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Sol Jaworowski, Jean-Louis Golmard, Morag Engelberg, Sarah Prijs, Lital Twizer, Cornelius Gropp, Joseph Mergui
BACKGROUND: A history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) has been linked to a variety of physical and psychiatric illnesses, including ischemic heart disease and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of past CSA and re-traumatization among hospital psychiatric consultations and to determine whether a CSA group in a hospital setting shared characteristics with community samples described in the literature. METHODS: We divided 228 consecutive psychiatric consultations into two groups...
February 2019: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Sergey V Gudkov, Marina A Grinberg, Vladimir Sukhov, Vladimir Vodeneev
The study of effects of ionizing radiation (IR) on plants is important in relation to several problems: (I) the existence of zones where background radiation - either natural or technogenic - is increased; (II) the problems of space biology; (III) the use of IR in agricultural selection; (IV) general biological problems related to the fundamental patterns and specifics of the effects of IR on various living organisms. By now, researchers have accumulated and systematized a large body of data on the effects of IR on the growth and reproduction of plants, as well as on the changes induced by IR at the genetic level...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Orhan Bican, Charles Cho, Areli Suarez-Roman, Viet Nguyen, Leslie Lee, Scheherazade Le, Jeremy Heit, Robert Dodd, Jaime López
Pharmacologic provocative testing (PT) and intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring (IONM) both mitigate and predict risks associated with endovascular embolization procedures. We present a series of patients undergoing endovascular intracranial embolization predominantly for AVMs both under general anesthesia and awake with the use of IONM. We reviewed our database to identify all patients undergoing endovascular procedures between January 1, 2014 and January 1, 2016. Awake patients were tested with SSEP, EEG and real time neurologic examination while TcMEPs were performed in all anesthetized patients...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Christopher W Wheldon, Melinda Krakow, Erika L Thompson, Richard P Moser
INTRODUCTION: The President's Cancer Panel released a report in 2014 calling for communication strategies to promote the human papillomavirus vaccine among males and females. The purpose of this study was to (1) estimate changes in human papillomavirus awareness and knowledge of human papillomavirus-related cancers from 2014 to 2017 using a nationally representative survey of adults in the U.S. and (2) identify differences in population subgroups that showed significant changes in human papillomavirus awareness and knowledge of human papillomavirus-related cancers...
February 14, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Christine M Batikian, Ally Lu, Kayo Watanabe, Jerome Pitt, Richard M Gersberg
Imidacloprid is a widely used insecticide with high runoff potential posing a significant threat to aquatic ecosystems. In order to determine the spatial and temporal concentrations of imidacloprid in Forester Creek, a tributary to the San Diego River, surface water samples were collected from two sites under wet-weather and dry-weather conditions. Solid phase extraction and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry were utilized to quantify imidacloprid levels in all samples. Imidacloprid was detected with 100% frequency in surface water samples from Forester Creek with a median concentration of 16...
February 2, 2019: Chemosphere
Samuel Lopez-Nieves, Anne Pringle, Hiroshi A Maeda
L-Tyrosine is an aromatic amino acid necessary for protein synthesis in all living organisms and a precursor of secondary (specialized) metabolites. In fungi, tyrosine-derived compounds are associated with virulence and defense (i.e. melanin production). However, how tyrosine is produced in fungi is not fully understood. Generally, tyrosine can be synthesized via two pathways: by prephenate dehydrogenase (TyrAp /PDH, EC and EC, a pathway found in most bacteria, or by arogenate dehydrogenase (TyrAa /ADH, EC 1...
February 13, 2019: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Francesca Stival, Stefano Michieletto, Matteo Cognolato, Enrico Pagello, Henning Müller, Manfredo Atzori
BACKGROUND: A proper modeling of human grasping and of hand movements is fundamental for robotics, prosthetics, physiology and rehabilitation. The taxonomies of hand grasps that have been proposed in scientific literature so far are based on qualitative analyses of the movements and thus they are usually not quantitatively justified. METHODS: This paper presents to the best of our knowledge the first quantitative taxonomy of hand grasps based on biomedical data measurements...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
M Simon, S Vignes
INTRODUCTION: In France, breast cancer is the most frequent cancer in women. Lymphedema, the main complication, is poorly known. The objective of this study was to assess the state of knowledge of upper limb lymphedema (risk factors, complications, treatment) after treatment of breast cancer among general practitioners from the Haute-Normandie and Île-de-France regions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 23 closed questions was sent by email to 490 practicing doctors...
February 2019: Journal de Médecine Vasculaire
Mirna Žulec, Danica Rotar-Pavlič, Zrinka Puharić, Ana Žulec
BACKGROUND: Venous leg ulcers (VLUs), the most common type of leg ulcerations, have long healing times and high recurrence rates; reimbursement rules and a general shortage of nursing staff have put self-treatment into focus. The study aimed to investigate why and how patients with VLUs self-treat their ulcers. METHODS: Patients with VLUs ( N = 32) were selected by criterion sampling for a multicentric qualitative study using semi-structured interviews. The interviews were analyzed via inductive qualitative content analysis...
February 15, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Felicetto Ferrara, Federica Lessi, Orsola Vitagliano, Erika Birkenghi, Giuseppe Rossi
Considerable progress has been made in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, current therapeutic results are still unsatisfactory in untreated high-risk patients and poorer in those with primary refractory or relapsed disease. In older patients, reluctance by clinicians to treat unfit patients, higher AML cell resistance related to more frequent adverse karyotype and/or precedent myelodysplastic syndrome, and preferential involvement of chemorefractory early hemopoietic precursors in the pathogenesis of the disease further account for poor prognosis, with median survival lower than six months...
February 14, 2019: Cancers
Glinda S Cooper, Vanessa Meterko
The extent to which cognitive biases may influence decision-making in forensic science is an important question with implications for training and practice. We conducted a systematic review of the literature on cognitive biases in forensic science disciplines. The initial literature search including electronic searching of three databases (two social science, one science) and manual review of reference lists in identified articles. An initial screening of title and abstract by two independent reviewers followed by full text review resulted in the identification of 29 primary source (research) studies...
January 22, 2019: Forensic Science International
Dao-Yi Yu, Stephen J Cringle, Paula K Yu, Chandrakumar Balaratnasingam, Andrew Mehnert, Marinko V Sarunic, Dong An, Er-Ning Su
The central role of the cardiovascular system is to maintain adequate capillary perfusion. The spatially and temporally heterogeneous nature of capillary perfusion has been reported in some organs. However, such heterogeneous perfusion properties have not been sufficiently explored in the retina. Arguably, spatial and temporal heterogeneity of capillary perfusion could be more predominant in the retina than that in other organs. This is because the retina is one of the highest metabolic demand neural tissues yet it has a limited blood supply due to optical requirements...
February 12, 2019: Progress in Retinal and Eye Research
Alejandro Cuesta, Sohaib Haseeb, Federico Aquistapache, Pedro Grosso, Bryce Alexander, Wilma Hopman, Ricardo Lopez Santi, Adrian Baranchuk
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Heavy alcohol use is a risk factor for disease and mortality; however epidemiological findings have demonstrated protective effects of a light-to-moderate intake of alcohol on cardiovascular health. There are many misconceptions regarding appropriate levels of alcohol intake and the risks and benefits of consumption. We sought to examine physician attitudes and recommendations regarding alcohol intake in a cohort of Uruguayan cardiologists. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 25 questions was distributed through the Uruguayan Society of Cardiology to attending cardiologists and advanced cardiology trainees...
February 12, 2019: Alcohol
Patrícia Pereira, Malgorzata Korbas, Vitória Pereira, Tiziana Cappello, Maria Maisano, João Canário, Armando Almeida, Mário Pacheco
Neuronal and sensory toxicity of mercury (Hg) compounds has been largely investigated in humans/mammals with a focus on public health, while research in fish is less prolific and dispersed by different species. Well-established premises for mammals have been governing fish research, but some contradictory findings suggest that knowledge translation between these animal groups needs prudence [e.g. the relative higher neurotoxicity of methylmercury (MeHg) vs. inorganic Hg (iHg)]. Biochemical/physiological differences between the groups (e...
February 12, 2019: Biochimica et biophysica acta. General subjects
Qian Zhao, Shi-Bin Wang, Guodong Xu, Yiqing Song, Xiaozhe Han, Zhiqiang Liu, Xuan Zhou, Tianyi Zhang, Kewu Huang, Ting Yang, Yingxiang Lin, Sinan Wu, Zuomin Wang, Chen Wang
AIM: To assess the status of periodontal health knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) among Chinese adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a nationally representative sample of adults (N=50991) aged 20 years or older from ten provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities. Percentages of Chinese adults with correct periodontal knowledge, positive periodontal attitudes and practices were estimated. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to examine the related factors...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Daichi Sone, Masako Watanabe, Norihide Maikusa, Noriko Sato, Yukio Kimura, Mikako Enokizono, Mitsutoshi Okazaki, Hiroshi Matsuda
PURPOSE: The pathophysiology of idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) is still unclear, but graph theory may help to understand it. Here, we examined the graph-theoretical findings of the gray matter network in IGE using anatomical covariance methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited 33 patients with IGE and 35 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Gray matter images were obtained by 3.0-T 3D T1-weighted MRI and were normalized using the voxel-based morphometry tools of Statistical Parametric Mapping 12...
2019: PloS One
Marike H F Deutz, Steven Woltering, Helen Vossen, Maja Deković, Anneloes L van Baar, Peter Prinzie
OBJECTIVE: High co-occurrence of externalizing and internalizing problems may underlie inconsistent findings regarding the relation between heart rate and psychopathology. In this study, heart rate measures are examined in relation to a general dysregulation profile, studied from both a variable- and person-centered approach. METHOD: The sample (N = 182) consisted of 8-12-year-old children referred for externalizing behaviors and typically-developing children (Mage = 9...
October 30, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Ye Yu, Chen Cao, Zhijun Wu, Qihui Wu, Wenyan Lin, Xuekang Peng, Yu Jin, Xining Zhang, Huishan Yang, Qingxiao Tong
We realized an efficient spectra-stable tandem white organic light-emitting device (WOLED) with pleasurable warm white emission and an extremely high color-rendering index (CRI) simultaneously by connecting a fluorescent blue unit and a phosphorescent dual-color unit via an easy-fabrication charge generation unit (CGU). Over a wide range of driving current density, the tandem warm white OLED exhibited general CRI (Ra ) value exceeding 85 and special CRI (R9 ) value close to 57. In addition, Duvs are within the tolerance for CRI measurements, ensuring validity and logicality of the calculated results concerning Ra and R9 ...
February 15, 2019: Optics Letters
Jamie L Schaffler, Sarah Tremblay, Andréa M Laizner, Sylvie Lambert
OBJECTIVES: To explore the information needs of caregivers of culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) patients, and how they access and understand health information related to the management of their care person's chronic illness(es). BACKGROUND: Caregivers of CALD patients experience greater unmet needs compared to the general caregiver population. They experience many challenges in identifying resources and accessing formal supports to aid in self-management behaviours...
February 14, 2019: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
Joseph C Okeibunor, Ikechukwu Ogbuanu, Anya Blanche, Kwame Chiwaya, Geoffrey Chirwa, Zorodzai Machekanyanga, Richard Mihigo, Felicitas Zawaira
Background: Missed opportunities for vaccination (MOVs), estimated to be about 32-47% of child healthcare clinic visits in various settings globally, contribute to unfulfilled childhood vaccination coverage targets in the African region. Objective: We assessed the extent of MOVs, identify local drivers and test interventions to reduce MOVs in Malawi. Methods: We conducted in-depth and key informant interviews with administrators of district hospitals and officers in charge of community health facilities...
July 2, 2018: Journal of immunological sciences
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