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Periferal artery disease

Zuhal Yildirim, N Irem Uçgun, Nedret Kiliç, E Gürsel, Aylin Sepici-Dinçel
The aim of this study was to discuss the serum copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), nitric oxide (NO), glutathione (GSH), advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) levels, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities with diabetic retinopathy severity. Twenty-five patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR group 1), 25 patients with nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR group 2), and 25 nondiabetic controls (control group) were included in the study. Patients who had macrovascular complications of diabetes (coronary arterial disease, periferic vascular disease) were excluded...
April 2007: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Luísa M Branco
Periferal vascular disease usually results from a systemic entity in which atherothrombosis develops in different vascular territories, having common risk factors. It is hence usual to find coexistent, often subclinical, coronary artery disease, which is responsible for most of perioperatory morbidity and mortality in patients submitted to vascular surgery. An adequate preoperatory risk stratification must be accomplished, having in mind the clinical manifestations, risk factors, comorbidities, functional capacity and global left ventricular systolic function of the patient...
April 2004: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
B Stojimirović, V Nesić, Z Dimitrijević, N Jovanović
INTRODUCTION: Patients older than 65 years represent the group of patients affected by end-stage renal failure characterized by the most rapid growth. The prevalent causes of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the elderly are diabetes mellitus and nephrosclerosis due to long-term arterial hypertension. There are a number of physiologic changes which occur with aging that might have an impact on the choice of renal replacement modality for an elderly patient: clinical or subclinical diminished cardiovascular reserve due to atherosclerosis or impaired baroreceptor function, slow deterioration of pulmonary function, impaired immunity, increased susceptibility to infection, metabolic disturbances, bone loss from osteoporosis, altered metabolism of protein and a variety of drugs, high rate of malnutrition, tendency to carbohydrate intolerance...
September 1999: Medicinski Pregled
B Degirmenci, H Durak, E Hazan, O Karabay, E Derebek, M Yilmaz, E Ozbilek, O Oto
UNLABELLED: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is one of the major treatment methods of coronary artery disease. CABG is an open-heart surgery that uses cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). After CPB, it is well known that neurological and neuropsychological complications may occur. The purpose of this study was to evaluate brain perfusion patterns before and after CPB and to locate brain perfusion changes in patients with neurological and neuropsycological complications after CPB. METHODS: Twenty-five patients who underwent open-heart surgery (22 CABG, 3 valve replacement) and 5 patients (4 cholecystectomy, 1 periferic vascular surgery) as a control group were included in the study...
April 1998: Journal of Nuclear Medicine
R Marín, F Fernández-Vega, P Escalada, J M Estevan, A Barreiro, J Alvarez
We studied the prevalence of risk factors and related cardiovascular complications in 403 patients with periferal arterial disease (PAD) arising from atherosclerosis. The control group was made up of 126 patients of the same age and sex and without PAD. The average age was 66.9 +/- 12 years, and the percentage of men was 80%. Among the male subjects, smoking, the presence of diabetes, total cholesterol count, and age were the prevalent risk factors, even after logistic regression analysis. Among women, only smoking and diabetes showed significant differences...
November 1993: Revista Clínica Española
T Inoue
Since the first application of the prosthetic vascular graft for the operation of aneurysm of the abdominal aorta, surgeries with prosthetic grafts were carried out among 573 patients, that is, 445 with aortic diseases, 48 with diseases of the periferal arteries and 75 with congenital heart diseases, respectively. In this paper, our clinical experiences of using the prosthetic grafts during last 25 years were described at first, and then, some problems of the prosthetic graft in the present and future were discussed...
September 1985: Nihon Geka Gakkai Zasshi
A Morita, K Kamoshita, T Ito, Y Naito, K Akiyama, S Kobayashi
The occlusion of the femoral artery of rats induced reproducible hind limb lesions resembling thromboangiitis and obliterative arteriosclerosis. 17(R)-Methyl-20-isopropylidenecarbacyclin (CS-570), as well as alprostadil (PGE1), ticlopidine and pentoxifylline, inhibited the lesions. The occlusion of the femoral artery of rabbits caused elevation of the viscosity of the returning venous blood and echinocytic shape changes of erythrocytes. CS-570, as well as PGE1, also inhibited these changes. The decreased deformability of erythrocytes of rats under acidic conditions was improved by CS-570 and PGE1...
April 1986: Arzneimittel-Forschung
J B Nogueira, A Freitas, C Morais, D Silva, J Esteves, J N da Costa
OBJECTIVE: Echocardiographic evaluation of the response to isometric exercise of hypertensive patients with and without left ventricular hypertrophy. PARTICIPANTS: 28 patients with severe arterial hypertension on long-term follow-up with or without regression of left ventricular hypertrophy on medical therapy; a control group of 10 healthy volunteers. METHODS: Two groups were considered: Group A persistent left ventricular hypertrophy and group B normalization of the left ventricular wall thickness and mass index...
March 1992: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
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