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Rab4 Cancer

Travis C Jackson, Shawn E Kotermanski, Patrick M Kochanek
RNA binding motif 5 (RBM5) is a nuclear protein that modulates gene transcription and mRNA splicing in cancer cells. The brain is among the highest RBM5-expressing organ in the body but its mRNA target(s) or functions in the CNS have not been elucidated. Here we knocked down (KO) RBM5 in primary rat cortical neurons and analyzed total RNA extracts by gene microarray vs. neurons transduced with lentivirus to deliver control (non-targeting) shRNA. The mRNA levels of Sec23A (involved in ER-Golgi transport) and the small GTPase Rab4a (involved in endocytosis/protein trafficking) were increased in RBM5 KO neurons relative to controls...
October 11, 2017: Neuroscience
M T Do, T F Chai, P J Casey, M Wang
Isoprenylcysteine carboxylmethyltransferase (ICMT) catalyzes the post-translational modification of RAB GTPases that contain C-terminal CXC motifs. However, the functional impact of this modification on RAB proteins has not been actively explored. We found that inhibition of ICMT significantly reduced cell migration in vitro and cancer invasion and metastasis in vivo. This role of ICMT was found to be mediated by RAB4A, an essential regulator of the fast recycling of integrin β3. Integrin β3 regulates cell polarity and migration when localized appropriately to the plasma membrane, thereby having an essential role in cancer metastasis...
October 12, 2017: Oncogene
Byung Geun Ha, Jung-Eun Park, Hyun-Jung Cho, Young-Bin Lim, Yun Hee Shon
Proton radiotherapy has been established as a highly effective modality used in the local control of tumor growth. Although proton radiotherapy is used worldwide to treat several types of cancer clinically with great success due to superior targeting and energy deposition, the detailed regulatory mechanisms underlying the functions of proton radiation are not yet well understood. Accordingly, in the present study, to assess the effects of proton beam on integrin-mediated signaling pathways, we investigated the expression of integrins related to tumor progression and integrin trafficking, and key molecules related to cell adhesion, as well as examining phosphorylation of signaling molecules involved in integrin-mediated signaling pathways...
2015: International Journal of Oncology
Emanuela Frittoli, Andrea Palamidessi, Paola Marighetti, Stefano Confalonieri, Fabrizio Bianchi, Chiara Malinverno, Giovanni Mazzarol, Giuseppe Viale, Ines Martin-Padura, Massimilliano Garré, Dario Parazzoli, Valentina Mattei, Salvatore Cortellino, Giovanni Bertalot, Pier Paolo Di Fiore, Giorgio Scita
The mechanisms by which tumor cells metastasize and the role of endocytic proteins in this process are not well understood. We report that overexpression of the GTPase RAB5A, a master regulator of endocytosis, is predictive of aggressive behavior and metastatic ability in human breast cancers. RAB5A is necessary and sufficient to promote local invasion and distant dissemination of various mammary and nonmammary tumor cell lines, and this prometastatic behavior is associated with increased intratumoral cell motility...
July 21, 2014: Journal of Cell Biology
Rebecca L Ross, Julie E Burns, Claire F Taylor, Paul Mellor, Deborah H Anderson, Margaret A Knowles
Bladder cancers commonly show genetic aberrations in the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling pathway. Here we have screened for mutations in PIK3R1, which encodes p85α, one of the regulatory subunits of PI3K. Two hundred and sixty-four bladder tumours and 41 bladder tumour cell lines were screened and 18 mutations were detected. Thirteen mutations were in C-terminal domains and are predicted to interfere with the interaction between p85α and p110α. Five mutations were in the BH domain of PIK3R1. This region has been implicated in p110α-independent roles of p85α, such as binding to and altering the activities of PTEN, Rab4 and Rab5...
2013: PloS One
M E W Collier, P-M Mah, Y Xiao, A Maraveyas, C Ettelaie
In this study the uptake of tissue factor (TF)-positive microparticles by endothelial cells and the recycling of the TF component were examined. Human dermal blood endothelial cells (HDBEC) were incubated with microparticles derived from cancer cell lines for up to 6 hours. Measurement of HDBEC cell surface TF antigen revealed two distinct peaks at 30 and 180-240 minutes post-incubation with TF-positive, but not TF-deficient microparticles. However, only the second peak was concurrent with high TF activity as determined by a chromogenic thrombin-generation assay...
November 2013: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Zhansheng Zhu, Xueren Gao, Yan He, Hua Zhao, Qiang Yu, Deke Jiang, Pingzhao Zhang, Xiaopin Ma, Huixing Huang, Dong Dong, Jiao Wan, Zhenyong Gu, Xinghong Jiang, Long Yu, Yuzhen Gao
The Prolyl hydroxylase 1 (EGLN2) is known to affect tumorigenesis by regulating the degradation of hypoxia-inducible factor. Polymorphisms in EGLN2 may facilitate cancer cell survival under hypoxic conditions and directly associate with cancer susceptibility. Here, we examined the contribution of a 4-bp insertion/deletion polymorphism (rs10680577) within the distal promoter of EGLN2 to the risk of hepatocelluar carcinoma (HCC) in Chinese populations. The contribution of rs10680577 to HCC risk was investigated in 623 HCC cases and 1,242 controls and replicated in an independent case-control study consisting of 444 HCC cases and 450 controls...
December 1, 2012: Cancer Research
Dominique Arsenault, Fabrice Lucien, Claire M Dubois
Tumor hypoxia is strongly associated with malignant progression such as increased cell invasion and metastasis. Although the invasion-related genes affected by hypoxia have been well described, the contribution of post-transcriptional mechanisms such as protein trafficking and proprotein processing associated with the hypoxic response remains poorly understood. The proprotein convertase furin, the major processing enzyme of the secretory pathway, resides in the trans-Golgi network and most studies support a model where endogenous substrates are processed by furin within this compartment...
February 2012: Journal of Cellular Physiology
T Medts, P de Diesbach, A Cominelli, F N'Kuli, D Tyteca, P J Courtoy
Src, a non-receptor tyrosine kinase, is a key signal transduction partner of epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (EGFR). In human breast cancer, EGFR and Src are frequently over-expressed and/or over-activated. Although reciprocal activation is documented, mechanisms underlying Src:EGFR interactions are incompletely understood. We here exploited ts/v-Src thermo-activation in MDCK monolayers to test whether acute Src activation impacts on signalling and trafficking of non-liganded EGFR. We found that thermo-activation caused rapid Src recruitment to the plasma membrane, concomitant association with EGFR, and its phosphorylation at Y845 and Y1173 predominantly at the cell surface...
November 15, 2010: Experimental Cell Research
Clotilde Ferrándiz-Huertas, Asia Fernández-Carvajal, Antonio Ferrer-Montiel
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is a plasma membrane glycoprotein that has been signaled as a primary cause of multidrug resistance (MDR) in tumors. We performed a yeast 2-hybrid screen using the C-terminal domain of P-gp and identified 2 small GTPases involved in vesicular trafficking, Rab4 and Rab14, which complex with P-gp. The overexpression of GFP-Rab4, either transiently or stably, but not of Rab14, in K562ADR cells decreased the presence of P-gp in the cell surface. As a result, expression of this GTPase reduced the MDR phenotype of K562ADR cells, by augmenting the intracellular accumulation of daunomycin (DNM)...
January 1, 2011: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Masuko Katoh, Masaru Katoh
WNT5A is a cancer-associated gene involved in invasion and metastasis of melanoma, breast cancer, pancreatic cancer, and gastric cancer. WNT5A transduces signals through Frizzled, ROR1, ROR2 or RYK receptors to beta-catenin-TCF/LEF, DVL-RhoA-ROCK, DVL-RhoB-Rab4, DVL-Rac-JNK, DVL-aPKC, Calcineurin-NFAT, MAP3K7-NLK, MAP3K7-NF-kappaB, and DAG-PKC signaling cascades in a context-dependent manner. SNAI1 (Snail), CD44, G3BP2, and YAP1 are WNT5A target genes. We and other groups previously reported that IL6- or LIF-induced signaling through JAK-STAT3 signaling cascade is involved in WNT5A upregulation (STAT3-WNT5A signaling loop)...
June 2009: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Sushant K Kachhap, Dennis Faith, David Z Qian, Shabana Shabbeer, Nathan L Galloway, Roberto Pili, Samuel R Denmeade, Angelo M DeMarzo, Michael A Carducci
Cell to cell adhesion is mediated by adhesion molecules present on the cell surface. Downregulation of molecules that form the adhesion complex is a characteristic of metastatic cancer cells. Downregulation of the N-myc down regulated gene1 (NDRG1) increases prostate and breast metastasis. The exact function of NDRG1 is not known. Here by using live cell confocal microscopy and in vitro reconstitution, we report that NDRG1 is involved in recycling the adhesion molecule E-cadherin thereby stabilizing it. Evidence is provided that NDRG1 recruits on recycling endosomes in the Trans Golgi network by binding to phosphotidylinositol 4-phosphate and interacts with membrane bound Rab4aGTPase...
September 5, 2007: PloS One
O Kostenko, A Tsacoumangos, D Crooks, S J Kil, C Carlin
Although combinatorial signaling through the ErbB network is implicated in certain types of human cancer, the specifics of how particular receptors contribute to the transformed phenotype are not well understood. The goal of this study was to identify epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor-dependent cell signaling abnormalities specifically associated with mutations in a previously described 679-LL lysosomal sorting signal, which restrict ligand-dependent receptor downregulation by promoting recycling. Importantly, the 679-LL signal is not conserved in any of the other members of the ErbB receptor family suggesting its physiological function may be tightly regulated during EGF receptor-dependent signaling...
October 26, 2006: Oncogene
Sunil K Saxena, Madhurima Singh, Hiroshi Shibata, Simarna Kaur, Constantine George
The sodium-selective amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) mediates electrogenic sodium re-absorption in tight epithelia. ENaC expression at the plasma membrane requires regulated transport, processing, and macromolecular assembly of subunit proteins in a defined and highly compartmentalized manner. Ras-related Rab GTPases monitor these processes in a highly regulated sequence of events. In order to evaluate the role of Rab proteins in ENaC function, Rab4 wild-type (WT), the GTPase-deficient mutant Rab4Q67L, and the dominant negative GDP-locked mutant Rab4S22N were over-expressed in the colon cancer cell line, HT-29 and amiloride-sensitive currents were recorded...
February 10, 2006: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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