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Neurological Hip Pathology

C Castagneri, V Agostini, S Rosati, G Balestra, M Knaflitz
Gait asymmetry is typically evaluated using spatio-temporal or joint kinematics parameters. Only a few studies addressed the problem of defining an asymmetry index directly based on muscle activity, extracting parameters from surface electromyography (sEMG) signals. Moreover, no studies used the extraction of the muscle principal activations (activations that are necessary for accomplishing a specific motor task) as the base to construct an asymmetry index, less affected by the variability of sEMG patterns...
March 7, 2019: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Andrea Borgo, Andrea Cossio, Denise Gallone, Francesca Vittoria, Marco Carbone
Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are a group of diseases characterized by abnormal accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Although there are differences among the various disease types, the osteoarticular system is always involved. The aim of the present study was to establish a framework for MPS-related orthopaedic manifestations and for their treatment. The authors, affiliated to three different Italian Orthopaedic Centres, report data taken from the literature reviewed in light of their accumulated professional experience...
November 16, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Ryan K Dahlberg, Mary Elizabeth Lyvers, Thomas K Dahlberg
Salmonella vertebral discitis/osteomyelitis is a rare manifestation of Salmonella infection. Here, we report a case of a 54-year-old Caucasian male who presented with five weeks of progressively worsening bilateral low back, buttock, and lower extremity pain following an 8-foot fall onto concrete from a ladder. Initial workup following the fall included hip X-ray and MRI of the lumbar spine and revealed only mild lumbar facet arthropathy and moderate left neural foraminal stenosis at L3-L4 without any concomitant hip or spine fracture...
2018: Case Reports in Orthopedics
M J Anderton, G R Hastie, R W Paton
Aims: The aim of this study was to identify the association between asymmetrical skin creases of the thigh, buttock or inguinal region and pathological developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Patients and Methods: Between 1 January 1996 and 31 December 2016, all patients referred to our unit from primary or secondary care with risk factors for DDH were assessed in a "one stop" clinic. All had clinical and sonographic assessment by the senior author (RWP) with the results being recorded prospectively...
May 1, 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
Zoe B Cheung, Anik V Patel, Nicholas DeBellis, Douglas B Unis, Carlos L Benitez
CASE: A 68-year-old woman who had undergone a right total hip arthroplasty presented with a right posterior hip dislocation, and subsequently developed an ipsilateral sciatic nerve palsy after closed reduction. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with metal suppression demonstrated sciatic nerve entanglement around the prosthetic femoral neck. A sciatic nerve release was performed, resulting in poor early neurologic recovery. CONCLUSION: Sciatic nerve entanglement following closed reduction of a dislocated total hip prosthesis is a rare injury...
January 2018: JBJS Case Connector
Kristin L Foley, Nader Hebela, Mary Ann Keenan, Robert J Pignolo
In the mature adult skeleton, new bone formation is normally restricted to regeneration of osseous tissue at sites of fracture. However, heterotopic ossification, or the formation of bone outside the normal skeleton, can occur within muscle, adipose, or fibrous connective tissue. Periarticular non-hereditary heterotopic ossification (NHHO) may occur after musculoskeletal trauma, following CNS injury, with certain arthropathies, or following injury or surgery that is often sustained in the context of age-related pathology...
April 2018: Bone
Russel Tilney, Melanie Roberta Burg, Mark Adrian Sammut
A forty-year-old man experienced worsening heart failure four years following bilateral complicated total hip replacement. His condition was extensively worked up but no underlying pathology was immediately evident. Given the cobalt-chromium alloy component present in the hip arthroplasties, the raised cobalt blood levels, and a fitting clinical picture coupled with radiological findings, the patient underwent right hip revision. Evidence of biotribocorrosion was present on direct visualisation intraoperatively...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
Xingchen Wang, Danijela Ristic-Durrant, Matthias Spranger, Axel Graser
In this paper, a novel gait assessment system based on measures of gait variability reflected through the variability of shapes of gait cycles trajectories is proposed. The presented gait assessment system is based on SVM (support vector machine) classifier and on gait variability-based features calculated from the hip and knee joint angle trajectories recorded using wearable IMUs during walking trials. A system classifier was trained to distinguish healthy gait patterns from the pathological ones. The features were extracted by calculating the distances between the joint trajectories of the individual gait cycles using 4 different distance functions...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
Paweł Wierzchowski, Tadeusz Dereziński, Arkadiusz Migdalski, Łukasz Woda, Beata Wąsikowska, Grzegorz Jakubowski, Arkadiusz Jawień
BACKGROUND: The incidence of peripheral artery disease (PAD) and cardiovascular (CV) events in the female population has been on the increase. AIM: To analyse the risk factors of a CV event and PAD in women and to assess the usefulness of the ankle-brachial index (ABI). METHODS: Evaluation of selected parameters in a cohort of 365 women living in the same district. The following data were prospectively recorded: weight, height, waist size, hip circumference, smoking, the intima-media complex, ABI value, and laboratory results...
2017: Kardiologia Polska
Wei Chen, Xiayu Xia, Nan Song, Ying Wang, Hua Zhu, Wei Deng, Qi Kong, Xianmin Pan, Chuan Qin
BACKGROUND: Mouse has been extensively used as a tool for investigating the onset and development of human neurological disorders. As a first step to construct a transgenic mouse model of human brain lesions, it is of fundamental importance to clarify the similarity and divergence of genetic background between non-diseased human and mouse brain tissues. METHODS: We systematically compared, based on large scale integrated microarray data, the transcriptomes of three anatomically distinct brain regions; prefrontal cortex (PFC), hippocampus (HIP) and striatum (STR), across human and mouse...
2016: PloS One
Jean Yves Lazennec, Dominique Folinais, Samy Bendaya, Marc Antoine Rousseau, Aidin Eslam Pour
Lumbar stenosis is frequently observed and treated by spine surgeons. The extent of neurological decompression and the potential spinal fixation are the basic concerns when surgery is planned. But this segmented approach to the problem is sometimes insufficient due to the complex functional situations induced by a sagittal imbalance of the patient and the combination of pathologies known as hip-spine or knee-spine syndromes. A total of 373 consecutive patients included from our EOS and clinical data base. Patients were divided in two groups...
October 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Gladys Valverde-Franco, Bertrand Lussier, David Hum, Jiangping Wu, Adjia Hamadjida, Numa Dancause, Hassan Fahmi, Mohit Kapoor, Jean-Pierre Pelletier, Johanne Martel-Pelletier
BACKGROUND: Ephrins and their related receptors have been implicated in some developmental events. We have demonstrated that ephrin-B2 (EFNB2) could play a role in knee joint pathology associated with osteoarthritis (OA). Here, we delineate the in vivo role of EFNB2 in musculoskeletal growth, development, and in OA using a cartilage-specific EFNB2 knockout (EFNB2(Col2)KO) mouse model. METHODS: EFNB2(Col2)KO was generated with Col2a1-Cre transgenic mice. The skeletal development was evaluated using macroscopy, immunohistochemistry, histomorphometry, radiology, densitometry, and micro-computed tomography...
March 15, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Mehmet Bülent Balioğlu, Yunus Emre Akman, Hanifi Ucpunar, Akif Albayrak, Deniz Kargın, Yunus Atıcı, Abdül Fettah Büyük
PURPOSE: Sacral agenesis (SA), or caudal regression syndrome, is a congenital malformation of the spine of varying degree of severity. The aim of our study was to identify associated impairments in structure and function of the orthopedic, neurological, cardiopulmonary, genitourinary, and gastrointestinal systems, and to evaluate their impact on function. METHODS: This was a retrospective case series analysis of 38 patients with SA. Patients were divided into two groups: SA with myelomeningocele (group 1) and without myelomeningocele (group 2)...
September 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Selim Sanel, Gulbuz Sezgin, Nesrin Sarıman, Ender Ugutmen, Can Solakoglu
INTRODUCTION: Bilateral proximal femoral fractures without trauma are very rare conditions. They have been reported in connection with osteoporosis, renal osteodystrophy, parathyroid disease, tumors, epileptic seizures, electroconvulsive therapy, and postirradiation. METHOD: We present a case of a 75-year-old man with bilateral hip fractures. No trauma, neurological, endocrinological disorder, or malignancy was reported in his history. He had a background of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and had been taking inhaled steroids (budesonide) 800 µg per day for 10 years...
2016: Archives of Osteoporosis
Enrique Guerado, Encarnacion Cruz, Juan Ramon Cano, Pascual Vicente Crespo, Miguel Alaminos, Maria del Carmen Sánchez-Quevedo, Antonio Campos
Elderly people, due to neurological conditions and muscular atrophy, present a greater propensity to falls and thus are very susceptible to hip fractures. Other variables, such as osteoporosis, may also be related to the etiopathogenesis of hip fractures, although osteoporosis is in fact a concurrent disease, and merely a coadjutant cause. Nonetheless, osteoporosis can make fracture patterns more severe and interfere with osteosynthesis. Osteoporosis is the radiological image of osteopenia, a pathological concept meaning a smaller quantity of bone per unit of volume...
January 2016: Injury
Piotr Luchowski, Joanna Wojczal, Kinga Buraczynska, Michal Kozlowicz, Janusz Stazka, Konrad Rejdak
BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective study was to determine the prevalence of stenosis within intracranial and extracranial arteries in patients before coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), to evaluate the influence of intracranial artery stenosis on neurological outcome and to identify preoperative risk factors for these patients. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-five patients (71% males, mean age=66.1) scheduled for CABG were enrolled for extracranial Doppler duplex sonography, transcranial color-coded duplex sonography (TCCS) and transcranial Doppler (TCD) examination...
2015: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
P Gruber, T Böni
Today, lumbar disc disease is a very common disease, which will be often seen in both the family practice as well as in the consultations of orthopedics, neurology, rheumatology or neurosurgery. Furthermore, lumbar disc surgery is one of the most common spinal surgical procedures worldwide. But, for many centuries, physician had no clear understanding of the anatomical condition and the pathomechanism of this disease. Therefore, no rational treatment was available. The Hippocratic physicians knew the signs and symptoms of lumbar disc disease, which they then called "sciatica"...
December 2015: Der Unfallchirurg
Nanni J Allington
BACKGROUND: Management of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) with a Pavlik harness is a well-known treatment.Follow-up until skeletal maturity is recommended as long-term studies mention late sequelae.The purpose of this study was to determine whether such a follow-up is necessary in patients treated successfully under a strict protocol. METHODS: A retrospective review of a consecutive series of normal infants treated for DDH between January 1995 and July 2004 was undertaken...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Jeff Gadsden, Alicia Warlick
Trauma is a significant health problem and a leading cause of death in all age groups. Pain related to trauma is frequently severe, but is often undertreated in the trauma population. Opioids are widely used to treat pain in injured patients but have a broad range of undesirable effects in a multitrauma patient such as neurologic and respiratory impairment and delirium. In contrast, regional analgesia confers excellent site-specific pain relief that is free from major side effects, reduces opioid requirement in trauma patients, and is safe and easy to perform...
2015: Local and Regional Anesthesia
M Arduini, F Mancini, P Farsetti, A Piperno, E Ippolito
In this paper we propose a new classification of neurogenic peri-articular heterotopic ossification (HO) of the hip based on three-dimensional (3D) CT, with the aim of improving pre-operative planning for its excision. A total of 55 patients (73 hips) with clinically significant HO after either traumatic brain or spinal cord injury were assessed by 3D-CT scanning, and the results compared with the intra-operative findings. At operation, the gross pathological anatomy of the HO as identified by 3D-CT imaging was confirmed as affecting the peri-articular hip muscles to a greater or lesser extent...
July 2015: Bone & Joint Journal
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