Read by QxMD icon Read

Surgical Interns

Smriti Ghimire, Saeed Miramini, Martin Richardson, Priyan Mendis, Lihai Zhang
The design of patient specific weight-bearing exercises after the surgical implementation of internal fixations is of critical importance for bone fracture healing. The purpose of this study is to theoretically investigate the effects of physiologically relevant dynamic loading on early stage of fracture healing under different locking compression plate (LCP) configurations. The finite element results show that dynamic loading enhanced transport of bone cells and growth factors in the fracture callus is much dependent on the flexibility of LCP...
March 7, 2019: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Katsumi Takase, Kengo Yamamoto
PURPOSE: Distal clavicle fractures are divided into three types according to Neer's classification. These fractures are usually treated with a sling to immobilize the upper extremity, however, the treatment of type 2 fractures remain controversial. We focused on the anatomical basis of these fractures in which disruptions in the conoid ligament led to the distraction between the two bony fragments. In this study, we report an arthroscopic procedure for conoid ligament reconstruction and its therapeutic outcomes, and discuss the function of the reconstructed conoid ligament...
March 12, 2019: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Vincenzo Pilone, Mafalda Romano, Michele Renzulli, Carmen Cutolo, Salvatore Tramontano
BACKGROUND: Obesity is showing a constant increase worldwide, making it the major public health problem. Bariatric surgery seems to be the best treatment for these to achieve a good excess weight loss. Gastric by-pass (GBP) is one the most important bariatric procedure, but there are a lot of complications as bowel obstruction for internal hernia, fistula and intussusception. CASE REPORT: We present a peculiar case report of a 53-years old woman that underwent to GBP...
March 5, 2019: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Mert Doğan, Mertcan Koçak, Özge Onursal Kılınç, Fatma Ayvat, Gülşah Sütçü, Ender Ayvat, Muhammed Kılınç, Özgür Ünver, Sibel Aksu Yıldırım
BACKGROUND: Functional range of motion is defined as the required range of motions for individuals to maintain maximal independence, along with optimal conditions for activities of daily living. Intervention plans for rehabilitation are directed towards the acquisition of anatomical range of motion. However, this isn't always possible based on person's etiology, prognosis, or severity of disease. RESEARCH QUESTION: The aim of this study is to determine functional range of motion during different unilateral, bilateral symmetrical and bimanual asymmetrical tasks of activities of daily living...
February 25, 2019: Gait & Posture
B Sido, J Homann, H-J Hertfelder, T Zienkiewicz, K-P Christians, P Schablin, M Mücke, G J Molderings
BACKGROUND: Systemic mast cell activation disease (MCAD, prevalence 5-10%) is a multifactorial, polygenic disease with multisystemic symptoms that is characterized by an unregulated increased release of mast cell mediators and an accumulation of activated mast cells potentially in all organs and tissues. Due to the high prevalence of the disease, physicians involved in surgical, anesthesiological and interventional procedures are often unknowingly faced with MCAD patients experiencing unexpected preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative complications, if no mast cell-specific treatment regimens have been applied...
March 14, 2019: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Yicun Yao, Dongping Ye, Weiguo Liang, Haixiong Miao, Jinfeng Wu, Ziqiang Zhou
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of Coflex interspinous dynamic internal fixation combined with spinal fusion for lumbar disc degeneration. Methods: The clinical data of 39 patients with two-level lumbar disc degeneration who met the selection criteria between June 2010 and December 2011 was retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into group A (20 cases, simple lumbar decompression and fusion) and group B (19 cases, Coflex interspinous dynamic internal fixation combined with spinal fusion) according to different surgical methods...
March 1, 2019: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Qiqi Peng, Yunsheng Ou, Yong Zhu, Zenghui Zhao, Wei Luo, Xing Du, Jianxiao Li
Objective: To explore the feasibility of posterior debridement, decompression, bone grafting, and fixation in treatment of thoracic spinal tuberculosis with myelopathy, and investigate the effects of surgical timing on postoperative outcomes. Methods: The clinical data of 26 patients with thoracic spinal tuberculosis with myelopathy between August 2012 and October 2015 was retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent posterior unilateral transpedicular debridement, decompression, bone grafting, and fixation and were divided into two groups according to surgical timing...
March 1, 2019: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Elena Georgiadou, Lena Fanter, Alina Brandes, Boris A Ratsch, Heiko Friedel, Axel Dignass
INTRODUCTION:  Perianal fistulas (PF) are presumably a frequent extraintestinal manifestation of Crohn's disease (CD), causing significant functional impairment. This study aims to gain representative data on the prevalence, characteristics, and treatment of CD patients suffering from PF in Germany. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  A retrospective cross-sectional analysis of claims data from several German company health insurance funds included adult patients with CD and PF in 2015...
March 14, 2019: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
Gianluca Franceschini, Alba Di Leone, Daniela Terribile, Martin Alessandro Sanchez, Riccardo Masetti
Aim of this paper is to allows to analyze a topic of great relevance and media interest such as the role of prophylactic mastectomy in healthy women with BRCA mutation proposing to the surgeons some useful informations for decision-making. Less than 15% of all breast cancers are associated with germline genetic mutations. The majority of hereditary breast tumors are due to mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes that are responsible for only one third of hereditary cases. The risk estimates are extremely heterogeneous with a mean cumulative lifetime breast cancer risk of approximately 72% in BRCA1 and 69% in BRCA2 by age 80...
2019: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Yosuke Akamatsu, Hiroshi Kashimura, Taro Suzuki, Kenta Aso, Sotaro Oshida, Shunrou Fujiwara, Yoshitaka Kubo, Kuniaki Ogasawara
BACKGROUND: The anterior temporal approach (ATA) has been reported as suitable for surgical clipping of posteriorly projecting internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms. However, since the ICA follows a variable course, tortuosity of the ICA may affect visualization of the aneurysm. The present study investigated the impact of the intracranial course of the ICA and aneurysm projection on surgical approach. METHODS: Consecutive patients with posterior communicating artery (PCoA) aneurysm treated with clipping at our hospital between May 2015 and April 2018 were retrospectively reviewed...
March 11, 2019: World Neurosurgery
Luca Boeri, Paolo Capogrosso, Eugenio Ventimiglia, Matteo Fontana, Gianluca Sampogna, Stefano Paolo Zanetti, Edoardo Pozzi, Rani Zuabi, Nicolò Schifano, Francesco Chierigo, Fabrizio Longo, Franco Gadda, Paolo Guido Dell'Orto, Vincenzo Scattoni, Francesco Montorsi, Emanuele Montanari, Andrea Salonia
BACKGROUND: A significant number of patients who require surgery for benign prostatic hyperplasia are under either anticoagulation (AC) or antiplatelet (AP) therapy. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and morbidity of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) and bipolar transurethral enucleation of the prostate (B-TUEP) in patients who required AC/AP therapy. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This study included 296 (67.6%) and 142 (32...
March 11, 2019: European Urology Focus
Jia Li, Zhe Zhao, Pengbin Yin, Licheng Zhang, Peifu Tang
BACKGROUND: Current surgical interventions for the femoral neck fracture are using either cannulated screws (CCS) or a single large screw at a fixed angle with a side-plate (i.e., a sliding hip screw, AKA dynamic hip screw, DHS). Despite these interventions, the need for reoperation remains high (10.0-48.8%) and largely unchanged over the past 30 years. Femoral neck fracture is associated with substantial morbidity, mortality, and costs. METHODS: In this study, our group designed a plate that combines the strength of both CCS and sliding hip screw, through providing three dynamic screws at a fixed angle with a side-plate, namely the slide compression anatomic place-femoral neck (SCAP-FN)...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Édouard Bouquillon, Marie-Suzanne Le Gac, Benoit Godey
Cochlear implant in children. In a newborn, sensitive auditory stimulations allow the progressive central auditory development. In a congenital severe or profound deaf child, a cochlear implantation can be considered if auditory thresholds are too low to provide an efficient auditory stimulation with hearing aids. This device includes an external processor, which receives and analyses surrounding sounds, and send them to the internal part surgically implanted. The electrode array placed in the cochlea stimulates auditory pathways...
October 2018: La Revue du Praticien
Aditya V Karhade, Quirina C B S Thio, Paul T Ogink, Christopher M Bono, Marco L Ferrone, Kevin S Oh, Philip J Saylor, Andrew J Schoenfeld, John H Shin, Mitchel B Harris, Joseph H Schwab
BACKGROUND: Increasing prevalence of metastatic disease has been accompanied by increasing rates of surgical intervention. Current tools have poor to fair predictive performance for intermediate (90-d) and long-term (1-yr) mortality. OBJECTIVE: To develop predictive algorithms for spinal metastatic disease at these time points and to provide patient-specific explanations of the predictions generated by these algorithms. METHODS: Retrospective review was conducted at 2 large academic medical centers to identify patients undergoing initial operative management for spinal metastatic disease between January 2000 and December 2016...
March 14, 2019: Neurosurgery
Hussam Abou-Al-Shaar, Yair M Gozal, Philipp Taussky, William T Couldwell
Petrous internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms are rare, complicated lesions to treat. The management paradigms include observation, endovascular exclusion, or surgical trapping with or without revascularization. The case described in this video involved a 67-yr-old woman with a known history of chronic lymphocytic leukemia, who presented after a mechanical ground-level fall. Clinically, she had a nasal deformity and resolving epistaxis consistent with mild facial trauma. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a comminuted nasal bone fracture and an incidental 3-cm right petrous ICA aneurysm...
March 14, 2019: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Shiping Wei, Fan Cheng, Weiming Yu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety and efficacy of the combination of suprapubic prostatectomy with transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) for the treatment of large volume benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of two methods of treatment with 60 cases of a large volume BPH (>100 g) from January 2011 to 2017; the methods were suprapubic prostatectomy and suprapubic prostatectomy combination with TURP, in which the single open group comprised 30 cases, treated using the former method, and the combined open group comprised the other 30 cases, treated using the latter method...
March 14, 2019: Urologia
Coralie de Hemptinne, Doris D Wang, Svjetlana Miocinovic, Witney Chen, Jill L Ostrem, Philip A Starr
BACKGROUND: In Parkinson's disease, the emergence of motor dysfunction is thought to be related to an imbalance between "antikinetic" and "prokinetic" patterns of oscillatory activity in the motor network. Invasive recordings from the basal ganglia and cortex in surgical patients have suggested that levodopa and therapeutic deep brain stimulation can suppress antikinetic beta band (13-30 Hz) rhythms while promoting prokinetic gamma band (60-90 Hz) rhythms. Surgical ablation of the globus pallidus internus is one of the oldest effective therapies for Parkinson's disease and produces remarkably immediate relief of rigidity and bradykinesia, but its effects on oscillatory activity in the motor network have not been studied...
March 13, 2019: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
Kayo Fukui, Norio Masumoto, Noriyuki Shiroma, Akiko Kanou, Shinsuke Sasada, Akiko Emi, Takayuki Kadoya, Michiya Yokozaki, Koji Arihiro, Morihito Okada
BACKGROUND: The presence of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) is a prognostic factor for breast cancer. However, because of tumor tissue heterogeneity, an accurate and simple evaluation method is needed. We determined if preoperative characteristic ultrasonography (US) image findings are predictive of lymphocyte-predominant breast cancer (LPBC). METHODS: We evaluated 191 patients with invasive breast cancer treated by curative surgery between January 2014 and December 2017...
March 13, 2019: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
Tim J Veersema, Banu Swampillai, Cyrille H Ferrier, Pieter van Eijsden, Peter H Gosselaar, Peter C van Rijen, Wim G M Spliet, Angelika Mühlebner, Eleonora Aronica, Kees P J Braun
Focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) and mild malformation of cortical development (mMCD) are frequent histopathologic diagnoses in patients who undergo surgery for refractory epilepsy. Literature concerning surgical outcome in patients with mMCD, as well as its contrast with FCD, has been scarce. We studied 88 patients with a histopathologic diagnosis of isolated FCD (n = 57) or mMCD (n = 31), revised according to the latest International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) guidelines, who underwent resective or disconnective surgery...
March 2019: Epilepsia Open
Michele Pisano, Marco Ceresoli, Stefania Cimbanassi, Kurinchi Gurusamy, Federico Coccolini, Giuseppe Borzellino, Gianluca Costa, Niccolò Allievi, Bruno Amato, Djamila Boerma, Pietro Calcagno, Luca Campanati, Fabio Cesare Campanile, Alberto Casati, Osvaldo Chiara, Antonio Crucitti, Salomone di Saverio, Marco Filauro, Francesco Gabrielli, Angelo Guttadauro, Yoram Kluger, Stefano Magnone, Cecilia Merli, Elia Poiasina, Alessandro Puzziello, Massimo Sartelli, Fausto Catena, Luca Ansaloni
Background: Gallstone disease is very common afflicting 20 million people in the USA. In Europe, the overall incidence of gallstone disease is 18.8% in women and 9.5% in men. The frequency of gallstones related disease increases by age. The elderly population is increasing worldwide. Aim: The present guidelines aims to report the results of the World Society of Emergency Surgery (WSES) and Italian Surgical Society for Elderly (SICG) consensus conference on acute calcolous cholecystitis (ACC) focused on elderly population...
2019: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"