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fetal cardiovascular magnetic resonance

Anna Hellkvist, Johan Wikström, Ajlana Mulic-Lutvica, Katharina Ericson, Christopher Eriksson-Falkerby, Peter Lindgren, Eva Penno, Ove Axelsson
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to investigate the accuracy of postmortem fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compared to fetal autopsy in second trimester pregnancies terminated due to fetal anomalies. A secondary aim was to compare the MRI evaluations of two senior radiologists. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective study including 34 fetuses from pregnancies terminated in the second trimester due to fetal anomalies. All women accepted a postmortem MRI and an autopsy of the fetus...
January 29, 2019: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Eric M Schrauben, Brahmdeep Singh Saini, Jack R T Darby, Jia Yin Soo, Mitchell C Lock, Elaine Stirrat, Greg Stortz, John G Sled, Janna L Morrison, Mike Seed, Christopher K Macgowan
BACKGROUND: To date it has not been possible to obtain a comprehensive 3D assessment of fetal hemodynamics because of the technical challenges inherent in imaging small cardiac structures, movement of the fetus during data acquisition, and the difficulty of fusing data from multiple cardiac cycles when a cardiac gating signal is absent. Here we propose the combination of volumetric velocity-sensitive cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging ("4D flow" CMR) and a specialized animal preparation (catheters to monitor fetal heart rate, anesthesia to immobilize mother and fetus) to examine fetal sheep cardiac hemodynamics in utero...
January 21, 2019: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Christopher W Roy, Davide Marini, David F A Lloyd, Wadi Mawad, Shi-Joon Yoo, Eric M Schrauben, Edgar Jaeggi, Mike Seed, Christopher K Macgowan
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging have facilitated CINE imaging of the fetal heart. In this work, a preliminary investigation of the utility of multislice CINE CMR for assessing fetal congenital heart disease is performed and compared with echocardiography. METHODS AND RESULTS: Multislice CINE CMR and echocardiography images were acquired in 25 pregnant women wherein the fetus had a suspected congenital heart defect based on routine obstetric ultrasound...
December 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
Datta Singh Goolaub, Christopher W Roy, Eric Schrauben, Dafna Sussman, Davide Marini, Mike Seed, Christopher K Macgowan
PURPOSE: To image multidimensional flow in fetuses using golden-angle radial phase contrast cardiovascular magnetic resonance (PC-CMR) with motion correction and retrospective gating. METHODS: A novel PC-CMR method was developed using an ungated golden-angle radial acquisition with continuously incremented velocity encoding. Healthy subjects (n = 5, 27 ± 3 years, males) and pregnant females (n = 5, 34 ± 2 weeks gestation) were imaged at 3 T using the proposed sequence...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Su-Zhen Dong, Ming Zhu
The purpose of this study was to report fetal cases of subaortic and retroesophageal anomalous courses of the left brachiocephalic vein (LBCV) evaluated by fetal cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A retrospective review of 7282 fetal cardiac MRI from June 2006 to March 2017, nine cases of anomalous courses of the LBCV were correctly diagnosed by fetal cardiac MRI, one case of abnormal subaortic left brachiocephalic vein (ASLBV) missed by fetal MRI was identified postnatally during further imaging of the TOF...
October 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
Sven-Thomas Antoni, Sascha Lehmann, Maximilian Neidhardt, Kai Fehrs, Christian Ruprecht, Fabian Kording, Gerhard Adam, Sibylle Schupp, Alexander Schlaefer
PURPOSE: Ultrasound (US) is the state of the art in prenatal diagnosis to depict fetal heart diseases. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) has been proposed as a complementary diagnostic tool. Currently, only trigger-based methods allow the temporal and spatial resolutions necessary to depict the heart over time. Of these methods, only Doppler US (DUS)-based triggering is usable with higher field strengths. DUS is sensitive to motion. This may lead to signal and, ultimately, trigger loss...
November 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Abraham M Rudolph
BACKGROUND: Circulatory changes during gestational development of the human fetus have been considered to be similar to those noted in studies of the lamb fetus. METHODS: Blood flow measurements derived by Doppler ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging techniques in human fetuses at various stages of gestation have been compared with those in the lamb. RESULTS: Combined ventricular output relative to fetal body weight does not change significantly with growth in the lamb or human...
July 16, 2018: Pediatric Research
J M Lieb, F J Ahlhelm
CLINICAL ISSUE: Agenesis of the corpus callosum is reported to have an incidence of about 1:4000 live births. In 30-45% of cases, genetic etiologies can be identified, e. g., 10% chromosomal anomalies and 20-35% genetic syndromes. Environmental factors like fetal alcohol syndrome are also known to be prone to callosal agenesis. Callosal agenesis can be complete or partial and can be isolated or associated with other central nervous system (CNS) anomalies (e. g., cortical developmental disorders, callosal lipoma, intracranial cysts) or extra-CNS anomalies (e...
July 2018: Der Radiologe
Fabian Kording, Jin Yamamura, Manuela Tavares de Sousa, Christian Ruprecht, Erik Hedström, Anthony H Aletras, P Ellen Grant, Andrew J Powell, Kai Fehrs, Gerhard Adam, Hendrik Kooijman, Bjoern P Schoennagel
BACKGROUND: Fetal cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging may provide a valuable adjunct to fetal echocardiography in the evaluation of congenital cardiovascular pathologies. However, dynamic fetal CMR is difficult due to the lack of direct in-utero cardiac gating. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a newly developed Doppler ultrasound (DUS) device in humans for fetal CMR gating. METHODS: Fifteen fetuses (gestational age 30-39 weeks) were examined using 1...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Max L Senders, Xuchu Que, Young Seok Cho, Calvin Yeang, Hannah Groenen, Francois Fay, Claudia Calcagno, Anu E Meerwaldt, Simone Green, Phuong Miu, Mark E Lobatto, Thomas Reiner, Zahi A Fayad, Joseph L Witztum, Willem J M Mulder, Carlos Pérez-Medina, Sotirios Tsimikas
BACKGROUND: Oxidation-specific epitopes (OSEs) are proinflammatory, and elevated levels in plasma predict cardiovascular events. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to develop novel positron emission tomography (PET) probes to noninvasively image OSE-rich lesions. METHODS: An antigen-binding fragment (Fab) antibody library was constructed from human fetal cord blood. After multiple rounds of screening against malondialdehyde-acetaldehyde (MAA) epitopes, the Fab LA25 containing minimal nontemplated insertions in the CDR3 region was identified and characterized...
January 23, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Shuping Ge, Dev Maulik
In this Special Issue of the Journal, 8 review articles that represent the new developments and applications of fetal echocardiography and fetal cardiology for diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of fetal cardiovascular disease are included. The goal was to provide an updated review of the evidence for the current and emerging use of fetal echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance, improved diagnosis of challenging congenital heart disease, new tools for evaluation of fetal systolic and diastolic function, better prognosis and risk stratification of newborns with congenital heart diseases, and new and promising therapies for fetuses with cardiovascular disease...
December 2017: Echocardiography
Liqun Sun, Christopher K Macgowan, Sharon Portnoy, John G Sled, Shi-Joon Yoo, Lars Grosse-Wortmann, Edgar Jaeggi, John Kingdom, Mike Seed
Until recently, our modern understanding of fetal circulatory physiology has been largely based on invasive measurements made in fetal sheep. However, new MRI technology developed by our group has provided equivalent information about the distribution of blood flow and oxygen transport noninvasively. The initial findings largely confirm prior estimates about the human fetal circulation extrapolated from fetal sheep data and human ultrasound data. Here we describe the hemodynamics of the normal late gestation human fetal circulation by MRI and speculate about what the advent of this technology might mean in terms of the management of fetuses affected by placental insufficiency and congenital heart disease...
December 2017: Echocardiography
Lindsay Edwards, Lisa Hui
Fetal structural anomalies are found in up to 3% of all pregnancies and ultrasound-based screening has been an integral part of routine prenatal care for decades. The prenatal detection of fetal anomalies allows for optimal perinatal management, providing expectant parents with opportunities for additional imaging, genetic testing, and the provision of information regarding prognosis and management options. Approximately one-half of all major structural anomalies can now be detected in the first trimester, including acrania/anencephaly, abdominal wall defects, holoprosencephaly and cystic hygromata...
April 2018: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Lindsey Alexandra Crowe, Gibran Manasseh, Aneta Chmielewski, Anne-Lise Hachulla, Daniel Speicher, Andreas Greiser, Hajo Muller, Thomas de Perrot, Jean-Paul Vallee, Rares Salomir
OBJECTIVE: We demonstrate the use of a magnetic-resonance (MR)-compatible ultrasound (US) imaging probe using spatially resolved Doppler for diagnostic quality cardiovascular MR imaging (MRI) as an initial step toward hybrid US/MR fetal imaging. METHODS: A newly developed technology for a dedicated MR-compatible phased array ultrasound-imaging probe acquired pulsed color Doppler carotid images, which were converted in near-real time to a trigger signal for cardiac cine and flow quantification MRI...
February 2018: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
An Qi Duan, Mitchell C Lock, Sunthara Rajan Perumal, Jack R Darby, Jia Yin Soo, Joseph B Selvanayagam, Christopher K Macgowan, Mike Seed, Janna L Morrison
BACKGROUND: Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging has enabled the accurate assessment of myocardial infarction (MI). However, LGE CMR has not been performed successfully in the fetus, where it could be useful for animal studies of interventions to promote cardiac regeneration. We believe that LGE imaging could allow us to document the presence, extent and effect of MI in utero and would thereby expand our capacity for conducting fetal sheep MI research...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Su-Zhen Dong, Ming Zhu
This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for persistent left superior vena cava (LSVC). Prenatal echocardiography (echo) and/or ultrasound (US) and MRI data for 49 fetuses with persistent LSVC, confirmed via postnatal diagnoses between January 2010 and October 2015, were retrospectively reviewed. All prenatal MRI was performed at 1.5 T. Imaging sequences included steady-state free-precession (SSFP), single-shot turbo spin echo (SSTSE), and other sequences...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
Nathalie H P Claessens, Christopher J Kelly, Serena J Counsell, Manon J N L Benders
This review integrates data on brain dysmaturation and acquired brain injury using fetal and neonatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), including the contribution of cardiovascular physiology to differences in brain development, and the relationship between brain abnormalities and subsequent neurological impairments in infants with congenital heart disease (CHD). The antenatal and neonatal period are critical for optimal brain development; the developing brain is particularly vulnerable to haemodynamic disturbances during this time...
September 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Sarah Soo-Hoo, Jenny Seong, Brandon R Porten, Nedaa Skeik
Takayasu arteritis is a rare, chronic vasculitis of unknown etiology characterized by inflammation of the aorta and its main branches. Although Takayasu arteritis mostly affects women of childbearing age, there is a paucity in the literature on pregnancy associated with Takayasu arteritis. Pregnant patients are at increased risk of cardiovascular complications, including hypertension and congestive heart failure, which may jeopardize both maternal and fetal outcomes. Furthermore, optimal management has not yet been established for pregnant patients with Takayasu arteritis, posing a clinical challenge...
May 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Priyanka Jha, Viktoriya Paroder, Winnie Mar, Jeanne M Horowtiz, Liina Poder
Placental masses are uncommonly identified at the time of obstetric ultrasound evaluation. Understanding the pathologies presenting as placental masses is key for providing a differential diagnosis and guiding subsequent management, which may include additional imaging with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Potential benign entities include chorioangiomas and teratomas. Larger chorioangiomas can cause fetal cardiovascular issues from volume overload. Placental mesenchymal dysplasia has an association with fetal anomalies and detailed fetal evaluation should be performed when it is suspected...
December 2016: Abdominal Radiology
Li-Xia Zhou, Su-Zhen Dong, Ming-Feng Zhang
PURPOSE: To present three fetal vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations (VGAMs), which were diagnosed through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and highlight these cardiovascular findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed three fetuses with VGAM at 31, 32, and 33 weeks of gestation. Feeding arteries and draining veins were observed by MRI. Secondary changes in the brain and high-output heart failure caused by high blood flow in the lesion were evaluated...
November 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
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