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Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test

Jingjing Xu, Minming Zhang
PURPOSE: To determine the association between functional connectivity (FC) of functional-segmented anterior and posterior portions of the hippocampus and performance on verbal and visual memory tests in a young, healthy population. METHODS: We recruited 100 healthy participants in the age of 19-29. Resting state fMRI data were acquired and voxel-wise correlation analysis was performed to functionally divide the hippocampus. We investigated the inter-hemispheric hippocampal-cortical functional connectivity after the participants took the assessment of episodic memory using verbal (California Verbal Learning Test II, CVLT-II) and visual subtests (Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure, ROCF)...
February 12, 2019: Behavioural Brain Research
Lee Ashendorf
OBJECTIVE: Performance validity assessment is a crucial component of any neuropsychological evaluation, particularly in settings where potential exaggeration of complaints and deficits is heightened. Standalone performance validity measures can be time-consuming, so many investigations have explored embedded indices within existing measures. The Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) and the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (ROCF) each have a number of available embedded performance validity tests (PVTs)...
January 12, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Wenqing Xia, Yu-Chen Chen, Yong Luo, Dan-Feng Zhang, Huiyou Chen, Jianhua Ma, Xindao Yin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) has been proven to be associated with an increased risk of cognitive dysfunction. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether disrupted spontaneous activity and functional connectivity (FC) exist in T1DM patients using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) and to detect the relationships of these parameters with cognitive impairment. METHODS: T1DM patients (n=35) were compared with age-, sex-, and education level-matched healthy controls (n=50) through rs-fMRI...
December 12, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Michael Kaczmarczyk, Katja Wingenfeld, Linn K Kuehl, Christian Otte, Kim Hinkelmann
Cognitive function is often impaired in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Childhood trauma is a risk factor for developing MDD and is also associated with cognitive impairments in later life. We aimed to investigate the effects of childhood trauma on cognitive function in MDD. 68 medication-free MDD patients and 75 healthy controls (HC) participated. We tested cognitive function with the Autobiographical Memory Test, Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT), Trail Making Test A and B, Rey-Osterrieth/Taylor Complex Figure Test, and Digit Span Backward...
December 2018: Psychiatry Research
Maud van Dorst, Kees Okkersen, Roy P C Kessels, Frederick J A Meijer, Darren G Monckton, Baziel G M van Engelen, Anil M Tuladhar, Joost Raaphorst
The myriad of neuropsychiatric manifestations reported in myotonic dystrophy type 1 may have its origin in alterations of complex brain network interactions at the structural level. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that altered white matter microstructural integrity and network organisation were present in a cohort of individuals with DM1 compared to unaffected controls, which was expected to be associated with CNS related disease manifestations of DM1. We performed a cross-sectional neuropsychological assessment and brain MRI in 25 myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) patients and 26 age, sex and educational level matched unaffected controls...
November 28, 2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
Bin Zhou, Qianhua Zhao, Shinsuke Kojima, Ding Ding, Satoshi Higashide, Yoji Nagai, Qihao Guo, Tatsuo Kagimura, Masanori Fukushima, Zhen Hong
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to identify the risk factors associated with the conversion from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia for the early detection of AD. METHODS: The study comprised a prospective cohort study that included 400 MCI subjects with annual follow-ups for 3 years. RESULTS: During the first 12 months' follow-up, 42 subjects converted to Alzheimer's dementia (21 probable AD and 21 possible AD), two subjects converted to other types of dementia and 56 subjects lost follow...
November 28, 2018: Current Alzheimer Research
Matteo Aloi, Marianna Rania, Renato de Filippis, Cristina Segura-Garcia
PURPOSE: Research has demonstrated impaired executive functioning among Binge Eating Disorder (BED) patients that could be influenced by age and weight. We aim to compare decision-making, set-shifting and central coherence between BED-obese patients (BED-Ob), non-BED-obese patients (non-BED-Ob), and normal-weight healthy controls (NW-HC) without the influence of these variables. METHODS: Overall, 35 BED-Ob, 32 non-BED-Ob and 26 NW-HC participants completed the Iowa Gambling Task, the Trail Making Test and the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test...
October 31, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Mohammadrasoul Khalkhali, Mahboobeh Golshahi, Tolou Hasandokht, Moosa Kafie, Roghaye Zare
Background: Methamphetamine-induced psychotic disorder (MIP) cannot be easily differentiated from other psychotic disorders. Some studies have reported that patients with MIP and schizophrenia have differences in their cognitive functioning. We hypothesized that their performance would be different on neuropsychological tests which assess executive functions and visual memory. Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 30 patients with MIP, 31 patients with schizophrenia, and 31 healthy controls were assessed by Rey-Osterrieth complex figure (ROCF) test and visual search and attention test (VSAT)...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Kristine A Wilckens, Dana L Tudorascu, Beth E Snitz, Julie C Price, Howard J Aizenstein, Oscar L Lopez, Kirk I Erickson, Brian J Lopresti, Charles M Laymon, Davneet Minhas, Chester A Mathis, Daniel J Buysse, William E Klunk, Ann D Cohen
Amyloid-β (Aβ) accumulation is a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease, although Aβ alone may be insufficient to cause impairments. Modifiable health factors, including sleep, may mitigate functional symptoms of neurodegeneration. We assessed whether sleep moderated the relationship between Aβ and cognitive performance in 41 older adults, mean age 83 years. Sleep measures included actigraphy-assessed wake after sleep onset and total sleep time. Cognitive performance was assessed with memory recall, cognitive flexibility, and verbal fluency...
November 2018: Neurobiology of Aging
Ana Catalan, Virxinia Angosto, Aida Díaz, Nuria Martínez, David Guede, Maite Pereda, Arantza Madrazo, Sonia Bustamante, Amaia Bilbao, Luis Osa, Lucía Inchausti, Miguel Angel Gonzalez-Torres
Research suggests that theory of mind (ToM) deficits are related to chronic psychosis and to first-episode psychosis (FEP) independently of other neurocognition domains. The aim of this study was to measure the differences in ToM area in a Spanish population of FEP sample (N = 32) and in a healthy control group (N = 32). A further aim was to describe the relationship between different domains of neurocognition, psychotic symptoms and social functioning with ToM in this sample. ToM was assessed with the MASC task...
October 2018: Psychiatry Research
Mitchell Slapik, Sharif I Kronemer, Owen Morgan, Ryan Bloes, Seth Lieberman, Jordan Mandel, Liana Rosenthal, Cherie Marvel
Poor visuospatial skills can disrupt activities of daily living. The cerebellum has been implicated in visuospatial processing, and patients with cerebellar injury often exhibit poor visuospatial skills, as measured by impaired memory for the figure within the Rey-Osterrieth complex figure task (ROCF). Visuospatial skills are an inherent aspect of the ROCF; however, figure organization (i.e., the order in which the figure is reconstructed by the participant) can influence recall ability. The objective of this study was to examine and compare visuospatial and organization skills in people with cerebellar ataxia...
June 13, 2018: Cerebellum
Chia-Ying Chou, R Scott Mackin, Kevin L Delucchi, Carol A Mathews
Early life adversity, ranging from material deprivation and parental dysfunction to abusive and life-threatening events, has been associated with hoarding symptom severity. Moreover, both victims of early life adversity and individuals with hoarding disorder have been found to have a higher tendency toward detail-oriented visual processing. This study aimed to investigate the role of detail-oriented visual processing in the relationship between early life adversity and hoarding-related dysfunction. Childhood exposure to life adversity, hoarding symptom severity, and emotional attachment to possessions, a hoarding-related dysfunction thought to be most closely related to adversity exposure, were assessed...
September 2018: Psychiatry Research
Xudong Li, Kang Wang, Shuhong Jia, Zhi Zhou, Yi Jin, Xiangfei Zhang, Chunlei Hou, Wenjing Zheng, Pei Rong, Jinsong Jiao
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) likely represents the prodromal stage of synucleinopathy. The present study was to investigate if there was prospective memory (PM) impairment and the relationship between different PM tasks and traditional cognitive tests in patients with iRBD. METHODS: A total of 28 patients with iRBD, 25 with Parkinson's disease (PD) and 21 healthy controls were included. The Cambridge Prospective Memory Test (CAMPROMPT) was used to measure the PM including time-based (TBPM) and event-based PM (EBPM)...
July 2018: Sleep Medicine
Yu-Ting Liu, Hui-Xin Zhang, Hui-Jun Li, Ting Chen, Ya-Qing Huang, Lian Zhang, Zhi-Chun Huang, Bin Liu, Ming Yang
Objective: To determine the changes in interhemispheric functional coordination in patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) relative to controls, using a recently introduced method of analysis: voxel-mirrored homotopic connectivity (VMHC). Methods: Twenty-nine patients with OSAHS and twenty-six normal sex-, age-, and education-matched controls were recruited and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging data were obtained. We employed VMHC to analyze the interhemispheric functional connectivity differences between groups...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Shirin Salimi, Muireann Irish, David Foxe, John R Hodges, Olivier Piguet, James R Burrell
Introduction: Overlapping and evolving symptoms lead to ambiguity in the diagnosis of dementia. Visuospatial function relies on parietal lobe function, which may be affected in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD). This review evaluates visuospatial dysfunction in patients with AD, frontotemporal dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies, and vascular dementia to determine the diagnostic and prognostic potential of visuospatial tasks in AD. Methods: A systematic search of studies (1960-2016) investigating visuospatial dysfunction in dementia was conducted...
2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
Gen Li, Huidong Tang, Jie Chen, Xuemei Qi, Shengdi Chen, Jianfang Ma
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the cognitive function of patients with primary restless legs syndrome/Willis-Ekbom disease (RLS/ WED) in a Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 40 patients with RLS/WED who were drug naïve and 40 controls, matched by age, sex, and educational level, were evaluated by cognitive function assessments, including the Chinese version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE-C), clock drawing test (CDT), Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT), Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (CFT), and Stroop Color Word Test (SCWT)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Anna Mosiołek, Jacek Gierus, Tytus Koweszko, Agata Szulc
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to examine the relation between cognitive functioning in people with borderline personality disorder and their overall functioning level, as well as psychopathology intensification specific for this type of disorders. METHODS: 64 patients aged 18-55 (M = 30.09) with borderline personality disorder (emotionally unstable personality - borderline type in the ICD-10) were examined. The study used: demographic-descriptive questionnaire, SCID II, Borderline Symptom Checlist-23, and Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF)...
February 28, 2018: Psychiatria Polska
Fernando A Moraga, Iván López, Alicia Morales, Daniel Soza, Jessica Noack
It is estimated that labor activity at high altitudes in Chile will increase from 60,000 to 120,000 workers by the year 2020. Oxygenation of spaces improves the quality of life for workers at high geographic altitudes (<5,000 m). The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a mobile oxygen module system on cardiorespiratory and neuropsychological performance in a population of workers from Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA, 5,050 m) radiotelescope in the Chajnantor Valley, Chile...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Renato de Filippis, Matteo Aloi, Antonella Bruni, Raffaele Gaetano, Cristina Segura-Garcia, Pasquale De Fazio
BACKGROUND: The comorbidity of bipolar disorder (BD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has been widely described. Several studies have investigated the cognitive profiles of BD and OCD patients, but studies that compare BD, BD-OCD, and OCD patients in neuropsychological domains do not exist. The purpose of this study was to compare set-shifting, decision making, and central coherence among BD, BD-OCD, and OCD patients. METHODS: A battery of neuropsychological tests was administered to 68 patients (22 BD, 26 BD-OCD, 20 OCD)...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Jenni Leppanen, James Adamson, Kate Tchanturia
Background: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is characterized by severe malnutrition as well as inefficiencies in neurocognitive functioning, which are believed to contribute to the maintenance of disordered eating. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of individual cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) on neurocognition in AN. Methods: A total of 145 adult women from an eating disorders inpatient program took part in the present study. All participants were given individual CRT in addition to treatment as usual...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
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