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S Shang, M Zhang, Y Zhao, W Dang, P Hua, S Zhang, Z Wang
BACKGROUND: Due to the thriving development of the modern horse industry and the occurrence of horse related crimes, the demand for methods of individual horse identification, parentage tests and other genetic analyses is increasing. Previous methods had disadvantages that decreased the accuracy of the results, lacked the inclusion of all commonly used short tandem repeats (STR) or increased the experimental cost and time. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to develop a novel 13-plex STR typing system to resolve the above issues...
November 22, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
Joo-Hee Seo, Kyung-Do Park, Hak-Kyo Lee, Hong-Sik Kong
BACKGROUND: Currently about 26,000 horses are breeding in Korea and 57.2% (14,776 horses) of them are breeding in Jeju island. According to the statistics published in 2010, the horses breeding in Jeju island are subdivided into Jeju horse (6.1%), Thoroughbred (18.8%) and Halla horse (75.1%). Halla horses are defined as a crossbreed between Jeju and Thoroughbred horses and are used for horse racing, horse riding and horse meat production. However, little research has been conducted on Halla horses because of the perception of crossbreed and people's weighted interest toward Jeju horses...
2016: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
Agnieszka Fornal, Anna Radko, Agata PiestrzyƄska-Kajtoch
Short tandem repeat (STR) loci, i.e. microsatellites are a class of genetic markers commonly used for population studies and parentage control. This study determined the usefulness of microsatellite markers recommended by International Society for Animal Genetics (ISAG) for identification and pedigree analysis in horses based on the example of Polish Hucul horse population (Equus caballus). The set of seventeen microsatellites loci was tested (AHT4, AHT5, ASB2, HMS2, HMS3, HMS6, HMS7, HTG10, HTG4, HTG6, HTG7, VHL20, ASB17, ASB23, CA425, HMS1, LEX3) for 216 individuals...
2013: Acta Biochimica Polonica
L H P van de Goor, W A van Haeringen, J A Lenstra
As a consequence of the close integration of horses into human society, equine DNA analysis has become relevant for forensic purposes. However, the information content of the equine Short Tandem Repeat (STR) loci commonly used for the identification or paternity testing has so far not been fully characterized. Population studies were performed for 17 polymorphic STR loci (AHT4, AHT5, ASB2, ASB17, ASB23, CA425, HMS1, HMS2, HMS3, HMS6, HMS7, HTG4, HTG6, HTG7, HTG10, LEX3 and VHL20) including 8641 horses representing 35 populations...
December 2011: Animal Genetics
M Burocziova, J Riha
Genetic relationships and population structure of 8 horse breeds in the Czech and Slovak Republics were investigated using classification methods for breed discrimination. To demonstrate genetic differences among these breeds, we used genetic information - genotype data of microsatellite markers and classification algorithms - to perform a probabilistic prediction of an individual's breed. In total, 932 unrelated animals were genotyped for 17 microsatellite markers recommended by the ISAG for parentage testing (AHT4, AHT5, ASB2, HMS3, HMS6, HMS7, HTG4, HTG10, VHL20, HTG6, HMS2, HTG7, ASB17, ASB23, CA425, HMS1, LEX3)...
2009: Journal of Applied Genetics
L H P van de Goor, H Panneman, W A van Haeringen
In this study, a proposal is presented for the allele nomenclature of 17 polymorphic STR loci (AHT4, AHT5, ASB2, ASB17, ASB23, CA425, HMS1, HMS2, HMS3, HMS6, HMS7, HTG4, HTG6, HTG7, HTG10, LEX3 and VHL20) for equine genotyping (Equus caballus). The nomenclature is based on sequence data of the polymorphic region of the STR loci as recommended by the DNA commission of the International Society for Forensic Genetics for human DNA typing. For each STR locus, several alleles were selected and animals homozygous for those alleles were subjected to sequence analysis...
April 2010: Animal Genetics
Sung-Kyoon Choi, Chang-Yeon Cho, Sung-Heum Yeon, Byung-Wook Cho, Gil-Jae Cho
Genetic characterization of the Jeju horse (JH) was performed to construct a correct pedigree of the JH family. A total of 111 horses including 79 JH were genotyped using 20 microsatellite loci. The number of alleles varied from 5 to 11 (mean 7.45) in the JH. The observed heterozygosity and expected heterozygosity ranged from 0.293 to 0.891 and from 0.357 to 0.841, respectively. The polymorphic information contents (PIC) ranged from 0.335 to 0.816. AHT4, ASB2, ASB17, ASB23, CA425, HMS2, HMS3, HTG10, LEX3 and VHL20 loci had relatively high PIC values (> 0...
October 2008: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Sun-young Lee, Gil-jae Cho
The present study was to construct a parentage testing system for Thoroughbred (TB) horse. A total number of 1,285 TB horse samples including 962 foals for parentage testing, 9 sires and 314 dams for individual identification were genotyped. Genomic DNA was extracted from 5 hair roots and genotyped by using 14 microsatellite markers (AHT4, AHT5, ASB2, ASB17, ASB23, CA425, HMS1, HMS3, HMS6, HMS7, HTG4, HTG10, LEX3 and VHL20). This method consisted of multiplexing PCR procedure and showed reasonable amplification of all PCR products...
March 2006: Journal of Veterinary Science
Pero Dimsoski
AIM: To describe the development and performance of the new horse genotyping kit. METHODS: Highly discriminatory 17-Plex horse genotyping kit was designed by adding the fifth dye to the StockMarks kit for genotyping horses and taking advantage of the new instrument platforms. This was accomplished by using a new set of five fluorescent dyes developed by Applied Biosystems (DS-31), with four of the dyes used to label the forward amplification primers (6-FAM, VIC, NED, and PET) in each primer set...
June 2003: Croatian Medical Journal
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