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School-based physical therapy

Luis Mt Jesus, Joaquim Santos, Joana Martinez
BACKGROUND: Few studies have analyzed gains in using computers in speech and language therapy interventions for children with speech and/or language disorders when compared to a control group, but virtual tutors and computer-based visual feedback have been gaining interest in the literature. Previous systematic reviews mainly focused on development technological details of computer-based speech training systems or the potential of integrating mobile technology into education and rehabilitation, but recent systematic reviews have also evaluated the efficacy of computer-based speech and language therapy for children and how digital technology can support different activities, at school or elsewhere...
January 30, 2019: JMIR Research Protocols
Megan Quist, Debra Chopp, Camille M Wilson, Jenny Radesky
Charles is a 10-year-old African-American male who presents to the Developmental Behavioral Pediatrics Clinic for evaluation of his learning. His primary care provider (PCP) was concerned that his developmental delays were negatively affecting his ability to engage in his homeschooling curriculum and also that his mother seemed unaware of the severity of his delays. Neuropsychological evaluation had been recommended by the PCP several times in the past, but the family declined. At one point, the PCP had considered potential child protective services (CPS) referral for medical neglect because of missed appointments and lack of follow-through on recommendations, which motivated the parent to bring him to this appointment...
January 14, 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Kimberly D Wynarczuk, Lisa A Chiarello, Kathleen Fisher, Susan K Effgen, Robert J Palisano, Ed J Gracely
AIMS: Individualized goals are the foundation for physical therapy services and outcomes. This research describes school-based physical therapists' (PTs) experiences and perceptions of how student goals impact services and outcomes. METHODS: Twenty school-based PTs participated in one of five semi-structured focus groups on goal development and use. Therapists were recruited from 113 therapists who participated in a study of school-based physical therapy outcomes...
January 15, 2019: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
Maria L Murphy, David R Lubans, Kristen E Cohen, Sara L Robards, Magdalena Wilczynska, Sarah G Kennedy, Erica L James, Wendy J Brown, Kerry S Courneya, Ronald J Sigal, Ronald C Plotnikoff
INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a global public health concern. Aerobic physical activity (PA) and resistance training (RT) play significant roles in the prevention and management of T2DM. The aim of this pilot trial is to determine the preliminary efficacy and confirm feasibility of referral to exercise physiologists, psychologists, and provision of a technology-based behavior change support package to promote aerobic PA and RT in school teachers 'at risk' of or diagnosed with T2DM...
January 10, 2019: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Barbara T Felt
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral condition that affects more than 9% of US children and adolescents and often is seen in family medicine settings. A comprehensive evaluation for ADHD gathers information across time and settings; considers common comorbid or alternative conditions, such as learning disabilities and disorders of mood or anxiety, vision, hearing, and sleep; and includes a thorough physical examination. The need for additional evaluation is determined by the history and physical examination results...
December 2018: FP Essentials
G N Sanjeeva, M Sahana, H B Pavithra, V H T Swamy, B R Srirama, D R Sunil Kumar, Lalitha Hande, S N Mothi
OBJECTIVES: In India, access to free anti-retroviral therapy has improved the survival of perinatally human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected children resulting in the transition of many such children to adulthood. This study aims to understand the social-outcomes and quality of life (QOL) among these adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in two tertiary HIV care centers in south India. Perinatally HIV-infected adults aged >18 y were enrolled after obtaining consent...
December 13, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
M Ortiz, M Teut, E Ben-Arye, A Reshef, M Kaffman, Z Arnon, B Stöckigt, V Bähr, L Meoded-Danon, B Brinkhaus, E Schiff
INTRODUCTION: Communication is an essential component of patient care, and although medical schools provide training on this topic, patients and physicians alike express the need to improve their communication skills. An international medical student collaboration explored whether complementary medicine (CM) has the ability to further enhance patient-doctor communication. METHODS: Twenty-two medical students, nine mentors and two public representatives from Israel and Germany participated in this 18-month international group project...
December 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Deldar Morad Abdulah, Bayar Mohammed Omar Abdulla
OBJECTIVES: Children with cancer undergoing chemotherapy experience many adverse effects. The effectiveness of painting- and handcrafting-based art therapy on the various dimensions of health-related quality of life in paediatric outpatients previously diagnosed with heterogeneity of malignancy was evaluated in the present study. DESIGN: In an experimental randomized controlled trial, a total of 60 children aged 7-13 years previously diagnosed with malignancy together with their parents were assigned randomly either to an experimental (30 patients) or a control group (30 patients) in 2017 in Iraq...
December 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Guang Zhang, Yuecheng Yang, Runhua Ye, Dapeng Zhang, Duo Shan, Yifei Hu, Bing Dai, Zhongfu Liu
Methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) is effective in treatment of opiate dependents. However, there is a gap between the coverage of standard MMT clinics and the need of opiate dependents. Establishment of extension clinics of methadone maintenance therapy (EMMT) will increase the coverage and improve MMT accessibility. We implemented a prospective cohort study to understand the effects of establishment of community-based EMMT clinics comparing with MMT clinics in Yunnan Province.A total of 462 opiate-dependent clients were interviewed from the community-based EMMT clinics and standard MMT clinics located in 5 counties of Mangshi, Ruili, Longchuan, Yingjiang, and Lianghe in Yunnan Province...
November 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mary Lundy, Ayshka Rodriguez, Juan Aceros
The School of Engineering and the Physical Therapy program at the University of North Florida developed a novel, community-based course where undergraduate engineering students are partnered with physical therapy students. In this course students participate in hands-on, team-based design projects focused on low-tech and high-tech rehabilitation technology for children with disabilities. The impact of this interprofessional education experience on the students has been evaluated using the Public Service Motivation Scale for three years and its impact on the students is presented...
July 2018: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Hanna Vuorimaa, Leena Leppänen, Hannu Kautiainen, Marja Mikkelsson, Maiju Hietanen, Heli Vilen, Heini Pohjankoski
Background and aims A targeted pain program may prevent the progression and subsequent occurrence of chronic pain in adolescents. This study tested the effectiveness of a new acceptance and commitment therapy -based pain management intervention, using physical and psychological functions as the outcomes. The objective was also to determine whether Pediatric Pain Screening Tool risk profiles function as outcome moderator in the current sample. A valid screening tool would enable the program development. Methods Thirty-two consecutive adolescent patients (13-17 years old) with idiopathic recurrent musculoskeletal pain completed the study...
November 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Lynn M Jeffries, Sarah Westcott McCoy, Susan K Effgen, Lisa A Chiarello, Alejandro G Villasante Tezanos
Background: Students with disabilities receive school-based physical therapy services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004. A paucity of research exists regarding therapy services in schools. Objective: This study explored the school-based service that students received and what activities and interventions physical therapists implemented and determined if services differed based on the student's functional gross motor ability and age...
October 17, 2018: Physical Therapy
Markus Blankenburg, Michael Schroth, Sarah Braun
Primary headache disorders such as migraine and tension-type headache begin as early as childhood or adolescence. Prevalence increases during primary school and adolescence. In tension-type headache, central pain sensitization and activation of central nociceptive neurons plays an important role. Migraine is a primary brain disorder with abnormalities in pain modulating systems and cortical stimulus processing. Bio-psycho-social factors play a decisive role in both types of headache. Secondary headaches due to an inflammatory or a structural brain alteration are rare...
October 15, 2018: Klinische Pädiatrie
Jeyanthi S, Narkeesh Arumugam, Raju K Parasher
Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are educated in classrooms along with typically developing children. Those with ADHD, however, find it difficult to participate in routine educational and recreational activities as they encounter problems associated with behaviour, attention, motor skills and physical endurance. Traditionally, the management of children with ADHD has focussed primarily on problems with cognition and has been heavily dependent on pharmaceutical interventions and, to a lesser extent, on non-pharmaceutical measures...
September 27, 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
Lindsey Strieter, Deepika R Laddu, Jenna Sainsbury, Ross Arena
Over the last 15 years, the number of school and community based health-intervention programs in the United States has grown. Many of these programs aim to prevent non-communicable chronic disease diagnoses (e.g., obesity, cardiovascular disease and type-2 diabetes). The Department of Physical Therapy in the College of Applied Health Sciences (CAHS) at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) created a school-based wellness program (SBWP) that focuses on nutrition and physical activity, providing tailored experiences that motivate adolescents to make healthier lifestyle choices...
September 17, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
Pilar Carrera, Dolores Muñoz, Itziar Fernández, Amparo Caballero
Many health-risk behaviors present a self-control conflict in which the short-term outcomes of an action conflict with its long-term consequences. Across three studies, we find that an abstract construal level leads people to focus on long-term rather than short-term consequences when both are described in a message (vs. no message). Studies 1 and 2 explore this hypothesis through a risk behavior (snacking on sugary products), and Study 3 does the same through a health behavior (physical exercise). In Study 1, the Behavioral Identification Form scale is used to measure the construal level as a personal disposition; Studies 2 and 3 use a priming task designed by Freitas, Gollwitzer, and Trope to manipulate the construal level...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Psychology
Ferran Cuenca-Martínez, Sara Cortés-Amador, Gemma Victoria Espí-López
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain is a pathological process that compromises the functionality and quality of life worldwide. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of classical physiotherapy in the management of non-specific chronic low back pain. METHODS: A literature search in English electronic databases was performed from November to December of 2015. Only those studies addressing chronic non-specific low back pain by manual therapy and different types of exercises methods were included, and those, which combined acute or subacute pain with systematic reviews and clinical practice guidelines, were excluded...
2018: Physical Therapy Research
Tadele Amare, Solomon Meseret Woldeyhannes, Kelemua Haile, Tebikew Yeneabat
Background: Suicide is a major public health problem and is common among adolescents worldwide. The true extent of the problem in Ethiopia is difficult to ascertain as suicides and suicidal behavior are significantly underreported and understudied. Objective: We assessed the prevalence and factors associated with suicide ideation and suicide attempt among adolescent high school students in Dangila Town, Ethiopia. Methods: This school-based cross-sectional study was conducted from April to May 2015 in Dangila Town...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Akira Kubo, Yukari Horimoto, Heonsoo Han, Kaori Sadakiyo
[Purpose] This study examines the relationship between the results of computer-based testing (CBT) and level of satisfaction with learning, school life, graduation research, and national examination results among freshman and sophomore undergraduate physical therapy students. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this survey were 56 male and 42 female physical therapy students who graduated from the International University of Health and Welfare, Ohtawara, in March 2017. The students were ranked according to four 25th-percentile groups based on the results of CBT, which was conducted at the end of freshman and sophomore years...
June 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Heather Burrell Ward, John A Fromson, Joseph J Cooper, Gildasio De Oliveira, Marcela Almeida
Psychiatric disorders are common in pregnancy, affecting 15-29% of pregnant women. Untreated depression has negative health consequences for mother and fetus. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective option for the treatment of severe depression, high suicide risk, catatonia, medication-resistant illness, psychotic agitation, severe physical decline, and other life-threatening conditions. To our knowledge, however, there is no literature that consolidates all the evidence on maternal and fetal risks associated with untreated depression, medications, and ECT then translating it into one cohesive protocol that could serve as a management guide and a source of reassurance to health-care providers involved in such practice...
December 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
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