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P R Mulieri, M S Olea, L D Patitucci, M Battán-Horenstein
Abundance of sarcosaprophagous Calyptratae species was monitored by using baited traps and active captures with hand net. Analysis of field data collected in three protected areas in the Valdivian temperate forest of South America (Lanín National Park, Lago Puelo National Park, and Los Alerces National Park) indicated that bottle traps baited with putrescine is a reliable method to estimate local abundance of sarcosaprophagous species by comparison to the active capture method. Also, we describe and compare general patterns of sex bias for four dominant species: Sarconesia magellanica (Le Guillou), Calliphora vicina Robineau-Desvoidy, Microcerella spinigena (Rondani), and Oxysarcodexia varia (Walker)...
August 29, 2018: Journal of Medical Entomology
Y C Hoe, M Gibernau, S Y Wong
Field studies integrating pollination investigations with an assessment of floral scent composition and thermogenesis in tropical aroids are rather few. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the pollination biology of nine species belonging to Schismatoglottis Calyptrata Complex Clade. The flowering mechanism, visiting insect activities, reproductive system, thermogenesis and floral scent composition were examined. Anthesis for all species started at dawn and lasted 25-29 h. Colocasiomyia (Diptera, Drosophilidae) are considered the main pollinators for all the investigated species...
May 2018: Plant Biology
Pierfilippo Cerretti, John O Stireman, Thomas Pape, James E O'Hara, Marco A T Marinho, Knut Rognes, David A Grimaldi
Calyptrate flies include about 22,000 extant species currently classified into Hippoboscoidea (tsetse, louse, and bat flies), the muscoid grade (house flies and relatives) and the Oestroidea (blow flies, bot flies, flesh flies, and relatives). Calyptrates are abundant in nearly all terrestrial ecosystems, often playing key roles as decomposers, parasites, parasitoids, vectors of pathogens, and pollinators. For oestroids, the most diverse group within calyptrates, definitive fossils have been lacking. The first unambiguous fossil of Oestroidea is described based on a specimen discovered in amber from the Dominican Republic...
2017: PloS One
M S Olea, L D Patitucci, J C Mariluis, M Alderete, P R Mulieri
The aim of the present study was to compare three different collecting methods, namely, baited traps, active capture with hand net, and Malaise traps, to establish which method is more appropriate for sampling different Calyptratae guilds inhabiting temperate forests of South America. Specifically, it was analyzed which technique or combination of techniques is more adequate for obtaining sarcosaprophagous Calyptratae, which are of great interest from a veterinary and medical viewpoint. Taxa were classified into guilds according to their biology...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
Taciano Moura Barbosa, Rodrigo Felipe Rodrigues Carmo, Leonardo Pereira Silva, Raissa Guerra Sales, Simao Dias Vasconcelos
Sandy beaches are among the most impacted ecosystems worldwide, and the effects of urbanization on the biodiversity of these habitats are largely unknown, particularly in Brazil. We investigated the composition and structure of assemblages of sarcosaprophagous insects (Diptera: Calliphoridae, Sarcophagidae, and Muscidae) on six sandy beaches exposed to differential levels of human impact in Pernambuco State, Brazil. In total, 20,672 adults of 40 species were collected, of which 70% were Calliphoridae. Sarcophagidae had the highest diversity with 26 species of nine genera...
June 1, 2017: Environmental Entomology
Gisele Antoniazzi Cardoso, Marco Antonio Tonus Marinho, Raquel Dietsche Monfardini, Ana Maria Lima de Azeredo Espin, Tatiana Teixeira Torres
BACKGROUND: The genotype-phenotype interactions among traits governing feeding preference are of fundamental importance to behavioral genetics and evolutionary biology. The genetic basis of behavioral traits has been explored in different taxa using different approaches. However, the complex nature of the genetic mechanisms undergirding behavior is poorly understood. Here, we present an evolutionary study of candidate genes related to parasitism in Calliphoridae (Diptera: Calyptratae)...
2016: PeerJ
Daichi Kato, Takuji Tachi
The Japanese species of the family Rhinophoridae are revised. Melanophora roralis (Linnaeus) is newly recorded from Japan and is hypothesized as having been introduced to the country; one species, Acompomintho itoshimensis sp. nov., is described as new. Images of the habitus, wing and male terminalia are provided for all four Japanese species, together with an identification key and a map showing their distribution.
August 26, 2016: Zootaxa
Xian-Hui Liu, Jia-Jia Liu, Xin-Yu Li, Dong Zhang
Scathophaga stercoraria (Linnaeus, 1758) is a well-established insect model species involved in numerous investigations on behavior, biology, phylogeny, genetics and evolution. The antennal sensilla of S. stercoraria are examined via scanning electron microscopy in order to emphasize their importance on taxonomy and phylogeny. On antennal scape and pedicel, both microtrichiae and several sharp-tipped mechanoreceptors are observed, while another two structures, setiferous plaques and pedicellar button, are also detected on antennal pedicel...
January 21, 2016: Zootaxa
Marta Wolff, Diana Grisales, Silvio S Nihei
Scathophagidae (Diptera, Calyptratae) is an uncommon group of flies. In Colombia there was no scientific record of this family until now. In this paper we report for the first time the genus Scatogera and the species S. primogenita Albuquerque, collected over 3000m. and previously collected in Ecuador.
June 14, 2016: Zootaxa
Benny Lemaire, Samson B M Chimphango, Charles Stirton, Suhail Rafudeen, Olivier Honnay, Erik Smets, Wen-Ming Chen, Janet Sprent, Euan K James, A Muthama Muasya
UNLABELLED: Rhizobia of the genus Burkholderia have large-scale distribution ranges and are usually associated with South African papilionoid and South American mimosoid legumes, yet little is known about their genetic structuring at either local or global geographic scales. To understand variation at different spatial scales, from individual legumes in the fynbos (South Africa) to a global context, we analyzed chromosomal (16S rRNA, recA) and symbiosis (nifH, nodA, nodC) gene sequences...
September 1, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Dong Zhang, Liping Yan, Ming Zhang, Hongjun Chu, Jie Cao, Kai Li, Defu Hu, Thomas Pape
The complete mitogenome of the horse stomach bot fly Gasterophilus pecorum (Fabricius) and a near-complete mitogenome of Wohlfahrt's wound myiasis fly Wohlfahrtia magnifica (Schiner) were sequenced. The mitogenomes contain the typical 37 mitogenes found in metazoans, organized in the same order and orientation as in other cyclorrhaphan Diptera. Phylogenetic analyses of mitogenomes from 38 calyptrate taxa with and without two non-calyptrate outgroups were performed using Bayesian Inference and Maximum Likelihood...
2016: International Journal of Biological Sciences
Benny Lemaire, Jannick Van Cauwenberghe, Brecht Verstraete, Samson Chimphango, Charles Stirton, Olivier Honnay, Erik Smets, Janet Sprent, Euan K James, A Muthama Muasya
The South African Fynbos soils are renowned for nitrogen-fixing Burkholderia associated with diverse papilionoid legumes of the tribes Crotalarieae, Hypocalypteae, Indigofereae, Phaseoleae and Podalyrieae. However, despite numerous rhizobial studies in the region, the symbiotic diversity of Burkholderia has not been investigated in relation to a specific host legume and its geographical provenance. This study analyzed the diversity of nodulating strains of Burkholderia from the legume species Podalyria calyptrata...
February 2016: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
P R Mulieri, L D Patitucci, M S Olea
The aim of the present study was to explore the response behavior of males and females of different families of Calyptratae (Diptera) to two different baits (rotten liver and feces) as separate attractants. We describe the sex bias toward these baits for species of Calliphoridae, Muscidae, and Sarcophagidae and compare the general patterns of this sex bias according to the family or trophic guild. In total, 15 species of Sarcophagidae, 10 species of Muscidae, and 9 species of Calliphoridae were analyzed. A female-biased pattern was observed for most calliphorids and for all muscids, whereas a male-biased pattern was more frequent among sarcophagids...
May 2015: Journal of Medical Entomology
M Pezzi, R Cultrera, M Chicca, M Leis
A scanning electron microscopy study of the third larval instar of Cordylobia rodhaini Gedoelst (Diptera: Calliphoridae), causing obligatory furuncular myiasis, is presented here for the first time. The larvae were collected from a patient exposed to them in the tropical rainforest of Kibale National Park (Uganda). Distinctive features are described in sequence from the anterior region to the posterior region, highlighting the morphological features of antennae, maxillary palps, structures related to mouth opening, sensory structures, thoracic and abdominal spines, and anterior and posterior spiracles...
May 2015: Journal of Medical Entomology
Shuangmei Ding, Xuankun Li, Ning Wang, Stephen L Cameron, Meng Mao, Yuyu Wang, Yuqiang Xi, Ding Yang
Muscoidea is a significant dipteran clade that includes house flies (Family Muscidae), latrine flies (F. Fannidae), dung flies (F. Scathophagidae) and root maggot flies (F. Anthomyiidae). It is comprised of approximately 7000 described species. The monophyly of the Muscoidea and the precise relationships of muscoids to the closest superfamily the Oestroidea (blow flies, flesh flies etc) are both unresolved. Until now mitochondrial (mt) genomes were available for only two of the four muscoid families precluding a thorough test of phylogenetic relationships using this data source...
2015: PloS One
Thomas Pape, Paul Beuk, Adrian Charles Pont, Anatole I Shatalkin, Andrey L Ozerov, Andrzej J Woźnica, Bernhard Merz, Cezary Bystrowski, Chris Raper, Christer Bergström, Christian Kehlmaier, David K Clements, David Greathead, Elena Petrovna Kameneva, Emilia Nartshuk, Frederik T Petersen, Gisela Weber, Gerhard Bächli, Fritz Geller-Grimm, Guy Van de Weyer, Hans-Peter Tschorsnig, Herman de Jong, Jan-Willem van Zuijlen, Jaromír Vaňhara, Jindřich Roháček, Joachim Ziegler, József Majer, Karel Hůrka, Kevin Holston, Knut Rognes, Lita Greve-Jensen, Lorenzo Munari, Marc de Meyer, Marc Pollet, Martin C D Speight, Martin John Ebejer, Michel Martinez, Miguel Carles-Tolrá, Mihály Földvári, Milan Chvála, Miroslav Barták, Neal L Evenhuis, Peter J Chandler, Pierfilippo Cerretti, Rudolf Meier, Rudolf Rozkosny, Sabine Prescher, Stephen D Gaimari, Tadeusz Zatwarnicki, Theo Zeegers, Torsten Dikow, Valery A Korneyev, Vera Andreevna Richter, Verner Michelsen, Vitali N Tanasijtshuk, Wayne N Mathis, Zdravko Hubenov, Yde de Jong
Fauna Europaea provides a public web-service with an index of scientific names (including important synonyms) of all extant multicellular European terrestrial and freshwater animals and their geographical distribution at the level of countries and major islands (east of the Urals and excluding the Caucasus region). The Fauna Europaea project comprises about 230,000 taxonomic names, including 130,000 accepted species and 14,000 accepted subspecies, which is much more than the originally projected number of 100,000 species...
2015: Biodiversity Data Journal
D Zhang, X H Liu, X Y Li, J Cao, H J Chu, K Li
Melophagus ovinus (Linnaeus 1758), Hippobosca equina Linnaeus, 1758, and Hippobosca longipennis Fabricius, 1805 (Diptera: Hippoboscidae) are economically and medically important ectoparasites that can act as mechanic vectors of pathogens and cause myiasis in both human and domestic animals. As essential olfactory organs, antennae of these adult hippoboscids were examined using stereoscopic and scanning electron microscopes. General morphology of the antenna is provided in detail, combined with distribution, types, size, and ultrastructures of antennal sensilla...
May 2015: Parasitology Research
Luciano Damián Patitucci, Pablo Ricardo Mulieri, M Cecilia Domínguez, Juan Carlos Mariluis
The type material of species of Calyptratae Diptera belonging to Anthomyiidae, Calliphoridae, Fanniidae, Muscidae, Sarcophagidae, and Tachinidae, housed in the collections of non-traditional institutions in Argentina were examined. These collections were included in the recently created "Sistema Nacional de Datos Biológicos" (National Biological Data System). We examined four collections: "Administración Nacional de Laboratorios e Institutos de Salud 'Dr. Carlos G. Malbrán'" (ANLIS), "Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Castelar, Buenos Aires" (INTA), "Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas" (IADIZA); and "Fundación Félix de Azara" (CFA)...
2015: Zootaxa
Daniela Sint, Bettina Niederklapfer, Ruediger Kaufmann, Michael Traugott
The applicability of species-specific primers to study feeding interactions is restricted to those ecosystems where the targeted prey species occur. Therefore, group-specific primer pairs, targeting higher taxonomic levels, are often desired to investigate interactions in a range of habitats that do not share the same species but the same groups of prey. Such primers are also valuable to study the diet of generalist predators when next generation sequencing approaches cannot be applied beneficially. Moreover, due to the large range of prey consumed by generalists, it is impossible to investigate the breadth of their diet with species-specific primers, even if multiplexing them...
2014: PloS One
Pravin M Maistry, A Muthama Muasya, Alex J Valentine, Samson B M Chimphango
Podalyria calyptrata is from fynbos soils with low availability of phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N). We investigated the physiological basis for tolerance of low P supply in nodulated P. calyptrata and examined responses to increased supply of combined-N as Ca(NO3)2 and P. It was hypothesized that increasing supply of combined-N would stimulate P-acquisition mechanisms and enhance plant growth with high P supply. Biomass, leaf [N] and [P], organic acid and phosphatase root exudates, and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC) and malate dehydrogenase (MDH) activity in nodules and roots were examined in two N×P experiments...
February 1, 2015: Journal of Plant Physiology
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