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Oesphageal cancer

Tobias Janowitz, Peter Thuss-Patience, Andrea Marshall, Jung Hun Kang, Claire Connell, Natalie Cook, Janet Dunn, Se Hoon Park, Hugo Ford
BACKGROUND: Second-line chemotherapy treatment of patients with relapsed gastric and oesophageal cancers in comparison with supportive care (SC) alone has been supported by recent phase 3 clinical trials, but a meta-analysis of patient-level data is lacking. METHODS: We searched Medline, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and the Web of Science for phase 3 clinical trials that compared second-line chemotherapy with SC alone for gastric and oesophageal cancers...
February 16, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
Andrew J Palmer, Paul Lochhead, Georgina L Hold, Charles S Rabkin, Wong-Ho Chow, Jolanta Lissowska, Thomas L Vaughan, Susan Berry, Marilie Gammon, Harvey Risch, Emad M El-Omar
Recently, two large genome-wide association studies, conducted in Chinese populations, have reported associations between upper gastrointestinal cancer and the rs2274223, rs13042395 and rs4072037 polymorphisms in PLCE1, C20orf54 and MUC1, respectively. We aimed to determine whether similar associations existed for Caucasian populations. We genotyped two population-based, case-control studies of upper gastrointestinal cancer; the first study included 290 gastric cancer (GC) cases and 376 controls and the second study included 306 GC cases, 107 oesophageal adenocarcinoma cancer cases, 52 oesphageal squamous cell cancer cases and 211 controls...
November 2012: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
Julia Hippisley-Cox, Carol Coupland
BACKGROUND: Gastro-oesphageal is one of the most common cancers worldwide. Evidence suggested that increased awareness of symptoms and earlier diagnosis could help improve treatment options and improve survival. AIM: To derive and validate an algorithm to estimate the absolute risk of having gastro-oesophageal cancer in patients in primary care with and without symptoms. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cohort study of 375 UK QResearch® general practices for development, and 189 for validation...
November 2011: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
Bernard M Smithers, Paul P Fahey, Tracie Corish, David C Gotley, Gregory L Falk, Garett S Smith, George K Kiroff, Andrew D Clouston, David I Watson, David C Whiteman
OBJECTIVE: To document presenting symptoms, investigations and management for Australian patients with oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC), gastro-oesophageal junction adenocarcinoma (GOJAC) and oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional study of a population-based sample of 1100 Australian patients aged 18-79 years with histologically confirmed oesophageal cancer diagnosed in 2002-2005, using data from cancer registries and treatment centres, supplemented with clinical information collected through medical record review in 2006-2007 and mortality information collected in 2008...
November 15, 2010: Medical Journal of Australia
D I Jodrell, T R J Evans, W Steward, D Cameron, J Prendiville, C Aschele, C Noberasco, M Lind, J Carmichael, N Dobbs, G Camboni, B Gatti, F De Braud
BBR3464, a novel tri-nuclear platinum complex, forms long-range DNA adducts and is highly potent when compared with cisplatin in vitro. Preclinical studies demonstrated activity in cisplatin-resistant tumours and tumours with mutated p53 status. Phase I & II clinical studies gave preliminary indications of activity in melanoma, pancreatic, lung and ovarian cancers. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and confirm the toxicity of BBR3464 when given either as first- or second-line treatment for advanced disease in patients with gastric and gastro-oesphageal adenocarcinoma...
August 2004: European Journal of Cancer
E Bradshaw, N D McGlashan, D Fitzgerald, J S Harington
As an extension of an earlier study covering the 8-year period 1965-71 (t1), the incidence of cancer in black gold miners over a second 8-year period, 1972-79 (t2) has been investigated. The population again totalled 2.9 million man-years of employment, an average of 363,800 men per year. Of the 903 cancers found in t2, primary liver cancer accounted for 45.4%, oesophageal cancer 19.8%, cancer of the respiratory system 11.2% and bladder cancer 2.7%. Analysis of these 4 common cancers by country or region of origin of the miners confirms for the most part the patterns of incidence found in the earlier survey and consolidated rates are therefore presented for the full 16-year period, 1964-79 (t3)...
November 1982: British Journal of Cancer
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