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Cognitive function in chronic sinusitis

Daniel Berry, Lynne Vernon-Feagans, W Roger Mills-Koonce, Clancy Blair
Otitis media (OM)-or middle-ear inflammation-is the most widely diagnosed childhood illness, with evidence implicating OM in a range of distal problems (e.g., language delays, attention problems). Polyvagal theory (Porges, 1995, 2007) posits that there also are likely important connections between middle-ear functioning and children's developing parasympathetic nervous systems (PNS). Using prospective longitudinal data from the Family Life Project (n = 748), we tested within- and between-person relations between indicators of OM (middle-ear spectral gradient angle; SGA) and children's trajectories of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA)-a marker of parasympathetic control of the heart-between the ages of 7 and 35 months...
September 2018: Developmental Psychology
Fatih Arslan, Serdar Tasdemir, Abdullah Durmaz, Fuat Tosun
Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the respiratory mucosa of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. The aim of this study was investigate the effect of nasal obstruction related to chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis on cognitive functions. Patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis causing bilateral total or near total nasal obstruction were enrolled in the study. Symptoms of nasal congestion, loss of smell, postnasal drip, headaches, snoring, concentration difficulties and blunted affect were evaluated by Visual Analog Scale...
August 2018: Cognitive Neurodynamics
Mahboobeh Mahdavinia, Robert P Schleimer, Ali Keshavarzian
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common disease of the upper airways and paranasal sinuses with a marked decline in quality of life (QOL). CRS patients suffer from sleep disruption at a significantly higher proportion (60 to 75%) than in the general population (8-18 %). Sleep disruption in CRS causes decreased QOL and is linked to poor functional outcomes such as impaired cognitive function and depression. Areas covered: A systematic PubMed/Medline search was done to assess the results of studies that have investigated sleep and sleep disturbances in CRS...
May 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
Stefan Duschek, Alexandra Hoffmann, Gustavo A Reyes Del Paso, Ulrich Ettinger
BACKGROUND: Chronic low blood pressure (hypotension) is characterized by complaints such as fatigue, reduced drive, dizziness, and cold limbs. Additionally, deficits in attention and memory have been observed. Autonomic dysregulation is considered to be involved in the origin of this condition. PURPOSE: The study explored autonomic cardiovascular control in the context of higher cognitive processing (executive function) in hypotension. METHODS: Hemodynamic recordings were performed in 40 hypotensive and 40 normotensive participants during execution of four classical executive function tasks (number-letter task, n-back task, continuous performance test, and flanker task)...
June 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Sanjana Pampati, Laxmaiah Manchikanti
BACKGROUND: In modern medicine, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a commonly described sleep disorder with airway obstruction, disrupted sleep, and excessive daytime sleepiness. Since its description in 1976 by Guilleminault et al, numerous epidemiologic studies and systematic reviews, with multiple comorbidities related to cardiovascular sequelae, altered cognitive function, and multiple other potential complications have been described. Multiple risk factors have been identified included obesity, smoking, alcohol consumption, and other factors...
May 2016: Pain Physician
Ga-Young Ban, Tu H K Trinh, Young-Min Ye, Hae-Sim Park
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We are in the era of rapid aging of the global population. Elderly asthmatic patients have an increased frequency of hospitalization and a high mortality rate. In this review, we focus on comorbidities and treatment issues in terms of the predictors of asthma control in the elderly. RECENT FINDINGS: Some frequent comorbidities, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic sinusitis, obesity, and depression, are associated with uncontrolled asthma in elderly asthmatic patients...
June 2016: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Jane S Lucas, Laura Behan, Audrey Dunn Galvin, Adrianne Alpern, Anjana M Morris, Mary P Carroll, Michael R Knowles, Margaret W Leigh, Alexandra L Quittner
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is characterised by chronic suppurative lung disease, rhino-sinusitis, hearing impairment and sub-fertility. We have developed the first multidimensional measure to assess health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults with PCD (QOL-PCD).Following a literature review and expert panel meeting, open-ended interviews with patients investigated the impact of PCD on HRQoL in the UK and North America (n=21). Transcripts were content analysed to derive saturation matrices. Items were rated for relevance by patients (n=49)...
August 2015: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
John Malaty, Irene A C Malaty
Smell and taste disorders can be challenging to diagnose because of the large number of potential etiologies. Patients are often unable to provide a clear history of symptoms, because they frequently cannot distinguish between difficulties with smell and taste. Standardized questionnaires may be helpful in diagnosis. Smell and taste dysfunction have been implicated in loss of appetite, unintended weight loss, malnutrition, and reduced quality of life. Taste dysfunction may be complete or partial, and affect one or more aspects of taste (sweetness, bitterness, sourness, saltiness, and umami [savory])...
December 15, 2013: American Family Physician
Alberto Mazza, Roberta Ravenni, Domenico Montemurro, Gianni Pastore, Laura Schiavon, Domenico Rubello
Syncope following permanent pacemaker (PM) implantation is a nightmare for electrophysiologists. We describe a case of daily recurrent syncope in an 84-year-old man having a dual-chamber pacemaker implanted for complete atrio-ventricular block occurred 4 years before the admission to our department. He had a history of arterial hypertension, parossistic atrial fibrillation, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, stage-III chronic renal failure, mild vascular cognitive impairment and glaucoma. The initial work-up including electrocardiogram (ECG), repeated PM interrogations, Holter electrocardiogram, blood pressure measurement in orthostatic position, complete blood count, serum glycaemia, electrolytes and thyroid function tests showed normal findings...
June 14, 2012: Neurology International
Eduardo E Benarroch
Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is defined by a heart rate increment of 30 beats/min or more within 10 minutes of standing or head-up tilt in the absence of orthostatic hypotension; the standing heart rate is often 120 beats/min or higher. POTS manifests with symptoms of cerebral hypoperfusion and excessive sympathoexcitation. The pathophysiology of POTS is heterogeneous and includes impaired sympathetically mediated vasoconstriction, excessive sympathetic drive, volume dysregulation, and deconditioning...
December 2012: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Neil Bhattacharyya
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and allergic rhinitis are associated with functional limitations, but these impacts are not known on a population basis. Our objective was to epidemiologically determine functional limitations and workdays lost that are associated with CRS and allergic rhinitis in adults. METHODS: The Medical Expenditure Panel Survey for calendar year 2007 was examined to identify cases of CRS and allergic rhinitis. Functional limitation variables for activity limitation, work limitation, social limitation, and cognitive limitation determined by the survey also were extracted...
March 2012: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Jian Hai, Jue-Feng Wan, Qi Lin, Fei Wang, Lin Zhang, Hui Li, Lan Zhang, Yu-Ying Chen, Yang Lu
The relationship between chronic cerebral hypoperfusion and cognitive function has not been completely delineated. In the present studies, we developed an experimental model associated with arteriovenous malformation to investigate the effects of chronic cerebral hypoperfusion on cognitive function and neuropathological changes. The rat model was established by creating a fistula through an end-to-side anastomosis between the right distal external jugular vein and the ipsilateral common carotid artery, followed by ligation of the left vein draining the transverse sinus and bilateral external carotid arteries...
December 8, 2009: Brain Research
Beata Wozakowska-Kapłon, Grzegorz Opolski, Dariusz Kosior, Elzbieta Jaskulska-Niedziela, Ewa Maroszyńska-Dmoch, Monika Włosowicz
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a risk factor for development of thromboembolic events with an annual stroke rate of 4.5%. In subjects over 80 years AF is the single leading cause of major stroke. Moreover, about 25% of patients with AF in the absence of neurological deficits have tomographic signs of one or more silent cerebral infarcts. AIM: To investigate whether cognitive function in patients with permanent AF is significantly worse than in patients with sinus rhythm...
May 2009: Kardiologia Polska
Joseph C Masdeu, Belen Pascual, Federica Bressi, Manuele Casale, Elena Prieto, Javier Arbizu, Maria A Fernández-Seara
BACKGROUND: In rare cases, adults with normal or almost normal cognition may have giant brain ventricles surrounded by a sliver of brain. Because the usual flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is interrupted in these individuals, they may develop alternative CSF pathways to preserve brain function. OBJECTIVE: To describe novel morphologic autopsy findings in a patient with chronic giant hydrocephalus that suggest the existence of alternative CSF draining pathways. DESIGN: Case report...
February 2009: Archives of Neurology
Gero Strauss, Mathias Hofer, Milos Fischer, Kirill Koulechov, Christos Trantakis, Dittrich Manzey, Juergen Meixenberger, Andreas Dietz, Tim C Lueth, H U Klapper
Conventional, pointer-based navigated Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS) has been shown to have certain limitations: necessity of instrument change for navigation, changes in the surgeon's line-of-sight axis, and limited length of use of the navigation information. These limitations result in negative consequences regarding the surgeon's attentiveness in any given situation, as well as in his cognitive work-load. The principle of Navigated Control offers advantages concerning these problems and limitations of the conventionally navigated FESS...
2008: Surgical Technology International
S De Breucker, Y P Nkodo Mekongo, B Ibebeke, T Pepersack
Falls are one of the most common problems that threaten the independence of older individuals. They usually occur when impairments in multiple domains compromise the compensatory ability of the individual, as is the case for many geriatric syndromes. A number of the physical conditions and environmental situations predispose to falls. The medical risk factors of falls are reviewed. Falls in older individuals are rarely due to a single cause. Mechanisms that maintain postural stability are altered with aging (balance, gait speed, cardiovascular function)...
May 2007: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
Stephen Vida, Guillaume Galbaud du Fort, Ritsuko Kakuma, Louise Arsenault, Robert W Platt, Christina M Wolfson
OBJECTIVES: To examine delirium, chronic medical problems and sociodemographic factors as predictors of activities of daily living (ADL), basic ADL (BADL) and instrumental ADL (IADL). METHODS: A prospective cohort study of four groups of elderly patients examined in the emergency department (ED): those with delirium, dementia, neither, and both. All were aged 66 years or older and living at home. Delirium was assessed with the Confusion Assessment Method and dementia with the Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly...
December 2006: International Psychogeriatrics
T Sabatini, G B Frisoni, P Barbisoni, G Bellelli, R Rozzini, M Trabucchi
OBJECTIVES: To find a correlation between chronic nonrheumatic atrial fibrillation (CNRAF) and cognitive impairment in a group of older, nondemented patients. SETTING: Acute Care Unit for the Elderly, Poliambulanza Hospital, Brescia (Italy). METHODS: Two hundred fifty-five hospital in-patients older than 70 years (42 with CNRAF and 213 controls with normal sinus rhythm) were assessed by complete clinical history, physical examination, ECG, serum albumin levels, APACHE II score, mental status (Mini-Mental State Exam [MMSE] and Geriatric Depression Score [GDS]), functional status (Barthel Index and instrumental activities of daily living [IADL]), number of prescribed drugs, and comorbidity (Charlson Index)...
April 2000: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
A Hagendorff, C Dettmers, W Jung, M Hümmelgen, C Kölsch, A Hartmann, B Lüderitz, D Pfeiffer
HISTORY AND CLINICAL FINDINGS: A 78-year-old patient experienced dizziness, impairment of mnemic and cognitive function, chronic fatigue and recurrent syncope. INVESTIGATIONS: Hypertensive heart disease, reduced left ventricular function, and ventricular ectopia classification Lown IVb was documented. Computed tomography showed minimal brain atrophia. Stenoses of the brain supplying arteries and of other intracranial diseases were excluded. A distinct correlation between cardiac output and cerebral blood flow in correspondence to changes of heart rate were found (cardiac output 4...
March 10, 2000: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
R A Settipane
With unfortunate high frequency, clinicians consider allergic rhinitis to be more of a nuisance than an illness. When in fact, allergic rhinitis is not only a very common disease process, affecting up to a cumulative frequency of 42% of the U.S. population by age 40, but can lead to significant short-term and long-term medical complications. Poorly controlled symptoms of allergic rhinitis may contribute to sleep loss, secondary daytime fatigue, learning impairment, decreased overall cognitive functioning, decreased long-term productivity and decreased quality of life...
July 1999: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
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