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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30869459/-alert-sign-of-burnout-and-early-diagnosis
#1
Marie Pezé
Alert sign of burn out and early diagnosis. The syndrome of mis-adaptation to toxic work organisations and of a frantic acceleration of our neuro-physiological functions, the concept of burn-out is being appropriated by the media and social sphere, rendering nuanced diagnostics impossible. Handling a burn-out requires complex administrative, judicial and medical protocols. This administrative and medical engineering must be mastered, as it's a therapeutic tool that assuages a patient's fear and anxiety better than drugs or therapy...
October 2018: La Revue du Praticien
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30862213/depression-symptoms-and-negative-online-disclosure-among-young-adults-in-college-a-mixed-methods-approach
#2
Minas Michikyan
BACKGROUND: Social media may be novel and promising avenues to identify youth at risk for depression. Missing from prior research on youth social media use in the service of mental health is our understanding of the kinds of negative experiences young people disclose online and their associations with depression symptoms. AIMS: Using a mixed-methods approach, this study: (1) examined the association between depression symptoms and online disclosure of negative emotions; (2) explored the kinds of negative experiences young adults in college disclosed online; and (3) investigated the associations between depression symptoms and the online disclosure of negative experiences...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30859387/media-use-is-linked-to-lower-psychological-well-being-evidence-from-three-datasets
#3
Jean M Twenge, W Keith Campbell
Adolescents spend a substantial and increasing amount of time using digital media (smartphones, computers, social media, gaming, Internet), but existing studies do not agree on whether time spent on digital media is associated with lower psychological well-being (including happiness, general well-being, and indicators of low well-being such as depression, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts). Across three large surveys of adolescents in two countries (n = 221,096), light users (<1 h a day) of digital media reported substantially higher psychological well-being than heavy users (5+ hours a day)...
March 11, 2019: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30796852/investigating-the-prevalence-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-people-living-with-patellofemoral-pain-in-the-uk-the-dep-pf-study
#4
James Wride, Katrina Bannigan
Background and aims Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a common knee condition causing pain around or behind the kneecap which is exacerbated by certain activities. Traditionally it has been viewed as a self-limiting condition. Recent research proves this is not the case and the evidence for poor long-term outcomes is growing. Whilst the evidence base for PFP treatment and the understanding of its aetiology is improving, it remains a complex and difficult to treat condition. In many physical conditions, it has been shown that anxiety and depression negatively affect both their management and duration...
February 23, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30791335/the-association-between-facebook-addiction-and-depression-a-pilot-survey-study-among-bangladeshi-students
#5
M A Al Mamun, Mark D Griffiths
Social media addiction has become an area of increasing research interest over the past few years. However, there has been no previous research on social media addiction in Bangladesh. The present pilot study is the first ever in Bangladesh to examine the relationship between one specific form of social media addiction (i.e., 'Facebook addiction') and its associated predictors. This present study comprised 300 students from the University of Dhaka (Bangladesh) who participated in a survey that included questions relating to socio-demographics, health and behavioral measures, and the Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (BFAS), and the nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9)...
January 2019: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30783409/patient-competence-in-relation-with-medical-and-psychosocial-characteristics-in-cardiology-context-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Hamidreza Roohafza, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Azam Khani, Omid Behnamfar, Hamid Afshar, Carl Eduard Scheidt
BACKGROUND: Growth of cardiovascular disease (CVD), variation in provision of medical services, rising costs, and increasing information availability through the media are making patients more actively involved in decision-making process of their treatment. The aim of this study was to better understand the components of patient competence in the context of coronary artery disease (CAD) and to further evaluate their relations with medical, demographic, and psychosocial characteristics...
September 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30782893/horyzons-trial-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-moderated-online-social-therapy-to-maintain-treatment-effects-from-first-episode-psychosis-services
#7
Mario Alvarez-Jimenez, Sarah Bendall, Peter Koval, Simon Rice, Daniela Cagliarini, Lee Valentine, Simon D'Alfonso, Christopher Miles, Penni Russon, David L Penn, Jess Phillips, Reeva Lederman, Greg Wadley, Eoin Killackey, Olga Santesteban-Echarri, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Helen Herrman, Cesar Gonzalez-Blanch, Tamsyn Gilbertson, Shalini Lal, Richard Chambers, Rothanthi Daglas-Georgiou, Cristina Latorre, Sue M Cotton, Patrick D McGorry, John F Gleeson
INTRODUCTION: Specialised early intervention services have demonstrated improved outcomes in first-episode psychosis (FEP); however, clinical gains may not be sustained after patients are transferred to regular care. Moreover, many patients with FEP remain socially isolated with poor functional outcomes. To address this, our multidisciplinary team has developed a moderated online social media therapy (HORYZONS) designed to enhance social functioning and maintain clinical gains from specialist FEP services...
February 19, 2019: BMJ Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30755464/a-parenting-and-life-skills-intervention-for-teen-mothers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Joanne E Cox, Sion Kim Harris, Kathleen Conroy, Talia Engelhart, Anuradha Vyavaharkar, Amy Federico, Elizabeth R Woods
: media-1vid110.1542/5985300176001PEDS-VA_2018-2303 Video Abstract BACKGROUND: Teen mothers often present with depression, social complexity, and inadequate parenting skills. Many have rapid repeat pregnancy, which increases risk for poor outcomes. We conducted a randomized controlled trial of a parenting and life skills intervention for teen mothers aimed at impacting parenting and reproductive outcomes. METHODS: Teen mothers were recruited from a teen-tot clinic with integrated medical care and social services...
February 12, 2019: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30711664/a-brief-intervention-to-increase-uptake-and-adherence-of-an-online-program-for-depression-and-anxiety-protocol-for-the-enhancing-engagement-with-psychosocial-interventions-eepi-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Philip J Batterham, Alison L Calear, Matthew Sunderland, Frances Kay-Lambkin, Louise M Farrer, Amelia Gulliver
BACKGROUND: There is substantial evidence that psychosocial programs delivered online can be effective in treating and preventing mental health problems. However, use of evidence-based programs in the community is currently suboptimal, and there is a lack of evidence around how to increase engagement with existing evidence-based programs. Novel approaches to increasing the acceptability of online programs such as the use of brief engagement-facilitation interventions (EFI) require evaluation...
January 31, 2019: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30710826/the-effect-of-implicit-theories-of-pain-on-pain-and-disability-in-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#10
Simon J Summers, Nancy C Higgins, Maxine Te, Ailish Byrne, Lucy S Chipchase
BACKGROUND: Implicit theories of pain represent a socio-cognitive mechanism linked to important coping, emotional, and expressive reactions to chronic pain. Evidence suggests that chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients who hold an incremental theory of pain (i.e., view pain as a malleable) use more active coping strategies, display less pain behavior, and report lower levels of depression than those with an entity theory of pain (i.e., view pain as a fixed). However, a link between implicit theories of pain and symptoms of pain and disability in people with CLBP has not been established...
January 29, 2019: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30672741/a-social-media-website-supporting-our-valued-adolescents-to-support-treatment-uptake-for-adolescents-with-depression-and-or-anxiety-and-their-parents-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Ana Radovic, Yaming Li, Douglas Landsittel, Bradley D Stein, Elizabeth Miller
BACKGROUND: Few adolescents who experience depression or anxiety connect to mental health treatment. Supporting Our Valued Adolescents (SOVA) is a stakeholder-informed technology intervention that consists of 2 blog-format websites-one for adolescents and another for parents. SOVA is designed to intervene on targets, which may increase the mental health treatment uptake when adolescents with depression or anxiety are identified in primary care settings. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the protocol for a pilot randomized controlled trial designed to refine recruitment and retention strategies, document intervention fidelity and implementation outcomes, and assess changes in health beliefs and knowledge, emotional or informational support, and parent-adolescent communication quality in adolescents and their parents...
January 23, 2019: JMIR Research Protocols
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30671555/social-media-use-and-perceptions-of-physical-health
#12
Bridget Dibb
Social networking activity is becoming more endemic in society and yet little is known about how the social comparison, occurring when we use these sites, affects perceptions of health. This study sought to determine in what way people who use Facebook (FB) interpret the comparison information they see on FB and whether this was associated with perceptions of physical health. Determining this association is important given the positive association between well-being, quality of life and physical health. Using a cross-sectional design, participants completed an electronic questionnaire measuring FB use, FB social comparison, self-esteem, depression, anxiety, life satisfaction and physical health...
January 2019: Heliyon
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30620622/maximizing-new-technologies-to-treat-depression
#13
Veronica Decker, Michael Valenti, Vicki Montoya, Alla Sikorskii, Charles W Given, Barbara A Given
In an era of rapid technological evolution, mental healthcare providers are tapping into technology that offers feasible and effective alternatives to reach patients who suffer from depression. This paper provides a brief history and description of current technologies, frequently used taxonomies, and specific applications for the assessment and treatment of depression. These include online healthcare communities and social media, automated screening, wearable technology, and virtual reality therapy. A review of a secondary analysis that incorporated technology used with patients experiencing depressive symptoms is provided and future trends in mHealth or cellular-based technologies to treat depression are explored...
January 8, 2019: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30614141/intolerance-of-uncertainty-social-support-and-loneliness-in-relation-to-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-among-women-diagnosed-with-ovarian-cancer
#14
Erin M Hill, Andriana Hamm
OBJECTIVE: Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) is a trait variable that captures an individual's lack of tolerance for unknown outcomes and events. Positive correlations between IU and mental health symptoms have been observed in various populations, while social variables (social support, decreased loneliness) seem to serve as protective factors against psychological distress among individuals with cancer. The present study examined the moderation effect of social support and loneliness in the relationship between IU and mental health symptoms among women diagnosed with ovarian cancer...
January 6, 2019: Psycho-oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30587848/prospective-associations-between-television-in-the-preschool-bedroom-and-later-bio-psycho-social-risks
#15
Linda S Pagani, Marie Josée Harbec, Tracie A Barnett
BACKGROUND: North American child media guidelines suggest screen-free zones, without offering clear evidence and alternative harm-reduction strategies. Our hypothesis is that having a bedroom television during the preschool years will be prospectively associated with mental and physical health risks in adolescence. METHODS: Participants are from a prospective-longitudinal birth cohort of 907 girls and 952 boys from the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development...
December 26, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30582860/comparative-characteristic-of-%C3%A2-alcohol-depression%C3%A2-in-persons-who-participated-in-combat-operations-combatans-and-affected-by-radiation-catastrop
#16
O K Napryeyenko, K M Loganovsky, N Yu Napryeyenko, T K Loganovskaja, M V Gresko, N A Zdanevich
The relevance of work is conditioned by the considerable prevalence of depressive disorders and alcohol abuseamong people who participated in combat operations (combatants) and affected by a radiation emergency, whichneeds to be optimized for providing them with a comprehensive social, psychological-psychiatric, medication andsomato-neurological help on the basis of a biopsychosocial paradigm.The objective of the study was to increase the level of medical care to combatants of the Antiterrorist Operation /Joint Forces Operation (ATO/JFO) and person affected by the catastrophe at the Chornobyl NPP (ChNPP) with depres-sion associated with alcohol abuse through theoretical substantiation, development and implementation in theinstitutions of public health and other agencies involved of new principles and algorithms for diagnosis, treatmentand prevention...
December 2018: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30581202/the-role-of-online-social-networking-on-deliberate-self-harm-and-suicidality-in-adolescents-a-systematized-review-of-literature
#17
REVIEW
Aksha M Memon, Shiva G Sharma, Satyajit S Mohite, Shailesh Jain
Social media use by minors has significantly increased and has been linked to depression and suicidality. Simultaneously, age-adjusted suicide rates have steadily increased over the past decade in the United States with suicide being the second most common cause of death in youth. Hence, the increase in suicide rate parallels the simultaneous increase in social media use. In addition, the rate of nonsuicidal self-injury ranges between 14% and 21% among young people. Evidence suggests that self-harming youth is more active on online social networks than youth who do not engage in self-harm behavior...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30556428/pilot-rct-of-a-social-media-parenting-intervention-for-postpartum-mothers-with-depression-symptoms
#18
Rhonda C Boyd, Jordan Price, Marjie Mogul, Tweety Yates, James P Guevara
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study describes the adaptation of a parenting group intervention for social media, and examines the feasibility, acceptability and initial outcomes of the adapted intervention for mothers with postpartum depression symptoms. BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression can negatively affect parenting and the parent-infant relationship. Mothers with postpartum depression symptoms experience barriers to access in-person parenting interventions. METHODS: A small, randomised controlled trial was conducted with an adapted parenting intervention delivered via social media (Facebook) or in-person for mothers who screened positive for depression in paediatric clinics...
December 17, 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30548677/are-overweight-people-more-susceptible-to-anxiety
#19
Chichen Zhang, Mimi Li, Huining Zhao, Ruifang Zhu, Xiao Zheng, Jiao Lu, Yufeng Du, Lingwei Yu, Tingzhong Yang
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate anxiety status and its relationship with BMI among empty nesters in China, so as to improve their quality of life and provide direction for further research. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 4901 empty nesters in Shanxi, China. Anxiety, weight, height, depression, socio-demographic variables, attention to daily nutritional health, social activities, and self-care ability were evaluated in the study...
December 12, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30545811/monitoring-online-discussions-about-suicide-among-twitter-users-with-schizophrenia-exploratory-study
#20
Yulin Hswen, John A Naslund, John S Brownstein, Jared B Hawkins
BACKGROUND: People with schizophrenia experience elevated risk of suicide. Mental health symptoms, including depression and anxiety, contribute to increased risk of suicide. Digital technology could support efforts to detect suicide risk and inform suicide prevention efforts. OBJECTIVE: This exploratory study examined the feasibility of monitoring online discussions about suicide among Twitter users who self-identify as having schizophrenia. METHODS: Posts containing the terms suicide or suicidal were collected from a sample of Twitter users who self-identify as having schizophrenia (N=203) and a random sample of control users (N=173) over a 200-day period...
December 13, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
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