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Diabetic kidney disease Italy

Maria Fusaro, Maurizio Gallieni, Andrea Aghi, Maria Antonietta Rizzo, Giorgio Iervasi, Thomas L Nickolas, Fabrizio Fabris, Maria Cristina Mereu, Sandro Giannini, Stefania Sella, Andrea Giusti, Annalisa Pitino, Graziella D'Arrigo, Maurizio Rossini, Davide Gatti, Maura Ravera, Luca Di Lullo, Antonio Bellasi, Giuliano Brunori, Antonio Piccoli, Giovanni Tripepi, Mario Plebani
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Diabetes mellitus is recognized as one of the major causes of end stage kidney disease. Bone Gla protein (BGP) is a vitamin K-dependent protein involved in bone mineralization and vascular calcifications (VC). Our goal was to characterize BGP and undercarboxylated BGP (ucBGP) in DM patients on HD, compared to HD patients without DM, and their association with vascular and bone disease. METHODS: 387 HD patients from 18 dialysis centers in Italy...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Nephrology
Giuseppe Seghieri, Laura Policardo, Elisa Gualdani, Roberto Anichini, Paolo Francesconi
AIMS: Diabetic foot syndrome (DFS) increases the risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), chronic kidney disease (CKD), or mortality. The present study aims at ascertaining whether such DFS-related excess risk differs between genders, retrospectively investigating a population with diabetes from Tuscany, Italy, followed-up for 6 years (2011-2016). METHODS: People with diabetes living in Tuscany on January 1st 2011 identified by administrative databases, were divided by baseline history of prior DFS hospitalizations, stratified by presence/absence of peripheral vascular disease and evaluating, by Cox regression analysis, whether adjusted DFS-related excess risk of incident ASCVD, CKD or mortality differed between genders...
February 5, 2019: Acta Diabetologica
G Ermini, C Tosetti, D Zocchi, M Mandreoli, M T Caletti, G Marchesini
AIMS: Progressive chronic kidney disease represents a dreadful complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We tested the pattern of use and the renal effects of old glucose-lowering drugs in T2DM patients cared for by Italian general practitioners (GPs). METHODS: Data of 2606 T2DM patients were extracted from the databases of GPs, who do not have access to the most recent glucose-lowering drugs in Italy. The rate of kidney function decline was calculated by CKD-EPIcr , based on two consecutive creatinine values...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Paul E Drawz, Roland Brown, Luca De Nicola, Naohiko Fujii, Francis B Gabbai, Jennifer Gassman, Jiang He, Satoshi Iimuro, James Lash, Roberto Minutolo, Robert A Phillips, Kyle Rudser, Luis Ruilope, Susan Steigerwalt, Raymond R Townsend, Dawei Xie, Mahboob Rahman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ambulatory BP is increasingly recognized as a better measure of the risk for adverse outcomes related to hypertension, an important comorbidity in patients with CKD. Varying definitions of white-coat and masked hypertension have made it difficult to evaluate differences in prevalence of these BP patterns across CKD cohorts. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: The International Database of Ambulatory BP in Renal Patients collaborative group established a large database of demographic, clinical, and ambulatory BP data from patients with CKD from cohorts in Italy, Spain, the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) and the African American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension Cohort Study (AASK) in the United States, and the CKD Japan Cohort (CKD-JAC)...
September 7, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
G Guaraldi, A Malagoli, A Calcagno, C Mussi, B M Celesia, F Carli, S Piconi, G V De Socio, A M Cattelan, G Orofino, A Riva, E Focà, S Nozza, G Di Perri
BACKGROUND: Geriatric Patients Living with HIV/AIDS (GEPPO) is a new prospective observational multicentre cohort consisting of all the HIV-positive geriatric patients being treated at 10 clinics in Italy, and HIV-negative controls attending a single geriatric clinic. The aim of this analysis of the GEPPO cohort was to compare prevalence and risk factors of individual non-communicable diseases (NCD), multi-morbidity (MM) and polypharmacy (PP) amongst HIV positive and HIV negative controls at enrolment into the GEPPO cohort...
April 20, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Francesca Viazzi, Antonio Ceriello, Paola Fioretto, Carlo Giorda, Pietro Guida, Giuseppina Russo, Eulalia Greco, Salvatore De Cosmo, Roberto Pontremoli
OBJECTIVES: To assess the predictive role of changes in albuminuria on the loss of renal function under antihypertensive treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: Clinical records from a total of 12 611 patients with hypertension and T2D, attending 100 antidiabetic centers in Italy, with normal estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at baseline and regular visits during a 4-year period were retrieved and analyzed. We assessed the association between changes in albuminuria status during a 1-year baseline period and time updated blood pressure (BP) and eGFR loss over the subsequent 4-year follow-up...
August 2018: Journal of Hypertension
Giuseppe Penno, Anna Solini, Enzo Bonora, Emanuela Orsi, Cecilia Fondelli, Gianpaolo Zerbini, Roberto Trevisan, Monica Vedovato, Franco Cavalot, Luigi Laviola, Antonio Nicolucci, Giuseppe Pugliese
AIMS: To define the contribution of chronic kidney disease (CKD) to excess mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes and identify the baseline variables associated with all-cause death in those with and without CKD using the RECursive Partitioning and Amalgamation (RECPAM) method. METHODS: This observational, longitudinal, cohort study enrolled 15,773 consecutive non-dialytic patients with type 2 diabetes in 19 Diabetes Clinics throughout Italy in 2006-2008. Based on the presence of albuminuria ≥ 30 mg day-1 and/or estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 60 mL min-1 ·1...
June 2018: Acta Diabetologica
Aldo Bonaventura, Fiorenza Gallo, Federico Carbone, Luca Liberale, Davide Maggi, Giovanni Sacchi, Franco Dallegri, Fabrizio Montecucco, Renzo Cordera
AIMS: Hypoglycaemia represents a critical burden with clinical and social consequences in the management of diabetes. Serum uric acid (SUA) has been associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD), but no conclusive findings are available nowadays in patients suffering from hypoglycaemia. We investigated whether SUA levels at the time of hypoglycaemia could predict all-cause mortality after 1-year follow-up. METHODS: In total, 219 patients admitted to the Emergency Department (ED) of Ospedale Policlinico S...
April 2018: Acta Diabetologica
Deniz Yıldırım, Deniz Özdoğru Sağdıç, Buket Şeflek, Mehmet Çimentepe, İbrahim Bayram, Fügen Yarkın
Influenza virus infections are extremely important for human health due to the occurence of seasonal epidemics and pandemics worldwide. Influenza is associated with high morbidity and may result in serious complications such as life threatening viral or bacterial pneumonia. Especially, young children, older adults, patients with chronic diseases such as heart, lung, kidney, and diabetes and immunosuppressed people are at higher risk for complications and death from influenza virus infections. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of influenza type A and B virus infections and influenza A virus subtypes in hospitalized patients with respiratory tract infections by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR, Sacace, Italy), conventional RT-PCR and direct immunofluorescence antibody (DFA, Argene SA, France) tests...
October 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
Mikaela Smit, Rachel Cassidy, Alessandro Cozzi-Lepri, Eugenia Quiros-Roldan, Enrico Girardi, Alessia Mammone, Andrea Antinori, Annalisa Saracino, Francesca Bai, Stefano Rusconi, Giacomo Magnani, Francesco Castelli, Priscilla Hsue, Antonella d'Arminio Monforte, Timothy B Hallett
BACKGROUND: Country-specific forecasts of the growing non-communicable disease (NCD) burden in ageing HIV-positive patients will be key to guide future HIV policies. We provided the first national forecasts for Italy and the Unites States of America (USA) and quantified direct cost of caring for these increasingly complex patients. METHODS AND SETTING: We adapted an individual-based model of ageing HIV-positive patients to Italy and the USA, which followed patients on HIV-treatment as they aged and developed NCDs (chronic kidney disease, diabetes, dyslipidaemia, hypertension, non-AIDS malignancies, myocardial infarctions and strokes)...
2017: PloS One
Maria Concetta Postorino, Mattia Prosperi, Emanuele Focà, Eugenia Quiros-Roldan, Elisa Di Filippo, Franco Maggiolo, Alberto Borghetti, Nicoletta Ladisa, Massimo Di Pietro, Andrea Gori, Laura Sighinolfi, Angelo Pan, Nicola Mazzini, Carlo Torti
BACKGROUND: Atazanavir (ATV) not boosted by ritonavir (uATV) has been frequently used in the past for switching combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). However, the clinical outcomes and predictors of such strategy are unknown. METHODS: An observational study was carried out on the Italian MASTER, selecting HIV infected patients on cART switching to an uATV-containing regimen. Baseline was set as the last visit before uATV initiation. In the primary analysis, a composite clinical end-point was defined as the first occurring of any condition among: liver, cardiovascular, kidney, diabetes, non AIDS related cancer or death events...
March 15, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
Luca De Nicola, Michele Provenzano, Paolo Chiodini, Silvio Borrelli, Luigi Russo, Antonio Bellasi, Domenico Santoro, Giuseppe Conte, Roberto Minutolo
CKD patients with low-grade proteinuria (LP) are common in nephrology clinics. However, prevalence, characteristics, and the competing risks of ESRD and death as the specific determinants, are still unknown. We analyzed epidemiological features of LP status in a prospective cohort of 2,340 patients with CKD stage III-V referred from ≥6 months in 40 nephrology clinics in Italy. LP status was defined as proteinuria <0.5 g/24h according to current KDIGO guidelines. Patients with higher proteinuria constituted the control group (CON)...
2017: PloS One
C Torino, P Pizzini, S Cutrupi, G Tripepi, F Mallamaci, R Thadhani, C Zoccali
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: 1,25(OH)2Vitamin D increases the expression of the sclerostin gene. Whether vitamin D receptor activation (VDRA) influences serum sclerostin in CKD and whether compounds interfering with VDRA like Advanced Glycosylation End Products (AGEs) may alter the sclerostin response to VDRA is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighty-eight stage G3-4 CKD patients randomly received 2 μg paricalcitol (PCT)/day (n = 44) or placebo (n = 44) for 12 weeks...
March 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Antonio Pacilli, Francesca Viazzi, Paola Fioretto, Carlo Giorda, Antonio Ceriello, Stefano Genovese, Giuseppina Russo, Pietro Guida, Roberto Pontremoli, Salvatore De Cosmo
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of death. This risk appears to be modulated by kidney dysfunction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of diabetic kidney disease (DKD), its traits, and clinical correlates in a large sample of patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Clinical data of 20 464 patients with type 1 diabetes were extracted from electronic medical records. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and increased urinary albumin excretion were considered...
May 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
Valeria Mastrilli, Roberto D'Elia, Daniela Galeone
The Prevention of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is placed in the more general context of prevention of major chronic Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs): cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, chronic lung diseases and tumors that are the main problem for public health worldwide. Any health policy strategy aimed to the prevention of NCDs has to provide knowledge of health and socioeconomic status of the population, to reduce the level of exposure to risk factors and to adapt health services to the request for assistance...
July 2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
S Bellelli, G Turchetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Suetonia C Palmer, Marinella Ruospo, Germaine Wong, Jonathan C Craig, Massimo Petruzzi, Michele De Benedittis, Pauline Ford, David W Johnson, Marcello Tonelli, Patrizia Natale, Valeria Saglimbene, Fabio Pellegrini, Eduardo Celia, Ruben Gelfman, Miguel R Leal, Marietta Torok, Paul Stroumza, Luc Frantzen, Anna Bednarek-Skublewska, Jan Dulawa, Domingo Del Castillo, Amparo G Bernat, Jorgen Hegbrant, Charlotta Wollheim, Staffan Schon, Letizia Gargano, Casper P Bots, Giovanni F M Strippoli
BACKGROUND: Oral disease is a potentially treatable determinant of mortality and quality of life. No comprehensive multinational study to quantify oral disease burden and to identify candidate preventative strategies has been performed in the dialysis setting. METHODS: The ORAL disease in hemoDialysis (ORALD) study was a prospective study in adults treated with hemodialysis in Europe (France, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain) and Argentina. Oral disease was assessed using standardized WHO methods...
October 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Marco Falcone, Giusy Tiseo, Alessandro Russo, Laura Giordo, Elisa Manzini, Giuliano Bertazzoni, Paolo Palange, Gloria Taliani, Roberto Cangemi, Alessio Farcomeni, Vincenzo Vullo, Francesco Violi, Mario Venditti
Diabetes mellitus is a frequent comorbid conditions among patients with pneumonia living in the community.The aim of our study is to evaluate the impact of hospitalization for pneumonia on early (30 day) and late mortality (1 year) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.Prospective comparative cohort study of 203 patients with type 2 diabetes hospitalized for pneumonia versus 206 patients with diabetes hospitalized for other noninfectious causes from January 2012 to December 2013 at Policlinico Umberto I (Rome)...
February 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ahmed S Zakaria, Luca Rossetti, Maurizio Cristina, Anna Veronelli, Federico Lombardi, Alessandro Saibene, Giancarlo Micheletto, Antonio E Pontiroli
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available on weight loss, metabolic control, cardiovascular disease and diabetic complications in morbidly obese patients undergoing gastric banding (LAGB) compared with morbidly obese patients receiving medical treatment. OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term effects of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) on glucose tolerance, arterial hypertension, and cardiovascular disease and prevention of diabetic complications (retinopathy and renal function) in morbidly obese patients...
March 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Gianluca Trifirò, Fabrizio Parrino, Valeria Pizzimenti, Francesco Giorgianni, Janet Sultana, Marco Muscianisi, Chiara Troncone, Daniele U Tari, Vincenzo Arcoraci, Domenico Santoro, Giusi Russo, Viviana Lacava, Achille P Caputi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Diabetes mellitus in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is known as diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Pharmacological management of DKD is challenging due to reduced renal excretion of some antidiabetic drugs. The aim of this population-based study was to explore antidiabetic drug use in DKD patients from Southern Italy. METHODS: The Arianna database from Caserta Local Health Unit was used. Diabetic patients with incident CKD [first diagnosis date: index date (ID)] were identified by searching for specific ICD9-CM codes among hospital discharge diagnoses/procedures and/or indication of use associated with drug prescriptions...
March 2016: Clinical Drug Investigation
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