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Abdomen trauma

Joaquín-Salvelio Picazo-Yeste, Serge El-Khoury, Ali Yahya Alansi, Muhammad Asghar Malik, Ashwyn Anand Nelson, Said Islam Mallaev, Praveen Reddy
BACKGROUND: Modifications to conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) aim to reduce trauma to the abdominal wall and improve cosmetic outcomes. Although single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) provides excellent cosmetic results, the procedure is technically demanding. Herein, we describe the LIFT technique ("Less Incisions but Four Trocars"), with four trocars but only one 3-mm visible incision, using conventional instruments. METHODS: Retrospective study with the LIFT technique for cholecystectomy during 2017...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Helen Fagerlind, Lara Harvey, Stefan Candefjord, Johan Davidsson, Julie Brown
BACKGROUND: Prehospital undertriage occurs when the required level of care for a major trauma patient is underestimated and the patient is transported to a lower-level emergency care facility. One possible reason is that the pattern of injuries exceeding a certain severity threshold is not easily recognizable in the field. The present study aims to examine whether the injury patterns of major road trauma patients are associated with trauma centre transport decisions in Sweden, controlling for the distance from the crash to the nearest trauma centre and other patient characteristics...
February 13, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Frank V Bensch, Elina A Varjonen, Tuomo T Pyhältö, Seppo K Koskinen
PURPOSE: BCVI may lead to ischemic stroke, disability, and death, while being often initially clinically silent. Screening criteria for BCVI based on clinical findings and trauma mechanism have improved detection, with Denver criteria being most common. Up to 30% of patients do not meet BCVI screening criteria. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of augmented Denver criteria on detection, and to determine the relative risk for ischemic stroke. METHODS: Denver screening criteria were augmented by any high-energy trauma of the cervical spine, thorax, abdomen, or pelvis...
February 12, 2019: Emergency Radiology
Aylin Hande Gökçe
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are among the rare tumors of gastrointestinal (GI) tract. GISTs occur respectively in the stomach, small intestines, colon and rectum, omentum and mesentery, esophagus, retroperitoneal space, and abdominal cavity. However, they may occur anywhere along the GI tract. Typically, these tumors generally do not cause symptoms; however symptomatic patients may show stomach pain, GI bleeding, and palpable abdominal masses. These patients usually undergo surgery for obstruction symptoms or some other diagnosis...
January 2019: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Eveline A J van Rein, Rogier van der Sluijs, Frank J Voskens, Koen W W Lansink, R Marijn Houwert, Rob A Lichtveld, Mariska A de Jongh, Marcel G W Dijkgraaf, Howard R Champion, Frank J P Beeres, Luke P H Leenen, Mark van Heijl
Importance: Prehospital trauma triage protocols are used worldwide to get the right patient to the right hospital and thereby improve the chance of survival and avert lifelong disabilities. The American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma set target levels for undertriage rates of less than 5%. None of the existing triage protocols has been able to achieve this target in isolation. Objective: To develop and validate a new prehospital trauma triage protocol to improve current triage rates...
February 6, 2019: JAMA Surgery
Raevin K Ravindra, Atandrila Das, Grace L Chew, Eric Daniel
Phytobezoars are a rare cause of small bowel obstruction (SBO), which consists of vegetable matter such as seeds, skins, fibres of fruit and vegetables that have solidified. We present the case of a 61-year-old man with no previous surgery who presented with central abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. An abdominal CT scan demonstrated SBO with a transition point in the left anterior abdomen. He proceeded to a laparoscopy, which revealed multiple perforations throughout the small bowel, from the proximal jejunum to the terminal ileum...
February 3, 2019: BMJ Case Reports
Lynn Hakki, Alison Smith, Jonathan Babin, John Hunt, Juan Duchesne, Patrick Greiffenstein
INTRODUCTION: Expanding or fragmenting bullets have been known to cause extensive injuries since they became available in the late 19th century. Although these bullets are now banned from international warfare, their use by civilians and law enforcement is still legal in the US. In this case report, we describe the complex injuries and subsequent complicated hospital course of a civilian trauma patient who was shot with a newly-designed fragmenting bullet, known as a Radically Invasive Projectile (RIP) bullet...
January 25, 2019: Injury
Anoop Singh, Girish Prabhakar
Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is an aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma.[1] BL of the small intestine, presenting as a surgical emergency needing emergency laparotomy, is an uncommon presentation of this tumor. We present a case of BL presenting as perforation peritonitis after blunt trauma abdomen.
January 2019: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
Aaron S Cantor, Samantha J Bartling
A 25-year-old afebrile man presented with one year of worsening non-pruritic hyperpigmented non-blanchable reticulated patches and one erosion on his abdomen. He denied trauma, contact with new detergents, and recent travel. He was not taking medications and denied ever having similar skin findings. Further questioning revealed that he positioned his laptop computer directly on his abdomen for several hours every night. His progressive skin findings characterize erythema ab igne, which occurs after repetitive prolonged exposure to temperatures between 43 to 47 degrees Celsius...
December 15, 2018: Dermatology Online Journal
Robert J Vandewalle, Shawn J Barker, Jodi L Raymond, Brandon P Brown, Thomas M Rouse
OBJECTIVES: Injuries associated with bicycles can generally be categorized into 2 types: injuries from falling from/off bicycles and injuries from striking the bicycle. In the second mechanism category, most occur as a result of children striking their body against the bicycle handlebar. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the presentation, body location, injury severity, and need for intervention for pediatric handlebar injuries at a single level one pediatric trauma center and contrast these against other bicycle-related injuries in children...
January 21, 2019: Pediatric Emergency Care
Martin Kulla, Erik Popp, Jürgen Knapp
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hemorrhage is the major cause of early death in severely injured patients. In civilian emergency medical services, the majority of life-threatening bleedings are found in noncompressible body regions (e.g. abdomen and pelvis). Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) has therefore been discussed in recent years as a possible lifesaving procedure and numerous studies, meta-analyses and guidelines have been published. In this review, the data situation of REBOA in the management of bleeding trauma patients is discussed and practical implementation is depicted...
January 21, 2019: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Susan E Smith, Susan E Hamblin, Bradley M Dennis
INTRODUCTION: The appropriate level of sedation in patients with an open abdomen following damage control laparotomy (DCL) is debated. Chemical paralysis with neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBA) has been used to decrease time to abdominal closure. We sought to evaluate the effect of NMBA use on sedation requirements in patients with an open abdomen and to determine the effect of sedation on patient outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at an American College of Surgeons-verified level one trauma center...
January 23, 2019: Pharmacotherapy
Gil Hameiri, Mahmoud Salman, Yaakov Daskal, Oded Olsha, Mickey Dudkiewicz, Boris Kessel
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal perforation is a well-known phenomenon among patients presented to emergency rooms. Common causes for perforation are gastric and duodenal ulcers, colon tumors and trauma. Some patients are operated on immediately due to the clear clinical picture of acute abdomen. The most accurate imaging is the abdominal CT scan. Conventional X-rays remain the first choice in the case of GI tract perforations. Our clinical observation is that in many cases X-ray studies are not sufficient for the decision-making process in patients with previous abdominal surgeries...
January 2019: Harefuah
P S Priyamvada, R Jayasurya, Vijay Shankar, S Parameswaran
There is only limited information on the epidemiology and outcomes of acute kidney injury (AKI) in critically ill patients from low- and middle-income countries. This study aims to identify the etiology, short-term outcomes, and determinants of mortality in patients with AKI admitted to multiple medical and surgical Intensive Care Units (ICU's) in a tertiary care center. The study also aims to compare the clinical characteristics and outcomes of community-acquired AKI (CAAKI) and hospital-acquired AKI (HAAKI)...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Nephrology
Paulo Roberto Prette, Felipe Borges Fagundes, Livia Ramos Carvalho Marchon, Rodrigo de Rezende Teixeira Maciel, Igor Miguel Martins, Cristina Ribeiro Riguetti-Pinto
Pseudoaneurysm of the splenic artery is a rare entity, with little more than 150 cases described in the literature. Pancreatitis is the most common etiology, followed by trauma. In contrast with true aneurysms, pseudoaneurysms are frequently symptomatic, with a 47% risk of rupture and 90% mortality if left untreated. We describe the case of a 48-year-old female patient who suffered a gastrointestinal hemorrhage associated with acute-on-chronic pancreatitis. During workup, endoscopy revealed signs of recent bleeding and magnetic resonance angiography of the abdomen showed a large pseudoaneurysm of the splenic artery...
July 2018: Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Esmee Wilhelmina Maria Engelmann, Stephen Roche, Sithombo Maqungo, DuPreez Naude, Michael Held
BACKGROUND: Upper extremity gunshot fractures are generally treated conservatively or surgically using open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF), intramedullary nails (IM) or external fixators. However, there is no gold standard for the management of these complex, multi-fragmentary upper extremity fractures. The aim was to describe and identify the injury patterns, management, complications and associated risk factors for upper extremity gunshot fractures. PATIENT AND METHODS: Data of patients with upper extremity gunshot injuries that presented to a Level I Trauma Unit in Cape Town, South Africa was collected prospectively over a ten-month period from June 2014 to April 2015...
January 9, 2019: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Jonathan G Eastman, Jacob H Fennessy, Bradley Deafenbaugh, Milton L Chip Routt
OBJECTIVES: To report the incidence of patients with extraarticular posterosuperior acetabular cortical impaction associated with a posterior wall acetabular fracture-dislocation. DESIGN: Retrospective case series SETTING:: Regional Level 1 Trauma CenterPatients/Participants: 97 patients who sustained an isolated posterior wall acetabular fracture dislocation from July 2007 until July 2017. INTERVENTION: The medical record and the computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen and pelvis were reviewed including axial, coronal and sagittal reconstruction images, and 3D surface renderings...
January 2, 2019: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Fathima T Kunhivalappil, Ashraf F Hefny, Fikri M Abu-Zidan
INTRODUCTION: Injury of the adrenal gland in blunt trauma is rare. The routine usage of the whole body computed tomography (CT) scan helps in early diagnosis. We aimed to study the incidence, mechanism of injury, management, and outcome of adrenal injury in blunt trauma patients treated in a community-based hospital. METHODS: CT scan of the abdomen of all blunt trauma patients who were admitted to our institution between October 2010 and March 2018 were retrospectively reviewed...
December 28, 2018: Injury
Rebecca Smith-Bindman, Yifei Wang, Philip Chu, Robert Chung, Andrew J Einstein, Jonathan Balcombe, Mary Cocker, Marcos Das, Bradley N Delman, Michael Flynn, Robert Gould, Ryan K Lee, Thomas Yellen-Nelson, Sebastian Schindera, Anthony Seibert, Jay Starkey, Saravanabavaan Suntharalingam, Axel Wetter, Joachim E Wildberger, Diana L Miglioretti
OBJECTIVE: To determine patient, institution, and machine characteristics that contribute to variation in radiation doses used for computed tomography (CT). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Data were assembled and analyzed from the University of California San Francisco CT International Dose Registry. PARTICIPANTS: Standardized data from over 2.0 million CT examinations of adults who underwent CT between November 2015 and August 2017 from 151 institutions, across seven countries (Switzerland, Netherlands, Germany, United Kingdom, United States, Israel, and Japan)...
January 2, 2019: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Ibrahim A Abdelazim, Mohannad Abu-Faza, Gulmira Zhurabekova, Shikanova Svetlana, Bassam Nusair
Intra-leiomyoma hemorrhage in postmenopausal woman is a very rare complication. This case report represents a case report of spontaneous hemorrhage inside the uterine leiomyoma in postmenopausal woman who presented with acute abdomen. A 55-year-old woman, multipara, postmenopausal for 7 years, known case of multiple fibroid uteruses, was presented to the emergency department of Ahmadi Hospital, Kuwait Oil Company, with acute abdominal pain and vomiting, without any reported trauma and/or associated vaginal bleeding...
September 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
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