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Manipulation RCT

Paul Enck, Sibylle Klosterhalfen
Sex has been speculated to be a predictor of the placebo and nocebo effect for many years, but whether this holds true or not has rarely been investigated. We utilized a placebo literature database on various aspects of the genuine placebo/nocebo response. In 2015, we had extracted 75 systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and meta-regressions performed in major medical areas (neurology, psychiatry, internal medicine). These meta-analyses were screened for whether sex/gender differences had been noted to contribute to the placebo/nocebo effect: in only 3 such analyses female sex was associated with a higher placebo effect, indicating poor evidence for a contribution of sex to it in RCTs...
2019: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Zhuomao Mo, Renwen Zhang, Jinfeng Chen, Xinnong Shu, Tang Shujie
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to compare oblique pulling spinal manipulation with other treatments for lumbar disc herniation. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials of oblique pulling manipulation versus other treatment for lumbar disc herniation were identified using the following databases: China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase, Chinese Biological Medicine, and Web of Science...
November 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Sandra I Sünram-Lea
Breakfast has been claimed to improve cognitive function and academic performance, leading to the provision of breakfast initiatives by public health bodies. Children may be particularly sensitive to the nutritional effects of breakfast due to greater energetic needs compared to adults. However, there is a lack of acute intervention studies assessing what type of breakfast is optimal for cognitive performance. In this paper, the impact of breakfast-based glycemic response on cognition in children will be reviewed...
2019: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Jarosław Marusiak, Beth E Fisher, Anna Jaskólska, Krzysztof Słotwiński, Sławomir Budrewicz, Magdalena Koszewicz, Katarzyna Kisiel-Sajewicz, Bartosz Kamiński, Artur Jaskólski
BACKGROUND: This study examined the generalized effects of cycle ergometer aerobic interval training (AIT) on psychomotor behaviors in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD), including bimanual motor control, cognitive function, and neurological motor and non-motor parkinsonian signs. METHODS: Twenty mild to moderate PD patients were randomly allocated to the following groups: (1) trained group (PD-TR, n = 10), which besides receiving usual care, underwent an 8-week moderate intensity AIT program; or (2) control group (PD-CO, n = 10) which received usual care, including participation in conventional physical therapy...
March 11, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Rungthip Puntumetakul, Rawiporn Pithak, Suwalee Namwongsa, Pongsatorn Saiklang, Rose Boucaut
[Purpose] To determine the short-term effects of thoracic manipulation, used alone or in conjunction with the Rungthip massage technique, on pain and neural extensibility in patients with chronic mechanical neck pain. [Participants and Methods] Thirty participants were randomly allocated to the aforementioned two groups. Outcome measures were neck pain at rest assessed using the Visual Analog Scale, and elbow extension range of motion evaluated using Upper Limb Neurodynamic Test 1 prior to treatment and three weeks after it...
February 2019: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Laura Munson, Matthew F Funk, Terence A Perrault
Objective: The purpose of this report is to describe the evaluation and treatment of a patient initially presenting for chiropractic care of neck pain (NP) who was subsequently diagnosed with retropharyngeal calcific tendonitis (RCT). Clinical Features: A 53-year-old woman presented to a chiropractic office with severe idiopathic NP, loss of cervical mobility, and intermittent painful swallowing. She had a motor vehicle accident 6 months before with NP that resolved within a week without treatment...
December 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Long R Jiao, Ana B Fajardo Puerta, Tamara M H Gall, Mikael H Sodergren, Adam E Frampton, Tim Pencavel, Myura Nagendran, Nagy A Habib, Ara Darzi, Madhava Pai, Rob Thomas, Paul Tait
To avoid liver insufficiency following major hepatic resection, portal vein embolisation (PVE) is used to induce liver hypertrophy pre-operatively. Associating liver partition with portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy assisted with radiofrequency (RALPPS) was introduced as an alternative method. A randomized controlled trial comparing PVE with RALPPS for the pre-operative manipulation of liver volume in patients with a future liver remnant volume (FLRV) ≤25% (or ≤35% if receiving preoperative chemotherapy) was conducted...
March 4, 2019: Cancers
Barry G Matthews, Sheree E Hurn, Michael P Harding, Rachel A Henry, Robert S Ware
Background: Morton's neuroma (MN) is a compressive neuropathy of the common plantar digital nerve. It is a common compressive neuropathy often causing significant pain which limits footwear choices and weight bearing activities. This paper aims to review non-surgical interventions for MN, to evaluate the evidence base for the clinical management of MN. Methods: Electronic biomedical databases (CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE and Cochrane) were searched to January 2018 for studies evaluating the effectiveness of non-surgical interventions for Morton's neuroma...
2019: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
John A Perdrizet, Deng-Shan Shiau, Huisheng Xie
The improvement of immunity to vaccination has historically focused on manipulation of antigen presentation rather than the host. Immune modulation by stimulating specific acupuncture points along the Meridian System has been practiced in Traditional Chinese Medicine. The purpose of this study was to quantitatively determine whether acupoint vaccination, in which vaccine is administered at an acupuncture point in dogs, has the potential to enhance the immune response. A randomized controlled trial was conducted to compare the effectiveness of acupoint vaccination versus a conventional method, based on humoral immune response in dogs given Canine Distemper Vaccine (CDV)...
February 21, 2019: Vaccine
M D Arguisuelas, J F Lisón, J Doménech-Fernández, I Martínez-Hurtado, P Salvador Coloma, D Sánchez-Zuriaga
BACKGROUND: Flexion-relaxation response of the lumbar erector spinae has been previously studied after different interventions such as exercise programs or spinal manipulation, in subjects with chronic low back pain. The objective of the study was to investigate the effects of an isolated myofascial release protocol on erector spinae myoelectric activity and lumbar spine kinematics in chronic low back pain. METHODS: Thirty-six participants, with nonspecific chronic low back pain, were randomized to myofascial release group (n = 18) receiving four sessions of myofascial treatment, each lasting 40 min, and to control group (n = 18) receiving a sham myofascial release...
February 14, 2019: Clinical Biomechanics
Jing Guo, Yang Chen, Zhengjie Li, Shirui Cheng, Chenjian Tang, Xiaohui Dong, Wenhua He, Yong Huang, Bao Yin, Yu Sheng, Jun Zhou, Aijia Li, Fang Zeng, Lei Lan, Fanrong Liang
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture is safe and effective for reducing the symptoms of knee osteoarthritis (KOA), but the underlying mechanisms of acupuncture for treating KOA are not fully understood. METHODS/DESIGN: In total, 108 participants diagnosed with KOA will be recruited. They will be blinded to group assignment and randomized to either verum acupuncture, sham acupuncture or waiting-list groups with 36 patients in each group. Each patient in the acupuncture group will receive five treatments per week for 2 weeks...
February 13, 2019: Trials
C Simonelli, M Vitacca, M Vignoni, N Ambrosino, M Paneroni
PURPOSE: Manual therapy (MT) has been proposed in pulmonary rehabilitation programmes for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but an updated systematic review of the evidence is lacking. We aimed to systematically review the effectiveness of MT interventions, alone or added to exercise, on lung function, exercise capacity and quality of life in COPD patients, compared to other therapies (e.g. exercise alone) or no treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases, using the terms: COPD, manual therapy, manipulation, joint mobilisation, osteopathic manipulation...
February 6, 2019: Pulmonology
Berkeley N Limketkai, Zipporah Iheozor-Ejiofor, Teuta Gjuladin-Hellon, Alyssa Parian, Laura E Matarese, Kelly Bracewell, John K MacDonald, Morris Gordon, Gerard E Mullin
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), comprised of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is characterized by chronic mucosal inflammation, frequent hospitalizations, adverse health economics, and compromised quality of life. Diet has been hypothesised to influence IBD activity. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of dietary interventions on IBD outcomes. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane IBD Group Specialized Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, Clinicaltrials...
February 8, 2019: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Annu Navani, Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Sheri L Albers, Richard E Latchaw, Jaya Sanapati, Alan D Kaye, Sairam Atluri, Sheldon Jordan, Ashim Gupta, David Cedeno, Alejandro Vallejo, Bert Fellows, Nebojsa Nick Knezevic, Miguel Pappolla, Sudhir Diwan, Andrea M Trescot, Amol Soin, Adam M Kaye, Steve M Aydin, Aaron K Calodney, Kenneth D Candido, Sanjay Bakshi, Ramsin M Benyamin, Ricardo Vallejo, Art Watanabe, Douglas Beall, Todd P Stitik, Patrick M Foye, Erik M Helander, Joshua A Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Regenerative medicine is a medical subspecialty that seeks to recruit and enhance the body's own inherent healing armamentarium in the treatment of patient pathology. This therapy's intention is to assist in the repair, and to potentially replace or restore damaged tissue through the use of autologous or allogenic biologics. This field is rising like a Phoenix from the ashes of underperforming conventional therapy midst the hopes and high expectations of patients and medical personnel alike...
January 2019: Pain Physician
Parisa Nejati, Afsaneh Safarcherati, Farshid Karimi
BACKGROUND: The sacroiliac joint dysfunction (SIJD) has been found to be the primary culprit for lower back pain (LBP), but it is still overlooked and treated as LBP. There are no guidelines or appropriate therapeutic protocols for SIJD. Thus, there is a need for an effective treatment strategy for SIJD. OBJECTIVE: To compare exercise therapy (ET), manipulation therapy (MT), and a combination of the 2 (EMT) in terms of their effectiveness in treating SIJD. STUDY DESIGN: A comparative, prospective, single-blind randomized controlled trial ...
January 2019: Pain Physician
Shir Lotan, Leonid Kalichman
BACKGROUND: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a common orthopedic condition with a prevalence of 2%-3% in children aged 10-16 years. Conservative interventions remain controversial and are usually based on physical therapy exercises and treatments. Manual therapy techniques may also serve as adequate treatments for AIS due to their ability to improve range of motion and decrease muscle tone and pain. OBJECTIVE: To critically assess the current literature on the effectiveness of manual therapy methods used to treat AIS...
January 2019: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Fahimeh Kamali, Mehdi Zamanlou, Ali Ghanbari, Abbass Alipour, Soha Bervis
BACKGROUND: Manual therapy and exercise therapy are two common treatments for low back pain. Although their effects have been discussed in several studies, the superiority of one over the other for patients with sacroiliac joint dysfunction is still unclear. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of manipulation (M) and stabilization exercises (S) in patients with subacute or chronic sacroiliac joint dysfunction. METHODS: The participants in this randomized controlled trial study were patients with subacute or chronic sacroiliac joint dysfunction for more than 4 weeks and less than 1 year...
January 2019: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Manuela Jungmann, Shervin Vencatachellum, Dimitri Van Ryckeghem, Claus Vögele
BACKGROUND: The experience of psychological stress has not yet been adequately tackled with digital technology by catering to healthy individuals who wish to reduce their acute stress levels. For the design of digitally mediated solutions, physiological mechanisms need to be investigated that have the potential to induce relaxation with the help of technology. Research has shown that physiological mechanisms embodied in the face and neck regions are effective for diminishing stress-related symptoms...
October 9, 2018: JMIR formative research
Jian-Fei Niu, Xiao-Feng Zhao, Han-Tong Hu, Jia-Jie Wang, Yan-Ling Liu, De-Hua Lu
BACKGROUND: This review aims to rate the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations in high-quality systematic reviews of non-drug therapies. Hypertensive patients who are resistant or non-adherent to antihypertensive drugs may be easier to manage if they choose alternative non-drug therapies for hypertension, based on this review. METHODS: P: Adults (>18 years), except pregnant women, with essential hypertension. I: Cupping, moxibustion, acupuncture, acupoint stimulation, yoga, meditation, tai chi, Qi gong, Chinese massage, massage, spinal manipulation, biofeedback, device-guided breathing therapy, aromatherapy, music therapy, and relaxation approaches...
February 2019: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Bhone Myint Kyaw, Nakul Saxena, Pawel Posadzki, Jitka Vseteckova, Charoula Konstantia Nikolaou, Pradeep Paul George, Ushashree Divakar, Italo Masiello, Andrzej A Kononowicz, Nabil Zary, Lorainne Tudor Car
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality (VR) is a technology that allows the user to explore and manipulate computer-generated real or artificial three-dimensional multimedia sensory environments in real time to gain practical knowledge that can be used in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effectiveness of VR for educating health professionals and improving their knowledge, cognitive skills, attitudes, and satisfaction. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the effectiveness of VR in pre- and postregistration health professions education following the gold standard Cochrane methodology...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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