Read by QxMD icon Read

Abdominal trauma in child

E N Savenkova, A A Efimov
The objective of the present study was to elucidate the influence of the age of the child, its location in the passenger compartment of the vehicle, and the application of the safety seat belts on the frequency of the injuries inflicted to the children involved in the motor vehicle traffic accidents. The analysis of the relevant clinical materials has demonstrated the non-uniform influence of the factors being evaluated on the specific features of the injuries to the different parts of the children's body. The age of the child was found to have the most pronounced effect on the character of the injuries...
2019: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
En-Pei Lee, Jainn-Jim Lin, Shao-Hsuan Hsia, Oi-Wa Chan, Han-Ping Wu
BACKGROUND: Pneumatosis intestinalis and portomesenteric venous gas are usually caused by necrotizing enterocolitis; however they can occur secondary to abusive abdominal trauma with bone fractures and bruising. It is difficult to recognize initially if there is no bruising on the skin or bone fractures. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 1-year-old child with no obvious history of trauma who presented with conscious disturbance. Abdominal computed tomography showed acute ischemic bowel complicated with pneumatosis intestinalis and portomesenteric venous gas...
January 15, 2019: BMC Pediatrics
Jonathan Nguyen, Christian Bramwell, Maaz Sheikh, Crystal Koerner, Yasmin Tootla, Aviva Bashan, Omar K Danner, L Ray Matthews, Assad Taha, Ed Childs, Peter M Rhee, Bryan C Morse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Aaron J Provance, Ariel K Daoud, Alex Tagawa, Jason Rhodes
This review examines risks that accompany child and adolescent participation in downhill skiing. Falls and non-collision events were the most common mechanism of injury, but significant data implicate head injuries, blunt abdominal trauma, and spinal trauma as the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in this population. School-aged children and youth (7-14 years) are more likely to sustain an injury, compared to children (0-6 years) and older teenagers (15-17 years). Knee injuries were the most common injury, reported as 10...
2018: Research in Sports Medicine
Jonathan Nguyen, Christian Bramwell, Maaz Sheikh, Crystal Koerner, Yasmin Tootla, Aviva Bashan, Omar K Danner, L Ray Matthews, Assad Taha, Ed Childs, Peter M Rhee, Bryan C Morse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Jiri Snajdauf, Michal Rygl, Ondrej Petru, Jiri Nahlovsky, Barbora Frybova, Marianna Durilova, Vladimir Mixa, Radan Keil, Martin Kyncl, Roman Kodet, Adam Whitley
AIM OF STUDY: Duodenum-preserving resection of the pancreatic head (DPRPH) with Roux-en-Y pancreatojejunostomy is a procedure used to remove focal pathological lesions of the pancreatic head. Although predominantly used in adult patients, it is both safe and effective in children. The aim of this study was to review our experience with this procedure, with focus on its indications, complications and long-term outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of pediatric patients who underwent DPRPH between 1994 and 2015 was performed...
November 1, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
Atul Utturkar, Zhongxin Yu, Charles Lawrence
We present a case of a solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas incidentally discovered in a child who presented following sports-related abdominal trauma. This case is a unique presentation of an uncommon pancreatic tumor that posed a diagnostic dilemma to radiologists as it appeared as a hematoma by imaging and initial image-guided aspiration. Ultimately, MRI and core biopsy were needed to make the final diagnosis. This entity posed a problem during the differential diagnosis given the appearance and extenuating circumstances...
December 2018: Radiology Case Reports
Laura Carone, Rohan Ardley, Patrick Davies
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic injury is the leading cause of death in children after infancy. Almost 25% of all cyclists killed in the UK are children, and two thirds of these will die because of their head injuries. We compared the population of young people wearing helmets whilst cycling, to those admitted with serious post cycling head injuries to our paediatric critical care unit. METHOD: All children aged 0-18 years admitted to our intensive care following a bicycle accident between the years January 2011-June 2018 were identified and information on the mechanism of injury, and both immediate and long term clinical data were collected...
August 20, 2018: Injury
Jonathan Nguyen, Christian Bramwell, Maaz Sheikh, Crystal Koerner, Yasmin Tootla, Aviva Bashan, Omar K Danner, L Ray Matthews, Assad Taha, Ed Childs, Peter M Rhee, Bryan C Morse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Joanne N Wood, M Katherine Henry, Rachel P Berger, Daniel M Lindberg, James D Anderst, Lihai Song, Russell Localio, Chris Feudtner
OBJECTIVE: To describe the percentage and characteristics of children aged <24 months with non-motor vehicle crash (MVC)-related injuries who undergo a skeletal survey and have occult fractures. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of a stratified, systematic random sample of 1769 children aged <24 months with non-MVC-related bruises, burns, fractures, abdominal injuries, and head injuries at 4 children's hospitals between 2008 and 2012. Sampling weights were assigned to each child to allow for representative hospital-level population estimates...
August 16, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
Ibrahim Amadou Magagi, Oumarou Habou, Harissou Adamou, Ousseini Adakal, Mahamoud Omid Ali Ada, Hellé Moustapha, Habibou Abarchi
Diaphragm is a compliant musculoaponeurotic barrier located between thoracic and abdominal cavities. Traumatic diaphragmatic rupture is a rare clinicopathological entity. We report a case of right-sided posttraumatic hernia in a child following blunt trauma to highlight diagnostic difficulties and therapeutic specific aspects. A 10-year-old boy was admitted to the emergency surgical department with thoracic trauma following pedestrian accident. At admission a haemothorax was suspected and treated by pleural drainage...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
I Issa, V Modica Alameddine, M C Fadous Khalife, M Al Ojaimi, Z Ghorayeb
Isolated gallbladder injury, secondary to a blunt abdominal trauma, is a rare finding in children. The presence of vague symptoms and the unknown dynamic of the trauma may increase the diagnostic challenge especially in pediatrics. A conservative management has been proposed in some particular cases in adults, but remains controversial in children. We report a case of a 5 year old boy who presented an isolated gallbladder lesion secondary to a blunt abdominal trauma. The surgical treatment was delayed for non-medical reasons, which gave us the possibility to try a conservative approach...
June 2017: Trauma Case Reports
Jessica Y Ng, Jennie Gu
Acute acalculous cholecystitis is an uncommon disease in children and is usually associated with trauma, burns, and infections. Whereas acute acalculous cholecystitis is only seen in 10% of cholecystitis in adults, it is uncommon in the paediatric population. A seven-year-old male presented to the emergency department of a regional hospital with a 36-hour history of right-upper-quadrant abdominal pain. He had associated symptoms of anorexia, nausea, and vomiting. He was septic with raised white cell count and inflammatory markers...
January 20, 2018: Curēus
Laura Montoya-Sánchez, Rocío Del P Pereira-Ospina, Javier Y Pinzón-Salamanca, José M Suescún-Vargas
Pancreatitis consists in acute inflammation of the pancreas that is clinically characterized by abdominal pain. To make the diagnosis it is necessary the elevation of biochemical markers like pancreatic amylase or lipase. It is the most frequent pancreatic disease in both children and adults. Its presentation in the pediatric population is increasing and has several etiologies such as: infections, trauma, intoxication and metabolic diseases. Trauma mechanisms have been described: child maltreatment, falls, trauma with the bicycle handle and traffic accidents...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
William Bortcosh, Ashkon Shaahinfar, Sakina Sojar, Jean E Klig
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The diagnostic capability, efficiency and versatility of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) have enabled its use in paediatric emergency medicine (PEM) and paediatric critical care (PICU). This review highlights the current applications of POCUS for the critically ill child across PEM and PICU to identify areas of progress and standardized practice and to elucidate areas for future research. RECENT FINDINGS: POCUS technology continues to evolve and advance bedside clinical care for critically ill children, with ongoing research extending its use for an array of clinical scenarios, including respiratory distress, trauma and dehydration...
June 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Yangyang R Yu, Annalyn S DeMello, Christopher S Greeley, Charles S Cox, Bindi J Naik-Mathuria, David E Wesson
PURPOSE: This study examines non-accidental trauma (NAT) fatalities as a percentage of all injury fatalities and identifies injury patterns in NAT admissions to two level 1 pediatric trauma centers. METHODS: We reviewed all children (<5years old) treated for NAT from 2011 to 2015. Patient demographics, injury sites, and survival were obtained from both institutional trauma registries. RESULTS: Of 4623 trauma admissions, 557 (12%) were due to NAT...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Gunjan Tiyyagura, Cindy Christian, Rachel Berger, Daniel Lindberg
Children in homes with intimate partner violence (IPV) are at increased risk for physical abuse. We determined the frequency and injury patterns in children who underwent child abuse consultation after IPV exposure by retrospectively analyzing the "Examination of Siblings To Recognize Abuse" cohort of children referred for physical abuse. Children were selected who presented after IPV exposure. Among 2890 children evaluated by child abuse pediatricians, 61 (2.1%) patients presented after IPV exposure...
May 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Sigrun Sigurdardottir, Sigridur Halldorsdottir
Stressful early life experiences cause immune dysregulation across the lifespan. Despite the fact that studies have identified childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors as a particularly vulnerable group, only a few attempts have been made to study their lived-experience of the physical health consequences of CSA. The aim of this study was to explore a female CSA survivor's lived-experience of the physical health consequences of CSA and how she experienced the reactions of healthcare providers. Seven interviews were conducted with this 40-year-old woman, Anne, using a phenomenological research approach...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Michelle J Hong, Lauren M Porter, Debra D Esernio-Jenssen, Andrew C Miller, Marna Rayl Greenberg
Pediatric pancreatic injuries are rare. We present an atypical case that occurred in a 4-year-old male. The child presented with a twenty-four-hour history of vomiting that had progressed to right lower quadrant abdominal pain on examination in the emergency department. The initial differential was gastroenteritis versus appendicitis. An abnormality on the ultrasonography and an elevated lipase level eventually led to an MRI showing a complete transection through the posterior margin of the pancreas. The patient was admitted to pediatric surgery and underwent a successful distal pancreatectomy with preservation of the spleen...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Yassar Alamri, Dana Moon, Damien Ah Yen, Chris Wakeman, Tim Eglinton, Frank Frizelle
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe the demographics, mechanisms of injury, management and outcomes in patients who suffered splenic trauma in Christchurch, New Zealand. METHODS: A retrospective study included all splenic injury patients admitted to Christchurch Public Hospital between January 2005 and August 2015. RESULTS: A total of 238 patients were included, with a median age of 26 years (4-88.7). Of these, 235 patients had blunt injuries...
October 6, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"