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Job performance

Katie L Andrews, Stephen Gallagher, Matthew P Herring
OBJECTIVE: The present review synthesized the available empirical evidence to provide support of the effectiveness and feasibility of exercise interventions for improving health and fitness of firefighters. METHODS: Nine randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published before May 2018 were located using Google Scholar, MEDLINE, PsychINFO, PubMed, and Web of Science. RCTs involved 462 (18 Females) active-duty firefighters, an exercise intervention, and reported changes in health and/or fitness...
February 19, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Ruben Scholten, Wout Füssenich, Matthijs P Somford, Job L C van Susante
INTRODUCTION: Hardware removal preceding total hip arthroplasty may increase the risk of prosthetic joint infection (PJI). Whether hardware removal and total hip arthroplasty (THA) should be performed in a single- or two-stage procedure remains controversial. In this comparative retrospective study, the incidence of PJI following either single- or two-stage THA with hardware removal was assessed in a consecutive series. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients that underwent THA preceded by hardware removal from January 2006 until March 2018 were retrospectively reviewed and checked for the occurrence of early PJI...
February 18, 2019: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Fulei Chu, Yue Fu, Shuzhen Liu
Although studies have suggested that personality can forecast safety performance at the individual level, the link between organizational-level personality and safety performance is rarely considered. On the basis of the Attraction-Selection-Attrition (ASA) theory, the present study investigated the direct and indirect effects of the organizational emergence of personality (Five-Factor Model) on individual-level outcomes (safety performance) in the high-speed rail industry. The sample consisted of 1035 high-speed rail operators in China...
February 15, 2019: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Catelijne M van Bussel, Dirk L Stronks, Frank J P M Huygen
OBJECTIVE: Although complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) of the knee is comparable to CRPS of the ankle/foot at time of diagnosis, no reports are available concerning the course of knee CRPS. Therefore, this study investigated the clinical course in terms of the symptoms and signs, health-related quality of life (HR-QoL), and work status of patients diagnosed with CRPS of the knee. DESIGN: Observational, descriptive study. SETTING: Single-center study...
February 18, 2019: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Ghasem Motalebi, Anahita Sal Moslehian, Elmira Hasanzadeh
The influence of the office environment on employees has attracted inter-disciplinary research attention. This study investigates the differences in worker satisfaction and self-estimated job performance regarding Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) parameters in personal workspace between three office types (enclosed private offices, enclosed shared offices, and cubicle with high partitions). A standard survey conducted by the Centre for the Built Environment (CBE) has been used to collect and analyse data from 175 workers at Ferdowsi University's administrative office building...
February 18, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
M Garrido-Cumbrera, C J Delgado-Domínguez, D Gálvez-Ruiz, C Blanch Mur, V Navarro-Compán
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk for mental disorders in patients with axSpA and to examine the associated factors with this. METHODS: In 2016, a sample of 680 axSpA patients was interviewed as part of the development process for the Atlas of Axial Spondyloarthritis in Spain. The risk of mental disorders in these patients was assessed using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) scale. Additionally, the variables associated with the risk of mental disorders were investigated, including: sociodemographic characteristics (age, gender, relationship, association membership, job status, and educational level); disease status (BASDAI, spinal stiffness and functional limitation); and previous diagnosis of mental disorders (depression and anxiety)...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Rheumatology
David Li, Kulamakan Kulasegaram, Brian D Hodges
Recently in medicine, the accuracy of machine learning models in predictive tasks has started to meet or exceed that of board certified specialists. The ability to automate cognitive tasks using software has raised new questions about the future role of human physicians in health care. Emerging technologies can displace people from their jobs, forcing them to learn new skills, so it is clear that this looming challenge needs to be addressed by the medical education system. While current medical education seeks to prepare the next generation of physicians for a rapidly evolving health care landscape to meet the needs of the communities they serve, strategic decisions about disruptive technologies should be informed by a deeper investigation of how machine learning will function in the context of medicine...
February 12, 2019: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Ana Echenique, Evelyn P Wempe
Advanced practice registered nurses, such as Nurse Practitioners (NPs), can be found working in a variety of settings. Niche practices, such as Interventional Radiology, are highly specialized areas and are often specialties in which few NPs get to orient through during their graduate nursing program clinical rotations. For the NP transitioning into an Interventional Radiology practice, formal on-the-job orientation and training can assist in gaining specialty-based knowledge and competencies in performing interventional procedures...
March 2019: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Rina Maoz-Breuer, Oren Berkowitz, Rachel Nissanholtz-Gannot
BACKGROUND: A new role of Physician Assistant (PA) was introduced into Emergency Departments (ED) in Israel in 2016, as part of a larger effort to improve the quality of service in the EDs. When the new role was introduced, there was a fair amount of uncertainty about whether it would succeed, in light of ambivalence on the part of many ED nurses, and lack of clarity among ED directors about the necessity of a PA role, and about the extent to which PAs would be allowed to take on professionally meaningful tasks...
February 15, 2019: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Yuzhong Li, Wenming Tang, Guixiong Liu
Compared to the conventional ultrasonic phased-array system, a large-element phased-array system employing the total focusing method (TFM) can yield improved image resolution and accuracy, providing more flexible scanning methods and image merging functionality. In order to meet various forms of ultrasonic multi-group scanning, an architecture for multi-group scan integration called the "asynchronous distributed ultrasonic TFM system" is proposed, and a novel scheduling algorithm called "the sum of start time and processing time adjacent (SSPA) algorithm" is presented...
2019: PloS One
Matthew A Pluss, Kyle J M Bennett, Andrew R Novak, Derek Panchuk, Aaron J Coutts, Job Fransen
For many decades, researchers have explored the true potential of human achievement. The expertise field has come a long way since the early works of de Groot (1965) and Chase and Simon (1973). Since then, this inquiry has expanded into the areas of music, science, technology, sport, academia, and art. Despite the vast amount of research to date, the capability of study methodologies to truly capture the nature of expertise remains questionable. Some considerations include (i) the individual bias in the retrospective recall of developmental activities, (ii) the ability to develop ecologically valid tasks, and (iii) difficulties capturing the influence of confounding factors on expertise...
2019: Frontiers in Psychology
Jawad Karamat, Tong Shurong, Naveed Ahmad, Sana Afridi, Shahbaz Khan, Kashif Mahmood
Investing in a sustainable future has no alternative; the healthcare sector in developing countries has failed to achieve sustainability objectives. Knowledge management (KM) is a concrete application of sustainability in healthcare, as organizations (hospitals) that manage their knowledge assets will gain sustainable competitive advantage. Several organizations in developed countries are moving towards the adoption of knowledge management so that they can manage their knowledge well and improve their performance...
February 12, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Hatem Shili, Sonia Ben Hadj Hassen, Taycir Daoud, Hichem Denguir, Françoise Ounalli
The Tunisian health care system is experiencing a significant period of change and needs reforms so as to adapt. The nursing profession, which is the main actor of this system, in terms of number and function, is barely known or utterly unknown. The present paper's authors, who are paramedical teachers, aim to shed light on the specificity of the nursing and the nursing profession based on data collecting, and rare articles and legislation texts. In four sections, the paper will discuss the following issues: the nursing population demography, providing several indicators, their training throughout the reforms period, their training which has been "hooked" to university studies, their job profile and career plan...
October 2018: La Tunisie Médicale
James S Wheeler, Chelsea P Renfro, Junling Wang, Yanru Qiao, Kenneth C Hohmeier
OBJECTIVES: To compare viewpoints of nationally certified and noncertified technicians and explore the perceived value of technician certification in the job performance domains of medication safety, skills and abilities, experience, engagement and satisfaction, and productivity. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of pharmacy technicians, from 6 states representing 4 regions of the United States, was conducted. Technician mailing lists were purchased from Boards of Pharmacy, and randomly selected technicians were sent survey invitations...
February 8, 2019: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Changquan He, Guangshe Jia, Brenda McCabe, Jide Sun
PURPOSE: Leader-member exchange (LMX) had widely been adopted to explore its influence on job performance. However, most previous studies considered LMX as a unidimensional construct and neglected the effects of its sub-dimensions, thereby reducing its practicality to improve work performance. This study empirically tested the relationship between sub-dimensions of LMX and safety behaviors, while incorporating communication competence as a mediator. METHOD: The data were collected from Chinese construction industry workers...
February 11, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Muhammad Tariq Pervez, Hayat Ali Shah, Masroor Ellahi Babar, Nasir Naveed, Muhammad Shoaib
Simulated alignments are alternatives to manually constructed multiple sequence alignments for evaluating performance of multiple sequence alignment tools. The importance of simulated sequences is recognized because their true evolutionary history is known, which is very helpful for reconstructing accurate phylogenetic trees and alignments. However, generating simulated alignments require expertise to use bioinformatics tools and consume several hours for reconstructing even a few hundreds of simulated sequences...
2019: Evolutionary Bioinformatics Online
Mary Drake, Dunstan R Bishanga, Akwila Temu, Mustafa Njozi, Erica Thomas, Victor Mponzi, Lauren Arlington, Georgina Msemo, Mary Azayo, Allan Kairuki, Amunga R Meda, Kahabi G Isangula, Brett D Nelson
BACKGROUND: Newborn resuscitation is a life-saving intervention for birth asphyxia, a leading cause of neonatal mortality. Improving provider newborn resuscitation skills is critical for delivering quality care, but the retention of these skills has been a challenge. Tanzania implemented a national newborn resuscitation using the Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) training program to help address this problem. Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of two training approaches to newborn resuscitation skills retention implemented across 16 regions of Tanzania...
February 7, 2019: BMC Pediatrics
Chanelle T Gordon, Gregory A Fabiano
Previous research suggests that a majority of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) continue to experience increased impairment across multiple life domains into adulthood. A systematic review of the occupational impairments, and associated educational and financial difficulties, faced by individuals with childhood ADHD was conducted. Systematic searches from PsycINFO and PubMed databases and other sources (i.e., books and consultants with experts) yielded 35 relevant articles that described 19 longitudinal studies on adults with a history of ADHD or related symptoms...
February 6, 2019: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
Jeannette Weber, Peter Angerer, Andreas Müller
BACKGROUND: The relevance of work participation of older persons is steadily increasing due to demographic changes; however, older workers are often confronted with negative age stereotypes such as being less flexible, adaptable and productive. OBJECTIVE: Against this background this systematic review summarizes research evidence on individual consequences of age stereotypes on older workers. It further discusses potential processes behind those relationships and gives suggestions for future research and practice...
February 6, 2019: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Herman van Wietmarschen, Bram Tjaden, Marja van Vliet, Marieke Battjes-Fries, Miek Jong
Background: Primary care physicians are subjected to a high workload, which can lead to stress and a high incidence of burnout. A mindfulness training course was developed and implemented for primary care physicians to better cope with stress and improve job functioning. Aim: To gain insight into the effects of the mindfulness training on perceived stress, self-compassion, and self-reflection of primary care physicians. Design & setting: A pragmatic mixed-methods pre-post design in which physicians received 8 weeks of mindfulness training...
December 2018: BJGP Open
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