heather A Carleton, Françoise Perdreau-Remington, Barbara L Haller, Henry F Chambers
We describe a case of treatment failure caused by a strain of USA300 community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) with intermediate susceptibility to vancomycin and reduced susceptibility to daptomycin. The strain was isolated from the bone of a 56-year-old man with lumbar osteomyelitis after a 6-week treatment course of vancomycin for catheter-associated septic thrombophlebitis.
March 2007: Emerging Infectious Diseases
A Mangili, I Bica, D R Snydman, D H Hamer
We describe a patient who developed daptomycin-resistant, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) during an episode of presumed septic thrombophlebitis of the portal vein. Although daptomycin is an alternative agent for treatment of drug-resistant gram-positive bacterial infections, development of resistance during prolonged use may occur with MRSA bacteremia from a persistent focus.
April 1, 2005: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
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