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Negative effects of social media

Arieh Riskin, Peter Bamberger, Amir Erez, Kinneret Riskin-Guez, Yarden Riskin, Rina Sela, Trevor Foulk, Binyamin Cooper, Amitai Ziv, Liat Pessach-Gelblum, Ellen Bamberger
: media-1vid110.1542/5995525002001PEDS-VA_2018-2043 Video Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Exposure to negative social interactions (such as rudeness) has robust adverse implications on medical team performance. However, little is known regarding the effects of positive social interactions. We hypothesized that expressions of gratitude, a prototype of positive social interaction, would enhance medical teams' effectiveness. Our objective was to study the performance of NICU teams after exposure to expressions of gratitude from alternative sources...
March 7, 2019: Pediatrics
Helen Rodd, Fiona Noble
Traumatic dental injuries (TDI) in childhood are fairly commonplace, with a reported prevalence of up to 30% worldwide. These injuries can have significant impacts on patients, their families and dental professionals; however, this area is currently underrepresented within paediatric oral health research. The psychosocial impacts of traumatic injury are personal to each patient and should be addressed as part of a holistic treatment plan. A review of the current evidence base shows that children who have suffered a traumatic injury to the dentition report worse oral-health-related quality of life...
March 4, 2019: Dentistry Journal
Jamie Guillory, Annice E Kim, Leah Fiacco, Margaret Cress, Jessica Pepper, James Nonnemaker
INTRODUCTION: t is unclear whether FDA's required warnings on e-cigarette advertisements will apply to social media. Given the key role of social media in marketing e-cigarettes, we seek to inform FDA decision-making by exploring how warnings on various tweet content influence perceived healthiness, nicotine harm, likelihood to try ecigarettes and warning recall. METHODS: n this 2x4 between-subjects experiment participants viewed a tweet from a fictitious e-cigarette brand...
March 1, 2019: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Marie Josée Mukagendaneza, Emmanuel Munyaneza, Esperance Muhawenayo, Dancilla Nyirasebura, Egide Abahuje, John Nyirigira, Jean De Dieu Harelimana, Thierry Zawadi Muvunyi, Florence Masaisa, Jean Claude Byiringiro, Théobald Hategekimana, Claude Mambo Muvunyi
Background: Surgical Site Infections (SSI) are the most reported health acquired infection and common surgical complication in both developed and developing countries. In developing countries such as Rwanda, there is a paucity of published reports on the pattern of SSI, therefore this study aimed at assessing the incidence, risk factors and the antibiotic profile of pathogens responsible of SSI. Methods: This prospective study included 294 patients admitted between October 10, 2017 and February 12, 2018 to the surgical department of the University Teaching Hospital of Kigali...
2019: Patient Safety in Surgery
Frances C Moore, Nick Obradovich, Flavio Lehner, Patrick Baylis
The changing global climate is producing increasingly unusual weather relative to preindustrial conditions. In an absolute sense, these changing conditions constitute direct evidence of anthropogenic climate change. However, human evaluation of weather as either normal or abnormal will also be influenced by a range of factors including expectations, memory limitations, and cognitive biases. Here we show that experience of weather in recent years-rather than longer historical periods-determines the climatic baseline against which current weather is evaluated, potentially obscuring public recognition of anthropogenic climate change...
February 25, 2019: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Sayaka Horiuchi, Akihiko Ozaki, Mariko Inoue, Jun Aida, Kazue Yamaoka
Media coverage of disasters potentially damages mental health. Moreover, its effects may differ as recipients may have different emotional responses toward media. The present study examined whether social capital, known to be protective against mental problems, influences a recipient's emotional response toward news media broadcasting of natural disasters via newspapers, television and internet in Japan. Three social capital components, social participation, social support and cognitive social capital, were considered in the present study as each component reportedly had different effect on mental health...
2019: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
James Wride, Katrina Bannigan
Background and aims Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a common knee condition causing pain around or behind the kneecap which is exacerbated by certain activities. Traditionally it has been viewed as a self-limiting condition. Recent research proves this is not the case and the evidence for poor long-term outcomes is growing. Whilst the evidence base for PFP treatment and the understanding of its aetiology is improving, it remains a complex and difficult to treat condition. In many physical conditions, it has been shown that anxiety and depression negatively affect both their management and duration...
February 23, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Chih-Yu Chen, Tsung-Ren Huang
Are different religions associated with different social, cognitive, and emotional tendencies? Although major world religions are known to encourage social interactions and help regulate emotions, it is less clear to what extent adherents of various religions differ in these dimensions in daily life. We thus carried out a large-scale sociolinguistic analysis of social media messages of Christians and Buddhists living in the United States. After controlling for age and gender effects on linguistic patterns, we found that Christians used more social words and fewer cognitive words than Buddhists...
2019: Frontiers in Psychology
Mario Alvarez-Jimenez, Sarah Bendall, Peter Koval, Simon Rice, Daniela Cagliarini, Lee Valentine, Simon D'Alfonso, Christopher Miles, Penni Russon, David L Penn, Jess Phillips, Reeva Lederman, Greg Wadley, Eoin Killackey, Olga Santesteban-Echarri, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Helen Herrman, Cesar Gonzalez-Blanch, Tamsyn Gilbertson, Shalini Lal, Richard Chambers, Rothanthi Daglas-Georgiou, Cristina Latorre, Sue M Cotton, Patrick D McGorry, John F Gleeson
INTRODUCTION: Specialised early intervention services have demonstrated improved outcomes in first-episode psychosis (FEP); however, clinical gains may not be sustained after patients are transferred to regular care. Moreover, many patients with FEP remain socially isolated with poor functional outcomes. To address this, our multidisciplinary team has developed a moderated online social media therapy (HORYZONS) designed to enhance social functioning and maintain clinical gains from specialist FEP services...
February 19, 2019: BMJ Open
Rebecca R Ortiz, Andrea Smith, Tamera Coyne-Beasley
This article summarizes the findings from a systematic literature review to examine how social media may impact HPV vaccine uptake and HPV and HPV vaccine related awareness, knowledge, and attitudes. Study inclusion criteria was original data collection of at least one data point about social media and HPV and/or HPV vaccination, such that the study provided insight into how social media content may influence HPV and HPV vaccine related knowledge, attitudes, and/or behaviors. A total of 44 relevant articles were identified using the following databases: PubMed, PsycINFO, Communication Source, Sociological Abstracts, Business Source Elite, and the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC)...
February 19, 2019: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Tali Heiman, Dorit Olenik-Shemesh
This study examined the relationship between social-environmental influences and body image perception. Specifically, the study explored the perceived body appearance among young and older students attending higher education, and their eating experiences, as related to four main social-environmental circles: family, friends, work colleagues, and media. The present study interviewed 30 students (14 men and 16 women) ages 20⁻40. The findings show that most of the participants were concerned about their appearance, reported on various eating habits rooted on family tradition...
February 4, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Guanqun Ni
Group buying (GB) is a popular business model in e-commerce. With the rise of online social media, the positive network effect of buying with others is more important than price discount for consumers to choose GB. However, the negative network effect of GB is also significant for some consumers. In this paper, we classify consumers into two segments considering both positive and negative network effects, and three possible sales strategies as well as their optimal decisions on price are presented. We find that GB strategy dominates individual buying (IB) strategy when the positive network effect is sufficiently high or the proportion of consumers with low valuation is relatively large...
2019: PloS One
Mike Armour, Justin Sinclair, K Jane Chalmers, Caroline A Smith
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis has a significant negative impact on the lives of women, and current medical treatments often do not give sufficient pain relief or have intolerable side effects for many women. The majority of women with primary dysmenorrhea use self-management strategies (including self-care techniques or lifestyle choices) to help manage period related symptoms, but little is known about self-management in women with endometriosis. The aim of this survey was to determine the prevalence of use, safety, and self-rated effectiveness of common forms of self-management...
January 15, 2019: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
G Rosen, H Kreiner, Y Levi-Belz
BACKGROUND: Previous research has documented the rise in rates of suicidal behaviors following media reports of celebrity suicide. Whereas most research has focused on documenting and analyzing suicide rates, little is known about more subtle psychological effects of celebrity suicide on the public, such as despair and feelings of abandonment. The Internet has revolutionized the responses to news reports, enabling immediate and anonymous responses potentially reflecting these psychological processes...
January 13, 2019: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
Neika Sharifian, Laura B Zahodne
Objectives: The prevalence of social media use in daily life is increasing; however, little is known about its cognitive costs and/or benefits. Social media use may help to offload memory to an external resource as well as to facilitate social relations, which could bolster or hinder everyday memory. Further, the relationship between social media use and memory may be moderated by age such that associations - whether positive or negative - could be exacerbated among older adults due to age-related declines...
January 8, 2019: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Ingrid L Laemmle-Ruff, Michelle Raggatt, Cassandra J C Wright, Elise R Carrotte, Angela Davis, Rebecca Jenkinson, Megan S C Lim
Background: Personal and partner pornography viewing may affect health and wellbeing. This study aimed to improve understanding of the effects of pornography on mental health and body image, given emerging evidence of increasing use, particularly among young people. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was implemented, targeting people who had accessed health and fitness content via social media. Convenience sampling was used and participants were recruited via advertising on social media. Results: Overall, 76% (75/99) of women reported having ever viewed pornography, and 21% had viewed pornography frequently (monthly/weekly/daily) in the prior 12 months...
January 7, 2019: Sexual Health
Natalie A Ceballos, Krista Howard, Stephanie Dailey, Shobhit Sharma, Tom Grimes
OBJECTIVE: College students' reliance on social media is both a risk factor for alcohol-related problems and a possible avenue for intervention. Greater understanding of students' social media habits in relation to drinking may lead to more effective prevention efforts. This study examined the use of alcohol and social media in Hispanic and non-Hispanic college students with and without a history of binge drinking. METHOD: Participants (N = 424; age 18-25; 84% female) completed online surveys of alcohol use, intensity of use for Snapchat, Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter, social media addiction, and retrospective frequency of social media use while drinking and after intoxication...
November 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Verónica Cabanas-Sánchez, Rocío Izquierdo-Gómez, Laura García-Cervantes, José Castro-Piñero, Julio Conde-Caveda, Oscar L Veiga
This study investigated the associations between the characteristics of the nearby physical environment with the total and domain-specific leisure-time sedentary behaviour (SB) in young people. The study included 1578 youth (9-18 years) from the UP&DOWN study. Total leisure-time SB was objectively-assessed by accelerometers. Participants self-reported the time spent during leisure-time in different domains of SB (i.e. screen-based, educational-based, social-based, and other-based SB). Information regarding the basic characteristics of the house, the perceived neighbourhood environment, the amount of physical activity facilities, equipment and materials attainable at home, and the media equipment available at home and in the own bedroom was collected...
December 14, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
Melissa Oliver, Tzielan C Lee, Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, Elizabeth Murray, Rebecca Schwartz, Yongdong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) is an autoinflammatory bone disorder that if left untreated can result in bone destruction and severe continuing pain due to persistent inflammation. The impact this chronic disease has on the daily lives of affected children and their families is not well known. The purpose of this study is to understand the disease burden and socioeconomic and psychological impact of CNO from the patients' and families' perspectives and identify areas of improvement for patient care and reduced disease burden based on patients' and families' responses...
December 14, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Danielle A J M Schoenaker, Emily Brennan, Melanie A Wakefield, Sarah J Durkin
BACKGROUND: Social denormalisation of smoking can provide an environment that helps smokers to quit. This study examined which of three measures of anti-smoking social norms have the greatest influence on quitting-related cognitions and behaviours, and if this influence differs according to socioeconomic status (SES). METHODS: The Victorian Tracking Survey measured social norms among 1,348 (n(weighted) = 1,373) Australian adult smokers (aged 18-59) between 2012 and 2014, who were followed-up one week later...
2018: PloS One
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