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Resistance training low back pain

Erika Zemková, Oliver Poór, Juraj Pecho
This study investigates the relationship between peak force and rate of force development (RFD) obtained from maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVC) of the back muscles and the power produced during a loaded lifting task. A group of 27 resistance-trained and 41 recreationally physically active men performed a maximal isometric strength test of the back muscles and a deadlift to high pull while lifting progressively increasing weights. Peak RFD correlated significantly with the peak and mean power produced during a deadlift to high pull with lower weights (from 20 to 40 kg), with r values ranging from ...
January 2019: American Journal of Men's Health
Venerina Johnston, Elise M Gane, Wendy Brown, Bill Vicenzino, Genevieve N Healy, Nicholas Gilson, Michelle D Smith
The aim of this study was to compare the feasibility and impact of sit-stand workstations plus advice, with or without exercise, on back pain and sitting time in office workers at risk of low back pain (LBP). Eligible participants (n = 29/169; 17% overall) were randomized to receive a sit-stand workstation and advice with (n = 16) or without (n = 13) progressive resistance exercise training for 4-weeks. Feasibility (recruitment, acceptability, adherence) and impact (LBP severity during a standardized standing task, workplace-sitting time) were assessed...
April 2019: Applied Ergonomics
Christian Than, Llion Roberts, Brooke K Coombes, Danijel Tosovic, J Mark Brown
PURPOSE: This study investigated whether laser displacement mechanomyography (MMG) could detect acute injury of low back muscles following strenuous eccentric exercise. METHODS: Sixteen healthy adults (10 females, 6 males, mean ± standard deviation, age 21 ± 2.90 years, BMI 21.63 ± 1.99 kg/m2 ), without low back pain or low back resistance training, were recruited. Strength [maximum voluntary isometric contraction force (MVC)], pain intensity [visual analogue scale (VAS)], biological markers of muscle injury (serum myoglobin and creatine kinase levels), and MMG-derived muscle contractile properties were measured at seven different time points...
January 8, 2019: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Alexandre Henrique Nowotny, Mariene Guizeline Calderon, Pablo Albuquerque de Souza, Andreo Fernando Aguiar, Guillaume Léonard, Bruno Mazziotti Oliveira Alves, Cesar Ferreira Amorim, Rubens Alexandre da Silva
Background: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is an important disorder in athletes that may negatively affect their performance in competitions. The literature usually recommends physiotherapy based on exercises for back pain management in athletes. Recent evidence suggests that interventions based on lumbar muscle stabilisation exercises (LMSE) and back endurance-resistance exercises (BERE) may improve back pain and function performance. However, it is still unclear which type of exercise is more effective for the treatment of CLBP in athletes...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
James P Fisher, Charlotte Stuart, James Steele, Paulo Gentil, Jürgen Giessing
Objectives: Muscles dominant in type I muscle fibres, such as the lumbar extensors, are often trained using lighter loads and higher repetition ranges. However, literature suggests that similar strength adaptations can be attained by the use of both heavier- (HL) and lighter-load (LL) resistance training across a number of appendicular muscle groups. Furthermore, LL resistance exercise to momentary failure might result in greater discomfort. Design: The aims of the present study were to compare strength adaptations, as well as perceptual responses of effort (RPE-E) and discomfort (RPE-D), to isolated lumbar extension (ILEX) exercise using HL (80% of maximum voluntary contraction; MVC) and LL (50% MVC) in healthy males and females...
2018: PeerJ
Kengo Shimozaki, Junsuke Nakase, Katsuhito Yoshioka, Yasushi Takata, Kazuki Asai, Katsuhiko Kitaoka, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
PURPOSE: The purpose of this three-year cohort study was to assess the incidence rates and characteristics of abnormal lumbar findings and low back pain (LBP) in child and adolescent weightlifting athletes using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and medical questionnaires. This study evaluated subclinical sports injuries, which in turn may help prevent competition-specific injuries and improve performance levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2014 and 2016, twelve participants who had been competing in weightlifting events for at least 2 years were enrolled in this study...
2018: PloS One
Wiliam Eliassen, Atle Hole Saeterbakken, Roland van den Tillaar
Purpose/Background: Bilateral squats are commonly used in lower body strength training programs, while unilateral squats are mainly used as additional or rehabilitative exercises. Little has been reported regarding the kinetics, kinematics and muscle activation in unilateral squats in comparison to bilateral squats. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare muscle activity, kinetics, and barbell kinematics between unilateral and bilateral squats with the same external load per leg in experienced resistance-trained participants...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Michael A Wewege, John Booth, Belinda J Parmenter
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis compared progressive aerobic training (PAT) to progressive resistance training (PRT) for pain, disability and quality of life (QoL) in people with chronic non-specific low back pain (CNSLBP). METHODS: Five electronic databases were systematically searched up to 1 March 2016. Randomised controlled trials included land-based PAT, PRT or combined PRT and PAT, versus usual care for CNSLBP. Exercise interventions were supervised a minimum of once per week and performed ⩾ 2 days/week for ⩾ 6 weeks...
2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Vegard Moe Iversen, Ottar Vasseljen, Paul Jarle Mork, Ida Reitan Berthelsen, Janne-Birgitte Bloch Børke, Gro Falkener Berheussen, Anne Therese Tveter, Øyvind Salvesen, Marius Steiro Fimland
Introduction: Chronic low back pain (LBP) is a major health problem worldwide. Multidisciplinary rehabilitation and exercise is recommended for the management of chronic LBP. However, there is a need to investigate effective exercise interventions that is available in clinics and as home-based training on a large scale. This article presents the design and rationale of the first randomized clinical trial investigating the effects of progressive resistance training with elastic bands in addition to multidisciplinary rehabilitation for patients with moderate to severe chronic LBP...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
V M Iversen, O Vasseljen, P J Mork, S Gismervik, G F Bertheussen, Ø Salvesen, M S Fimland
Multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation has been recommended for chronic low back pain (LBP), including physical exercise. However, which exercise modality that is most advantageous in multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation is unclear. In this study, we investigated whether multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation could be more effective in reducing pain-related disability when general physical exercise was replaced by strength training in the form of progressive resistance training using elastic resistance bands...
September 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Jonas Verbrugghe, Anouk Agten, Bert O Eijnde, Enzo Olivieri, Xavier Huybrechts, Henk Seelen, Frank Vandenabeele, Annick Timmermans
BACKGROUND: Although low to moderate intensity exercise therapy is a predominant part of rehabilitation in nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP), effect sizes are small and optimal exercise modalities/intensities are unclear. Conversely, effects of high intensity training have not yet been investigated in this population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility of high intensity training (HIT) and to explore the magnitude of the effects of a HIT program on exercise capacity and disease related outcome measures compared to conventional therapy for persons with NSCLBP...
2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Patrick J OʼConnor, Mélanie S Poudevigne, Kristen E Johnson, Juliana Brito de Araujo, Christie L Ward-Ritacco
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to test whether the adoption of twice weekly, low-to-moderate intensity resistance training during weeks 22 to 34 of pregnancy can improve quality of life and mood. METHODS: A parallel-group trial was conducted. Women in their second trimester (N = 134) were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of wait list, bimonthly pregnancy education classes, or twice weekly low-to-moderate intensity resistance training. Resistance training involved one abdominal exercise with no external load and five exercises (leg extension, leg press, arm lat pull, leg curl, and lumbar extension) with an external load that gradually progressed, and the total active exercise time during each exercise session was approximately 17 minutes...
April 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
Wacław M Adamczyk, Kerstin Luedtke, Oskar Saulicz, Edward Saulicz
Patients with chronic low back pain often report that they do not perceive their painful back accurately. Previous studies confirmed that sensory dissociation and/or discrepancy between perceived body image and actual size is one of the specific traits of patients with chronic pain. Current approaches for measuring sensory dissociation are limited to two-point-discrimination or rely on pain drawings not allowing for quantitative analysis. This case study reports the sensory dissociation of two cases with chronic low back pain using a recently published test (point-to-point-test (PTP)) and a newly developed test (two-point-estimation (TPE))...
August 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Joseph G Wasser, Daniel C Herman, MaryBeth Horodyski, Jason L Zaremski, Brady Tripp, Phillip Page, Kevin R Vincent, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Atraumatic lower limb amputation is a life-changing event for approximately 185,000 persons in the United States each year. A unilateral amputation is associated with rapid changes to the musculoskeletal system including leg and back muscle atrophy, strength loss, gait asymmetries, differential mechanical joint loading and leg length discrepancies. Even with high-quality medical care and prostheses, amputees still develop secondary musculoskeletal conditions such as chronic low back pain (LBP)...
December 29, 2017: Trials
James Steele, Stewart Bruce-Low, Dave Smith, David Jessop, Neil Osborne
OBJECTIVE: Loss of disc height is commonly associated with chronic low back pain (CLBP). Isolated lumbar extension (ILEX) exercise for the lumbar extensors is recommended to treat CLBP and is suggested such exercise might promote disc healing and regeneration. This study examined a 12-week ILEX intervention on indirect determination of disc height and shrinkage through seated stadiometry, strength, pain, and disability. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental wait-list controlled design was used...
February 1, 2017: Cartilage
James Steele, James Fisher, Stewart Bruce-Low, Dave Smith, Neil Osborne, Dave Newell
Strengthening the lumbar extensor musculature is a common recommendation for chronic low back pain (CLBP). Although reported as effective, variability in response in CLBP populations is not well investigated. This study investigated variability in responsiveness to isolated lumbar extension (ILEX) resistance training in CLBP participants by retrospective analysis of three previous randomized controlled trials. Data from 77 participants were available for the intervention arms (males = 43, females = 34) 37 participants data (males = 20, females = 17) from the control arms...
October 16, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Juan M Cortell-Tormo, Pablo Tercedor Sánchez, Ivan Chulvi-Medrano, Juan Tortosa-Martínez, Carmen Manchado-López, Salvador Llana-Belloch, Pedro Pérez-Soriano
BACKGROUND: Exercise is important as adjuvant in the chronic low back pain (CLBP) treatment. Functional training could involve benefits for low back pain (LBP) patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a 12-week period of functional resistance training on health-related quality of life (HRQOL), disability, body pain, and physical fitness in CLBP females. METHODS: Nineteen females CLBP were recruited according to Paris Task Force on Back Pain criteria...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Viktória Kovácsné Bobály, Brigitta Szilágyi, Alexandra Makai, Ákos Koller, Melinda Járomi
INTRODUCTION: Ballet dancers often suffer from low back pain. AIM: Low back pain can be reduced by strengthening the core muscles with the help of a special exercise program. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the study 62 ballet dancer women (average age: 14.89 ± 1.21 years) were included. Intervention group: n = 30 participant, average age: 14.86 ± 1.00 years, control group: n = 32 participant, average age: 14.91 ± 1.37 years. We examined the pain intensity that occurs during training with visual analog scale, the habitual posture with photogrammetry, the abdominal muscle strength with Kraus-Weber test, the static muscle strength of the trunk muscles with core test and the lumbar motor control with leg lowering test...
January 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
Neil Welch, Kieran Moran, Joseph Antony, Chris Richter, Brendan Marshall, Joe Coyle, Eanna Falvey, Andrew Franklyn-Miller
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal conditions in the world. Many exercise treatment options exist but few interventions have utilised free-weight resistance training. To investigate the effects of a free-weight-based resistance training intervention on pain and lumbar fat infiltration in those with chronic low back pain. METHODS: Thirty participants entered the study, 11 females (age=39.6±12.4 years, height=164 cm±5.3 cm, body mass=70...
2015: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
John M Mayer, John D Childs, Brett D Neilson, Henian Chen, Shane L Koppenhaver, William S Quillen
OBJECTIVES: Low back pain is common, costly, and disabling for active duty military personnel and veterans. The evidence is unclear on which management approaches are most effective. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of lumbar extensor high-intensity progressive resistance exercise (HIPRE) training versus control on improving lumbar extension muscular strength and core muscular endurance in soldiers. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with active duty U...
November 2016: Military Medicine
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