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Sulphur Recovery Unit

Hannah Feldman, Xavier Flores-Alsina, Kasper Kjellberg, Ulf Jeppsson, Damien J Batstone, Krist V Gernaey
The objective of this paper is to present the model-based optimization results of an anaerobic granular sludge internal circulation reactor. The International Water Association Anaerobic Digestion Model No. 1 extended with phosphorus (P), sulfur (S), and ethanol is used to describe the main biological and physico-chemical processes. The high-rate conditions within the reactor are simulated using a flow + reactor model comprised of a series of continuous stirred tank reactors followed by an ideal total suspended solids separation unit...
November 2018: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Tomás B O'Neill, Jeremy Rawlins, Suzanne Rea, Fiona Wood
INTRODUCTION: Four employees at a chemical plant sustained extensive chemical burns following the explosion of a pipeline containing 100% sulphuric acid. We describe the management of these patients from the initial ED triage through to discharge from hospital in life and limb threatening chemical burns. METHODS: Four patients who sustained chemical burns to the torso and extremities are reviewed. Data was retrieved from patient case notes and operating theatre logbooks...
August 2012: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Raquibul Alam, Julie Q Shang
A site-specific study is carried out to assess the suitability of froth flotation for desulphurization of reactive mine tailings at the Musselwhite Mine, Northern Ontario, Canada, to prevent acid mine drainage (AMD). The results from pilot scale flotation tests on an Outokumpu flotation unit are presented, which confirm that froth flotation is effective to reduce sulphide contents of tailings. The factors affecting the treatment effectiveness, such as the froth depth, air flow rate, pulp density and impeller speed are studied...
April 30, 2012: Journal of Environmental Management
Stefan Löfgren, Therese Zetterberg
During the last two decades, there is a common trend of increasing concentrations of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in streams and lakes in Europe, Canada and the US. Different processes have been proposed to explain this trend and recently a unifying hypothesis was presented, concluding that declining sulphur deposition and recovery from acidification, is the single most important factor for the long-term DOC concentration trends in surface waters. If this recovery hypothesis is correct, the soil water DOC concentrations should increase as well...
April 15, 2011: Science of the Total Environment
P E Tsakiridis, P Oustadakis, A Katsiapi, S Agatzini-Leonardou
The characterization and the agitation leaching of electric arc furnace dust (EAFD) by diluted sulphuric acid have been studied in Part I, as a separate article. The aim of the present research work (Part II) is the development of a purification process of the leach liquor for the recovery of high-purity zinc by electrowinning. The proposed hydrometallurgical process consists of the following four (4) unit operations: (1) Removal of iron as easily filterable crystalline basic sulphate salt of the jarosite type, at atmospheric pressure, by chemical precipitation at pH: 3...
July 15, 2010: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Alfons Kather, Günter Scheffknecht
Due to its large reserves, coal is expected to continue to play an important role in the future. However, specific and absolute CO2 emissions are among the highest when burning coal for power generation. Therefore, the capture of CO2 from power plants may contribute significantly in reducing global CO2 emissions. This review deals with the oxyfuel process, where pure oxygen is used for burning coal, resulting in a flue gas with high CO2 concentrations. After further conditioning, the highly concentrated CO2 is compressed and transported in the liquid state to, for example, geological storages...
September 2009: Die Naturwissenschaften
Milagros Mezcua, Amadeo R Fernández-Alba, Karina Boltes, Raul Alonso Del Aguila, Pedro Leton, Antonio Rodríguez, Eloy García-Calvo
Polycyclic aromatic sulphur heterocyclic (PASH) compounds, such as dibenzothiophene (DBT) and alkylated derivatives are used as model compounds in biodesulfurization processes. The development of these processes is focused on the reduction of the concentration of sulphur in gasoline and gas-oil [D.J. Monticello, Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 11 (2000) 540], in order to meet European Union and United States directives. The evaluation of biodesulfurization processes requires the development of adequate analytical techniques, allowing the identification of any transformation products generated...
June 15, 2008: Talanta
Chris D Evans, Don T Monteith, Brian Reynolds, Joanna M Clark
In the United Kingdom, as in other regions of Europe and North America, recent decreases in surface water sulphate concentrations, due to reduced sulphur emissions, have coincided with marked increases in dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations. Since many of the compounds comprising DOC are acidic, the resulting increases in organic acidity may have the potential to offset the benefits of a decrease in mineral (sulphate) acidity. To test this, we used a triprotic model of organic acid dissociation to estimate the proportional organic acid buffering of reduced mineral acidity as measured in the 22 lakes and streams monitored by the UK Acid Waters Monitoring Network...
October 15, 2008: Science of the Total Environment
D T Monteith, C D Evans
The United Kingdom Acid Waters Monitoring Network (AWMN) was established in 1988 to determine the ecological impact of acidic emissions control policy on acid-sensitive lakes and streams. AWMN data have been used to explore a range of causal linkages necessary to connect changes in emissions to chemical and, ultimately, biological recovery. Regional scale reductions in sulphur (S) deposition have been found to have had an immediate influence on surface water chemistry, including increases in acid neutralising capacity, pH and alkalinity and declines in aluminium toxicity...
September 2005: Environmental Pollution
Isabel Beauchesne, Nathalie Meunier, Patrick Drogui, Robert Hausler, Guy Mercier, Jean-François Blais
The purification of municipal incinerator gases generates huge quantities of both fly ashes and used lime, containing high amount of heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Zn and Hg). The used lime is mainly contaminated by Pb and often considered as hazardous waste. This paper is related to a laboratory study on the performance of electrochemical techniques used to recover Pb from leachate produced during used lime decontamination. Two types of electrolytic units (monopolar and bipolar electrode cells) using different electrode materials were studied...
April 11, 2005: Journal of Hazardous Materials
D S Jeffries, T G Brydges, P J Dillon, W Keller
Aquatic acidification by deposition of airborne pollutants emerged as an environmental issue in southeastern Canada during the 1970s. Drawing information from the extensive research and monitoring programs, a sequence of issue assessments demonstrated the necessity of reducing the anthropogenic emissions of acidifying pollutants, particularly sulphur dioxide (SO2). The 1991 Canada-U.S. Air Quality Agreement (AQA) was negotiated to reduce North American SO2 emissions by approximately 40% relative to 1980 levels by 2010, and at present, both countries have reduced emissions beyond their AQA commitment...
October 2003: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Jens Fölster, Anders Wilander
Sulphur deposition in Sweden has decreased to less than half of the levels recorded in 1970 and now signs of recovery from acidification of surface waters are beginning to appear. We investigated time trends of water chemistry between 1985 and 1998 in 13 streams draining small forested catchments with generally shallow acid sensitive soils. At nine of the catchments, bulk deposition was monitored as well. Sulphate concentrations decreased in both stream water and deposition, although with somewhat smaller trends in stream water compared with deposition...
2002: Environmental Pollution
P F Henshaw, W Zhu
The green sulphur bacterium Chlorobium thiosulfutophilum was used to remove hydrogen sulphide from synthetic industrial wastewater and convert it to elemental sulphur in a fixed-film continuous-flow photosynthetic bioreactor. Twenty 150 mm x 3 mm ID Tygon tubes formed the active part of the reactor resulting in a total volume of 21.2 mL. Seven steady states were achieved under different experimental conditions using this tubular photo-reactor. Sulphide loading rates ranged from 111 to 328 mg/hL under influent flowrates of 9...
October 2001: Water Research
R L Mora
The Claus process is an efficient way of removing H(2)S from acid gas streams and this is widely practised in industries such as natural gas processing, oil refining and metal smelting. Increasingly strict pollution control regulations require maximum sulphur recovery from the Claus unit in order to minimise sulphur-containing effluent. The most widely used Claus catalyst in sulphur recovery units is non-promoted spherical activated alumina. Properties associated with optimum non-promoted Claus catalyst performance include high surface area, appropriate pore size distribution and enhanced physical properties...
December 1, 2000: Journal of Hazardous Materials
M Mestres, O Busto, J Guasch
Sulphur compounds (S-compounds) are important constituents of wine off-flavours. Headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) combined with gas chromatography coupled to flame photometric detection (GC-FPD) was used to develop a suitable method to analyse volatile sulphides and disulphides. This is a very simple and fast technique which gives good reproducibility at microgram/l levels (relative standard deviations < 10%). The analytes were extracted from the headspace of the samples by using either polydimethylsiloxane or polyacrylate coated fused-silica fibers in an SPME unit...
May 29, 1998: Journal of Chromatography. A
R A Clegg, P B Garland
1. The aerobic incubation of iron-deficient Torulopsis utilis cells for 12h under non-growing conditions results in the recovery by mitochondria of the previously absent site 1 energy conservation and sensitivity to piericidin A. 2. The recovery of piericidin A sensitivity but not site 1 is prevented by the presence of cycloheximide (100mug/ml) in the medium used for aerobic incubation of the cells. Rotenone sensitivity behaved similarly. 3. Chloramphenicol, erythromycin and tetracycline were without effect on the recovery of site 1 and piericidin A sensitivity...
August 1971: Biochemical Journal
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