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lifestyle AND obesity

Walid Kamal Abdelbasset, Sayed A Tantawy, Dalia M Kamel, Bader A Alqahtani, Gaber S Soliman
BACKGROUND: Medications are limited for patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). It has been reported that aerobic exercise is effective in reducing the characteristics of NAFLD, although unclear data have ascertained the effects of high-intensity interval aerobic exercise on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in diabetic obese patients with NAFLD. OBJECTIVES: This a randomized controlled trial aimed to ascertain the effectiveness of 8-week high-intensity interval exercise on intrahepatic triglycerides (IHTG), visceral lipids and HRQoL in diabetic obese patients with NAFLD...
March 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
Noriko I Tanaka, Haruka Murakami, Naomi Aiba, Akemi Morita, Shaw Watanabe, Motohiko Miyachi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Limited information is available on how weight loss intervention programs affect skeletal muscle mass especially in trunk. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 235 overweight Japanese men and women aged 40-64 years with a body mass index of 28.0 to 44.8 kg/m2 participated in this randomized controlled intervention study. They were randomly divided into a lifestyle intervention group and control group. Before and after the one-year lifestyle intervention for weight loss an abdominal transverse image was acquired by computed tomography...
2019: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Gabriela Novotni, Milena Jakimovska, Dijana Plaseska-Karanfilska, Nikolina Tanovska, Igor Kuzmanovski, Vasko Aleksovski, Katerina Karanfilovik, Natalija Baneva-Dolnenec, Marijana Stankovic, Milos Milutinovik, Svetlana Iloski, Rosalinda Isjanovska, Biljana Blazevska-Stoilkovska, Aleksej Duma, Antoni Novotni
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common cause of dementia, is evolving to become a threatening epidemy of the 21st century. Only 21% of the predicted number of AD patients in Macedonia have been diagnosed and treated, which means that almost 80% are underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed. Apolipoprotein E gene ( APOE ) is recognised as the strongest genetic risk factor for sporadic AD. Whether and when Alzheimer's disease develops, depends on the very complex interaction between genetic and modifiable risk factors...
February 28, 2019: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Jenifer A Murphy, Georgina Oliver, Chee H Ng, Clinton Wain, Jennifer Magennis, Rachelle S Opie, Amy Bannatyne, Jerome Sarris
Background: Metabolic syndrome and co-morbid physical health conditions are highly prevalent in people with a mental illness. Modifiable lifestyle factors have been targeted to improve health outcomes. Healthy Body Healthy Mind (HBHM) program was developed to provide an integrated evidence-based program incorporating practical diet and exercise instruction; alongside meditation and mindfulness strategies, and comprehensive psychoeducation, to improve the physical and mental health of those with a mental illness...
2019: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Hiroshi Kawabe, Tatsuhiko Azegami, Ayano Takeda, Takeshi Kanda, Ikuo Saito, Takao Saruta, Hiroshi Hirose
The Japanese hypertension guidelines report that essential hypertension is detected in 1-3% of upper elementary and high school students during blood pressure (BP) screenings. Hypertension in these age groups is an emerging public health concern mainly attributed to the rising rate of pediatric obesity. Considering the existence of BP tracking phenomenon, early preventive education and instruction are necessary, especially for male students with moderately elevated BP showing a tendency toward obesity, despite the low prevalence of hypertension in high school students...
March 20, 2019: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
William H Herman, Qing Pan, Sharon L Edelstein, Kieren J Mather, Leigh Perreault, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Dana M Dabelea, Edward Horton, Steven E Kahn, William C Knowler, Carlos Lorenzo, Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Elizabeth Venditti, Wen Ye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2019: Diabetes Care
Özgür Albayrak, Wilfried Pott, Johannes Hebebrand, Martina de Zwaan, Ursula Pauli-Pott
OBJECTIVE: Current lifestyle interventions for children and adolescents with obesity often exclude patients with an eating pathology, leaving the impact of eating pathologies on treatment outcomes largely unconsidered. We investigated the predictive value of disordered eating symptoms on BMI z-score reduction in a sample of 111 German children and adolescents with overweight (90th percentile ≤ BMI < 97th percentile) and obesity (BMI > 97th percentile) aged 7-15 years in an outpatient lifestyle intervention program...
March 20, 2019: Obesity Facts
Eitan Mangoubi, Michal Y Livne, Leonid A Eidelman, Sharon Orbach-Zinger
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With new medical technologies and changing life styles, maternal demographics has changes and consequently older and sicker women are becoming pregnant.In this review, we present these different high-risk parturient populations, which were once considered rare for the practicing obstetric anesthesiologist. RECENT FINDINGS: With lifestyle and medical advances, older and sicker women are getting pregnant. Older women are more prone to pregnancy complications...
March 15, 2019: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Mariana Angela Rossaneis, Selma Maffei de Andrade, Raquel Gvozd, Paloma de Souza Cavalcante Pissinati, Maria do Carmo Lourenço Haddad
Investigate the factors associated with the glycemic control in people with diabetes mellitus (DM). Cross-sectional study with 746 people with type-2 DM of age 40 or older. The following variables were selected: socioeconomic, clinical data, lifestyle and the risk of developing foot ulcers. Data collection occurred through interviews, medical record analysis and clinical examination of the lower limbs. We used the Poisson multiple regression model to determine the crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) of the glycemic alteration...
March 2019: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Romulo Araujo Fernandes, Alessandra Madia Mantovani, Jamile Sanches Codogno, Bruna Camilo Turi-Lynch, Subhash Pokhrel, Nana Anokye
BACKGROUND: The unhealthy lifestyle is growing and this can have repercussions on health status demanding actions on the occurrence of diseases and leads to increased expenses. OBJECTIVE: To examine the interrelationship between the costs of medicine use and lifestyle behaviors. METHODS: A cohort study with 118 participants, age around 51.7 ± 7.1 years old. It was collected personal and anthropometric data and information about medicine of continuous use to calculate the costs...
March 14, 2019: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Afshan Masood, Lujain Alsheddi, Loura Alfayadh, Bushra Bukhari, Ruba Elawad, Assim A Alfadda
Bariatric surgery is considered to be an effective treatment for the resolution of severe obesity; however, in more than half of the bariatric surgery patients, weight reacquisition occurs as early as 18 months postsurgery, compromising the surgery's beneficial effects. Maintaining weight loss after surgery poses a great challenge, necessitating the identification of predicting factors. In the present study, we explored the association between weight regain and dietary habits and behavioral lifestyle practices in patients following bariatric surgery...
2019: Journal of Obesity
Theresa Tiffe, Caroline Morbach, Carolin Malsch, Götz Gelbrich, Valerie Wahl, Martin Wagner, Kornelia Kotseva, David Wood, Rainer Leyh, Georg Ertl, Wolfgang Karmann, Stefan Störk, Peter U Heuschmann
BACKGROUND: We assessed prevalence and determinants in appropriate physician-led lifestyle advice (PLA) in a population-based sample of individuals without cardiovascular disease (CVD) compared with a sample of CVD patients. METHODS: PLA was assessed via questionnaire in a subsample of the population-based Characteristics and Course of Heart Failure Stages A-B and Determinants of Progression (STAAB) cohort free of CVD (primary prevention sample) and the German subset of the fourth EUROASPIRE survey (EUROASPIRE-IV) comprising CVD patients (secondary prevention sample)...
March 19, 2019: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Lorrilee McGregor, Marion Maar, Nancy Young, Pamela Toulouse
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity is one way to ameliorate the disproportionately high obesity rates among Indigenous children yet little is known about the determinants of physical activity in First Nation communities. METHODS: A socioecological approach was used to explore the determinants that influence physical activity among Indigenous children in six First Nation communities in north-eastern Ontario, Canada. A thematic analysis of eight focus groups with 33 caregivers of Indigenous children was conducted...
March 2019: Rural and Remote Health
Umair Iqbal, Brandon J Perumpail, Daud Akhtar, Donghee Kim, Aijaz Ahmed
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) encompasses a wide spectrum of liver damage from the more prevalent (75%⁻80%) and nonprogressive nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) category to its less common and more ominous subset, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). NAFLD is now the most common cause of chronic liver disease in the developed world and is a leading indication for liver transplantation in United States (US). The global prevalence of NAFLD is estimated to be 25%, with the lowest prevalence in Africa (13...
March 18, 2019: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
Gloria Formoso, Maria P A Baldassarre, Federica Ginestra, Maria Assunta Carlucci, Ines Bucci, Agostino Consoli
Pregnancies complicated by diabetes have largely increased in number over the last 50 years. Pregnancy is characterized by a physiologic increase in insulin resistance which, associated with increased oxidative stress and inflammations, could induce alterations of glucose metabolism and diabetes. If not optimally controlled, these conditions have a negative impact on maternal and foetal outcomes. To date, one can resort only to diet and lifestyle to treat obesity and insulin resistance during pregnancy and insulin remains the only therapeutic option to manage diabetes during pregnancy...
March 19, 2019: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
Antje Hebestreit, Barbara Thumann, Maike Wolters, Jens Bucksch, Inge Huybrechts, Joanna Inchley, Cornelia Lange, Nanna Lien, Kristin Manz, Nadia Slimani, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Wolfgang Ahrens
OBJECTIVES: To develop a road map towards a harmonized pan-European surveillance system for children and adolescents. METHODS: Representatives of five European surveillance systems and the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents contributed to the road map through a structured workshop in 2016. RESULTS: A conceptual framework for this road map was developed with seven action points (APs) guiding the successive cross-country harmonization...
March 19, 2019: International Journal of Public Health
Annette L Fitzpatrick, Maurits van Pelt, Hen Heang, Lesley Steinman, Nicole Ide, Chhorvann Chhea, James P LoGerfo
BACKGROUND: Hypertension and diabetes represent the first and third highest contributors to global disability. While mobile health (mHealth) messaging programs have rapidly increased in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), adaptations for specific patient health needs is a new approach to manage chronic conditions. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study is to develop and test an mHealth communication intervention using electronic data capture (by tablet) and voice messaging to improve hypertension and diabetes self-management in Cambodia...
March 19, 2019: JMIR Research Protocols
Jan Baedke, Abigail Nieves Delgado
This paper addresses historical dimensions of epigenetic studies on human populations. We show that postgenomic research on health disparities in Latin America reintroduces old colonial views about the relations between race, environment, and social status. This especially refers to the idea - common in colonial humoralism and epigenetics - that different types of bodies are in balance and closely linked with particular local environments and lifestyles. These social differences become embodied as physiological and health differences...
March 15, 2019: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Wei-Wei Chen, Qi Yang, Xiao-Yao Li, Xiao-Lei Shi, Na Pu, Guo-Tao Lu, Zhi-Hui Tong, Jian-Min Chen, Wei-Qin Li
BACKGROUND: Hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) is one of the most common etiologies of acute pancreatitis (AP). Variants in five genes involved in the regulation of plasma lipid metabolism, namely LPL, APOA5, APOC2, GPIHBP1 and LMF1, have been frequently reported to cause or predispose to HTG. METHODS: A Han Chinese patient with HTG-induced AP was assessed for genetic variants by Sanger sequencing of the entire coding and flanking sequences of the above five genes. RESULTS: The patient was a 32-year-old man with severe obesity (Body Mass Index = 35) and heavy smoking (ten cigarettes per day for more than ten years)...
March 18, 2019: Lipids in Health and Disease
Adam Barsouk, Prashanth Rawla, Alexander Barsouk, Krishna Chaitanya Thandra
The latest data from the United States and Europe reveal that rare small intestine cancer is on the rise, with the number of cases having more than doubled over the past 40 years in the developed world. Mortality has grown at a slower pace, thanks to improvements in early diagnosis and treatment, as well as a shift in the etiology of neoplasms affecting the small intestine. Nevertheless, 5-year survival for small intestine adenocarcinomas has lingered at only 35%. Lifestyle in developed nations, including the rise in obesity and physical inactivity, consumption of alcohol, tobacco, and red and processed meats, and occupational exposures may be to blame for the proliferation of this rare cancer...
March 17, 2019: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
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