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Marital Status And Wait Time

Elżbieta Cipora
BACKGROUND: Up to now, there have been very few studies concerning delay issues in the treatment of breast cancer in Poland. The aim of the study was to determine the time and causes of delay in the treatment of women diagnosed with breast cancer and the importance of demographic and social factors on the occurrence of delays in the implementation of therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in 2015-2016 in the Podkarpackie Oncology Centre in Brzozow for a group of 231 women...
December 21, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Fredrick A C Wright, Garry G Law, Kate L Milledge, Steven K-Y Chu, Benjumin Hsu, Eduardo Valdez, Vasi Naganathan, Vasant Hirani, Fiona M Blyth, David G LeCouteur, Louise M Waite, David J Handelsman, Markus J Seibel, Robert G Cumming
OBJECTIVES: To describe the associations between chewing function with oral health and certain general health characteristics, in a population of community-dwelling older Australian men. METHODS: Analysis of data obtained from a cross-sectional analysis of the 4th wave of the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project cohort of 614 participants, 524 whom were dentate, aged 78 years and over. Their chewing capacity was assessed using three main indicators: capacity to chew eleven food items ranging from boiled eggs through to fresh carrots and nuts; discomfort when eating; and interruption of meals...
November 20, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Fitsum Sebsibe Teni, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie, Eshetie Melese Birru, Sewunet Admasu Belachew, Yonas Getaye Tefera, Befikadu Legesse Wubishet, Bethelhem Hailu Tekleyes, Bilal Tessema Yimer
BACKGROUND: Out-of-pocket expenditure constitutes high proportion of healthcare spending in low-income countries. It can affect patients' adherence to treatments leading to serious health consequences. The objective of this study was to document costs incurred by patients visiting Gondar University Referral Hospital, in Gondar, northwestern Ethiopia. METHODS: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 346 outpatients at the hospital from 2nd to 20th of May 2016...
November 8, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Sigrun Sunna Skuladottir, Elisabet Gudmundsdottir, Brynjólfur Mogensen, Helga Rosa Masdottir, Hlif Gudmundsdottir, Lovisa Agnes Jonsdottir, Ingibjörg Sigurthorsdottir, Johanna E Torfadottir, Thordis Thorsteinsdottir
INTRODUCTION: Hip fractures are a serious injury especially among older people, mainly caused by falls and women have a higher risk. The authors studied gender differences in hip fractures, marital status, waiting times for surgery and mortality in an older population. METHODS: Data was obtained for all 67 years and older admitted with hip fractures to an Emergency Department (ED) in Iceland 2008-2012. The associations of covariates with mortality were analyzed using multivariable logistic regression...
July 3, 2018: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
Benjumin Hsu, Vasant Hirani, Louise M Waite, Vasi Naganathan, Fiona M Blyth, David G Le Couteur, Markus J Seibel, Robert G Cumming, David J Handelsman
Background: previous cross-sectional studies have reported bidirectional associations between sexual activity and cognitive function among older people. However, the temporal associations have not been studied. Methods: community-dwelling men aged 70+ from the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project were assessed. This study was based on 986 men at baseline, 829 men at 2 year and 595 men at 5-year follow-up. Sexual function using a standardised questionnaire (erectile function, sexual activity, sexual satisfaction, sexual desire) was analysed by generalised estimating equations to examine associations between changes in sexual function and changes in mini-mental state examination (MMSE) across three time points over 5 years...
November 1, 2018: Age and Ageing
Zhongchen Luo, Lingling Gao, Ronald Anguzu, Juanjuan Zhao
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to describe the intentions of and barriers to the use of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) in the post-abortion period among women seeking abortion in mainland China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from July 2015 to December 2015 using a waiting room questionnaire. A total of 381 women seeking abortions were recruited at a public hospital abortion clinic. The outcome variable was an 'intention-to-use' LARCs in the immediate post-abortion period...
May 24, 2018: Reproductive Health
Awoke Seyoum Tegegne, Principal Ndlovu, Temesgen Zewotir
BACKGROUND: HIV has the most serious effects in Sub-Saharan African countries as compared to countries in other parts of the world. As part of these countries, Ethiopia has been affected significantly by the disease, and the burden of the disease has become worst in the Amhara Region, one of the eleven regions of the country. Being a defaulter or dropout of HIV patients from the treatment plays a significant role in treatment failure. The current research was conducted with the objective of comparing the performance of the joint and the separate modelling approaches in determining important factors that affect HIV patients' longitudinal CD4 cell count change and time to default from treatment...
April 27, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Kiflay Gebremariam Atsebeha, Daniel Haile Chercos
BACKGROUND: Patient's satisfaction occurs when patients feel their needs and expectations are being meet by the service delivery they receive in health institutions. The Objective of this research was to assess HIV/AIDS patients' satisfaction with antiretroviral therapy service delivery and its associated factors at Midre - Genet hospital, Northwest Tigray, Ethiopia. METHODS: Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted. Four hundred twenty study respondents were selected using systematic random sampling technique...
March 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Nisser Ali Umar, Moses John Hajara, Mohammed Khalifa
Aiming to assess the impact of the intervention in reducing the patients' waiting time in the clinic, two surveys were conducted before and after task shifting intervention in an anti-retroviral (ARV) clinic at the Specialist Hospital, Bauchi, Nigeria in November 2008 and April 2009, respectively. Before the task shifting, six nurses from the clinic were trained on integrated management of adolescent and adult illness, as well as on the principle and guidelines for the anti-retroviral therapy, after which their schedule in the clinic was broadened to include seeing HIV patients presenting for routine refill and follow-up visits...
March 1, 2011: Journal of Public Health in Africa
Nisser Ali Umar, Moses John Hajara, Mohammed Khalifa
Aiming to assess the impact of the intervention in reducing the patients' waiting time in the clinic, two surveys were conducted before and after task shifting intervention in an anti-retroviral (ARV) clinic at the Specialist Hospital, Bauchi, Nigeria in November 2008 and April 2009, respectively. Before the task shifting, six nurses from the clinic were trained on integrated management of adolescent and adult illness, as well as on the principle and guidelines for the anti-retroviral therapy, after which their schedule in the clinic was broadened to include seeing HIV patients presenting for routine refill and follow-up visits...
September 1, 2010: Journal of Public Health in Africa
Laurien M Buffart, Joeri Kalter, Maike G Sweegers, Kerry S Courneya, Robert U Newton, Neil K Aaronson, Paul B Jacobsen, Anne M May, Daniel A Galvão, Mai J Chinapaw, Karen Steindorf, Melinda L Irwin, Martijn M Stuiver, Sandi Hayes, Kathleen A Griffith, Alejandro Lucia, Ilse Mesters, Ellen van Weert, Hans Knoop, Martine M Goedendorp, Nanette Mutrie, Amanda J Daley, Alex McConnachie, Martin Bohus, Lene Thorsen, Karl-Heinz Schulz, Camille E Short, Erica L James, Ron C Plotnikoff, Gill Arbane, Martina E Schmidt, Karin Potthoff, Marc van Beurden, Hester S Oldenburg, Gabe S Sonke, Wim H van Harten, Rachel Garrod, Kathryn H Schmitz, Kerri M Winters-Stone, Miranda J Velthuis, Dennis R Taaffe, Willem van Mechelen, Marie-José Kersten, Frans Nollet, Jennifer Wenzel, Joachim Wiskemann, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw, Johannes Brug
This individual patient data meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the effects of exercise on quality of life (QoL) and physical function (PF) in patients with cancer, and to identify moderator effects of demographic (age, sex, marital status, education), clinical (body mass index, cancer type, presence of metastasis), intervention-related (intervention timing, delivery mode and duration, and type of control group), and exercise-related (exercise frequency, intensity, type, time) characteristics. Relevant published and unpublished studies were identified in September 2012 via PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and CINAHL, reference checking and personal communications...
January 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
Kelli N O'Laughlin, Dustin J Rabideau, Julius Kasozi, Robert A Parker, Nirma D Bustamante, Zikama M Faustin, Kelsy E Greenwald, Rochelle P Walensky, Ingrid V Bassett
BACKGROUND: The instability faced by refugees may place them at increased risk of exposure to HIV infection. Nakivale Refugee Settlement in southwestern Uganda hosts 68,000 refugees from 11 countries, many with high HIV prevalence. We implemented an HIV screening program in Nakivale and examined factors associated with new HIV diagnosis. METHODS: From March 2013-November 2014, we offered free HIV screening to all clients in the Nakivale Health Center while they waited for their outpatient clinic visit...
November 23, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Yuan Liu, Monica Vela, Tanya Rudakevych, Christopher Wigfield, Edward Garrity, Milda R Saunders
BACKGROUND: Since 2005, the Lung Allocation Score (LAS) has prioritized patient benefit and post-transplant survival, reducing waitlist to transplant time to <200 days and decreasing mortality on the waitlist. A current challenge is the wait for the waitlist-the time between the patient's transplant-eligible diagnosis and waitlist registration. METHODS: We investigated whether sociodemographic (age, sex, race, insurance, marital status, median household income) and clinical (forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1 ] percent of predicted, body mass index, depression/anxiety, alcohol/substance misuse, absolute/relative contraindications) factors influenced referral and waitlist registration...
March 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Manish P Shrestha, Chengcheng Hu, Sasha Taleban
GOALS: We intended to identify the factors associated with missed appointments at a gastroenterology (GI) clinic in an academic setting. BACKGROUND: Missed clinic appointments reduce clinic efficiency, waste resources, and increase costs. Limited data exist on subspecialty clinic attendance. STUDY: We performed a case-control study using data from the electronic health record of patients scheduled for an appointment at the adult GI clinic at the Banner University Medical Center between March and October of 2014...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
T Fassaert, H Heijnen, M A S de Wit, J Peen, A T F Beekman, J Dekker
PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that ethnic minority status of patients is associated with specific psychotic disorder treatment characteristics. METHODS: Longitudinal data (2001-2005) were extracted from a nationwide psychiatric case register in the Netherlands. The sample consisted of 30,655 episodes of mental health treatment for 23,122 patients with psychotic disorders. Information was available about waiting time and treatment duration, source of referral, occurrence of crisis contacts, admittance to clinical care and compulsory admissions...
December 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Wenya Yu, Meina Li, Chen Xue, Jingrui Wang, Jiazhen Liu, Haiping Chen, Lulu Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Most patients in the People's Republic of China prefer tertiary hospitals when seeking medical services. The aim of this study was to assess outpatient satisfaction with tertiary hospitals in the People's Republic of China, test overall and subscale satisfaction, and explore whether sociodemographic characteristics lead to different degrees of satisfaction and whether subscale outpatient satisfaction contributes to overall satisfaction. METHODS: A closed questionnaire was given out to investigate outpatients' sociodemographic characteristics, overall satisfaction, and various subtypes of satisfaction, and a 5-point Likert scale was employed to measure the degree of outpatient satisfaction...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Florence Dedey, Lily Wu, Hannah Ayettey, Olutobi A Sanuade, Titilola S Akingbola, Sandra A Hewlett, Bamidele O Tayo, Helen V Cole, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Richard Adanu
Background Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality among women in Ghana. Data are limited on the predictors of poor outcomes in breast cancer patients in low-income countries; however, prolonged waiting time has been implicated. Among breast cancer patients who received treatment at Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, this study evaluated duration and factors that influenced waiting time from first presentation to start of definitive treatment. Method We conducted a hospital-based retrospective study of 205 breast cancer patients starting definitive treatment at Korle Bu Teaching Hospital between May and December 2013...
August 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Liying Ying, Lai Har Wu, Alice Yuen Loke
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of psychosocial interventions on the mental health, pregnancy rates, and marital function of infertile couples undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF), as determined through RCT studies. METHODS: Using the electronic databases PubMed, EMBase, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, PsycInfo, and CAJ, a systematic literature search was conducted in July 2015. MeSH terms, key words, and free words such as "infertility," "fertilization in vitro," "psychotherapy," "intervention," "anxiety," "depression," and "marital satisfaction" were used to identify all potential studies...
June 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Jasmine Fledderjohann, David R Johnson
What is the most appropriate measure of impaired fertility for understanding its social consequences in sub-Saharan Africa? The dearth of subjective measures in surveys in the region has prevented comparisons of subjective and objective measures. Perceived difficulties conceiving may have a greater impact than objective measures for social outcomes such as divorce, stigmatization and distress. This study compares 12- (clinical) and 24- (epidemiological) month measures from biomedicine and 5- and 7-year measures from demography with a subjective measure of impaired fertility using correlations, random effects models and test-retest models to assess relationships between measures, their association with sociodemographic characteristics and the stability of measures across time...
August 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
Nils Heits, Gunnar Meer, Alexander Bernsmeier, Rainer Guenther, Bjoern Malchow, Thomas Kuechler, Thomas Becker, Felix Braun
BACKGROUND: Health-related Quality of life (HRQoL) is a major goal of clinical management after liver transplantation (LTx). There is still disagreement on the effects of social-demographic factors and changes in the allocation system on HRQoL. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of social-demographic factors, mode of organ-allocation, waiting time and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) on HRQoL after LTx. METHODS: HRQoL was assessed using the EORTC-QLQ-C30 questionnaire, which was sent to 238 recipients...
2015: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
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