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Natural Contraceptive

Daniel Hernández-Rosete, Rocío Estrada-Hipólito
In this article, we analyze beliefs and practices among young high school students who seek out or consider the possibility of terminating a pregnancy. We selected students from a public school located in a rural, peasant community in México City, México. This is a constructivist ethnographic study based on in-depth interviews with 15 sexually-active women aged between 18 and 24 years. The interviews were recorded with participants' authorization and informed consent. Results indicate that social stigmas persist which affect the dignity of women who have chosen to have an abortion...
March 11, 2019: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Bhuvaneshwaran Subramanian, Tarun Agarwal, Piyali Basak, Tapas Kumar Maiti, Sujoy K Guha
Intrauterine Contraceptive Devices with multifaceted application potential is a need of an hour. Although, copper-based IUDs exert an effective contraceptive as well as anticancer effects in a long-term basis, but also results in multiple complications. In this regard, RISUG® a polymer based contraceptive device has been introduced as a suitable alternative. However, its potential to impart protective effects against development of endometrial cancer still remains unexplored. This article presents the hypothesis on this unexplored domain and provides scientific facts to support the hypothesis...
March 2019: Medical Hypotheses
K S Vivekanandan, P Thangadurai, J Prasad, K S Jacob
Background and Aim: There is a dearth of community data on nature, prevalence, clinical features, and explanatory models related to sexual dysfunction among men, particularly from rural India. This study attempted to examine different aspects of male sexual dysfunction and misconceptions in the community. Materials and Methods: Villages in Kaniyambadi Block, Vellore district were stratified, and four were randomly selected. Men living in these villages were recruited for the study...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Elena Campello, Luca Spiezia, Angelo Adamo, Paolo Simioni
Fifty-three years after the first description of an inherited prothrombotic condition (antithrombin deficiency), our knowledge on hereditary and acquired causes of hypercoagulability that can predispose carriers to venous thromboembolism (VTE) has greatly improved. Areas covered: Main causes of hereditary thrombophilia are summarized alongside new prothrombotic mutations recently discovered. The main causes of acquired thrombophilia, and namely, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome and hyperhomocysteinemia, are also discussed together with other common acquired prothrombotic states characterized by an increase of procoagulant factors and/or a decrease of natural anticoagulants...
February 18, 2019: Expert Review of Hematology
Christine Dehlendorf, Judith Fitzpatrick, Edith Fox, Kelsey Holt, Eric Vittinghoff, Reiley Reed, Maria Paula Campora, Abby Sokoloff, Miriam Kuppermann
BACKGROUND: Research suggests the need for improvement in the patient-centeredness and comprehensiveness of contraceptive counseling. My Birth Control is a tablet-based decision support tool designed to improve women's experience of contraceptive counseling and to help them select contraceptive methods that are consistent with their values and preferences. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of My Birth Control on contraceptive continuation, experience of contraceptive care, and decision quality...
February 11, 2019: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
M T Davenport, C A Zhang, J T Leppert, J D Brooks, M L Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Several studies have linked vasectomy with the risk of prostate cancer; however, this association has been attributed to selection bias. Since vasectomy is a common and effective form of contraception, these implications are significant. Therefore, we sought to test this association in a large observational cohort. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential association between prior vasectomy and the risk of developing prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the relationship between vasectomy and prostate cancer in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study...
February 3, 2019: Andrology
Dinah Foer, Kathleen M Buchheit
OBJECTIVE: To review the published medical literature on the clinical presentation, risk factors, and natural history of hypersensitivity reactions to progestogens. DATA SOURCES: Through the use of PubMed, we conducted a review of allergy, dermatology, and obstetric literature for cases and case series of patients with hypersensitivity reactions to exogenous or endogenous progestogens. There are no longitudinal, prospective studies related to progestogen hypersensitivity...
February 2019: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Carla L DeSisto, Charlan D Kroelinger, Cameron Estrich, Alisa Velonis, Keriann Uesugi, David A Goodman, Ellen Pliska, Sanaa Akbarali, Kristin M Rankin
OBJECTIVES: Implementation science provides useful tools for guiding and evaluating the integration of evidence-based interventions with standard practice. The objective of our study was to demonstrate the usefulness of applying an implementation science framework-the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR)-to increase understanding of implementation of complex statewide public health initiatives, using the example of Medicaid immediate postpartum long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) policies...
January 30, 2019: Public Health Reports
Babayemi O Olakunde, Nadia A Sam-Agudu, Tanviben Y Patel, Aaron T Hunt, Aurora M Buffington, Tara D Phebus, Ebube Onwasigwe, Echezona E Ezeanolue
OBJECTIVE: Uptake of permanent contraception among women remains low in sub-Saharan Africa compared to other regions. We aimed to synthesize available evidence on barriers to, and facilitators of permanent contraception with regards to tubal ligation among women in sub-Saharan Africa. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed literature on tubal ligation among African women published between January 1, 2000 and October 30, 2017. We searched PubMed, Global health, EMBASE, Web of science, and Google scholar for quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods studies which reported on barriers and/or facilitators to uptake of tubal ligation in sub-Saharan Africa...
January 24, 2019: Contraception
Xiaohui Huang, Rui Zhong, Liqin Zeng, Xuhui He, Qingshan Deng, Xiuhong Peng, Jieming Li, Xiping Luo
RATIONALE: It is extremely rare for an intrauterine contraception device (IUD) to cause uterine perforation and Sigmoid perforation for a long time without being detected. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a case of a patient who has suffered from abdominal pain after 4 years of placement of an IUD, and found that the IUD was incarcerated by ultrasound. DIAGNOSES: Laparoscopic and hysteroscopic examination revealed that the incarcerated IUD caused uterine perforation and sigmoid perforation for a long time...
January 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
Tao Luo, Hou-Yang Chen, Qian-Xing Zou, Tao Wang, Yi-Min Cheng, Hua-Feng Wang, Fang Wang, Zhong-Lin Jin, Ying Chen, Shi-Qi Weng, Xu-Hui Zeng
STUDY QUESTION: Are genetic abnormalities in CATSPER (cation channel of sperm) genes associated with idiopathic male infertility with normal semen parameters and, if so, how do they affect male fertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: A novel copy number variation (CNV) in CATSPER2 causes idiopathic male infertility with normal semen parameters by disrupting the ability of sperm to penetrate viscous media, undergo hyperactivation and respond to progesterone. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: CATSPER is the principle Ca2+ channel mediating extracellular Ca2+ influx into spermatozoa...
March 1, 2019: Human Reproduction
Emily McIlwaine, Simon Rowland, Elina Berglund Scherwitzl, Raoul Scherwitzl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health
Amy Hough, Maggie Bryce
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health
Sanni Yaya, Olalekan A Uthman, Michael Ekholuenetale, Ghose Bishwajit
BACKGROUND: Women's empowerment has a direct impact on maternal and child health care service utilization. Large scope measurement of contraceptive use in several dimensions is paramount, considering the nature of empowerment processes as it relates to improvements in maternal health status. However, multicountry and multilevel analysis of the measurement of women's empowerment indicators and their associations with contraceptive use is vital to make a substantial intervention in the Sub-Saharan Africa context...
December 20, 2018: Reproductive Health
Paolo Vercellini, Paola Viganò, Giussy Barbara, Laura Buggio, Edgardo Somigliana
Elagolix, an orally active non-peptidic GnRH antagonist, has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the management of moderate to severe pain associated with endometriosis. As the degree of ovarian suppression obtained with elagolix is dose-dependent, pain relief may be achieved by modulating the level of hypo-oestrogenism while limiting side effects. Elagolix may thus be considered a novelty in terms of its endocrine and pharmacological properties but not for its impact on the pathogenic mechanisms of endometriosis, as the target of this new drug is, yet again, alteration of the hormonal milieu...
February 1, 2019: Human Reproduction
Ashima Sinha, Virendra Singh, Sarman Singh, Savita Yadav
AIMS: Idiopathic nature of male infertility disorder needs to be investigated by different horizons of molecular biology for its treatment and to device male contraceptive. Further, it can also aid in advancement of assisted reproductive technology (ART), as nowadays the failure and disquiets of ART are consistent. Herein, we have attempted to find out proteins responsible for male infertility by comparing proteome profile of sperms collected from normal control and asthenozoospermic (AS) males...
December 11, 2018: Life Sciences
Laura E Britton, Jon M Hussey, Diane C Berry, Jamie L Crandell, Jada L Brooks, Amy G Bryant
INTRODUCTION: Although elevated blood glucose is associated with adverse maternal and fetal health outcomes, evidence suggests that women with diabetes may not be receiving comprehensive reproductive health care, including family planning and preconception care. Using a population-based sample, we evaluated the relationship between contraceptive use and biomarker-identified diabetes. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from 5548 women in the nationally representative National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) from 2007 to 2009...
December 12, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Jana Lu, Britton Trabert, Linda M Liao, Ruth M Pfeiffer, Kara A Michels
Background: Studies disagree as to whether intakes of folate-mediated one-carbon metabolism nutrients are associated with endometrial cancer. Methods: Using data from the large, prospective NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study, we used Cox proportional hazards models to evaluate endometrial cancer risk associated with calorie-adjusted dietary intake of several B vitamins and methionine. All models accounted for age, race, body mass index (BMI), smoking, oral-contraceptive use, menopausal hormone therapy use and caloric intake...
December 13, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
Xinlian Liu, Xi Fu, Rong Du, Zhifang Chen, Jialin Sun, Yan Ding
BACKGROUND This study analyzed the epidemiology and the risk factors of menopause syndrome (MPS) among Uyghur, Han, and Kazak women in Xinjiang. MATERIAL AND METHODS This was a cross-sectional study. The stratified-cluster random-sampling method was used. A total of 3382 women aged 40 to 60 years of age were included from Urumqi City, Kashgar City, Altay City, Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture, Künes County, Mongolkure County, Tekes County,Talede town, Alemale Township, and Ulugchat County (Kashgar Prefecture) in Xinjiang Province...
December 10, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Nichole B Thorne, Taylor K Soderborg, Jacqueline J Glover, Lilian Hoffecker, Maryam Guiahi
OBJECTIVE: Given the rise in Catholic ownership of U.S. health care facilities, we aimed to examine reproductive health care provision and patient outcomes. We performed a scoping review, which maps the literature and considers inclusion of studies that are not specifically quantitative. DATA SOURCES: We searched five databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane Library, from inception through August 2018 using terms related to reproductive health care and religion...
January 2019: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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