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Tokyo guidelines 18

Satoshi Higuchi, Shun Kohsaka, Yasuyuki Shiraishi, Toshiomi Katsuki, Yuji Nagatomo, Atsushi Mizuno, Yasumori Sujino, Takashi Kohno, Ayumi Goda, Tsutomu Yoshikawa
PURPOSE: Although guidelines recommend that patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) should be treated with renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors, the long-term efficacy of RAS inhibitors in HFrEF patients with moderate-to-severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains unclear. METHODS: The present study included consecutive patients hospitalized for acute heart failure across five Japanese teaching hospitals. The impact of RAS inhibitors on 2-year all-cause mortality was evaluated in patients with an ejection fraction ≤40% and CKD, defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <45 mL/min/1...
February 5, 2019: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Davide La Regina, Matteo Di Giuseppe, Stefano Cafarotti, Andrea Saporito, Marcello Ceppi, Francesco Mongelli, Florian Bihl, Ruben Carlo Balzarotti Canger, Antonjacopo Ferrario di Tor Vajana
INTRODUCTION: Acute cholecystitis is a common disease and a frequent cause of emergency admission to surgical wards. Evidence regarding antibiotic administration in urgent procedures is limited and remains a contentious issue. According to the Tokyo guidelines, the antibiotic administration should be guided by the severity of cholecystitis, but internationally accepted guidelines are lacking. In particular, the need to perform antibiotic therapy after laparoscopic cholecystectomy is controversial for mild and moderate acute calculous cholecystitis (Tokio I and II)...
October 16, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Andrei M Beliaev, Michael Booth, David Rowbotham, Colleen Bergin
BACKGROUND: The 2018 Tokyo guidelines for acute cholangitis (AC) use white cell count (WCC) as one of the diagnostic criteria. However, the 2018 Tokyo guidelines grading does not provide guidance for AC patients with normal WCC. In this situation, other inflammatory biomarkers also can be used to diagnose AC and grade severity, but their diagnostic values are yet undetermined. The aims of this study were to evaluate the discriminative powers of common inflammatory markers compared with WCC for diagnosing AC and to determine their diagnostic cutoff levels...
August 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Hongyan Yu, Esther Ern-Hwei Chan, Pravin Lingam, Jingwen Lee, Winston Wei Liang Woon, Jee Keem Low, Vishal G Shelat
Backgrounds/Aims: Previous studies have evaluated quality of life (QoL) in patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for cholelithiasis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate QoL after index admission LC in patients diagnosed with acute cholecystitis (AC) using the Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI) questionnaire. Methods: Patients ≥21 years admitted to Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore for AC and who underwent index admission LC between February 2015 and January 2016 were evaluated using the GIQLI questionnaire preoperatively and 30 days postoperatively...
February 2018: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
Matthew Hernandez, Brittany Murphy, Johnathan M Aho, Nadeem N Haddad, Humza Saleem, Muhammad Zeb, David S Morris, Donald H Jenkins, Martin Zielinski
BACKGROUND: Acute cholecystitis presents with heterogeneous severity. The Tokyo Guidelines 2013 is a validated method to assess cholecystitis severity, but the variables are multifactorial. The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) developed an anatomically based severity grading system for surgical diseases, including cholecystitis. Because the Tokyo Guidelines represent the gold standard to estimate acute cholecystitis severity, we wished to validate the AAST emergency general surgery scoring system and compare the performance of both systems for several patient outcomes...
April 2018: Surgery
Ping Lu, Chien-Lung Chan, Nan-Ping Yang, Nien-Tzu Chang, Kai-Biao Lin, K Robert Lai
BACKGROUND: Controversy surrounding the role of percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) is fed by the absence of large amounts of data concerning its outcomes, and many authors have maintained that there is no evidence to support a recommendation for PC rather than cholecystectomy (CCS) in elderly or critically ill patients with acute cholecystitis (AC). METHODS: We conducted this study by tracking trends in the utilization and outcomes of PC and CCS using longitudinal health research data in Taiwan...
December 7, 2017: BMC Surgery
Harumi Gomi, Joseph S Solomkin, David Schlossberg, Kohji Okamoto, Tadahiro Takada, Steven M Strasberg, Tomohiko Ukai, Itaru Endo, Yukio Iwashita, Taizo Hibi, Henry A Pitt, Naohisa Matsunaga, Yoriyuki Takamori, Akiko Umezawa, Koji Asai, Kenji Suzuki, Ho-Seong Han, Tsann-Long Hwang, Yasuhisa Mori, Yoo-Seok Yoon, Wayne Shih-Wei Huang, Giulio Belli, Christos Dervenis, Masamichi Yokoe, Seiki Kiriyama, Takao Itoi, Palepu Jagannath, O James Garden, Fumihiko Miura, Eduardo de Santibañes, Satoru Shikata, Yoshinori Noguchi, Keita Wada, Goro Honda, Avinash Nivritti Supe, Masahiro Yoshida, Toshihiko Mayumi, Dirk J Gouma, Daniel J Deziel, Kui-Hin Liau, Miin-Fu Chen, Keng-Hao Liu, Cheng-Hsi Su, Angus C W Chan, Dong-Sup Yoon, In-Seok Choi, Eduard Jonas, Xiao-Ping Chen, Sheung Tat Fan, Chen-Guo Ker, Mariano Eduardo Giménez, Seigo Kitano, Masafumi Inomata, Shuntaro Mukai, Ryota Higuchi, Koichi Hirata, Kazuo Inui, Yoshinobu Sumiyama, Masakazu Yamamoto
Antimicrobial therapy is a mainstay of the management for patients with acute cholangitis and/or cholecystitis. The Tokyo Guidelines 2018 (TG18) provides recommendations for the appropriate use of antimicrobials for community-acquired and healthcare-associated infections. The listed agents are for empirical therapy provided before the infecting isolates are identified. Antimicrobial agents are listed by class-definitions and TG18 severity grade I, II, and III subcategorized by clinical settings. In the era of emerging and increasing antimicrobial resistance, monitoring and updating local antibiograms is underscored...
January 2018: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
M Bouassida, M F Chtourou, H Charrada, S Zribi, L Hamzaoui, M M Mighri, H Touinsi
BACKGROUND: The relationship between the severity assessment of acute cholecystitis based on the Tokyo Guidelines and the risk for conversion from laparoscopic surgery to open surgery has been assessed in few previous reports, with conflicting results. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with acute cholecystitis within a single system from 2010 to 2013 was performed. The diagnosis and severity of acute cholecystitis were assigned by the Tokyo Guidelines 2013 (TG13)...
September 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
Kyoko Nomura, Michiko Kido, Ayumi Tanabe, Kengo Nagashima, Shinichi Takenoshita, Kazumichi Ando
This study aims to compare the US Institute of Medicine (IOM) and Japanese guidelines proposed by the Ministry and the Japan Society for the Study of Obesity on gestational weight gain (GWG), and to explore the optimal GWG range in Japanese women. We investigated 8,152 Japanese women who had full-term singleton babies between 2010 and 2013 at a single center in Tokyo. Logistic regression models showed that GWG below the recommendation of the IOM and Japanese guidelines was similarly associated with an increased risk of light-for-date (LFD), whereas GWG above these guidelines was similarly associated with an increased risk of heavy-for-date (HFD) in pre-pregnancy body mass index categories of underweight (<18...
May 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
Hiroki Ueda, Daisuke Ban, Atsushi Kudo, Takanori Ochiai, Shinji Tanaka, Minoru Tanabe
BACKGROUND: Postoperative cholangitis is one of the major late complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), and recurrent cholangitis has a negative impact on patients' quality of life. However, detailed reports are scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical features of postoperative cholangitis after PD. METHODS: Between January 2007 and December 2013, 155 consecutive patients underwent PD. Of these, 113 patients were included in this study...
July 2017: World Journal of Surgery
Alexander C Schwed, Monica M Boggs, Xuan-Binh D Pham, Drew M Watanabe, Michael C Bermudez, Amy H Kaji, Dennis Y Kim, David S Plurad, Darin J Saltzman, Christian de Virgilio
Importance: Acute cholangitis (AC), particularly severe AC, has historically required urgent endoscopic decompression, although the timing of decompression is controversial. We previously identified 2 admission risk factors for adverse outcomes in AC: total bilirubin level greater than 10 mg/dL and white blood cell count greater than 20 000 cells/µL. Objectives: To validate previously identified prognostic factors in AC, evaluate the effect of timing of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography on clinical outcomes, and compare recent experience with AC vs an historical cohort...
November 1, 2016: JAMA Surgery
Yuichi Takano, Masatsugu Nagahama, Naotaka Maruoka, Eiichi Yamamura, Nobuyuki Ohike, Tomoko Norose, Hiroshi Takahashi
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Gallstone impaction at the ampulla of Vater is a critical condition, and the standard treatment is endoscopic papillotomy. However, the clinical features remain largely unclear, and some patients are reluctant to undergo papillotomy because of a bleeding tendency. The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical features of gallstone impaction at the ampulla of Vater and to examine the effectiveness of endoscopic biliary drainage without papillotomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively examined 30 patients who had undergone endoscopic treatment for gallstone impaction at the ampulla of Vater between 2010 and 2015...
July 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Margaux Herpol, Katrien Lanckmans, Stefaan Van Neyghem, Pascale Clement, Stefanie Crevits, Kim De Crem, Frans K Gorus, Ilse Weets
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the Bio-Rad (Irvine, CA) D-100 and the Sebia (Lisses, France) Capillarys 3 Tera for the measurement of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in venous blood samples. METHODS: Whole-blood samples and control material were analyzed with the D-100 and Capillarys 3 Tera and compared with our routine method, HLC-723G7 (Tosoh, Tokyo, Japan). An evaluation protocol to test precision, trueness, linearity, carryover, and selectivity was set up according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute guidelines...
July 2016: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
Ryo Naito, Katsumi Miyauchi, Hirokazu Konishi, Shuta Tsuboi, Manabu Ogita, Tomotaka Dohi, Takatoshi Kasai, Hiroshi Tamura, Shinya Okazaki, Kikuo Isoda, Hiroyuki Daida
AIM: Current Japanese guidelines state the target level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) of <100mg/dL for secondary prevention of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, this level was set considering the results of trials mainly conducted in Western countries. In addition, the effect of achieving target LDL-C on secondary prevention is unknown. METHODS: We examined the effects of achieving target LDL-C on clinical outcomes. Patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention at Juntendo University Hospital (Tokyo, Japan) from 2004 to 2010 and received follow-up coronary angiography (CAG) were analyzed...
2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Yukinori Ikegami, Shun Kohsaka, Hiroaki Miyata, Ikuko Ueda, Jun Fuse, Munehisa Sakamoto, Yasuyuki Shiraishi, Yohei Numasawa, Koji Negishi, Iwao Nakamura, Yuichiro Maekawa, Yukihiko Momiyama, Keiichi Fukuda
BACKGROUND: Preprocedural dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) has been shown to improve outcomes; however, the efficacy of the procedure and its complications in Japanese patients remain largely unexplored, so we examined the risks and benefits of DAPT before PCI and its association with in-hospital outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed data from patients who had undergone PCI at 12 centers within the metropolitan Tokyo area between September 2008 and September 2013...
2015: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
Qingqiang Ni, Dongbo Chen, Rui Xu, Dong Shang
To evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGD) for high-risk elderly patients with acute cholecystitis.Retrospective analysis of 159 acute cholecystitis patients who were admitted to General Surgery Division III of the First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University between January 2005 and November 2012. A total of 123 patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), and 36 received only PTGD treatment. The LC patients were divided into 3 groups based on their preoperative treatment: group A, emergency patients (33 patients); group B (26 patients), patients who were treated with PTGD prior to LC; and group C (64 patients), patients who received nonsurgical treatment prior to LC...
August 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
Esin Kabul Gurbulak, Bunyamin Gurbulak, Ismail Ethem Akgun, Yigit Duzkoylu, Muharrem Battal, Mustafa Fevzi Celayir, Uygar Demir
BACKGROUND: Acute cholecystitis is the most common complication of gallbladder stones. Today, Tokyo guidelines criteria are recommended for diagnosis, grading, and management of acute cholecystitis. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) at different cut-off values to predict the severity of the disease and its possible role in grading the disease with regard to the guideline. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study, analyzing 682 cases out of consecutive 892 patients with acute cholecystitis admitted to two different general surgery clinics in Istanbul, Turkey...
April 2015: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Javier Sola-Vera, Rubén Cuesta, Francisco Uceda, Elena Morillo, Estefania Pérez, María Dolores Picó, Jesús Sáez, Eva Girona, Lidia Buendía, Marifé García-Sepulcre
BACKGROUND: Optical diagnostic involves predicting polyp histopathology from its endoscopic characteristics. It is only recommended for diminutive polyps ( < or = 5 mm) and for predictions made with high confidence. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the accuracy of optical imaging in clinical practice and to assess if optical diagnosis is useful for predicting future colonoscopy surveillance intervals without waiting for histopathological analysis. METHODS: consecutive > 18 years patients were enrolled in this prospective study...
May 2015: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
David Fuks, Pierre Duhaut, Francois Mauvais, Marc Pocard, Vincent Haccart, Jean-Christophe Paquet, Bertrand Millat, Simon Msika, Igor Sielezneff, Michel Scotté, Denis Chatelain, Jean Marc Regimbeau
OBJECTIVES: To compare the demographic characteristics and intra- and postoperative outcomes in elderly adults (≥75) with those of younger adults undergoing early (<5 days after onset of complaints) cholecystectomy. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis from May 2010 to August 2012. SETTING: Randomized, multicenter, clinical trial (ABCAL Study, NCT01015417). PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with mild or moderate acute calculous cholecystitis (ACC) according to the Tokyo Guidelines (N=414; n=78 aged 75-94, median 82; n=336 aged 18-74, median 49)...
May 2015: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Koji Asai, Manabu Watanabe, Shinya Kusachi, Hiroshi Matsukiyo, Tomoaki Saito, Hajime Kodama, Takaharu Kiribayashi, Toshiyuki Enomoto, Yoichi Nakamura, Yasushi Okamoto, Yoshihisa Saida, Jiro Nagao
PURPOSE: The aim of this retrospective study was to identify the risk factors associated with the severity characteristics in the Tokyo guidelines for conversion to open surgery in patients with acute cholecystitis (AC) who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: A total of 225 patients were enrolled in the study. The patients were classified into two groups: a conversion group and a no-conversion group. The preoperative characteristics and therapeutic strategy were analyzed as risk factors for conversion to open surgery...
December 2014: Surgery Today
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