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Prostate, kidney, testicle, bladder

Iván R Rohena-Quinquilla, Grant E Lattin, Darcy Wolfman
The genitourinary (GU) system is commonly affected by disseminated lymphoma. Rarely, lymphoma can originate from and remain localized to one of the GU organs and thus presents as primary extranodal disease. Up to 40% of lymphomas present as extranodal disease, with only 3% having the GU system as the primary site of involvement. This article describes and correlates the radiologic and pathologic features of extranodal lymphomatous disease affecting the GU system with specific focus on the kidneys, adrenal glands, testicles, and ovaries...
July 2016: Radiologic Clinics of North America
Amanda Dalpiaz, Richard Schwamb, Yimei Miao, Jacquelyn Gonka, Wayne Walzter, Sardar A Khan
Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) is an immune-mediated systemic vasculitis generally found in children. The standard manifestations of HSP are palpable purpura, arthritis, abdominal pain, and renal complications. Although less common, there are significant urological manifestations associated with HSP. The primary objective of this review is to encourage better understanding and management of HSP by emphasizing the common and rare manifestations of HSP, how they are diagnosed, and the latest treatment options for mild to severe complications...
July 2015: Current Urology
Lucy K Pelikaan, Jessica L J Vriesema, Marjolein G J Brusse-Keizer, Erik B Cornel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate degree of agreement between treatment proposals from urologist and a multidisciplinary team (MDT) for patients with an urological malignancy. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHOD: All letters from patients with an urological malignancy of prostate, bladder, kidney or testicle who were discussed at the MDT in Ziekenhuisgroep Twente from January 2011 until January 2013 were collected. This study studied the level and frequency of agreement between treatment proposals from urologist and MDT...
2015: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Jian Xie, Yuan Yang, Jianbo Li, Jing Hou, Kun Xia, Weihong Song, Shengchun Liu
TMP21, known as p23 protein, is one important member of the p24 protein families. The degradation of TMP21 is mediated by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway, as with the other presenilin-associated γ-secretase complex members. NFAT plays a very important role in regulation of human TMP21 gene expression. Compared with the function of TMP21, the studies about the distribution of this protein in human tissues are limited. We collected 19 normal adult human tissues from a healthy adult man died in a traffic accident and did examination of all the tissues collected for ICH, western blot and RT-PCR...
2014: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Laura Amato, Paola Colais, Marina Davoli, Eliana Ferroni, Danilo Fusco, Silvia Minozzi, Fulvio Moirano, Paolo Sciattella, Simona Vecchi, Martina Ventura, Carlo Alberto Perucci
BACKGROUND: Improving quality and effectiveness of health care is one of the priorities of health policies. Hospital or physician volume represents a measurable variable with a relevant impact on effectiveness of health care. A recent Italian law, the "spending review", calls for the definition of "qualitative, structural, technological and quantitative standards of hospital care". There is a need for an accurate evaluation of the available scientific evidence in order to identify these standards, including the volume of care above or below which the public and private hospitals may be accredited (or not) to provide specific health care interventions...
March 2013: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
S Nemolato, T Cabras, M U Fanari, F Cau, D Fanni, C Gerosa, B Manconi, I Messana, M Castagnola, G Faa
Thymosins beta 4 (Tβ4) is a member of the beta-thymosins family, a family of peptides playing essential roles in many cellular functions. Our recent studies suggested Tβ4 plays a key role in the development of human salivary glands and the gastrointestinal tract. The aim of this study was to analyse the presence of Tβ4 in the human adult and foetal genitourinary tract. Immunolocalization of Tβ4 was studied in autoptic samples of kidney, bladder, uterus, ovary, testicle and prostate obtained from four human foetuses and four adults...
October 13, 2010: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
Andrea Piccioli, Giulio Maccauro, Barbara Rossi, Laura Scaramuzzo, Filippo Frenos, Rodolfo Capanna
This study evaluates different operative treatment options for patients with metastatic fractures of the humerus focusing on surgical procedures, complications, function, and survival rate. From January 2003 to January 2008, 87 pathological fractures of the humerus in 85 cancer patients were surgically treated in our institutions. Histotypes were breast (n=21), lung (n=14), prostate (n=5), bladder (n=4), kidney (n=13), thyroid (n=7), larynx (n=1), lymphoma (n=5), myeloma (n=8), colon-rectum (n=1), melanoma (n=1), testicle (n=1), hepatocellular carcinoma (n=1) and unknown tumours (n=3)...
November 2010: Injury
Sabrina T Reis, Emanoela B Feitosa, Jose Pontes-Junior, Camila C Marin, Daniel K Abe, Alexandre Crippa, Alberto A Antunes, Adriano J Nesrallah, Luiz C Oliveira, Leopoldo A Ribeiro-Filho, Miguel Srougi, Katia R M Leite, Marcos F Dall'Oglio
PURPOSE: Tumor banks have the primary responsibility for collecting, cataloging, storing and disseminating samples of tissues, cells and fluids, which are used by researchers to identify diagnostic molecular markers, prognostic indicators and therapeutic targets. The objective of this review was to describe a simple, reliable and reproducible protocol for obtaining and storing samples of urological tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Urogenital tumor tissues were collected by the surgeons from the Urology Division of University of Sao Paulo Medical School...
May 2010: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Raj Kurpad, William Kim, W Kim Rathmell, Paul Godley, Young Whang, Julia Fielding, LuAnn Smith, Ava Pettiford, Heather Schultz, Matthew Nielsen, Eric M Wallen, Raj S Pruthi
OBJECTIVE: It is recognized that multidisciplinary teams may improve management decisions for patients with malignancies. We prospectively studied the effect of such a multidisciplinary approach on the diagnosis and treatment decisions of patients newly presenting with urologic malignancies. METHODS: Two hundred sixty-nine consecutive new patients presenting to our institution with an outside diagnosis of a urologic malignancy for diagnostic or treatment considerations (2007-2008)...
July 2011: Urologic Oncology
S Chakŭrov
One of the most serious problems of urology as specialized surgery is the oncological diseases. A large part of the scientific research is dedicated to their basic research, diagnostics and treatment as the results are then presented at the big international forums each year. The new achievements in the investigations of urological diseases excite special interest and mark the stages of the actual progress of the respective science. The overview is a panorama of the newest and at the same time most significant achievements of the science of urology in this field in 2006 presented at the biggest international congresses - the Congress of the European Association of Urology, the Annual Meeting of the American urologists and the Congress of the American Society of Clinical Oncology - ASCO...
2007: Khirurgiia
Ramasamy Venkatesan, Edward J Dick, Gene B Hubbard
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive reports on male baboon urogenital pathology are not available. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 2246 male baboon necropsy records over 19 years. RESULTS: A total of 289 urogenital lesions were diagnosed in 197 (8.8%) baboons. The most frequently affected organs in decreasing order were kidney, testicle, urinary bladder, penis and prepuce, seminal vesicle, ureter, and prostate. Lesions were rare in the urethra, scrotum, and epididymis...
October 2008: Journal of Medical Primatology
A Schultz, M Maruschke, M Leithäuser, H Seiter
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) of the genitourinary system is a very rare disease. Only 1 % of NHL are primary genitourinary lymphomas, most commonly of testicular origin. Secondary infiltration from disseminated lymphoma can be found in all the genitourinary organs. We report on five patients with genitourinary lymphoma who were diagnosed at our department: one case of primary testicular lymphoma and four patients with secondary lymphomatous infiltration of kidney, bladder, prostate and testicles, respectively...
July 2007: Aktuelle Urologie
Patrick Bourguet, François Planchamp, Françoise Montravers, Sébastien Vincendeau, Frédéric Courbon, Véronique Edeline, Badia-Ourkia Helal, Dominique Rossi, Arnauld Villers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2006: Bulletin du Cancer
D Santos Arrontes, A Páez Borda, M Luján Galán, L Llanes González, C Escalera Almendros, C Pascual Mateos, A Berenguer Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: To provide descriptive information on site-specific urological cancer occurrence we computed 10-year cancer incidence rates in the geographic area of Getafe (Madrid, Spain, 300,000 people). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Only histologically confirmed genitourinary cancer (bladder, prostate, kidney, testicle and penis) throughout 1992-2001 was considered. Cancers were classified according to the international rules. 10 years age-standardized population-adjusted incidence rates per 100,000 people (or per 100,000 men when appropriate) were calculated...
October 2004: Actas Urologicas Españolas
Lucia Fatigante, Francesco Ducci, Silvana Campoccia, Anna Morgana Nocita, Enrico Paci, Emanuele Crocetti, Luca Cionini
AIMS: To report clinical results in patients with testicular seminoma treated with postoperative radiotherapy with regard to survival, acute and late toxicity, and risk of second malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 176 stage I-Il testicular seminoma patients treated with radiotherapy from 1964 to 1994 at the Radiotherapy Division of Pisa University, using 60Co or Linac, were analyzed retrospectively. The follow-up ranged from 0.13 to 32.37 years, with a median of 12...
March 2005: Tumori
S Machtens, A R Boerner, M Hofmann, W H Knapp, U Jonas
Positron emission tomography (PET) using ((18)F)2-fluoro-D-2-desoxyglucose (FDG) has been shown to be a highly sensitive and specific imaging modality in the diagnosis of primary and recurrent tumors and in the control of therapies in numerous non-urologic cancers. It was the aim of this review to validate the significance of PET as a diagnostic tool in malignant tumors of the urogenital tract. A systematic review of the current literature concerning the role of PET for malignant tumors of the kidney, testicles, prostate, and bladder was carried out...
November 2004: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
Christian G Stief, Udo Jonas, Rudolf Raab
OBJECTIVES: Advanced colorectal carcinomas frequently involve the urogenital tract. In the following we evaluate the long-term survival after radical surgical extirpation and the prognostic significance of involvement of specific urological organs. METHODS: Between January 1985 and April 1996, 101 patients underwent interdisciplinary tumour extirpation of an advanced colorectal carcinoma involving the urogenital tract. RESULTS: Of 68 men and 33 women, 40 presented with primary and 61 with recurrent carcinoma...
May 2002: European Urology
M N Salama, M Tsuji, M Tamura, S Kagawa
Hemospermia was reported to occur following extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy of lower ureteric stones. Because no studies showed clearly the possible effect of extracorporeal shock waves (ESW) on the male genital system, we were prompted to study this effect. Eighteen male white New Zealand rabbits were divided into three groups (six in each) and subjected to different doses of ESW (2000, 3000 and 4000) using a Dornier MFL 5000. Shocks were focused on the lower parts of the bladder. Four animals were used as controls...
July 1998: Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
K Saito, T Kamai, K Chiba, M Hirokawa, S Asakura
We report a case of congenital ejaculatory duct obstruction treated successfully by transurethral incision. A 33-year-old man was referred for evaluation of primary infertility. His semen analysis showed volumes of 1.7 ml at average and azoospermia. Clinical examinations revealed right undescended testicle, absence of the left kidney and axial rotation of right kidney. Left vasogram showed dilated but intact seminal vesicle with no contrast material visible in the bladder. Following removal of right undescended testicle, transurethral incision of the left side of the prostatic urethral floor near the vermontanum was performed...
December 1996: Nihon Hinyōkika Gakkai Zasshi. the Japanese Journal of Urology
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