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e coli plasmid strain development

Ahyar Ahmad, Rosana Agus, Muh Nasrum Massi, Rosdiana Natzir, Radha Madhyastha, Harish Kumar Madhyastha, Masugi Maruyama
The appearance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains leading to drug resistance has caused new problems in TB treatment in various parts of the world and forces WHO to declare TB as a global emergency. With the increase of TB drug resistance, it is convinced that a more effective vaccine development will stop the epidemic of TB. Some M. tuberculosis antigens, one of which is MPT83, have been examined as TB vaccine candidate. MPT83 antigen, which is very immunogenic in lipoprotein micro bacteria, is identified as surface cell interrelated to antigen with cytometry circulation...
December 2018: Journal, Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology
Yaroslav V Solovev, Artur Y Prilepskii, Elena F Krivoshapkina, Anna F Fakhardo, Ekaterina A Bryushkova, Polina A Kalikina, Elena I Koshel, Vladimir V Vinogradov
Alumina is one of the most promising carriers for drug delivery due to the long history of its usage as a vaccine adjuvant. Sol-gel synthesis provides excellent conditions for entrapment of biomolecules within an inorganic cage providing stabilization of proteins under the extremal conditions. In this paper, we show in vitro investigation of monodisperse alumina xerogel nanocontainers (AXNCs) using bovine serum albumin as a model protein entrapped in sol-gel alumina building blocks. Particularly, dose and cell-type dependent cytotoxicity in HeLa and A549 cancer cell lines were employed as well as investigation of antibacterial effect and stability of AXNCs in different biological media...
February 4, 2019: Scientific Reports
A Mathlouthi, E Pennacchietti, D De Biase
Acid resistance (AR) in Escherichia coli is an important trait that protects this microorganism from the deleterious effect of low-pH environments. Reports on biofilm formation in E. coli K12 showed that the genes participating in AR were differentially expressed. Herein, we investigated the relationship between AR genes, in particular those coding for specific transcriptional regulators, and their biofilm-forming ability at the phenotypic level. The latter was measured in 96-well plates by staining the bacteria attached to the well, following 24-hour growth under static conditions, with crystal violet...
October 2018: Acta Naturae
Birgit Aasmäe, Liidia Häkkinen, Tanel Kaart, Piret Kalmus
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of resistant Escherichia coli and Enterococcus spp. in food-producing animals has increased worldwide. The objective of the study was to investigate the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance of Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis isolated from healthy and diseased swine and cattle in Estonia. Clinical specimen and faecal samples were collected during 2010 to 2015. The in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility was determined using the microdilution method...
January 21, 2019: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Charlotte A Green, Nitin S Kamble, Elizabeth K Court, Owain J Bryant, Matthew G Hicks, Christopher Lennon, Gillian M Fraser, Phillip C Wright, Graham P Stafford
BACKGROUND: Many valuable biopharmaceutical and biotechnological proteins have been produced in Escherichia coli, however these proteins are almost exclusively localised in the cytoplasm or periplasm. This presents challenges for purification, i.e. the removal of contaminating cellular constituents. One solution is secretion directly into the surrounding media, which we achieved via the 'hijack' of the flagellar type III secretion system (FT3SS). Ordinarily flagellar subunits are exported through the centre of the growing flagellum, before assembly at the tip...
January 18, 2019: Microbial Cell Factories
David Kneis, Teppo Hiltunen, Stefanie Heß
Horizontal gene transfer is an essential component of bacterial evolution. Quantitative information on transfer rates is particularly useful to better understand and possibly predict the spread of antimicrobial resistance. A variety of methods has been proposed to estimate the rates of plasmid-mediated gene transfer all of which require substantial labor input or financial resources. A cheap but reliable method with high-throughput capabilities is yet to be developed in order to better capture the variability of plasmid transfer rates, e...
December 29, 2018: Plasmid
Phu-Tri Tran, Fang Miao, Kristin Widyasari, Kook-Hyung Kim
Although infectious clones are fundamental tools in virology and plant pathology, their efficacy is often reduced by the instability of viral sequences in Escherichia coli. In this study, we constructed an infectious clone of PepMoV (pPepMoV) in a bacterial binary vector (pSNU1); the clone induces symptoms of PepMoV in agroinfiltrated plants. During its modification and maintenance in E. coli, however, the pPepMoV infectious clone was instable in the bacteria. Manipulation of this unstable clone in the bacterial strain DH10B led to the spontaneous formation of a recombined clone with high stability in the bacteria but with reduced infectivity due to an unwanted insertion of an E...
December 19, 2018: Journal of Virological Methods
Chih-Cheng Lai, Chi-Chung Chen, Ying-Chen Lu, Hung-Jui Chen, Bo-An Su, Tzu-Chieh Weng, Yu-Hsin Chiu, Han-Siong Toh, Chun-Cheng Zhang, Shyh-Ren Chiang, Yin-Ching Chuang, Hung-Jen Tang
New-Delhi metallo-β-lactamase1 (NDM-1) Enterobacteriaceae are increasing worldwide. Herein, we describe a single patient who carried three unusual NDM-1 carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae - Enterobacter cloacae (E. cloacae) yielded from a urine specimen and Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) and Escherichia coli (E. coli) from stool specimens. For E. cloacae , its bla NDM-1-encoding plasmid was pKP04NDM with a size of ~54 kb replicons with an IncN backbone. For K. pneumoniae , its bla NDM-1 -encoding plasmid was pNDM-BTR with a size of ~59...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
Ting Du, Nakita Buenbrazo, Laura Kell, Sadia Rahmani, Lyann Sim, Stephen G Withers, Shawn DeFrees, Warren Wakarchuk
We have developed an Escherichia coli strain for the in vivo production of O-glycosylated proteins. This was achieved using a dual plasmid approach: one encoding a therapeutic protein target, and a second encoding the enzymatic machinery required for O-glycosylation. The latter plasmid encodes human polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyl transferase as well as a β1,3-galactosyl transferase and UDP-Glc(NAc)-4-epimerase, both from Campylobacter jejuni, and a disulfide bond isomerase of bacterial or human origin...
November 2, 2018: Cell Chemical Biology
Muhammad Yasir, Christopher Icke, Radwa Abdelwahab, James R Haycocks, Rita E Godfrey, Pavelas Sazinas, Mark J Pallen, Ian R Henderson, Stephen J W Busby, Douglas F Browning
Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC), is a diarrhoeagenic human pathogen commonly isolated from patients in both developing and industrialized countries. Pathogenic EAEC strains possess many virulence determinants, which are thought to be involved in causing disease, though, the exact mechanism by which EAEC causes diarrhoea is unclear. Typical EAEC strains possess the transcriptional regulator, AggR, which controls the expression of many virulence determinants, including the attachment adherence fimbriae (AAF) that are necessary for adherence to human gut epithelial cells...
November 28, 2018: Molecular Microbiology
Joana Freitas-Silva, Ângela S Inácio, Joana Mourão, Patrícia Antunes, Ângelo Mendes, André Pinto de Carvalho, Vitor Vasconcelos, Luísa Peixe, Paulo Martins da Costa
The emergence of mobile colistin resistance genes (mcr) is yet another challenge in the fight against antimicrobial resistance, with reports proving the dissemination of these genes in different countries and different environments being of great concern. In the present study, we describe the recovery of three E. coli strains with mcr-1 gene in IncHI2 plasmids from intestinal content of necropsied meat rabbits reared in two intensive production systems in Portugal. Our findings are worrisome, given the high level of dependence on the usage of antibiotics in rabbit rearing and call for the development and implementation of an active surveillance system in this species...
December 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
Dániel Gulyás, Béla Kocsis, Dóra Szabó
Fluoroquinolone resistance in Enterobacteriales is developed by chromosomal and plasmid-mediated mechanisms. Plasmids play an important role in dissemination of resistant genes and they carry genes that protect bacteria in different stress-induced situations. In this study, we studied Escherichia coli strains, each carried one plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinant namely, qnrA1, qnrB1, qnrC1, and qnrD1. We exposed 0.5 McFarland density of each strain to 0.5 mg/L ciprofloxacin from the period of 30, 60, 90, and 120 min over 24 h...
November 22, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Margaret M C Lam, Kelly L Wyres, Louise M Judd, Ryan R Wick, Adam Jenney, Sylvain Brisse, Kathryn E Holt
BACKGROUND: Klebsiella pneumoniae is a recognised agent of multidrug-resistant (MDR) healthcare-associated infections; however, individual strains vary in their virulence potential due to the presence of mobile accessory genes. In particular, gene clusters encoding the biosynthesis of siderophores aerobactin (iuc) and salmochelin (iro) are associated with invasive disease and are common amongst hypervirulent K. pneumoniae clones that cause severe community-associated infections such as liver abscess and pneumonia...
October 29, 2018: Genome Medicine
Gabhan Chalmers, Kelly M Rozas, Raghavendra G Amachawadi, Harvey Morgan Scott, Keri N Norman, Tiruvoor G Nagaraja, Mike D Tokach, Patrick Boerlin
Copper is used as an alternative to antibiotics for growth promotion and disease prevention. However, bacteria developed tolerance mechanisms for elevated copper concentrations, including those encoded by the pco operon in Gram-negative bacteria. Using cohorts of weaned piglets, this study showed that the supplementation of feed with copper concentrations as used in the field did not result in a significant short-term increase in the proportion of pco -positive fecal Escherichia coli . The pco and sil (silver resistance) operons were found concurrently in all screened isolates, and whole-genome sequencing showed that they were distributed among a diversity of unrelated E...
October 18, 2018: Genes
Brian M Forde, Hosam M Zowawi, Patrick N A Harris, Leah Roberts, Emad Ibrahim, Nissar Shaikh, Anand Deshmukh, Mazen A Sid Ahmed, Muna Al Maslamani, Kyra Cottrell, Ella Trembizki, Lana Sundac, Heidi H Yu, Jian Li, Mark A Schembri, David M Whiley, David L Paterson, Scott A Beatson
Resistance to last-line polymyxins mediated by the plasmid-borne mobile colistin resistance gene ( mcr-1 ) represents a new threat to global human health. Here we present the complete genome sequence of an mcr-1 -positive multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli strain (MS8345). We show that MS8345 belongs to serotype O2:K1:H4, has a large 241,164-bp IncHI2 plasmid that carries 15 other antibiotic resistance genes (including the extended-spectrum β-lactamase bla CTX-M-1 ) and 3 putative multidrug efflux systems, and contains 14 chromosomally encoded antibiotic resistance genes...
October 10, 2018: MSphere
Cameron J Reid, Matthew Z DeMaere, Steven P Djordjevic
We recently identified clonal complex 10 (CC10) Escherichia coli as the predominant clonal group in two populations of healthy Australian food-production pigs. CC10 are highly successful, colonizing humans, food-production animals, fresh produce and environmental niches. Furthermore, E. coli within CC10 are frequently drug resistant and increasingly reported as human and animal extra-intestinal pathogens. In order to develop a high-resolution global phylogeny and determine the repertoire of antimicrobial-resistance genes, virulence-associated genes and plasmid types within this clonal group, we downloaded 228 publicly available CC10 short-read genome sequences for comparison with 20 porcine CC10 we have previously described...
October 10, 2018: Microbial Genomics
Mariana Blanco Massani, Jochen Klumpp, Madeleine Widmer, Christian Speck, Marc Nisple, Rainer Lehmann, Markus Schuppler
The rise of antibiotic resistance in pathogenic bacteria is endangering the efficacy of antibiotics, which consequently results in greater use of silver as a biocide. Chromosomal mapping of the Cus system or plasmid encoded Sil system and their relationship with silver resistance was studied for several gram-negative bacteria. However, only few reports investigated silver detoxification mediated by the Sil system integrated in Escherichia coli chromosome. Accordingly, this work aimed to study the Sil system in E...
October 4, 2018: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
Maryam Boshtam, Seddigheh Asgary, Ilnaz Rahimmanesh, Shirin Kouhpayeh, Jamal Naderi, Zahra Hejazi, Hoda Mohammad-Dezashibi, Ina Laura Pieper, Hossein Khanahmad
Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1/CCL2) is a protein that is secreted immediately upon endothelial injury, and thereby it plays a key role in inflammation via recruitment of leucocytes to the site of inflammation at the beginning and throughout the inflammatory processes. Aim of this study was to develop two separate cell lines displaying either human MCP-1 (HMCP-1) or rabbit MCP-1 (RMCP-1) on their surface. A DNA fragment containing HMCP-1- or RMCP-1-encoding sequence was inserted into a pcDNA plasmid...
October 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Matthew E Falagas, Florentia Athanasaki, Georgios L Voulgaris, Nikolaos A Triarides, Konstantinos Z Vardakas
Fosfomycin has been used for the treatment of infections due to susceptible and multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria. It inhibits bacterial cell wall synthesis through a unique mechanism of action at a step prior to that inhibited by β-lactams. Fosfomycin enters the bacterium through membrane channels/transporters and inhibits MurA, which initiates peptidoglycan (PG) biosynthesis of the bacterial cell wall. Several bacteria display inherent resistance to fosfomycin mainly through MurA mutations. Acquired resistance involves, in order of decreasing frequency, modifications of membrane transporters that prevent fosfomycin from entering the bacterial cell, acquisition of plasmid-encoded genes that inactivate fosfomycin, and MurA mutations...
January 2019: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
G Royer, J W Decousser, C Branger, M Dubois, C Médigue, E Denamur, D Vallenet
Plasmid prediction may be of great interest when studying bacteria of medical importance such as Enterobacteriaceae as well as Staphylococcus aureus or Enterococcus. Indeed, many resistance and virulence genes are located on such replicons with major impact in terms of pathogenicity and spreading capacities. Beyond strain outbreak, plasmid outbreaks have been reported in particular for some extended-spectrum beta-lactamase- or carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae. Several tools are now available to explore the 'plasmidome' from whole-genome sequences with various approaches, but none of them are able to combine high sensitivity and specificity...
September 2018: Microbial Genomics
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