Read by QxMD icon Read

hydroelectrolytic disorder

Eve Grillo Carvalho, Henrique Guarino Colli Peluso, Lorena Luana Batista, Cissa Santos Moreira, Juliana Suzano Moraes Protti, Maria Cristina Bento Soares, Aline de Freitas Suassuna Autran, Amanda Rocha Soares Almeida, Denise Cristina Rodrigues, Lívia Verônica Grillo Romano Bernardes, Luciana Pimenta de Paula
INTRODUCTION: The posterior reversible encephalopathy (PRES) syndrome encompasses a set of clinical-radiological findings associated with severe systemic arterial hypertension. This case report proposes to discuss the identification, diagnosis, and management of PRES in the pediatric population. CASE PRESENTATION: Female patient, 10 years old, admitted to the emergency room with complaint of oliguria and generalized edema. At the initial physical exam, the only alteration present was anasarca...
September 21, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
Laís Gabriela Yokota, Beatriz Mota Sampaio, Erica Pires Rocha, André Luís Balbi, Iara Ranona Sousa Prado, Daniela Ponce
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is characterized by a sudden renal dysfunction with consequent increase of nitrogenous products, hydroelectrolytic and acid-base disorders. Its prevalence is high in hospitalized populations (4.9%-7.2%), especially in intensive care units (ICUs). Despite all the technical and therapeutic advances that have occurred in the last few decades, the overall mortality of AKI patients remains high, reaching 80% in ICU patients. Several conditions predispose a patient to progress with AKI, including age, sepsis, surgeries, and comorbidities, such as systemic arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, heart disease, neoplasia, and chronic renal disease...
2018: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
Rafaela Alvim Garcia, Chislene Pereira Vanelli, Olavo Dos Santos Pereira Junior, José Otávio do Amaral Corrêa
BACKGROUND: Hydroelectrolytic disorders are common in clinical situations and may be harmful to the patient, especially those involving plasma sodium and potassium dosages. Among the possible methods for the dosages are flame photometry, ion-selective electrode (ISE) and colorimetric enzymatic method. METHODS: We analyzed 175 samples in the three different methods cited from patients attending the laboratory of the University Hospital of the Federal University of Juiz de Fora...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
A Khelfi, M Azzouz, R Abtroun, M Reggabi, B Alamir
Toxic myopathies are a group of pathologies characterized by a structural and/or functional disturbance of muscles induced by an exogenous agent. The most frequent are those induced by drugs used in clinical practice. Illegal drugs, pesticides, solvents, metals and even physical and gaseous agents can cause this kind of disease and exert toxicity on muscle tissues. Some toxins from animals, plants or micro-organisms are potent myotoxic agents, which can lead to fatal complications. Respiratory arrest and rhabdomyolysis are often referred to as the ultimate complications of these pathologies...
July 2018: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
María T Rosanova, Carla Voto, María S Mussini, Claudia Sarkis, Sandra Gómez, Norma Sberna, Susana Carnovale, Beatriz Caracciolo, Roberto Lede
There is limited information on the use of posaconazole in children. This retrospective and descriptive study was conducted to evaluate the clinical, microbiological characteristics and evolution of patients treated with posaconazole between August 2010 and March 2017. We included 16 children. Median age: 161 months (interquartile range -IQR- 69-173 m). All had underlying disease and a proven invasive fungal infection. The most frequent isolated were Mucor spp. and Aspergillus spp. The mean posaconazole dose was 600 mg/day (400-800 mg/day) and the median duration of treatment was 223 days (IQR 48-632)...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Ricardo A Macau, Tiago Nunes da Silva, Joana Rego Silva, Ana Gonçalves Ferreira, Pedro Bravo
Lithium-induced nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (Li-NDI) is a rare and difficult-to-treat condition. A study in mice and two recent papers describe the use of acetazolamide in Li-NDI in 7 patients (a case report and a 6 patient series). We describe the case of a 63-year-old woman with bipolar disorder treated with lithium and no previous history of diabetes insipidus. She was hospitalized due to a bowel obstruction and developed severe dehydration after surgery when she was water deprived. After desmopressin administration and unsuccessful thiazide and amiloride treatment, acetazolamide was administrated to control polyuria and hydroelectrolytic disorders without significant side effects...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
Mileta Poskurica, Dejan Petrović, Mina Poskurica
`Hematologic malignancies (leukemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma, et al.), as well as solid tumours (renal, liver, lung, ovarian, etc.), can lead to acute or chronic renal failure.The most common clinical manifestation is acute renal failure within the tumour lysis syndrome (TLS). It is characterized by specific laboratory and clinical criteria in order to prove that kidney disorders result from cytolysis of tumour cells after chemotherapy regimen given, although on significantly fewer occasions it is likely to occur spontaneously or after radiotherapy...
March 2016: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Diogo Magalhães, José Miguel Cabral, Patrício Soares-da-Silva, Fernando Magro
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic inflammatory disorder with a complex pathogenesis. Diarrhea is a highly prevalent and often debilitating symptom of IBD patients that results, at least in part, from an intestinal hydroelectrolytic imbalance. Evidence suggests that reduced electrolyte absorption is more relevant than increased secretion to this disequilibrium. This systematic review analyses and integrates the current evidence on the roles of epithelial Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase (NKA), Na(+)/H(+) exchangers (NHEs), epithelial Na(+) channels (ENaC), and K(+) channels (KC) in IBD-associated diarrhea...
April 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Patricia Chirinos-Saldaña, Alejandro Navas, Arturo Ramírez-Miranda, María Carmen Jiménez-Martínez, Enrique O Graue-Hernández
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology, etiology, pathogenesis, clinical characteristics, and management of pemphigus, with an emphasis on ocular involvement. METHODS: Literature review. RESULTS: Pemphigus is an autoimmune epithelial blistering disease of the skin and mucous membranes. The typical pathological finding is acantholysis of the epidermis that leads to blister formation. Immunofluorescence techniques show autoantibody deposition on the epidermal intercellular substance...
March 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
Enrique López-Aguilar, María del Carmen Garza-González, Mariana Ortiz-Azpilcueta, Ana Carolina Sepúlveda-Vildósola, Ana Rioscovian-Soto, Hermilo de la Cruz-Yañez, Yadira Betanzos-Cabrera
BACKGROUND: Survival of children with pineal region tumors has increased significantly in the last decade; these tumors have an insidious outcome associated with endocrine disorders with high morbidity and mortality, especially after gross resection. The objective was to report the survival, outcome, morbidity and mortality according to type of surgery, histology and treatment in children with pineal region tumors. METHODS: This retrospective study included all patients of 17 years or less with diagnosis of pineal region tumor, who went over a period of 10 years to a children's hospital...
2015: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Paulina Bravo J, Gabriela Castro C H
Inborn metabolic disorders are genetic diseases which are uncommon each one, but together they are not. They are characterized by an enzimatic defect that blocks a metabolic pathway, producing specific signs and symptoms. The current article pretends be an updated guideline for their acute management which is based on: 1) Inmediate life support, hydroelectrolyte balance and sample procurement, 2) Avoiding the production of toxic endogenous metabolites and anabolism promotion, 3) The supplementation of substrates and 4) The removal of toxic substances...
July 2014: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
R De las Peñas, Y Escobar, F Henao, A Blasco, C A Rodríguez
Hydroelectrolytic disorders are one of the most common metabolic complications in cancer patients. Although often metabolic alterations affecting various ions are part of the manifestations of the oncological disease, even in the form of paraneoplastic syndrome, we must not forget that very often, these disorders could be caused by various drugs, including some of the antineoplastic agents most frequently used, such as platin derivatives or some biologics. These guidelines review major management of diagnosis, evaluation and treatment of the most common alterations of sodium, calcium, magnesium and potassium in cancer patients...
December 2014: Clinical & Translational Oncology
Cecília Maria Farias de Queiroz Frazão, Maria Isabel da Conceição Dias Fernandes, Maria das Graças Mariano Nunes, Jéssica Dantas de Sá, Marcos Venícios de Oliveira Lopes, Ana Luisa Brandão de Carvalho Lira
Cross-sectional study aimed to identify the components of a Roy's adaptation model in patients undergoing hemodialysis at a dialysis center. 178 patients participated in a dialysis center in the Brazil Northeast region. Data collection occurred from October/2011 to February/2012 through the use of interviews and physical examinations. The components identified were: adaptive problems, behaviors and stimuli. The main adaptive problems were: intracellular fluid retention, hyperkalemia, hypothermia, edema, intolerance for performing daily activities...
December 2013: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
Chantal Stheneur, Sebastien Bergeron, Anne-Laure Lapeyraque
PURPOSE: Anorexia nervosa is a malady with possible long-lasting physiological consequences. Among these, little is known about the renal effects, which remain rarely investigated. METHODS: A literature review was conducted using electronic databases and manual search of relevant articles, discussing the renal impacts of anorexia nervosa. RESULTS: Renal failure has been described in malnourished patients, but the optimal non-invasive tool to assess the glomerular function rate in this population needs to be further evaluated...
December 2014: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Andrea Bruno, Domenico Chimienti, Alda Montanaro, Fernando Prete, Pasquale Libutti, Piero Lisi, Carlo Basile
The McKittrick-Wheelock syndrome is a rare cause of severe hydroelectrolyte disorders and fluid depletion as a result of rectal tumor hypersecretion, which can lead to acute renal failure. We report the case of a 70-year-old female who presented with hyponatremia, hypokalemia, hypochloremia, and acute renal failure, due to a watery, mucinous diarrhea. A large rectal villous adenoma was discovered on ileocolonoscopy, and definitive management was achieved by removal of the tumor. In conclusion, reversal of the biochemical derangement is the cornerstone of successful management of the McKittrick-Wheelock syndrome...
2011: Case Reports in Nephrology
Emerson L Olivares, Anderson L B Silveira, Fabricia V Fonseca, Claudio Silva-Almeida, Rafael S Côrtes, Pedro P Pereira-Junior, Jose H M Nascimento, Luis C Reis
Few data are available on adolescent users because most behavioral studies on anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) abuse have been performed in adults. Studies evaluating the impact of long-term effects of AAS abuse on the prepubertal phase are even more uncommon. Accordingly, this study was developed to test the hypothesis that changes induced by the use of AAS during the adolescent phase may be noted in the adult phase even when the AAS treatment cycle is discontinued. Therefore, not only behavioral changes but also possible autonomic and electrolyte disorders were evaluated...
March 14, 2014: Physiology & Behavior
Fernando Rogério Lara Ferreira, Carlos Augusto de Almeida Silva, Samantha Xena da Costa
Porphyrias are metabolic disorders related to heme biosynthesis pathway enzyme dysfunctions. The heme pathway is fundamental for the formation of a number of molecules, and such defects cause noxious precursors (porphyrins) to build up. Porphyrias are heterogeneously manifested by symptoms that can either be neurovisceral, cutaneous, or both, usually during outburst episodes called porphyric crises. This article presents a literature review and reports on a case of porphyric crisis initially diagnosed as acute abdomen and treated with an inconclusive exploratory laparotomy During the postoperative period, the patient progressed with tetraparesis, tetraplegia and respiratory distress, suggesting Guillain-Barre syndrome, which was precluded after cerebrospinal fluid analysis revealed no albumin-cytological dissociation...
December 2011: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
Ulysses Fagundes-Neto
Diarrhea is still responsible for high rates of morbidity and mortality in children under 5 years of age. The prolongation of the acute episode may cause digestive and absorptive malfunction and, consequently, malnutrition, raising the risk of death. The objective of this review is to supply the most recent knowledge in the field of persistent diarrhea and to contribute to the decrease of its incidence. Some possible etiologic agents may be involved, including viruses, bacteria, and parasites. Treatment must be addressed to avoid malabsorption of the nutrients of the diet, associated with replacement of the hydroelectrolytic losses, to prevent its prolongation...
September 2013: Current Gastroenterology Reports
Sergio Henrique Sousa Santos, Ana Cristina Simões e Silva
The Renin-Angiotensin System (RAS) is recognized as the main biological system involved in cardiovascular and hydroelectrolyte homeostasis. It is well established in literature that RAS blockers retard the progression of renal failure in type 1 [angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors] and in type 2 [angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1) antagonists] diabetes mellitus and in non-diabetic chronic kidney diseases. More recently, it was shown that newer therapeutic agents, the renin inhibitors, also exert renoprotective actions...
February 2014: Current Clinical Pharmacology
Joan Antoni Fernández-Blanco, Juan A Fernández-Blanco, Morley D Hollenberg, Vicente Martínez, Patri Vergara
Proteinase-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) and mast cell (MC) mediators contribute to inflammatory and functional gastrointestinal disorders. We aimed to characterize jejunal PAR-2-mediated responses and the potential MC involvement in the early and late phases of a rat model of postinfectious gut dysfunction. Jejunal tissues of control and Trichinella spiralis-infected (14 and 30 days postinfection) rats, treated or not with the MC stabilizer, ketotifen, were used. Histopathology and immunostaining were used to characterize inflammation, PAR-2 expression, and mucosal and connective tissue MCs...
February 15, 2013: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"