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"Spinal Accessory Nerve Anatomy"

J Overland, J C Hodge, O Breik, S Krishnan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of variations in the anatomical route of the spinal accessory nerve from the base of the skull to the point where it enters the trapezius muscle. A case report is used to demonstrate an example of a rare but clinically important anatomical variant of this nerve. METHODS: An independent review of the literature using Medline, PubMed and Q Read databases was performed using combinations of terms including 'spinal accessory nerve', 'anatomy', 'surgical anatomy', 'anatomical variant', 'cranial nerve XI' and 'shoulder syndrome'...
October 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
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