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Steroid induce osteoporosis

Li-Wei Lin, Fan-Hsuan Tsai, Wan-Cheng Lan, Yih-Dih Cheng, Sheng-Chi Lee, Chi-Rei Wu
The roots of Achyranthes bidentata Blume (AB) is commonly used in the treatment of osteoporosis and dementia in traditional Chinese medicine. Pharmacological reports evidenced that AB possessed anti-osteoarthritis effects. However, there is little literature about the anti-dementia activities of AB. The present study was designed to prepare steroid-enriched fraction of AB (ABS) and investigate whether ABS can protect from cognitive dysfunction and neuroinflammation against Aβ 1-40-induced Alzheimer's disease (AD) model in rats...
January 21, 2019: Molecular Neurobiology
Tianshuang Xia, Xin Dong, Yiping Jiang, Liuyue Lin, Zhimin Dong, Yi Shen, Hailiang Xin, Qiaoyan Zhang, Luping Qin
Rehmanniae Radix Preparata (RR), the dry rhizome of Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch., is a traditional herbal medicine for improving the liver and kidney function. Ample clinical and pharmacological experiments show that RR can prevent post-menopausal osteoporosis and senile osteoporosis. In the present study, in vivo and in vitro experiments, as well as a UHPLC-Q/TOF-MS-based metabolomics study, were used to explore the preventing effect of RR on glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) and its underlying mechanisms...
January 11, 2019: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Ceccarelli Elena, Mattaliano Chiara, Brazzi Angelica, Marinetti Adriana Chiara, Nigi Laura, Chirico Chiara, Corallo Claudio, Fioravanti Antonella, Giordano Nicola
BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoids are powerful and effective anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive drugs. They have a wide use in the treatment of different diseases, even though their side effects, such as hypertension, osteoporosis and, in particular, diabetes, are well known. They can exacerbate hyperglycemia in patients with diabetes mellitus or facilitate the development of a metabolic disease in apparently healthy subjects, the so called steroid-induced diabetes mellitus. This last is an independent risk factor for other complications associated with the use of glucocorticosteroids...
January 2, 2019: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Alice Horisberger, Stefano La Rosa, Jean-Philippe Zurcher, Stefan Zimmermann, Francois Spertini, George Coukos, Michel Obeid
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of esophageal stenosis caused by immune checkpoint inhibitors in the context of induced immune mucositis and esophagitis is extremely rare. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a patient with stage IV pulmonary adenocarcinoma treated for 6 months with nivolumab who developed bilateral sterile conjunctivitis followed by oropharyngeal mucositis and esophagitis complicated by a severe esophageal stenosis. The laryngeal margin and hypopharyngeal mucosa appeared highly inflammatory with fibrinous deposits...
December 27, 2018: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
Bing-Dong Sui, Ji Chen, Xin-Yi Zhang, Tao He, Pan Zhao, Chen-Xi Zheng, Meng Li, Cheng-Hu Hu, Yan Jin
Osteoporosis develops with high prevalence in both postmenopausal women and hypogonadal men. Osteoporosis results in significant morbidity, but no cure has been established. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) critically contribute to bone homeostasis and possess potent immunomodulatory/anti-inflammatory capability. Here, we investigated the therapeutic efficacy of using an infusion of MSCs to treat sex hormone-deficient bone loss and its underlying mechanisms. In particular, we compared the impacts of MSC cytotherapy in the two genders with the aim of examining potential gender differences...
December 17, 2018: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
Su Liu, Yunzong Huang, Chuangli Wang, Shoujing Tian, Youjia Xu, Jianfei Ge
The effect of epimedium extracting solution on bone mineral density (BMD) of steroid-induced avascular necrosis of femoral head (SANFH) in rats was evaluated to further explore its function mechanism. Twenty-four Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (male/female: 1/1) were randomly divided into three groups: the control (n=8), the glucocorticoid (n=8) and the epimedium (n=8) group. Rats in the glucocorticoid and the epimedium group were injected with prednisolone acetate injection in gluteal muscles with 15 mg/kg/day twice a week...
December 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Keren Turjeman, Nurit Yanay, Moran Elbaz, Yaelle Bavli, Moria Gross, Malcolm Rabie, Yechezkel Barenholz, Yoram Nevo
Glucocorticosteroids are the most efficacious anti-inflammatory agents and the gold standard treatment in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). However, their chronic use may lead to severe side effects. We evaluated the use of a novel injectable steroidal nano-drug in mdx mouse model of DMD by comparing the efficacy of nano-liposomes remotely loaded with the steroid prodrug, methylprednisolone hemisuccinate (MPS) with the same steroid as-is, in short (4-weeks) and long-term (58-weeks) treatments. Liposomal-MPS was selectively targeted to the mouse diaphragm, the most dystrophic muscle at early stage of the disease...
December 7, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Jorinde Aw Polderman, Violet Farhang-Razi, Susan Van Dieren, Peter Kranke, J Hans DeVries, Markus W Hollmann, Benedikt Preckel, Jeroen Hermanides
BACKGROUND: In the perioperative period, dexamethasone is widely and effectively used for prophylaxis of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), for pain management, and to facilitate early discharge after ambulatory surgery.Long-term treatment with steroids has many side effects, such as adrenal insufficiency, increased infection risk, hyperglycaemia, high blood pressure, osteoporosis, and development of diabetes mellitus. However, whether a single steroid load during surgery has negative effects during the postoperative period has not yet been studied...
November 23, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Bin Hu, Xuewu Sun, Yute Yang, Zhimin Ying, Jiahong Meng, Chenhe Zhou, Guangyao Jiang, Sihao Li, Fengfeng Wu, Xiang Zhao, Hanxiao Zhu, Haobo Wu, Xunzi Cai, Zhongli Shi, Shigui Yan
Postmenopausal osteoporosis is initiated by estrogen withdrawal and is characterized mainly by overactivated osteoclastic bone resorption. Targeting TNF receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) or its downstream signaling pathways to modulate osteoclast formation and function is an appealing strategy for osteoclast-related disorders. In the present study, we determined the effect of tomatidine, a steroidal alkaloid derived from Solanaceae, on the formation and function of receptor activator of NF-κB (RANK) ligand-induced osteoclasts and the underlying mechanism...
October 4, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Döndü Üsküdar Cansu, Erdal Bodakçi, Cengiz Korkmaz
Corticosteroids rank at the first place among the most commonly used immunosuppressive agents in the rheumatology practice. Although their conventional adverse effects including hyperglycemia, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and osteoporosis are well-recognized and managed, steroid-induced cardiac arrhythmias are known to a lesser extent. In this regard, steroid-associated bradycardia is rarely expected and not very well known. Reported cases of steroid-associated bradycardias in the literature predominantly have emerged during the course of intravenous high-dose (pulse) methylprednisolone (MP) administrations...
December 2018: Rheumatology International
Jorinde Aw Polderman, Violet Farhang-Razi, Susan Van Dieren, Peter Kranke, J Hans DeVries, Markus W Hollmann, Benedikt Preckel, Jeroen Hermanides
BACKGROUND: In the perioperative period, dexamethasone is widely and effectively used for prophylaxis of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), for pain management, and to facilitate early discharge after ambulatory surgery.Long-term treatment with steroids has many side effects, such as adrenal insufficiency, increased infection risk, hyperglycaemia, high blood pressure, osteoporosis, and development of diabetes mellitus. However, whether a single steroid load during surgery has negative effects during the postoperative period has not yet been studied...
August 28, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Seon Yoon Nah, Jae Hyup Lee, Ji-Ho Lee
BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoids adversely affect bone mineral density (BMD) and increase the risk of fracture. Yet, the cause-and-effect relationship between epidural steroid injection (ESI) and BMD has not been thoroughly investigated, and available results are inconsistent. This is probably a consequence of differences in the dose of steroids and follow-up duration. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate changes in BMD and the risk of fracture according to duration of the follow-up and amount of steroids used for ESI...
July 2018: Pain Physician
Martiniano Bello, Concepción Guadarrama-García, Luz M Velasco-Silveyra, Eunice D Farfán-García, Marvin A Soriano-Ursúa
Boron is increasingly added to food supplements due to multiple effects that have been reported in mammals after boric acid administration. Among these effects are inflammatory process control, bone and muscle strength enhancement, protein expression regulation, and a decreased risk of developing some pathologies in which these processes are key, such as osteoporosis, dermatological inflammatory non-infectious maladies and diseases affecting the central nervous system. Experimental data have suggested that steroid hormone levels in plasma change after boric acid administration, but a clear mechanism behind these variations has not been established...
September 2018: Medical Hypotheses
Ilke Coskun Benlidayi
Glucocorticoid therapy is the number one cause of secondary osteoporosis particularly effecting young individuals. Possessing an increased risk for fractures, glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis might interfere with patients' well-being and quality of life. Therefore, proper treatment of bone loss and prevention from fractures are of great importance. There are a limited number of therapeutic and preventative options for glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. Denosumab, with its high anti-resorptive potential, has been studied several times among patients on glucocorticoid therapy...
November 2018: Rheumatology International
Jiayun Shen, James F Griffith, Tracy Y Zhu, Peggy Tang, Emily W Kun, Violet K Lee, Ronald M Yip, Kitty Y Kwok, Shirley K Ying, Carmen T Ho, Sze-Lok Lau, Michelle O Pui, Tena K Li, Eleven Y Lau, Jack J Lee, Ling Qin, Lai-Shan Tam
Context: Measurement of areal bone mineral density (aBMD) by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) was able to predict fracture risk. High-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) yields additional information about volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD), microarchitecture, and strength that may increase our understanding of fracture susceptibility. Objective: To ascertain whether vBMD, microarchitecture, and estimated bone strength derived from HR-pQCT can discriminate vertebral fractures in patients with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) independent of aBMD...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Chieh-Cheng Hsu, Horng-Chaung Hsu, Che-Chen Lin, Yu-Chiao Wang, Hsuan-Ju Chen, Yung-Cheng Chiu, Chien-Chun Chang, Shu-Jui Kuo
Background: Cholangitis is the infectious disease involving the biliary tract, which may induce systemic inflammation. Bone loss is a well-known sequelae after systemic inflammatory disease, and one grave complication after osteoporosis is hip fracture. We want to know whether cholangitis can contribute to increased risk of hip fracture. Methods: All the patients diagnosed with cholangitis since January 1, 2001, to December 31, 2009, were assessed. All the subjects with cancer history, traumatic accident, and previous fracture were excluded...
2018: BioMed Research International
L Xi, P De Falco, E Barbieri, A Karunaratne, L Bentley, C T Esapa, N J Terrill, S D M Brown, R D Cox, G R Davis, N M Pugno, R V Thakker, H S Gupta
Glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) is a major secondary form of osteoporosis, with the fracture risk significantly elevated - at similar levels of bone mineral density - in patients taking glucocorticoids compared with non-users. The adverse bone structural changes at multiple hierarchical levels in GIOP, and their mechanistic consequences leading to reduced load-bearing capacity, are not clearly understood. Here we combine experimental X-ray nanoscale mechanical imaging with analytical modelling of the bone matrix mechanics to determine mechanisms causing bone material quality deterioration during development of GIOP...
August 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
T Kennedy, P W Sellar, D Vaideanu-Collins, J Ng
Zoledronic acid (zoledronate) is a bisphosphonate used predominantly as a second-line treatment for post-menopausal osteoporosis. Its administration is associated with an acute phase reaction. Here, we present two cases of anterior uveitis following initial administration of zoledronate. In the first case, an 80-year-old lady presented with right eye pain and decreased visual acuity 24-hours post-infusion. Uveitis was diagnosed and sub-conjunctival injection of corticosteroids was required. In the second case, a 78-year-old lady presented with right eye pain, vomiting and decreased acuity 24-hours after infusion...
September 1, 2018: Age and Ageing
Jianzhong Xu, Hanpu Gong, Shitao Lu, Matthey J Deasey, Quanjun Cui
Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a significant cause of both pain and disability that often affects young adults during what ought to be their most productive age. Two broad categories of ONFH exist: traumatic and non-traumatic. Traumatic ONFH results from acute mechanical disruption of the femoral head's blood supply. Many factors that increase the risk of non-traumatic osteonecrosis have been identified. Steroid-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head (SONFH) is the most common form of non-traumatic ONFH...
July 2018: International Orthopaedics
J Mok, C Brown, A E B Moore, S S Min, G Hampson
PURPOSE: Teriparatide (TPD) is a skeletal anabolic agent used in patients with severe post-menopausal osteoporosis (PMO) and steroid-induced osteoporosis who are at hish risk of fracture. Predictors of therapeutic response to teriparatide in real-life setting are not well characterised. We investigated potential factors associated with teriparatide response in post-menopausal women with established osteoporosis. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective survey of 48 women, aged 73...
August 2018: Endocrine Research
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